Melbourne tram route 3

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Route 3/3a
Melbourne University - Malvern East
YarraTramsLogoNew.svg
Z1 78 on St Kilda Road.jpg
Z1 class tram on St Kilda Road
in February 2013
Overview
System Melbourne
Operator Yarra Trams
Depot Glenhuntly
Vehicle Z class
A class
B2 class
Route
Locale Melbourne, Australia
Start Melbourne University
Via Carlton
Melbourne CBD (Swanston St)
Southbank
St Kilda
Balaclava
St Kilda East
Caulfield North
End Malvern East
Length 3: 14.9 km (9.3 mi)
3a: 16.3 km (10.1 mi)
Zone(s) Free Zone: Stops 8-13
Myki: Stops 1-7, 14-64
Annual patronage 5.5 million
Timetable Route 3/3a timetable
Map Route 3/3a map
Route map

Melbourne trams route 3 map.png

Route 1 ←   → Route 5

Melbourne tram route 3 is operated by Yarra Trams on the Melbourne tram network. It operates from Melbourne University to Malvern East.

The 14.9 kilometre route is operated by Z, A and B2 class trams from Glenhuntly depot.[1][2]

On weekends route 3 operates as route 3a and diverts via St Kilda.

History[edit]

The origins of route 3 lie in separate tram lines, an electric line from Melbourne University to Queensberry Street, a cable tram from Queensberry Street to Milton Street and an electric line from Acland Street to Darling Road.

Cable trams first travelled from Queensberry Street, Carlton to Milton Street, Balaclava (just south of Carlisle Street), on 11 October 1888, with the line opened by the Melbourne Tramway and Omnibus Company.[3]

The Prahran and Malvern Tramways Trust opened a line from Alcand Street, St Kilda to Hawthorn Road, Caulfield North along Carlisle Street/Balaclava Road on 12 April 1913.[4] This line was extended east by the Prahran & Malvern Tramways Trust from Hawthorn Road to Darling Road, Malvern East on 13 November 1913.[4]

The Melbourne, Brunswick and Coburg Tramways Trust opened its line from Park Street, Carlton North to Queensberry Street, Carlton along Lygon, Elgin and Madeline Streets (as the section of Swanston Street north of Victoria Street was originally known) on 31 October 1916.[4]

The Melbourne & Metropolitan Tramways Board converted the Swanston Street/St Kilda Road cable line to electric traction between 1924 and 1926, with electric trams able to run the entire length from 29 August 1926.[5]

Large sections of these lines make up what is today's route 3.

During the 2006 Commonwealth Games, the route was renumbered 53 and extended to West Coburg, from Domain Interchange, along route 55 to alleviate congestion along St Kilda Road.[6]

On 31 January 2009, route 3 was altered on the weekends to form route 3a, diverting from the regular route at St Kilda Junction and travelling via Fitzroy Street, The Esplanade and Carlisle Street to rejoin the regular route at the corner of St Kilda Road and Carlisle Street. This was to alleviate overcrowding on route 16.[7]

Route[edit]

Description[edit]

Z3 class tram on route 3a on The Esplanade, St Kilda in May 2012

Route 3 operates from Melbourne University travelling south through the CBD on Swanston Street via Melbourne Central station and Flinders Street stations. After crossing the Yarra River it continues south along St Kilda Road turning east into Carlisle Street, Balaclava then travelling through St Kilda East, where Carlisle Street becomes Balaclava Road, continuing east travelling through Caulfield North. After passing Caulfield station, it crosses Dandenong Road, and continues east along Waverley Road, Malvern East, terminating at Darling Road.

Route 3a Weekend Variation[edit]

On the weekends route 3 runs as route 3a, diverting from the regular route at St Kilda Junction and traveling via St Kilda on Fitzroy Street, The Esplanade and Carlisle Street, passing St Kilda Beach and Luna Park before rejoining the regular route at the corner of St Kilda Road and Carlisle Street.[7][8]

Map[edit]

Route 3/3a
Melbourne University Routes 1, 8 Stop 1
City
La Trobe Street Free Transit Zone Melbourne Central station Routes 12, 30, City Circle 8
Lonsdale Street Free Transit Zone 9
Bourke Street Free Transit Zone Routes 86, 96 10
Collins Street Free Transit Zone Routes 11, 12, 48, 109 11
Federation Square Free Transit Zone Flinders St station Routes 70, 75, City Circle 13
Arts Precinct Route 1 14
St Kilda Road
Southbank Boulevarde 16
Coventry Street 18
Domain Interchange Routes 8, 55 20
Toorak Road 22
Commercial Road Route 72 25
High Street Route 6 27
St Kilda Junction Routes 5, 16, 64, 67 30
St Kilda
3a Weekend Variation
St Kilda station Route 96 132
Park Street Route 12 134
Acland Street Route 96 138
Carlisle Street Routes 16, 67 35
St Kilda Town Hall 36
Chapel Street Route 78 37
Balaclava station Balaclava station 38
Orrong Road 43
Kooyong Road 46
Hawthorn Road Routes 16, 64 51
Caulfield
Caulfield Racecourse 56
Caulfield station Caulfield station 56
Burke Road 60
Malvern East 64

Not all stops are shown, refer to timetable for full list of stops
Free Transit Zone denotes free travel zone


Operation[edit]

Routes 3 and 3a are operated out of Glenhuntly depot.[2] Both are predominantly operated by Z class trams, and occasionally by A1 and B2 class trams.

References[edit]

External links[edit]