Melbourne tram route 86

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Route 86
Bundoora RMIT - Waterfront City Docklands
Icon for route 86.
YarraTramsLogoNew.svg
B22026 New Yarra Trams Livery.JPG
Overview
SystemMelbourne
OperatorYarra Trams
DepotPreston
VehicleB class
E class
Night-timeFriday & Saturday
Route
LocaleMelbourne, Australia
StartBundoora RMIT
ViaReservoir
Preston
Thornbury
Northcote
Clifton Hill
Collingwood
Fitzroy
East Melbourne
Bourke Street
EndWaterfront City Docklands
Service
Journey time65-90 minutes
OperatesDaily
Zone(s)Free Zone: Stops D11-D1, 1-11
Myki Zone 1: Stops 12-51
Zone 1/2 overlap: Stops 52-71
TimetableRoute 86 timetable
MapRoute 86 map
Route map

Melbourne trams route 86 map.png

← Route 82  {{{system_nav}}}  Route 96 →

Melbourne tram route 86 is operated by Yarra Trams on the Melbourne tram network. It operates from Bundoora RMIT to Waterfront City Docklands. The route is operated by B and E class trams from Preston depot.[1][2]

History[edit]

A cable tram line operated by the Melbourne Tramway & Omnibus Company (MTOC) opened on 10 August 1887, operating along Bourke Street, Gertrude Street, Smith Street and Queens Parade to Merri Creek.[3] On 18 February 1890 a group of Northcote land speculators built a line between the MTOC terminus and Dundas Street, the line was not as successful as they had hoped, closed down and reopened twice before the municipal government bought it in 1901 and leased out its operation.

At the end of the lease council took over operation for a short time. The MTOC line was taken over by the Melbourne & Metropolitan Tramways Board (MMTB) on 1 November 1919 with the Northcote Cable Tramway line coming under MMTB control on 20 February 1920.[4]

The Fitzroy, Northcote & Preston Tramways Trust had started constructing a system but it wasn't until after its takeover by the MMTB that services first ran, on 1 April 1920, part of this system included a line from Dundas Street to Tyler Street.[5] This network was orphaned from the rest of the electric network until 24 March 1925 when a line along Holden Street, Pilkington Street and Barkly Street was built by the MMTB to allow access to the CBD via Lygon Street.[6]

The two cable lines were through routed by the MMTB, and operated until 26 October 1940, when the Bourke Street cable lines were abandoned in favour of double decker buses.[7] The Bourke Street cable lines were the last cable trams to operate in Melbourne.

The MMTB, unhappy with the performance of the buses, decided to rebuild the lines as electric tram services when the buses became life expired. Trams first ran on route 88 (predecessor to the modern 86) on 26 June 1955, with Brunswick East starting operating on 6 May 1956.[8][9]

On 18 May 1983, the suburban terminus was extended 1.2 kilometres from Tyler Street to Boldrewood Parade,[10] then to 2.1 kilometres to La Trobe University on 10 January 1985 (when it was renumbered as the '87'), 2.9 kilometres to Settlement Road on 26 April 1987 (whereupon it was renumbered as the '86' (the current name it uses today))[11][12][13] and to the current terminus at McKimmies Road on 12 October 1995.[14] This final extension was funded as part of the Federal Government's Building Better Cities program.[15]

As part of the Docklands redevelopment project, La Trobe Street was extended west over the Spencer Street railyards on 26 March 2000, and with this extension route 86 was extended along Spencer Street and La Trobe Street to Docklands Stadium.[16][17][18]

On 27 July 2008 route 30 and route 86 swapped termini, with route 30 terminating in Harbour Esplanade at Central Pier, and route 86 being extended to Waterfront City.[19]

In August 2008 route 86 was the first route to see tram based testing of the Myki ticketing system, using special services not open to normal fare-paying passengers.[20]

