Melbourne Grand Prix Circuit
|Location||Albert Park, Melbourne, Australia|
|Time zone||UTC+10:00 (UTC+11:00 DST)|
|Opened||20 November 1953
Re-opened: 7 March 1996
|Major events||Formula One
Australian Grand Prix
Australian Drivers' Championship
Australian Tourist Trophy
|Length||5.303 km (3.296 mi)|
|Lap record||1:24.125 ( Michael Schumacher, Ferrari, 2004)|
|Length||5.027 km (3.124 mi)|
|Lap record||1:50.0 (Stirling Moss, Cooper–Climax, 1958, Formula Libre)|
The Melbourne Grand Prix Circuit is a street circuit around Albert Park Lake, only a few kilometres south of central Melbourne. It is used annually as a racetrack for the Australian Grand Prix and associated support races. The circuit has FIA Grade 1 license. In spite of being a circuit on public roads it has characteristics of a natural road course considering it being fast and flowing combined with extensive runoff in many corners.
The circuit uses everyday sections of road that circle Albert Park Lake, a small man-altered lake (originally a large lagoon formed as part of the ancient Yarra River course) just south of the Central Business District of Melbourne. The road sections that are used were rebuilt prior to the inaugural event in 1996 to ensure consistency and smoothness. As a result, compared to other circuits that are held on public roads, the Albert Park track has quite a smooth surface. Before 2007 there existed only a few other places on the Formula 1 calendar with a body of water close to the track. Many of the new tracks, such as Valencia, Singapore and Abu Dhabi have imitated that feature.
The course is considered to be quite fast and relatively easy to drive, drivers having commented that the consistent placement of corners allows them to easily learn the circuit and achieve competitive times. However, the flat terrain around the lake, coupled with a track design that features few true straights, means that the track is not conducive to overtaking or easy spectating unless in possession of a grandstand seat.
Each year, most of the trackside fencing, pedestrian overpasses, grandstands and other motorsport infrastructure are erected approximately two months prior to the Grand Prix weekend and removed within 6 weeks after the event. Land around the circuit (including a large aquatic centre, a golf course, a Lakeside Stadium, some restaurants and rowing boathouses) has restricted access during the grand prix weekend. Dissent is still prevalent among nearby local residents and users of those others facilities, and some still maintain a silent protest against the event. Nevertheless, the event is reasonably popular in Melbourne and Australia (with a large European population and a general interest in motorsport). Middle Park, the home of South Melbourne FC was demolished in 1994 due to expansion at Albert Park.
On 4 July 2008, the official F1 site reported that more than 300,000 people attended the four-day Melbourne Grand Prix, though actual ticket sales were later disputed by the local media. The Grand Prix will continue until at least 2020 after securing a new contract with Formula One Management. There has never been a night race at Albert Park, however, 2009’s event started at 5.00 p.m.
During the nine months of the year when the track is not required for Grand Prix preparation or the race weekend, most of the track can be driven by ordinary street-registered vehicles either clockwise or anti-clockwise.
Only the sections between turns 3, 4 and 5, then 5 and 6, differ significantly from the race track configuration. Turn 4 is replaced by a car park access road running directly from turns 3 to 5. Between turns 5 and 6, the road is blocked. It is possible to drive from turn 5 on to Albert Road and back on to the track at turn 7 though two sets of lights control the flow of this option. The only set of lights on the actual track is half-way between turns 12 and 13, where drivers using Queens Road are catered for. The chicanes at turns 11 and 12 is considerably more open than that used in the grand prix, using the escape roads. Turn 9 is also a car park and traffic is directed down another escape road.
The speed limit is generally 50 kilometres per hour (31 mph) which is slower than an F1 car under pit lane speed restrictions. Some short sections have a speed limit of 40 kilometres per hour (25 mph). The back of the track, turns 7 to 13 inclusive, is known as Lakeside Drive. Double lines separate the two-way traffic along most of Lakeside Drive with short road islands approximately every 50 metres. This means overtaking is illegal here.
Approximately 50% of the track edge is lined with short parkland-style chain-linked fencing leaving normal drivers less room for error than F1 drivers have during race weekend. There is however substantial shoulder room between the outside of each lane and the fencing.
A lap in a Formula One car
Turn 1 is an incredibly challenging, medium speed corner that catches several drivers out. It comes at the end of the first DRS zone but despite this it is not a prime overtaking spot. You brake just after the 100 metre board and shift down into third gear, then you accelerate as soon as you hit the exit kerb, keeping flat out round turn 2. It is important to gain a good exit, as the second DRS zone begins down the following straight. Turn 3 is the best overtaking place as you brake roughly 100 metres before the apex for the second gear corner. It is reasonably easy to outbrake a competitor and you can use either the inside or outside; turn 4 is a left-hander than comes immediately after so the outside of turn 3 gives the inside for four. Turn five is a flat-out right hander with high g-force, and turns six, seven and eight make up a difficult complex at the back of the circuit. Six has a very challenging braking-zone due to trees' shadows obscuring the view of parts of the track. It is even more difficult in the wet as you are unable to see and puddles that will be sitting on the circuit, making it easy to spin off. Turn seven is similar to turn two; a flat-out left-hander after a tricky right, then turn eight is a long, flat-out right-hander which drivers now take with DRS. Turns 9 and 10 make up a slow chicane, some would say a pointless chicane, that leads onto a short straight. You brake about eighty metres from turn nine and you need good traction to carry as much speed as you can out of ten. Turns 11 and 12 make up a challenging, high-speed, left-right chicane where drivers ride the kerbs, however too much kerb can upset the car's balance. Turn 13 can be used for overtaking but offline it can be quite dirty and slippery. Slipstreaming a car out of 12 can get them alongside another car, then braking late can get you down the inside of the third-gear right-hander. Turn 14 is an exciting right-hander that is taken in fifth-gear and requires a lift off the throttle. Turn 15 is the slowest point on the circuit and is a second-gear left-hander, and it is important to get a good exit from the near-flat-out turn 16 so you gain speed all the way down the pit straight.
