Meliaceae

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Mahogany family
Chinaberry1216.JPG
Melia azedarach in flower
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Meliaceae
Juss.[1]
Subfamilies

Meliaceae, or the mahogany family, is a flowering plant family of mostly trees and shrubs (and a few herbaceous plants, mangroves) in the order Sapindales.

They are characterised by alternate, usually pinnate leaves without stipules, and by syncarpous,[2] apparently bisexual (but actually mostly cryptically unisexual) flowers borne in panicles, cymes, spikes, or clusters. Most species are evergreen, but some are deciduous, either in the dry season or in winter.

The family includes about 53 genera and about 600 known species,[3] with a pantropical distribution; one genus (Toona) extends north into temperate China and south into southeast Australia, another (Synoum) into southeast Australia, and another (Melia) nearly as far north.

Uses[edit]

Various species are used for vegetable oil, soap-making, insecticides, and highly prized wood (mahogany).

Some economically important genera and species belong to this family:

Genera[edit]

Chinese Rice Flower (Aglaia odorata)

subfamily Cedreloideae[edit]

This is also known as subfamily Swietenioideae.[4][5]

subfamily Melioideae[edit]

tribe: Aglaieae

- related genera:

tribe: Guareeae[6] - Africa

- related genera:

tribe: Melieae

tribe: Sandoriceae

tribe: Turraeeae

- related genera:

tribe: Trichilieae

tribe: Vavaeeae

tribe unassigned:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x.
  2. ^ Of a gynoecium, made up of united carpels
  3. ^ Christenhusz, M. J. M.; Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1.
  4. ^ a b Gouvea CF, Dornelas MC, Rodriguez APM (2008). "Floral Development in the Tribe Cedreleae (Meliaceae, Sub-family Swietenioideae): Cedrela and Toona". Annals of Botany 101(1):39-48. Retrieved 18 January 2018.
  5. ^ Missouri Botanic Garden: list of Meliaceae genera (retrieved 18 January 2018)
  6. ^ Koenen E (2011) Phylogenetic and biogeographic studies in Guareeae (Meliaceae: Melioideae) - (retrieved 18 January 2018)
  7. ^ Koenen E (2011) ibid.

References[edit]

  • Pennington, T.D. & Styles, B.T. (1975): A generic monograph of the Meliaceae. Blumea 22: 419-540.

External links[edit]