A project to improve access through platform stops, perform track and overhead renewal and improve speed and reliability on a 6.8 km section of route 86, along High Street and Plenty Road, between Westgarth Street, Westgarth and Albert Street, Reservoir commenced in 2011.[21][22]

Since April 2012, there has been a campaign for route 86 to be extended to South Morang station. This campaign has been run by community group the Friends of South Morang. The proposed extension is for the tram to go north on Plenty Road, turn left on Bush Boulevard and go towards the South Morang station, from there it will go through the Mill Park Lakes Estate to the intersection of The Lakes Boulevard and Plenty Road. This proposal can be seen on The South Morang future transport network map.[23]

In January 2016, route 86 began operating through the night on Fridays and Saturdays as part of the Night Network.[24]

In late November 2016, E-class trams commenced operation on the route.[25] These trams are beneficial on the route which has the highest amount of superstop platforms of any route in Melbourne.[26]

Melbourne tram route 86 evolution
Dates Route Notes
2 May 1954 - 28 February 1983 Footscray to West Maribyrnong
1 March 1983 - 25 April 1987 Unallocated
26 April 1987 - 11 October 1995 Bundoora (McLeans Road) to City (Spencer Street) The first time 86 was used to designate the route that it currently takes today (renumbered from 87).
12 October 1995 - 25 March 2000 Bundoora RMIT to City (Spencer Street)
26 March 2000 - 21 May 2005 Bundoora RMIT to Docklands Centre Pier (Marvel Stadium) Marvel Stadium was then known as Colonial Stadium (until 30 September 2002) and later Telstra Dome (from 1 October 2002).
22 May 2005 - 20 November 2005 Bundoora RMIT to Docklands Drive - New Quay The route was temporarily extended as a substitute to a truncated Route 48.
21 November 2005 - 26 July 2008 Bundoora RMIT to Docklands Centre Pier (Marvel Stadium) Marvel Stadium was then known as Telstra Dome. Same as 2000-05 route.
27 July 2008 - onwards Bundoora RMIT to Waterfront City Docklands


Route[edit]

Two route 86 trams pass each other on Plenty Road, Preston

Route 86 runs from Bundoora RMIT, travelling south on Plenty Road through the suburbs of, Reservoir and Preston, passing La Trobe University.

Plenty Road ends in Preston at Dundas Street and High Street, route 86 turns slightly into High Street and continues south through Thornbury and Northcote. It then crosses Merri Creek, continuing along Queens Parade Clifton Hill, heading south-west, turning south into Smith Street passing between Fitzroy and Collingwood.

Just before the end of Smith Street it turns west into Gertrude Street, Fitzroy, and south into Nicholson Street, Carlton, past the Royal Exhibition Building.

It enters the CBD on Spring Street turning west into Bourke Street at Parliament House, travels through the Bourke Street Mall and turns north into Spencer Street, passing Southern Cross station, it turns west at La Trobe Street, passing over the Spencer Street rail yards into Docklands, it travels north briefly on Harbour Esplanade before turning west into Docklands Drive, where it terminates at Waterfront City Docklands.

Operation[edit]

Route 86 is operated from Preston depot by B class trams and E class trams, although it is not uncommon for A class trams to be rostered.[27]

Map[edit]