Albert Park Circuit (1953 to 1958)
Albert Park has the distinction of being the only venue to host the Australian Grand Prix in both World Championship and non-World Championship formats with an earlier configuration of the current circuit used for the race on two occasions during the 1950s. During this time racing was conducted in an anti-clockwise direction  as opposed to the current circuit which runs clockwise.
- 21 November 1953  - Featuring the 1953 Australian Grand Prix, won by Doug Whiteford  (Talbot-Lago T26C)
- 26 & 27 March 1955  - The first Moomba meeting, which involved an alliance with the Moomba festival and The Argus newspaper  - featuring the Moomba TT, won by Doug Whiteford (Triumph TR2)  and the Argus Trophy, also won by Doug Whiteford (Talbot-Lago) 
- 18 March 1956  - The second Moomba meeting  - featuring the Argus Trophy, won by Reg Hunt (Maserati) 
- 25 November & 2 December 1956  - featuring the 1956 Australian Tourist Trophy, won by Stirling Moss (Maserati 300S) and, on the second weekend, the 1956 Australian Grand Prix, also won by Stirling Moss (Maserati 250F) 
- 18 March 1957  - The third Moomba meeting  - featuring the Victorian Trophy, won by Lex Davison  (Ferrari 500). The race was retrospectively designated as the second round of the 1957 Australian Drivers' Championship 
- 23 & 30 November 1958  - Featuring the 1958 Victorian Tourist Trophy, won by Doug Whiteford (Maserati 300S), and, on the second weekend, the 1958 Melbourne Grand Prix, (a round of the 1958 Australian Drivers' Championship), won by Stirling Moss (Cooper Coventry Climax) 
As of 14 March 2015.
|Outright||Stirling Moss||Cooper Climax||1:50.0||30 November 1958|
|Grand Prix Circuit|
|Outright||Michael Schumacher||Ferrari F2004||1:24.125||7 March 2004|
|Formula 1||Michael Schumacher||Ferrari F2004||1:24.125||7 March 2004|
|Formula 3||Bruno Senna||Dallara F304 Spiess Opel||1:50.8640||3 March 2006|
|Formula Ford||Chaz Mostert||Spectrum 012 Ford||2:04.4805||27 March 2010|
|Historic Racing Cars|
|Formula 5000||Ken Smith||Lola T430 Chevrolet||1:55.2134||27 March 2010|
|Carrera Cup||Ben Barker||Porsche 997 GT3 Cup||1:58.3646||26 March 2011|
|Australian GT||Tony Quinn||Aston Martin DBRS9||1:59.8539||27 March 2009|
|Aussie Racing Cars||James Small||Commodore-Yamaha||2:16.0196||15 March 2008|
|V8 Supercar||Craig Lowndes||Holden VE Commodore||1:55.9682||25 March 2011|
|V8 Utes||Kerry Wade||Ford Falcon XR8||2:24.1712||30 March 2006|
|Historic Touring Cars|
|Group A||Terry Lawlor||Nissan Skyline R32 GT-R||2:10.8171||13 March 2015|
|Group C||Milton Seferis||Holden VH Commodore SS||2:18.9539||14 March 2015|
- "LIST OF FIA LICENSED CIRCUITS" (PDF). FIA. 6 February 2015. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
- "Double DRS in Melbourne". F1 Fanatic. Retrieved 18 December 2012.
- "Melbourne track guide". F1 Fanatic. Retrieved 18 December 2012.
- Stuart Sykes, It was - and still is - a great place for a race, Racing into History, A look back at the 1953 Australian Grand Prix at Albert Park, 2013, page3 & 4
- Official Souvenir Programme, XVIIIth Australian Grand Prix, Albert Park Circuit, 21 November 1953, front cover
- 1953, The official 50-race history of the Australian Grand Prix, 1986, pages 182 to 191
- Official Programme, Argus Moomba Motor Car Races, Albert Park Circuit, 26 & 27 March 1955, front cover
- Argus Moomba Motor Races, Australian Motor Sports, April 1955, pages 137 - 142
- Thrills for 250,000, The Argus, Monday, 28 March 1955, page 1
- Michael Armit, Only one car to pass – and his engine boiled, The Argus, Monday, 19 March 1956, page 14
- Albert Park, www.progcovers.com Retrieved on 10 July 2014
- 1956, The official 50-race history of the Australian Grand Prix, 1986, pages 218 to 226
- Australian Gold Star libre programmes 1957-1963, www.oldracingcars.com Retrieved on 10 July 2014
- Victorian Trophy, Australian Motor Sport, May 1957, pages 174 to 176
- John B Blanden, Historic Racing Cars in Australia, 1979, pages 146 & 147
- Graham Howard, Lex Davison – larger than life, page 117
- Official Programme, 1958 Melbourne Grand Prix / Victorian Tourist Trophy, Albert Park Circuit, page 3
- David McKay, Quick money for Moss, Modern Motor, February 1959, pages 35, 36, 37 & 76
- NATSOFT Race Timing
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Melbourne Grand Prix Circuit.|
- Albert Park at Official Formula 1 website
- Australian Grand Prix Corporation
- Albert Park Melbourne Grand Prix Circuit on Google Maps (Current Formula 1 Tracks)