Melbourne tram route 112
|West Preston – St Kilda|
|System||Melbourne tramway network|
|Began service||April 2000|
|Ended service||26 July 2014|
|Length||18 km (11 mi)|
|Journey time||55-75 minutes|
|Zone(s)||Myki Zone 1|
|Timetable||Route 112 timetable|
|Map||Route 112 map|
Melbourne tram route 112 was operated by Yarra Trams on the Melbourne tram network. It operated from West Preston to St Kilda. The 18 kilometre route was operated by A, B and D2 class trams from East Preston depot.
The origins of route 112 lie in separate tram lines, a cable tram from Spencer Street to Fitzroy North, an electric line from Fitzroy North to West Preston and an electric line from the CBD to Fitzroy Street, St Kilda (partially built utilising a former cable line).
A cable line was opened from Spencer Street to Barkly Street, Fitzroy North along Collins Street, MacArthur Street, Gisborne Street, Victoria Parade, Brunswick Street and St Georges Road on the 2 October 1886, by the Melbourne Tramway & Omnibus Company.
The Fitzroy, Northcote & Preston Tramways Trust had started constructing a system but it wasn't until after its takeover by the Melbourne & Metropolitan Tramways Board (MMTB) that services first ran, on 1 April 1920, part of this system included a line from Barkly Street, Fitzroy North to Regent Street, Preston. This network was orphaned from the rest of the electric network until 24 March 1925 when a line along Holden Street, Pilkington Street and Barkly Street was built by the MMTB to allow access to the CBD via Lygon Street.
On 31 October 1925 a new route to St Kilda was opened by the MMTB, travelling from St Kilda Road along Sturt Street, Eastern Road, Heather Street, Park Street, Clarendon Street, Albert Road, Canterbury Road, Mills Street, Danks Street, Patterson Street, Park Street, Mary Street and Beaconsfield Parade.
In 1929 the MMTB started converting the Collins Street cable lines to electric traction, with the last cable tram running down Collins Street on 14 September 1929, and the first electric tram on 8 December 1929. At the same time the MMTB built a new electric line down the centre of Victoria Parade to replace the cable line, which opened on 15 September 1929. The remaining section of cable tram track along Brunswick Street and St Georges Road was converted to electric traction by the MMTB on 26 October 1930, connecting the West Preston electric line to Collins Street.
The South Melbourne cable line was converted to electric traction by the MMTB on 25 July 1937, with the section of track between Clarendon Street and Hanna Street (now Kings Way) along City Road abandoned in favour of a new section of track along Clarendon Street, between City Road and Flinders Street. This allowed trams to travel from St Kilda to Collins Street, along Clarendon Street and Spencer Street.
On 8 November 1959 the track along Mary Street and Beaconsfield Parade, St Kilda West was abandoned in favour of a short extension along Park Street to Fitzroy Street, St Kilda, route 112's final terminus.
From the 1950s until 1992 this line ran mainly as two separate routes which overlapped along Collins Street. Route 12, ran from the Fitzroy Street, St Kilda terminus to St Vincent's Plaza, with the destinations being 'South Melbourne - St Kilda Beach' and 'City - Brunswick Street' respectively. Route 11 was similar to the current route, running from West Preston to the City, terminating at Spencer Street, where trams would reverse. The destinations were simply 'West Preston' and 'City'. A route 10 also operated out of peak hours, which traversed the whole line from West Preston to St Kilda Beach.
Route 10 was discontinued in 1992, with only routes 11 and 12 operating, which were then replaced by route 112 in 2002, a new number for the old route 10.
With the extension of the Collins Street tram tracks into Docklands on 21 September 2009, route 11 was resurrected for peak hour services running from West Preston down Collins Street and terminating in the Docklands.
Route 112 ran from West Preston south on Gilbert Road, turning east at Miller Street and south onto St Georges Road. It then traversed the suburbs of Thornbury, Northcote and Fitzroy North. At Edinburgh Gardens it turned into Brunswick Street and continued south into Fitzroy. It turn west into Victoria Parade, passing through St Vincent's Plaza, East Melbourne, St Vincent's Hospital, the Eye & Ear Hospital and then turned south onto Gisborne Street. It then continue south west along MacArthur Street and turned west into Collins Street, entering the CBD, passing Melbourne Town Hall and City Square.
It turned south from Collins Street into Spencer Street, passing Southern Cross station. It then crossds the Yarra River and entered Southbank on Clarendon Street where it traversed through South Melbourne. It turned south wast at Albert Road, passing the Melbourne Sports & Aquatic Centre, it turned south-east briefly onto Canterbury Road, Albert Park and turned south-west into Mills Street, and finally south-east into Danks Street, Middle Park, Patterson Street and Park Street, where it continued and arrives at its terminus at Fitzroy Street, St Kilda.
Not all stops are shown, refer to timetable for full list of stops.
- Facts & figures Yarra Trams
- "Melbourne Tramway and Omnibus Company Limited" (PDF), Running Journal Vol 9 No 3, page 16, retrieved 2011-10-17
- "Milestones, 1911 - 1920", Yarra Trams, retrieved 2011-10-17
- "Milestones, 1921 - 1930", Yarra Trams, retrieved 2011-10-17
- "Milestones, 1931 - 1940", Yarra Trams, retrieved 2011-10-17
- "Re: Barkly Street", jebounds, retrieved 2011-10-17
- As shown on period maps and destination rolls in chat groups and sale sites
- "BATCHELOR PROMPTS MOTORISTS TO THINK TRAM", Yarra Trams, retrieved 2011-10-17
- Route 11 timetable Public Transport Victoria 26 January 2014
- Route Guide & Map 112/11 Yarra Trams
- Capacity boost for tram passengers Yarra Trams 9 July 2014
- "East Preston Depot", Vicsig, retrieved 2011-10-17