Route 86
Bundoora RMIT - Waterfront City Docklands
via Preston, Northcote, Collingwood and City
Free Tram Zone covers stops D11 to 11. Fare zone 1 applies from stop 12 to 71.
Suburb
Street
Stop
No.
Bundoora RMIT
Connections
Bundoora
Plenty Road
71
McKimmies Road
Bus interchange
562, 564, 566
570, 572, 573
70
Janefield Drive
Bus interchange 572
69
Taunton Drive
68
Greenhills Road
67
Bundoora Square Shopping Centre
66
Settlement Road
Bus interchange 902
65
Grimshaw Street
Bus interchange 566, 902
64
Mount Cooper Drive
63
Greenwood Drive
Bus interchange 566
62
Bundoora MFB
61
Bundoora Park
60
La Trobe University
Bus interchange
250, 301, 350, 548
550, 551, 561, 566
Kingsbury
Plenty Road
59
Prestonn Cemetery
58
Browning Street
Reservoir
Plenty Road
57
Reservoir High School
56
Loddon Avenue
55
Boldrewood Parade
Bus interchange 556, 566, 567
54
Wilkinson Street
53
Ethel Grove
Preston
Plenty Road
52
Tyler Street
Bus interchange 555, 562, 566, 567
Zone 1+2
Zone 1
51
Wood Street
50
Sylvester Grove
49
Murray Road
Bus interchange 527, 903
48
Gower Street
47
Gower Street
East Preston Depot (closed)
45
Bell Street
Bus interchange 513
44
Osborne Grove
43
Raglan Street
42
Dundas Street
Bus interchange 552, 553
Miller Street
No Service
Left arrow Preston Depot/Workshops
 
Thornbury
High Street
41
Collins Street
Mainline rail interchange Thornbury
40
Mansfield Street
39
Gooch Street
38
Normanby Avenue
Bus interchange 510
37
Woolton Avenue
36
Darebin Road
Mainline rail interchange Croxton
Northcote
High Street
35
Dennis Street
34
Bent Street
33
Arthurton Road
Bus interchange 508
Mainline rail interchange Northcote
32
Mitchell Street
Bus interchange 567
31
Northcote Town Hall
Bus interchange 510
30
Clarke Street
Mainline rail interchange Westgarth
27
Westgarth Street
Bus interchange 250, 251, 506
26
Walker Street
Mainline rail interchange Clifton Hill
Clifton Hill
Queens Parade
25
Clifton Hill Interchange
Bus interchange 246, 250, 251, 504
24
Michael Street
Bus interchange 504, 546
23
Wellington Street
22
Smith Street
Bus interchange 546
Collingwood
Smith Street
21
Alexandra Parade
20
Keele Street
19
Johnston Street
Bus interchange 200, 207
18
Hodgson Street
17
Charles Street
16
Peel Street
15
Gertrude Street
Fitzroy
Gertrude Street
14
Napier Street
Brunswick Street
Tram 11
West Preston Right arrow
 Left arrow Collins Street
13
Brunswick Street
Nicholson Street
Tram 96
Left arrow East Brunswick
 
 
Nicholson Street
12
Melbourne Museum
Zone 1
Free Tram Zone
Victoria Parade
Tram 30
St Vincents Plaza Right arrow
 Left arrow La Trobe Street
11
Victoria Parade
Bus interchange Victoria Pde
Melbourne
Nicholson Street
10
Parliament Station
Mainline rail interchange
Parliament Station
City Loop Suburban Lines
Spring Street
Tram City Circle
Flinders Street Right arrow
 Left arrowLa Trobe Street
 
Bourke Street
9
Spring Street
7
Russell Street
Bus interchange 605
Swanston Street
Tram 1, 3, 5, 6, 16, 64, 67, 72
Domain/St. Kilda Road Right arrow
 Left arrow Melbourne University
6
Swanston Street
Tram interchange 1, 3, 5, 6, 16, 64, 67, 72
5
Bourke Street Mall
Tram interchange 19, 57, 59
Elizabeth Street
Tram 19, 57, 59
Flinders Street Station Right arrow
 Left arrow Haymarket/North Melbourne
4
Queen Street
Bus interchange Queen St
3
William Street
Williams Street
Tram 58
Domain/Toorak Right arrow
 Left arrow West Coburg
1
Southern Cross Station
Spencer Street
Tram 96
St Kilda Beach Right arrow
 
Mainline rail interchange Southern Cross
 
Spencer Street
120
Lonsdale Street
Bus interchange Lonsdale St
119
La Trobe Street
Tram interchange
30
City Circle
; Bus interchange
216, 219
684
La Trobe Street
Tram 30, City Circle
 
