Meletius IV of Constantinople

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Εμμανουήλ ο Μελέτιος
Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople
Patriarch Meletius IV of Constantinople.jpg
Patriarch Meletius IV of Constantinople (1923)
ChurchChurch of Constantinople
In office8 December 1921 – 20 September 1923
PredecessorGermanus V of Constantinople
SuccessorGregory VII of Constantinople
Personal details
Born21 September 1871
Παρσάς Ierapetra
Died28 July 1935(1935-07-28) (aged 63)
Zürich[1]

Patriarch Meletius (Greek: Μελέτιος, secular name Emmanuel Metaxakis; (21 September 1871 – 28 July 1935) was Greek Patriarch of Alexandria under the episcopal name Meletius II from 1926 to 1935.[2]

He was Metropolitan bishop of the Church of Greece in Athens (1918–20), after which he was elected Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople under the name Meletius IV from 1921 to 1923.[3] He served as Greek Patriarch of Alexandria under the episcopal name Meletius II from 1926 to 1935.

He was the only Eastern Orthodox hierarch in history to serve successively as the senior bishop of three autocephalous churches.

A known supporter of Greek prime minister Eleftherios Venizelos, he served as bishop in Cyprus, until he was elected Archbishop of Athens following the abdication of Constantine I of Greece, replacing Archbishop Theocletus I, a known royalist. Two years later, King Constantine I was restored to the throne, Archbishop Meletius was ousted, and former Archbishop Theocletus I was reinstated. In 1921 during the Occupation of Constantinople he was elected Ecumenical Patriarch. He resigned in 1923 following the defeat of the Hellenic army in the Greco-Turkish War.

Some years later he was elected Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria. He died in 1935.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Η παιδική ηλικία του Πατριάρχη Μελετίου. Με το κοσμικό όνομα Εμμανουήλ ο Μελέτιος ήταν πρωτότοκος γιος του Νικολάου Μεταξάκη και της Μαρίας το γένος Αντωνίου Προβατάκη και γεννήθηκε στο χωριό Παρσάς της Κοινότητας Χριστού της επαρχίας "Ιεραπέτρας του νομού Λασιθίου Κρήτης, στις 21 Σεπτεμβρίου του έτους 1871. Η μητέρα του Μαρία Προβατάκη, αδελφή του παπά Στεφάνου, γεννήθηκε στο χωριό Χριστός. Ο πατέρας του Νικόλαος Μεταξάκης μετερχόμενος το επάγγελμα του γεωργού και του κτηνοτρόφου ήταν εριστικός και φιλόδικος όπως φανερώνεται από επιστολές και του ίδιου του Μελετίου που θα παρουσιάσουμε παρακάτω. Ο παππούς του Μελετίου ονομαζόταν Γεώργιος Δαγαλάκης και επειδή ασχολούνταν με την μεταξουργία επονομάΚρήτης. Αποκτά 11 παιδιά - 3 στον Παρσά και 8 στις. [1][2]
  2. ^ "Meletios II Metaxakis (1926–1935)". Official web site of the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria and All Africa. Retrieved 2011-02-07.
  3. ^ "List of Patriarchs". Official web site of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. Retrieved 2011-02-07.

External links[edit]

Eastern Orthodox Church titles
Preceded by
Theocletus I
Metropolitan of Athens and All Greece
as Meletius III

1918–1920
Succeeded by
Theocletus I
Vacant
Title last held by
Germanus V
Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople
as Meletius IV

1921–1923
Succeeded by
Gregory VII
Preceded by
Photius
Greek Patriarch of Alexandria
as Meletius II

1926–1935
Succeeded by
Nicholas V