Melbourne tram route 3

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Route 3/3a
Melbourne University - Malvern East
Icon for route 3.
YarraTramsLogoNew.svg
Z1 78 on St Kilda Road.jpg
Z1 class tram on St Kilda Road
in February 2013
Overview
System Melbourne
Operator Yarra Trams
Depot Glenhuntly
Vehicle Z3 class
A class
B2 class
Route
Locale Melbourne, Australia
Start Melbourne University
Via Carlton
Melbourne CBD (Swanston St)
Southbank
St Kilda
Balaclava
St Kilda East
Caulfield North
End Malvern East
Length 3: 14.9 km (9.3 mi)
3a: 16.3 km (10.1 mi)
Service
Journey time 45-65 minutes
Operates 3: Weekdays
3a: Weekends
Zone(s) Free Zone: Stops 8-13
Myki Zone 1: Stops 1-7, 14-64
Annual patronage 5.5 million
Timetable Route 3/3a timetable
Map Route 3/3a map
Route map

Melbourne trams route 3 map.png

← Route 1  {{{system_nav}}}  Route 5 →

Melbourne tram route 3 is operated by Yarra Trams on the Melbourne tram network. It operates from Melbourne University to Malvern East. The 14.9 kilometre route is operated by Z, A and B2 class trams from Glenhuntly depot.[1][2] On weekends route 3 operates as route 3a and diverts via St Kilda.

History[edit]

The origins of route 3 lie in separate tram lines, an electric line from Melbourne University to Queensberry Street, a cable tram from Queensberry Street to Milton Street and an electric line from Acland Street to Darling Road.

Cable trams first travelled from Queensberry Street, Carlton to Milton Street, Balaclava (just south of Carlisle Street), on 11 October 1888, with the line opened by the Melbourne Tramway & Omnibus Company.[3]

The Prahran & Malvern Tramways Trust (PMTT) opened a line from Acland Street, St Kilda to Hawthorn Road, Caulfield North along Carlisle Street/Balaclava Road on 12 April 1913.[4] This line was extended east by the PMTT from Hawthorn Road to Darling Road, Malvern East on 13 November 1913.[4]

The Melbourne, Brunswick & Coburg Tramways Trust opened its line from Park Street, Carlton North to Queensberry Street, Carlton along Lygon, Elgin and Madeline Streets (as the section of Swanston Street north of Victoria Street was originally known) on 31 October 1916.[4]

The Melbourne & Metropolitan Tramways Board converted the Swanston Street/St Kilda Road cable line to electric traction between 1924 and 1926, with electric trams able to run the entire length from 29 August 1926.[5]

Large sections of these lines make up what is today's route 3. On 12 November 1961 trams on Sunday were replaced on route 3 by bus route 377. Sunday trams were reinstated on 8 August 1993.[6]

During the 2006 Commonwealth Games, the route was renumbered 53 and extended to West Coburg, from Domain Interchange, along route 55 to alleviate congestion along St Kilda Road.[7]

On 31 January 2009, route 3 was altered on the weekends to form route 3a, diverting from the regular route at St Kilda Junction and travelling via Fitzroy Street, The Esplanade and Carlisle Street to rejoin the regular route at the corner of St Kilda Road and Carlisle Street. This was to alleviate overcrowding on route 16.[8][9]

Route[edit]

Description[edit]

Z3 class tram on The Esplanade, St Kilda in May 2012

Route 3 operates from Melbourne University travelling south through the CBD on Swanston Street via Melbourne Central and Flinders Street stations. After crossing the Yarra River it continues south along St Kilda Road turning east into Carlisle Street, Balaclava then travelling through St Kilda East, where Carlisle Street becomes Balaclava Road, continuing east travelling through Caulfield North. After passing Caulfield station, it crosses Dandenong Road, and continues east along Waverley Road, Malvern East, terminating at Darling Road.

Route 3a weekend variation[edit]

On weekends, route 3 runs as route 3a, diverting from the regular route at St Kilda Junction and travelling via St Kilda on Fitzroy Street, The Esplanade and Carlisle Street, passing St Kilda Beach and Luna Park before rejoining the regular route at the corner of St Kilda Road and Carlisle Street.[8][9]

Operation[edit]

Routes 3 and 3a are operated out of Glenhuntly depot predominantly by Z class trams with A1 and B2 class trams also used.[2]

Map[edit]

