Melbourne–Adelaide railway

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Melbourne–Adelaide railway
Locale Victoria and South Australia
Predecessor Victorian Railways and South Australian Railways
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Previous gauge converted from 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in)
Melbourne-Adelaide railway
Melbourne
Melbourne–Sydney railway
Western SG line
Vic–SA border
Adelaide–Wolseley railway
Adelaide
to Crystal Brook and the East–West
and Adelaide–Darwin railways

The Melbourne–Adelaide railway is a standard gauge railway corridor that runs between the cities of Melbourne, Victoria and Adelaide, South Australia.[1] Most of the current traffic is freight, though the only named and perhaps best known regular train is the twice-weekly passenger service The Overland, operated by Great Southern Railways

History[edit]

In the second half of the nineteenth century, the Victorian Railways and South Australian Railways broad gauge networks were extended. The South Australian main line, the Adelaide-Wolseley line, was connected to the Victorian system at Serviceton in 1887. This was the first single gauge inter-colonial link in Australia.[2]

Conversion to standard gauge and rerouting[edit]

In 1995, the line was converted to standard gauge, under the One Nation program and rerouted between Melbourne and Ararat in Victoria, to run on the line via North Shore and Cressy.[3]

Calls for a standard gauge line between Melbourne and Adelaide were made as early as 1983, with studies between VicRail and Australian National at the time suggesting figures of around $400 million to construct, and various routes, including via Serviceton and Ararat, or via Pinnaroo, Ouyen and Maryborough.[4]

Track and gauge[edit]

The line is single track the entire route with the exception of a short dual gauge section near Melbourne, and a number of 1,500–1,600 m (4,900–5,200 ft) passing loops every 15–45 km (9.3–28.0 mi).

Some branches have also been converted to standard gauge.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "AusLink Network Corridors". www.auslink.gov.au. Archived from the original on 2008-07-19. Retrieved 2008-03-29. 
  2. ^ "ARHS Railway Museum: History 1839 – 1900". www.railwaymuseum.org.au. Retrieved 2008-03-29. 
  3. ^ "ARHS Railway Museum: History 1950 – now". www.railwaymuseum.org.au. Retrieved 2008-03-29. 
  4. ^ "General News". Newsrail. Australian Railway Historical Society. February 1983. p. 19. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Avery, Rod (2006). Freight Across the Nation: The Australian Superfreighter Experience. Brisbane: Copyright Publishing Co. ISBN 1876344474. 

Coordinates: 36°22′26″S 140°57′54″E / 36.373951°S 140.965087°E / -36.373951; 140.965087