Melilla (Spanish Congress electoral district)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Melilla
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(Melilla).png
Location of Melilla within Spain.
Province None
Autonomous community None
Population 85,584 (2016)
Electorate 57,795 (2016)
Major settlements Melilla
Current constituency
Created 1977
Seats 1

Melilla is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies—the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales—. The constituency elects one deputy using plurality voting.

Overview[edit]

The constituency was created as per the Electoral Rules Decree-Law 20/1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Decree provided for the exclave of Melilla to be established as a single-member district for the Congress of Deputies,[1] with this regulation being maintained under Article 68.2 of the Spanish Constitution of 1978.[2]

The Spanish electoral system is regulated under the General Electoral System Organic Law 5/1985. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen and in the full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote—the only exception being in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in the full enjoyment of all political and civil rights—. A 2011 amendment to the electoral law required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "requested" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado). For Melilla, its seat was elected using the FPTP form of plurality voting, with the most-voted candidate being elected.[2][3][4]

Registered parties and federations of parties are allowed to field candidates, as well as party alliances formed within 10 days from the Cortes' dissolution. Additionally, groups of electors—a legal figure in Spain referring to temporary associations of citizens grouped for the sole purpose of contesting a particular election—are required to obtain the signatures of at least 1% of registered voters in the district in order to be able to field candidates. Since 2011, parties, federations of parties and coalitions left out from the Congress in the previous election are also required to obtain the signatures of at least 0.1% of registered voters in the districts they intend to contest. No party, federation, coalition or group of electors may field more than one list of candidates per district for the same election, and member parties of a contesting federation or alliance are barred from fielding their own lists. From 2002—and in compliance with the Political Parties Organic Law 6/2002—fielded candidates are also forbidden from continuing or succeeding the activities of judicially illegalized, dissolved, or suspended political parties.[3]

Deputies[edit]

Deputies for Melilla 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
1
1st 1979
1
2nd 1982
1
3rd 1986
1
4th 1989
1
1990
1
5th 1993
1
6th 1996
1
7th 2000
1
8th 2004
1
9th 2008
1
10th 2011
1
11th 2015
1
12th 2016
1

Elections[edit]

2016 general election[edit]

Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in Melilla
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 13,522 49.86 +5.95 1 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 6,805 25.09 +0.50 0 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 3,352 12.36 –3.19 0 ±0
United We Can (Unidos Podemos)1 2,667 9.83 –2.92 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 317 1.17 +0.05 0 ±0
Blank ballots 268 0.99 –0.07
Total 27,121 100.00 1 ±0
Valid votes 27,121 99.68 –0.04
Invalid votes 362 1.32 +0.04
Votes cast / turnout 27,483 47.55 –1.80
Abstentions 30,312 52.45 +1.80
Registered voters 57,795
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2015 general election[edit]

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Melilla
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 12,331 43.91 –22.80 1 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 6,905 24.59 –0.73 0 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 4,366 15.55 New 0 ±0
We Can (Podemos) 3,215 11.45 New 0 ±0
Popular UnityUnited Left (UP–IU) 366 1.30 New 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 314 1.12 +0.61 0 ±0
Blank ballots 299 1.06 –0.80
Total 28,082 100.00 1 ±0
Valid votes 28,082 98.72 –0.14
Invalid votes 363 1.28 +0.14
Votes cast / turnout 28,445 49.35 –0.08
Abstentions 29,194 50.65 +0.08
Registered voters 57,639
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2011 general election[edit]

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Melilla
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 17,828 66.71 +17.68 1 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 6,766 25.32 –22.78 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 992 3.71 +2.57 0 ±0
Equo (eQuo) 427 1.60 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 496 1.86 +0.97
Total 26,726 100.00 1 ±0
Valid votes 26,726 98.86 –0.40
Invalid votes 308 1.14 +0.40
Votes cast / turnout 27,034 49.43 –14.25
Abstentions 27,656 50.57 +14.25
Registered voters 54,690
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2008 general election[edit]

Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Melilla
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 15,717 49.03 –5.57 1 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 15,420 48.10 +6.67 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 367 1.14 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 285 0.89 –0.71
Total 32,055 100.00 1 ±0
Valid votes 32,055 99.26 +0.08
Invalid votes 240 0.74 –0.08
Votes cast / turnout 32,295 63.68 +7.84
Abstentions 18,416 36.32 –7.84
Registered voters 50,711
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2004 general election[edit]

Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Melilla
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 14,856 54.60 +4.80 1 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 11,273 41.43 +21.01 0 ±0
Blank ballots 435 1.60 –0.50
Total 27,207 100.00 1 ±0
Valid votes 27,207 99.18 –0.10
Invalid votes 225 0.82 +0.10
Votes cast / turnout 27,432 55.84 +1.84
Abstentions 21,697 44.16 –1.84
Registered voters 49,129
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2000 general election[edit]

Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Melilla
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party–Melillan People's Union (PP–UPM) 13,078 49.80 –0.77 1 ±0
Melilla's Localist Bloc (BLM) 6,514 24.81 New 0 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' PartyProgressives (PSOE–p) 5,363 20.42 –22.90 0 ±0
United Left (IU) 397 1.51 –1.97 0 ±0
Blank ballots 551 2.10 +0.48
Total 26,259 100.00 1 ±0
Valid votes 26,259 99.28 +0.19
Invalid votes 191 0.72 –0.19
Votes cast / turnout 26,450 54.00 –7.95
Abstentions 22,535 46.00 +7.95
Registered voters 48,985
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1996 general election[edit]

Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Melilla
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 13,788 50.57 +5.65 1 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 11,810 43.32 –5.47 0 –1
United Left (IU) 950 3.48 +0.88 0 ±0
Blank ballots 441 1.62 +0.39
Total 27,263 100.00 1 ±0
Valid votes 27,263 99.09 –0.48
Invalid votes 251 0.91 +0.48
Votes cast / turnout 27,514 61.95 –4.19
Abstentions 16,901 38.05 +4.19
Registered voters 44,415
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1993 general election[edit]

Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in Melilla
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 12,885 48.79 +10.29 1 +1
People's Party (PP) 11,865 44.92 –10.76 0 –1
United Left (IU) 687 2.60 New 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 569 2.15 +0.35 0 ±0
Natural Law Party (PLN) 80 0.30 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 325 1.23 +0.33
Total 26,411 100.00 1 ±0
Valid votes 26,411 99.57 +0.28
Invalid votes 115 0.43 –0.28
Votes cast / turnout 26,526 66.14 +14.25
Abstentions 13,579 33.86 –14.25
Registered voters 40,105
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1990 by-election[edit]

Summary of the 25 March 1990 Congress of Deputies by-election results in Melilla
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 9,748 55.68 +16.28 1 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 6,741 38.50 –3.50 0 –1
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 316 1.80 –6.64 0 ±0
Spanish Nationalist Party of Melilla (PNEM) 301 1.72 –5.34 0 ±0
Blank ballots 157 0.90 –0.49
Total 17,508 100.00 1 ±0
Valid votes 17,508 99.29 +0.57
Invalid votes 126 0.71 –0.57
Votes cast / turnout 17,634 51.89 –6.06
Abstentions 16,351 48.11 +6.06
Registered voters 33,985
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1989 general election[edit]

The results of the 1989 general election in Melilla were declared void by the Spanish Supreme Court because of perceived irregularities in the ballot counting process and the initial vote tally awarding the district's only seat to the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party being extremely close. A by-election was held on 25 March 1990, in which the district's seat was won by the People's Party by a wide margin.

Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in Melilla
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 8,178 42.00 +6.35 1 +1
People's Party (PP)1 7,671 39.40 –6.54 0 –1
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 1,644 8.44 –2.78 0 ±0
Spanish Nationalist Party of Melilla (PNEM) 1,374 7.06 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 204 1.05 New 0 ±0
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 131 0.67 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 270 1.39 –0.07
Total 19,472 100.00 1 ±0
Valid votes 19,472 98.72 –0.16
Invalid votes 253 1.28 +0.16
Votes cast / turnout 19,725 57.95 –2.03
Abstentions 14,314 42.05 +2.03
Registered voters 34,039
Source(s): La Vanguardia, Ministry of the Interior

1986 general election[edit]

Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in Melilla
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)1 9,082 45.94 +19.51 1 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 7,048 35.65 –13.34 0 –1
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 2,218 11.22 +3.53 0 ±0
United Left (IU) 549 2.78 New 0 ±0
Democratic Reformist Party (PRD) 465 2.35 New 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 118 0.60 +0.29 0 ±0
Blank ballots 289 1.46 +0.74
Total 19,769 100.00 1 ±0
Valid votes 19,769 98.88 –0.09
Invalid votes 224 1.12 +0.09
Votes cast / turnout 19,993 59.98 –10.52
Abstentions 13,337 40.02 +10.52
Registered voters 33,330
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1982 general election[edit]

Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in Melilla
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 10,291 48.99 +27.59 1 +1
People's Alliance–People's Democratic Party (APPDP)1 5,551 26.43 +21.59 0 ±0
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 3,083 14.68 –36.89 0 –1
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 1,615 7.69 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 152 0.72 +0.36
Total 21,006 100.00 1 ±0
Valid votes 21,006 98.97 –0.09
Invalid votes 218 1.03 +0.09
Votes cast / turnout 21,224 70.50 +9.83
Abstentions 8,883 29.50 –9.83
Registered voters 30,107
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1979 general election[edit]

Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Melilla
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 9,035 51.57 –4.70 1 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 3,750 21.40 –5.72 0 ±0
Independent Candidates (CIME) 1,820 10.39 New 0 ±0
Democratic Coalition (CD)1 848 4.84 –6.04 0 ±0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 793 4.53 –0.54 0 ±0
National Union (UN) 429 2.45 New 0 ±0
Party of Labour of Spain (PTE) 353 2.01 New 0 ±0
Carlist Party (PC) 194 1.11 New 0 ±0
Communist MovementOrganization of Communist Left (MC–OIC) 180 1.03 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 63 0.36 –0.20
Total 17,520 100.00 1 ±0
Valid votes 17,520 99.06 +0.28
Invalid votes 166 0.94 –0.28
Votes cast / turnout 17,686 60.67 –15.37
Abstentions 11,463 39.33 +15.37
Registered voters 29,149
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1977 general election[edit]

Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Melilla
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 10,723 56.27 1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 5,168 27.12 0
People's Alliance (AP) 2,074 10.88 0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 966 5.07 0
Blank ballots 107 0.56
Total 19,056 100.00 1
Valid votes 19,056 98.78
Invalid votes 235 1.22
Votes cast / turnout 19,291 76.04
Abstentions 6,077 23.96
Registered voters 25,368
Source: Ministry of the Interior

References[edit]

  1. ^ Electoral Rules Decree of 1977, Royal Decree-Law No. 20 of March 18, 1977 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b Spanish Constitution of 1978, December 29, 1978 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ a b General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of June 19, 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Congress Functions". congreso.es. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 

Coordinates: 35°16′N 2°56′W / 35.267°N 2.933°W / 35.267; -2.933