Melchior system

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This is the named Melchior system, "a reference in all taxonomic courses",[1] detailing the taxonomic system of the Angiospermae according to A. Engler's Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien (1964),[2] also known as "modified or updated" Engler system.

The collaborators in orders (and some families) were the following:

  • Hans Melchior in Casuarinales, Juglandales, Balanopales, Leitneriales, Salicales, Fagales, Urticales, Didiereaceae, Piperales, Aristolochiales, Guttiferales, Sarraceniales, Papaverales, Hydrostachyales, Podostemonales, Julianiales, Violales, Cucurbitales, Myrtiflorae, Umbelliflorae, Primulales, Tubiflorae, Plantaginales, Liliiflorae p. p., Spathiflorae and Microspermae.
  • G. Buchheim in Proteales, Cactales, Magnoliales and Ranunculales.
  • W. Schultze-Motel in Santalales, Balanophorales, Medusandrales, Rhamnales, Malvales, Diapensiales, Ericales and Cyperales.
  • Th. Eckardt in Polygonales, Centrospermae, Batales, Plumbaginales, Helobiae, Triuridales and Pandanales.
  • G. K. Schultze-Menz in Rosales.
  • H. Scholz in Geraniales, Rutales, Sapindales and Celastrales.
  • G. Wagenitz in Thymelaeales, Ebenales, Oleales, Gentianales, Dipsacales and Campanulales.
  • U. Hamann in Cyanastraceae, Pontederiaceae, Philydraceae, Juncales, Bromeliales and Commelinales.
  • E. Potztal in Graminales, Principes, Synanthae and Scitamineae.


subdivisio Angiospermae[edit]

classis Monocotyledoneae[edit]

ordo Helobiae[edit]

subordo Alismatineae
subordo Hydrocharitineae
subordo Scheuchzeriineae
subordo Potamogetonineae

ordo Triuridales[edit]

ordo Liliiflorae[edit]

subordo Liliineae
subordo Pontederiineae
subordo Iridineae
subordo Burmanniineae
subordo Philydrineae

ordo Juncales[edit]

ordo Bromeliales[edit]

ordo Commelinales[edit]

subordo Commelinineae
subordo Eriocaulineae
subordo Restionineae
subordo Flagellariineae

ordo Graminales[edit]

ordo Principes[edit]

ordo Synanthae[edit]

ordo Spathiflorae[edit]

ordo Pandanales[edit]

ordo Cyperales[edit]

ordo Scitamineae[edit]

ordo Microspermae[edit]

classis Dicotyledoneae[edit]

subclassis Archychlamydeae[edit]

ordo Casuarinales[edit]
ordo Juglandales[edit]
ordo Balanopales[edit]
ordo Leitneriales[edit]
ordo Salicales[edit]
ordo Fagales[edit]
ordo Urticales[edit]
ordo Proteales[edit]
ordo Santalales[edit]
subordo Santalineae
subordo Loranthineae
ordo Balanophorales[edit]
ordo Medusandrales[edit]
ordo Polygonales[edit]
ordo Centrospermae[edit]
subordo Phytolaccineae
subordo Portulacineae
subordo Caryophyllineae
subordo Chenopodiineae
incertae sedis
ordo Cactales[edit]
ordo Magnoliales[edit]
ordo Ranunculales[edit]
subordo Ranunculineae
subordo Nymphaeineae
ordo Piperales[edit]
ordo Aristolochiales[edit]
ordo Guttiferales[edit]
subordo Dilleniineae
subordo Ochnineae
subordo Theineae
subordo Ancistrocladineae
ordo Sarraceniales[edit]
ordo Papaverales[edit]
subordo Papaverineae
subordo Capparineae
subordo Resedineae
subordo Moringineae
ordo Batales[edit]
ordo Rosales[edit]
subordo Hamamelidineae
subordo Saxifragineae
subordo Rosineae
subordo Leguminosineae
ordo Hydrostachyales[edit]
ordo Podostemales[edit]
ordo Geraniales[edit]
subordo Limnanthineae
subordo Geraniineae
ordo Rutales[edit]
subordo Rutineae
subordo Malpighiineae
subordo Polygalineae
ordo Sapindales[edit]
subordo Coriariineae
subordo Anacardiineae
subordo Sapindineae
subordo Balsamineae
ordo Julianiales[edit]
ordo Celastrales[edit]
subordo Celastrineae
subordo Buxineae
subordo Icacinineae
ordo Rhamnales[edit]
ordo Malvales[edit]
subordo Elaeocarpineae
subordo Sarcolaenineae
subordo Malvineae
subordo Scytopetalineae
ordo Thymelaeales[edit]

Note: Sonderothamnus R.Dahlgren, 1968 is posterior to the publication of this work, and Stylapterus A.Juss. was included by G. Bentham & J.D. Hooker in Penaea.

Note: the classification of Thymelaeaceae was based on Domke 1934.[3]

    • Subfamily Gonystyloideae (Syn.:Gonystylaceae)
    • Subfamily Aquilarioideae
      • Tribe Microsemmateae
      • Tribe Solmsieae
      • Tribe Octolepideae
      • Tribe Aquilarieae
    • Subfamily Gilgiodaphnoideae (or Synandrodaphnoideae)
    • Subfamily Thymelaeoideae
      • Tribe Dicranolepideae
      • Tribe Phalerieae
      • Tribe Daphneae
      • Tribe Thymelaeeae (Syn.:Gnidieae)
  • Family Elaeagnaceae
ordo Violales[edit]
subordo Flacourtiineae
subordo Cistineae
subordo Tamaricineae
subordo Caricineae
subordo Loasineae
subordo Begoniineae
ordo Cucurbitales[edit]
ordo Myrtiflorae[edit]
subordo Myrtineae
subordo Hippuridineae
subordo Cynomoriineae
ordo Umbelliflorae[edit]

subclassis Sympetalae[edit]

ordo Diapensiales[edit]
ordo Ericales[edit]
ordo Primulales[edit]
ordo Plumbaginales[edit]
ordo Ebenales[edit]
subordo Sapotineae
subordo Ebenineae
ordo Oleales[edit]
ordo Gentianales[edit]
ordo Tubiflorae[edit]
subordo Convolvulineae
subordo Boraginineae
subordo Verbenineae
subordo Solanineae
subordo Myoporineae
subordo Phrymineae
ordo Plantaginales[edit]
ordo Dipsacales[edit]
ordo Campanulales[edit]


  1. ^ Swift, Lloyd H. (1974). Botanical Classifications. Hamden, Connecticut,USA: Archon Books. ISBN 0-208-01455-1.
  2. ^ H. Melchior (1964). Adolf Engler (ed.). Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien (12th ed.). I. Band: Allgemeiner Teil. Bakterien bis Gymnospermen. II. Band: Angiospermen.
  3. ^ Domke, W. (1934).Untersuchungen über die geographische und systematische Gliederung der Thymelaeaceae. Biblioth. Bot. 111:1-151.


Note: This is a selected list of the more influential systems. There are many other systems, for instance a review of earlier systems, published by Lindley in his 1853 edition, and Dahlgren (1982). Examples include the works of Scopoli, Batsch and Grisebach.