Melissa Hart (politician)
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 4th district
January 3, 2001–January 3, 2007
|Preceded by||Ron Klink|
|Succeeded by||Jason Altmire|
|Member of the Pennsylvania Senate
from the 40th district
January 1, 1991–January 2, 2001
|Preceded by||John Regoli|
|Succeeded by||Jane Orie|
|Born||Melissa Anne Hart
April 4, 1962
|Residence||Bradford Woods, Pennsylvania|
|Alma mater||Washington and Jefferson College
University of Pittsburgh
Melissa Anne Hart (born April 4, 1962) is an American lawyer and politician. She was a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from 2001 to 2007, representing Pennsylvania's 4th congressional district. She was the first Republican woman to represent Pennsylvania at the federal level. Prior to her service in Congress, Hart served in the Pennsylvania Senate, where she chaired the finance committee.
Biography and political views
Hart is an Italian-American, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. She graduated from North Allegheny High School. While at Washington and Jefferson College, she earned a degree in business and German, intending to pursue a career in international business. While there, she and some friends founded the college's College Republicans club. After an internship with a local judge, she decided to attend law school.
Hart has served on the Washington & Jefferson College Board of Trustees.
She is Roman Catholic and holds pro-life views. She is opposed to federal funding for embryonic stem cell research. In January 2006 she addressed a pro-life rally in Washington, D.C., urging young pro-lifers to enter public service.
In November 2000, Hart was elected to the House of Representatives from the Fourth District of the State of Pennsylvania, winning an open seat previously held by a Democrat. She had served as a senator in the Pennsylvania Senate from 1991 to 2000. She was later appointed co-chair of the Platform Committee for the 2004 Republican National Convention.
She also claimed that she was the person behind renaming Pittsburgh's highway system of I-279S/US-22/30W/PA-60N into a new name of I-376W which cost Pennsylvania taxpayers 14.8 million in taxpayer dollars just to change the signs on that route.
Early in Hart's first term, she became the subject of an embarrassing controversy for remarks made to a colleague in the House. New York Times journalist Mark Leibovich described the exchange: "Congressional staff members related an incident in 2001, in which they recalled the freshman Representative Melissa Hart of Pennsylvania, who is white, admonishing Representative Julia Carson, who is black, that the elevator they were riding on was members-only. Ms. Carson, of Indiana, proceeded to introduce herself to her new colleague, offense taken."
In 2002 Hart's campaign website was praised as being among the best of the election cycle.
Hart played an active role in the race for majority leader in early 2006. As a top whip for the successful candidacy of Rep. John Boehner (R-OH), she worked to secure votes for him in the race. She was one of a handful of GOP members who called for a full set of new leadership elections for whip, conference chair, and other offices below the majority leader position, but that motion narrowly failed the day before the majority leader race. Had this motion passed, Hart may have challenged Rep. Deborah Pryce (R-OH) for House Republican Conference Chairman, the No. 4 leadership spot.
In December 2002 Hart was a candidate for Conference Vice-Chair, the No. 5 leadership spot, but lost to Jack Kingston (R-GA). In a 2002 PoliticsPA feature story designating politicians with yearbook superlatives, Hart was named amongst those "Most Likely to Succeed."
As the 2006 campaign season approached, Hart's congressional seat was not considered vulnerable, and Hart was described in media accounts as a "rising star" in Republican politics, who had never lost an election and who had demonstrated a unique ability to appeal to non-conservative voters even while maintaining a generally conservative voting record. In late 2005, her predecessor in the House of Representatives, Democrat Ron Klink, publicly mulled over the possibility of challenging Hart for his old seat. However, in late December, Klink announced that he would not run. Jason Altmire, a 38-year-old health care executive and political unknown (and, by coincidence, a neighbor of Hart's brother,) ultimately won the Democratic nomination for the seat.
For most of 2006, the Altmire campaign was viewed as a long shot, but as the campaign wound down his poll numbers surged and Hart's dropped. An October Susquehanna poll showed Hart with what was then a surprisingly narrow 46%–42% lead over Altmire. Altmire's continued to climb as Hart's stalled, and five days before the November 7, 2006 election, the Cook Political Report altered its rating of the race from "Likely Republican" to "Toss up." 
Hart's was part of a generalized Republican meltdown in Pennsylvania that saw the defeat of three other incumbent Republican members of Congress, Democratic victories for the U. S. Senate and governor, and Democratic gains in the state legislature.
Following the election, she returned to the law firm Keevican Weiss Bauerle & Hirsch, where she had worked before being elected to Congress. She returned to her specialization of "general practice and business development."
Hart announced in July 2007 that she would run against Altmire in 2008. Despite speculation that retired athlete and former Gubernatorial candidate Lynn Swann would run for the seat, Hart was unopposed for the Republican nomination. In the general election, she was again defeated by Altmire, this time by a much larger margin.
In July 2010, Hart confirmed that a parked car in the Congressional Parking Garage was hers. The car had been abandoned there for four years.
Hart currently chairs government relations at Keevican Weiss Bauerle & Hirsch Law Firm.
- Cox, Harold (2004). "Pennsylvania Senate – 2001-2002" (PDF). Wilkes University Election Statistics Project. Wilkes University.
- Kathryn E. Granahan represented Pennsylvania in the US House of Representatives (1956–1963) as a Democrat.
- Order Sons of Italy in America
- "Hart, Melissa". Education for a Lifetime. Washington & Jefferson College. Archived from the original on 2012-05-15. Retrieved 2012-05-15.
- "W&J: Board of Trustees". W&J College Website. Washington & Jefferson College.
- Remarks by The Honorable Melissa Hart, Co-Chair of the 2004 Platform Committee, as Prepared for Delivery at the 2004 Republican National Convention August 30, 2004
- Washington Traffic Jam? Senators-Only Elevator
- Drulis, Michael (2002). "Best & Worst Websites". PoliticsPA. The Publius Group. Archived from the original on 2002-10-17.
- "Keystone State Yearbook Committee". PoliticsPA. 2001. Archived from the original on 2002-08-03.
- Hart GOP's rising star Brown, David M. Pittsburgh Tribune Review September 11, 2005
- kdka.com – New Poll Shows Hart-Altmire Race Is A Dead-Heat
- "CNN.com – Elections 2006". CNN.
- Brown, David M. (June 27, 2007). "Hart returns to Pittsburgh law firm". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Retrieved September 17, 2012.
- "88 In '08?". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. April 12, 2007.
- Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Unofficial List of Candidates
- "Former Congresswoman Abandons Car in Congressional Garage". ABC News. July 22, 2010.
- McNulty, Timothy (June 17, 2012). "Vulakovich beats Hart for run at Orie's seat". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Melissa Hart.|
- Official campaign site
- United States Congress. "Melissa Hart (id: H001033)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Voting record maintained by the Washington Post
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 4th congressional district
|Pennsylvania State Senate|
|Member of the Pennsylvania Senate for the 40th District