|Locale||Victoria and South Australia|
|Predecessor||Victorian Railways and South Australian Railways|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Previous gauge||converted from 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in)|
The Melbourne–Adelaide railway is a standard gauge railway corridor that runs between the cities of Melbourne, Victoria and Adelaide, South Australia. Most of the current traffic is freight, though the only named and perhaps best known regular train is the twice-weekly passenger service The Overland, operated by Great Southern Railways
In the second half of the nineteenth century, the Victorian Railways and South Australian Railways broad gauge networks were extended. The South Australian main line, the Adelaide-Wolseley line, was connected to the Victorian system at Serviceton in 1887. This was the first single gauge inter-colonial link in Australia.
Conversion to standard gauge and rerouting
Calls for a standard gauge line between Melbourne and Adelaide were made as early as 1983, with studies between VicRail and Australian National at the time suggesting figures of around $400 million to construct, and various routes, including via Serviceton and Ararat, or via Pinnaroo, Ouyen and Maryborough.
Track and gauge
Some branches have also been converted to standard gauge.
- "AusLink Network Corridors". www.auslink.gov.au. Archived from the original on 19 July 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-29.
- "ARHS Railway Museum: History 1839 – 1900". www.railwaymuseum.org.au. Archived from the original on 29 September 2009. Retrieved 2008-03-29.
- "ARHS Railway Museum: History 1950 – now". www.railwaymuseum.org.au. Archived from the original on 8 February 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-29.
- "General News". Newsrail. Australian Railway Historical Society. February 1983. p. 19.