Melichthys is a small genus in the triggerfish family (Balistidae). Member species are found in the Indian Ocean, Pacific Ocean and even the Red Sea (M. niger). The Black triggerfish is the largest species in this genus at 45 cm in length and the Indian triggerfish is the smallest at 25 cm. Melichthys niger and Melichthys indicus are similar in appearance and are often confused.
There are currently 3 recognized species in this genus:
- Melichthys indicus J. E. Randall & Klausewitz, 1973 (Indian triggerfish)
- Melichthys niger Bloch, 1786 (Black triggerfish)
- Melichthys vidua J. Richardson, 1845 (Pinktail triggerfish)
- Matsuura, K. (2014): Taxonomy and systematics of tetraodontiform fishes: a review focusing primarily on progress in the period from 1980 to 2014. Ichthyological Research, 62 (1): 72-113.
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