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Meliandou is a village in Guéckédou Prefecture, in the Nzérékoré Region of southern Guinea. Medical researchers believe that the village was the location of the first known case of Ebola virus disease in the epidemic in West Africa.[1] The patient zero of Ebola was a two-year-old boy who died in 2013. The boy's pregnant mother, sister, and grandmother also became ill with symptoms consistent with Ebola infection and died. People infected by those victims later spread the disease to other villages.[2][1][3][4]

Prior to the Ebola outbreak, the villagers sold their farm produce to the nearby town of Guéckédou.[5] As of October 2014, they found themselves unable to sell their products anymore.[5]


  1. ^ a b Baize, Sylvain; Pannetier, Delphine; Oestereich, Lisa; Rieger, Toni (16 April 2014). "Emergence of Zaire Ebola Virus Disease in Guinea — Preliminary Report". New England Journal of Medicine. 371 (15): 1418–25. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1404505. PMID 24738640.
  2. ^ Nassos Stylianou (27 November 2014). "How world's worst Ebola outbreak began with one boy's death". BBC News.
  3. ^ Grady, Denise; Fink, Sheri (2014-08-09). "Tracing Ebola's Breakout to an African 2-Year-Old". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 14 August 2014.
  4. ^ "The first cases of this Ebola outbreak traced by WHO" (png). (in French). WHO. 2014.
  5. ^ a b Suzanne Beukes (28 October 2014). "Finding Ebola's 'patient zero'". The Guardian.

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Coordinates: 8°37′21″N 10°03′51″W / 8.6226°N 10.0642°W / 8.6226; -10.0642