 Left arrow Melbourne Central
La Trobe Street Bridge
Docklands
La Trobe Street
D1
Etihad Stadium Docklands
Harbour Esplanade
Tram 70, 75, City Circle
Flinders Street Right arrow
 
 
Harbour Esplanade
D2
Central Pier
Harbour Esplanade
Footscray Road Siding
 
Docklands Drive
D10
NewQuay
D11
The District
Suburb
Street
Stop
No.
Waterfront City Docklands
Connections
Note: Green denotes free tram zone

In popular culture[edit]

In 2010 Melbourne-based musical comedian The Bedroom Philosopher released an album Songs from the 86 Tram inspired by the tram route as well as an award-winning comedy show of the same name.[28]

Route 95[edit]

Until 27 July 2014 additional capacity through the Melbourne CBD was provided by route 95 short workings from Melbourne Museum to Spencer Street via Bourke Street between 12:00 and 14:00 on weekdays.[29][30]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Facts & figures Yarra Trams
  2. ^ Route 86 Yarra Trams
  3. ^ Melbourne Tramway & Omnibus Company Limited Running Journal volume 9 no 3 page 16
  4. ^ "Northcote: the on again, off again cable tramway", Friends of Hawthorn Tram Depot, retrieved 2011-10-03
  5. ^ "Milestones, 1911 - 1920", Yarra Trams, retrieved 2011-10-03
  6. ^ "Milestones, 1921 - 1930", Yarra Trams, retrieved 2011-10-09
  7. ^ "Milestones, 1931 - 1940", Yarra Trams, retrieved 2011-10-03
  8. ^ "Milestones, 1951 - 1960", Yarra Trams, retrieved 2011-10-03
  9. ^ History of Melbourne Trams Routes from 1950 to 2009 Yarra Trams
  10. ^ "East Preston Line Extended" Trolley Wire issue 208 October 1983 page 18
  11. ^ Here and There Trolley Wire February 1987 page 25 (large file)
  12. ^ "Milestones, 1981 - 1990", Yarra Trams, retrieved 2011-10-03
  13. ^ Jones, Colin (1993). Watch for Trams. Kenthurst: Kangaroo Press. p. 118. ISBN 0 86417 544 2.
  14. ^ "Milestones, 1991 - 2000", Yarra Trams, retrieved 2011-10-03
  15. ^ Lyndsay Neilson. "Appendix 1: Funding Allocation, Victorian Area Strategies". The ‘Building Better Cities’ program 1991-96: a nation-building initiative of the Commonwealth Government. epress.anu.edu.au. Retrieved 2010-11-01.
  16. ^ "Melbourne - Yarra Trams" Trolley Wire issue 281 May 2000 page 30
  17. ^ "Metros" Railway Gazette International May 2000 page 276
  18. ^ Route 86 timetable Yarra Trams 24 March 2000
  19. ^ "Completed tram initiatives", Department of Transport, retrieved 2011-10-03
  20. ^ Ashley Gardiner (18 August 2008). "Smart card tests to begin on trams this week". Herald Sun. www.news.com.au. Archived from the original on 15 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-18.
  21. ^ "Tram Route 86 Corridor Project", Darebin City Council, retrieved 2011-10-04
  22. ^ "Tram Route 86 – High Street and Plenty Road", VicRoads, retrieved 2011-10-04
  23. ^ South Morang - Future Transport Network City of Whittlesea
  24. ^ Night Tram Public Transport Victoria
  25. ^ Route 86 will be next to run E-Class Yarra Trams 15 April 2016
  26. ^ Past meets future at new home of E-class trams Yarra Trams 17 April 2016
  27. ^ "East Preston Depot", Vicsig, retrieved 2011-10-04
  28. ^ The bedroom philosopher songs from the 86 tram Melbourne International Comedy Festival 2010
  29. ^ Route Guide & Map 86/95 Yarra Trams
  30. ^ Capacity boost for tram passengers Archived 2014-07-26 at the Wayback Machine. Yarra Trams 9 July 2014

External links[edit]