Melbourne tram route 78
|North Richmond – Balaclava|
|Length||6.5 km (4.0 mi)|
|Zone(s)||Myki Zone 1|
|Timetable||Route 78 timetable|
|Map||Route 78 map|
Melbourne tram route 78 is operated by Yarra Trams on the Melbourne tram network. It operates from North Richmond to Balaclava. The 6.5 kilometre route is operated by Z and A class trams from Glenhuntly depot.
Chapel Street was first served by trams in part by a cable tram line opened in 1888, which ran from Brighton Road to Toorak Road, then turned towards St Kilda Road and into the City. Between 1924 and 1926 an electric tram line was built by the Melbourne & Metropolitan Tramways Board, replacing the cable tram, and extending along Church Street, forming the route as it operates today. It ran with two variations, one the route 79, turning from Chapel Street along Carlisle Street to St Kilda Beach, and another, route 77, which turned from the southern part of the route at Swan Street and continued into the city that was discontinued in the 1980s.
In the late 20th century, the line ran predominantly as the 79. Like nearly all trams lines in Melbourne, it was served by W class trams, operating from the Glenhuntly depot, for most of its life. In the 1990s with the gradual removal of the W Class, the route was operated by Z and A class trams. W Class trams were re-introduced in 2004 after they received brake upgrades, as one of only three routes running the old trams, the others being route 30 and the City Circle Tram. In 2014 the Ws were withdrawn and replaced by Z and A class trams. On 27 July 2014 the route 79 option was also discontinued.
The route starts at the Victoria Street terminus then runs along Church Street, Richmond, crossing Bridge Road and Swan Street. It continues over the Yarra River (into the suburb of South Yarra) along Chapel Street, crossing Toorak Road. Continuing down Chapel Street, it terminates at Brighton Road, Balaclava. It is one of only two tram routes which does not travel through the Melbourne CBD, the other being route 82.
Not all stops are shown, refer to timetable for full list of stops