Melhus Church

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Melhus Kirke
Melhus kirke 001.JPG
Melhus kirke and churchyard cemetery
Basic information
Location Melhus, Norway
Geographic coordinates 63°10′35″N 10°18′13″E / 63.17639°N 10.30361°E / 63.17639; 10.30361
Affiliation Den norske kirkes våpen.svg Church of Norway
Rite Evangelical Lutheran
Ecclesiastical or organizational status Parish church
Website Official Website
Architectural description
Architect(s) Carl Julius Bergstrøm
Completed 1892
Specifications
Capacity 700

Melhus Church (Norwegian: Melhus kirke), also known as "the Gauldal Cathedral", is a large stone Protestant church in Melhus, Norway. It was built in 1892, after the older (medieval) church building was demolished. The churchyard contains a cemetery.

The church contains a controversial oil-painting, which has been thought to be a portrait of Petter Dass.

History[edit]

The church stands in a scenic valley. In 1589, there were five churches in Melhus prestegjeld (more or less equivalent to a parish), but Melhus kirke was the main one. Two of the five churches were located in Leinstrand and Flå; the remaining two churches were in Hølonda.

In 1889, a Royal Decree was issued which ordered that the old Melhus kirke be demolished.[1] During this demolition, in 1890, a perfectly preserved hatchet dating from about 1100 was discovered in a wall of the medieval church. This axe was identified as the country's only preserved tool for cutting stone (Norwegian: "steinhuggerøks") from that period, and it is now located in the Norwegian Museum of Science and Technology.[2]

Although the old church was torn down, several architectural elements of the medieval building were saved and incorporated into the new building. Much woodwork from the old church was included in the newer one.[3] The old portal was also reused in the new church.

Apparently a few artifacts from the old church were not moved to the new church, and instead ended up in other places. When Gerhard Schøning visited the old medieval church he noticed this: "At the southern side of the entrance to the choir, there is an epitaph that Karen and Anders Helkands have erected to their parents and children". When the medieval church was demolished in 1890, the epitaph was no longer there. Few people knew that the epitaph was hidden on Søndre Melhuus farm.[4]

The newer church building has been carefully maintained for over one hundred years; it has had several renovations.[5]

In 1999, Medieval runic inscriptions were discovered on the medieval portal. These inscriptions were professionally examined in 2001.[6]

Melhus Church and Cemetery[edit]

The "Petter Dass" portrait[edit]

The portrait traditionally thought to be of Petter Dass which may instead be a portrait of clergyman Oluf Mentzen Darre, in Melhus Kirke

Melhus kirke houses a collection of painted portraits, primarily of clergymen. The most well-known painting is one that has traditionally been considered to be a portrait of Petter Dass, a 17th-century Norwegian poet and hymn writer. The painting was thought to be the only existing portrait of the poet.

A few years ago, after some nearby churches were set on fire, there was a debate as to whether the portrait was secure enough.[7] Some historians however believe that the subject of this famous portrait is not Petter Dass at all, but the clergyman Oluf Mentzen Darre. For example, Kåre Hansen is absolutely certain that this portrait has nothing to do with Petter Dass.[8] (Kåre Hansen wrote a book about the poet, his power, and the myths surrounding him. In this book the author analyzed and investigated the painting, and came to the conclusion that the man depicted in this famous portrait is not Petter Dass.)

Subsequently the Petter Dass Museum became involved in the controversy. S. Gustavsen found it strange that the portrait is still shown on the Petter Dass Museum web site, commenting that to consider this painting to be a portrait of Petter Dass is the same as to still "believe that the earth is flat and the sun orbits the earth." The museum itself cannot prove whether the portrait is of Petter Dass or not, and so they feature the debate on their web site.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Genealogical resources in Norway" (in Norwegian). www.disnorge.no. Retrieved 29 May 2009. 
  2. ^ Andreassen, Thorleif (16 October 2006). "På skattejakt". Oslopuls; Aftenposten (in Norwegian) (oslopuls.aftenposten.no). Retrieved 31 May 2009. 
  3. ^ Norway handbook, By Norway. Kgl. Utenriksdepartement. Presse- og kulturavdelingen
  4. ^ "Epitafium i Melhus kirke" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 29 May 2009. 
  5. ^ "Melhus Kirke" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 29 May 2009. 
  6. ^ Knirk, James E. (2000). "Arbeidet ved Runearkivet, Oslo". Nytt om runer (in Norwegian) (Runic Archives, Museum of Cultural History at the University of Oslo) 15: 16–20. Retrieved 29 May 2009. 
  7. ^ Vårvik, Anette (20 March 2009). ""Petter Dass" henger usikret i Melhus kirke". Trønderbladet (in Norwegian) (www.tronderbladet.no). Retrieved 29 May 2009. 
  8. ^ Stautland, Helge Johan (20 December 2004). "Dette er ikke Petter Dass". Kristelig Pressekontor (in Norwegian). Retrieved 29 May 2009. 
  9. ^ Hansen, Ivar Roger. "Petter Dass-portrettet i Melhus kirke — myte og mysterium" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Petter Dass Museum. Retrieved 29 May 2009.