|Born||1975 (age 44–45)|
Melissa Schwartzberg (born 1975) is an American political scientist. She is Silver Professor of Politics at New York University, and is affiliated with New York University's Department of Classics and its School of Law. She studies democratic theory, constitutionalism, and both ancient and recent political institutions and political thought. She has written books on the conflict between democratic theory and entrenched laws, and on the tradeoff between supermajoritarian and majoritarian rulesets.
Education and early work
Schwartzberg attended Washington University in St. Louis, graduating in 1996 with a BA in political science and classics. She then studied politics at New York University, earning a PhD in 2002. In 2002, Schwartzberg became a professor at The George Washington University. In 2006 she moved to Columbia University, where she remained until 2013, when she joined the faculty at New York University.
Schwartzberg's first book was Democracy and Legal Change, published in 2007. She studies the question of entrenched laws which are difficult or impossible to amend. Schwartzberg argues that amending even fundamental laws is a central democratic activity, and that laws which cannot be changed by a democratic majority or by supramajoritarian amendment procedures are damaging to democracy. In addition to motivating this view abstractly, Schwartzberg discusses specific cases in which damage was done by laws because those laws were not changeable, including the sunset provision of Article Five of the United States Constitution that protected the clause in Article 1 which guaranteed that congress could not restrict the importation of slaves. Schwartzberg's view of laws as a living project aligns with the views of Jürgen Habermas.
In 2014, Schwarzberg published Counting the Many: The Origins And Limits Of Supermajority Rule. In this book she continues to consider the nature and values of majoritarian decision-making rules, examining the idea that supermajoritarian decision rules are a safeguard against the dangers of democracy. She provides both a history of the use of supermajority rule and a normative discussion of its value, noting that supermajoritarian rules are in an indeterminate region between majoritarian rules and unanimous rules. She studies the failure of several major recent referenda to meet a supermajoritarian threshold despite passing a majority threshold, such as the Equal Rights Amendment and the election reform proposals of the British Columbia Citizens' Assembly on Electoral Reform, while also situating these events in a pattern which dates to Ancient Greece. Schwartzberg argues that supermajority rule, though it attempts to compensate for the problems with majority rule, introduces additional liabilities and biases. Counting the Many received the 2016 David and Elaine Spitz Prize from the International Conference for the Study of Political Thought, which is awarded for the best book in liberal and/or democratic theory published each year.
In 2018, Schwartzberg was named Julius Silver, Roslyn S. Silver, and Enid Silver Winslow Professor of Politics at New York University. In 2020, Schwartzberg was awarded the Guggenheim Fellowship, which is awarded each year to "175 scholars, artists, and writers" based on "prior achievement and exceptional promise".
- Democracy and Legal Change (2007)
- Counting the Many: The Origins And Limits Of Supermajority Rule (2014)
- "Epistemic Democracy and Its Challenges", Annual Review of Political Science (2015)
- "Melissa Schwartzberg". New York University. 2019. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
- Brettschneider, Corey (1 June 2008). "Review of Democracy and Legal Change". Perspectives on Politics. 6 (2): 363–364. doi:10.1017/S1537592708080705.
- "Review of Democracy and Legal Change". Law and Politics Book Review. 2007. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
- Tipler, Kathleen (February 2016). "Review of Counting the Many: The Origins And Limits Of Supermajority Rule". Contemporary Political Theory. 15 (1): e5–e7. doi:10.1057/cpt.2015.9.
- Thompson, Christopher (August 2015). "Review of Counting the Many: The Origins And Limits Of Supermajority Rule". Contemporary Political Theory. 14 (3): e35–e38. doi:10.1057/cpt.2014.47.
- Weale, Albert (April 2015). "Review of Counting the Many: The Origins And Limits Of Supermajority Rule". Political Theory. 43 (2): 279–284. doi:10.1177/0090591715573181.
- Heineman, R (1 December 2014). "Review of Counting the Many: The Origins And Limits Of Supermajority Rule". Choice. 52 (4): 701.
- Lee, Frances E (June 2015). "Review of Counting the Many: The Origins And Limits Of Supermajority Rule". Perspectives on Politics. 13 (2): 455–457. doi:10.1017/S1537592715000286.
- "David and Elaine Spitz Prize awarded to Melissa Schwartzberg, former SOF Governing Board Member". Society of Fellows in the Humanities. 2 September 2016. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
- "John Simon Guggenheim Fellow Melissa Schwartzberg". John Simon Guggenheim Foundation. 2020. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
- "Current fellows". John Simon Guggenheim Foundation. 2020. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
- Mead, Nick (13 April 2020). "Three NYU Professors Awarded Guggenheim Fellowships". Washington Square News. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
- Vermeule, Adrian (14 January 2014). "The Filibuster Does Not Protect Minority Interests". The New Republic. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
- Matthews, Dylan (11 February 2013). "The political science of papal elections". The Washington Post. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
- Beckerman, Charlie (14 November 2016). "I Supported Hillary Clinton, But I Know I Am Also Responsible For Her Loss". Bustle. Retrieved 14 April 2020.