Melbourne Tram Route 3
continues as Tram 1 and 6
towards East Coburg and Moreland
1
Melbourne University Swanston Street
Tram interchange 1, 6; Bus interchange 401, 402, 403, 546
3
Lincoln Square
4
Queensberry St
Victoria Street
No Service
7
RMIT University
La Trobe Street
Tram 30, City Circle
St. Vincents Plaza Right arrow
 Left arrow Docklands Stadium
8
Mainline rail interchange
Melbourne Central
City Loop Suburban Lines
10
Bourke Street Mall
Tram interchange 86, 96; Bus interchange Lonsdale St buses
Bourke Street
Tram 86, 96
Melbourne Museum Right arrow
 Left arrow Southern Cross Station
Collins Street
Tram 11, 12, 48, 109
St. Vincents Plaza Right arrow
 Left arrow Victoria Harbour
11
City Square
Tram interchange 11, 12, 48, 109
Flinders Street
Tram 70, 75, City Circle
Melbourne Park/Wellington Parade Right arrow
 Left arrow Harbour Esplanade Docklands
Mainline rail interchange
Flinders Street Station
All Suburban lines + Traralgon V/Line
13
Flinders Street Station Swanston Street
14
Arts Precinct St. Kilda Road
Tram interchange 1; Bus interchange 216, 219, 220
Southbank Boulevard
Tram 1
 
 Left arrow South Melbourne Beach
17
Grant Street - Police Memorial
19
Shrine of Remembrance
Park Street
Tram 58
 
 Left arrow Williams Street/West Coburg
20
Domain Interchange
Domain Road
No Service (Temporary Closure)
21
Bowen Crescent
22
Toorak Road
Toorak Road
Tram 58
South Yarra/Toorak Right arrow
 
23
Arthur Street
24
Leopold Street
25
Commercial Road
Tram interchange 72; Bus interchange 216, 219, 220
Commercial Road
Tram 72
Gardiner/Camberwell Right arrow
 
26
Moubray Street
27
High Street
High Street
Tram 6
Glen Iris Right arrow
 
29
Union Street
30
St Kilda Junction St. Kilda Road
Tram interchange 5, 16, 64
Dandenong Road
Tram 5, 64
Malvern/East Brighton Right arrow
 
3A Variation
Fitzroy Street
Tram 3a (weekends), 16
Route 3
(St. Kilda Road)
131
(Fitzroy Street)
Tram interchange 3, 67
(Princes Street)
132
Bus interchange 600, 922, 923
St Kilda Light Rail
Tram 96
(31) Barkly Street
 
 Left arrow South Melbourne/East Brunswick
(Canterbury Road)
133
(Park Street)
134
Park Street
Tram 12 (Terminus)
(32) Alma Road
 
 Left arrow South Melbourne/Victoria Gardens
(Jacka Boulevard)
135
(Fitzroy Street)
Bus interchange 606
(The Esplanade)
136
(The Esplanade)
(33) Argyle Street
(Luna Park)
138
(The Esplanade)
Tram interchange 96; Bus interchange 606, 623
Acland Street
Tram 96
(34) Inkerman Street
 
 Left arrow St Kilda Beach
(Havelock Street)
32
(Carlisle Street)
(Barkly Street)
33
(Greeves Street)
34
35
(35) Carlisle Street St. Kilda Road
Bus interchange 623
Brighton Road
Tram 67
 
 Left arrow Elstenwick/Carnegie
Brighton Road
36
St Kilda Town Hall Carlisle Street
37
Chapel Street
Chapel Street
Tram 78
North Richmond Right arrow
 Left arrow Brighton Road (Balaclava)
38
Balaclava Station
Mainline rail interchange
Balaclava railway station
Sandringham Line
39
Orange Grove Carlisle Street
40
Hotham Street Balaclava Road
Bus interchange 216, 219
41
Empress Road
42
Sidwell Avenue
43
Orrong Road
Bus interchange 220
44
Ontario Street
45
Kent Grove
46
Kooyong Road
Bus interchange 605
47
Elmhurst Road
51
Hawthorn Road
Tram interchange 16, 64
Hawthorn Road (Hawthorn Junction Grand Union)
Tram 16 (Northwards), 64
Dandenong Road Right arrow
 Left arrow East Brighton
52
Caulfield Park Bowling Club
53
Caulfield Park
54
Kambrook Road
55
Normanby Road Balaclava Road
56
Caulfield Racecourse Normanby Road
Bus interchange 624
57
Caulfield Station Sir John Monash Drive
Mainline rail interchange
Caulfield railway station
Frankston, Dandenong, Cranbourne lines + Traralgon V/Line
58
Dandenong Road Derby Road
59
Waverley Road Dandenong Road
60
Burke Road Waverley Road
Bus interchange 624
61
Tennyson Street
62
The Avenue
63
Oak Grove
64
Darling Road Waverley Road
Bus interchange 624

References[edit]

  1. ^ Facts & figures Yarra Trams
  2. ^ a b Routes 3/3a Yarra Trams
  3. ^ Melbourne Tramway & Omnibus Company Limited Running Journal volume 9 no 3 page 16
  4. ^ a b c The Early Days Yarra Trams
  5. ^ Between the Wars Yarra Trams
  6. ^ "Melbourne - Other Services" Trolley Wire issue 255 November 1993 page 11
  7. ^ Changes to your tram service during the Commonwealth Games - March 2006 Yarra Trams
  8. ^ a b Yarra Trams boosts weekend trams services to St Kilda Yarra Trams 30 January 2009
  9. ^ a b Your new weekend tram service to St Kilda - Route 3a Yarra Trams 31 January 2009

External links[edit]