Melissa (computer virus)
This article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject.July 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)(
|Author(s)||David L. Smith|
|Operating system(s) affected||Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows Me, Windows NT, Windows 2000, Windows XP|
The Melissa virus was a mass-mailing macro virus. As it was not a standalone program, it was not a worm. It targeted Microsoft Word and Outlook-based systems, and created considerable network traffic.
Around March 26, 1999 the Melissa virus was put into the wild by David L. Smith of Aberdeen Township, New Jersey. The virus itself was credited to Kwyjibo, who was shown to be the macrovirus writers VicodinES and ALT-F11 by comparing Microsoft Word documents with the same globally unique identifier — this method was also used to trace the virus back to Smith. On December 10, 1999, Smith pleaded guilty to releasing the virus and was sentenced to 10 years in prison, serving 20 months. He was also fined US $5,000. The arrest was the result of a collaborative effort involving (amongst others) the FBI, the New Jersey State Police, Monmouth Internet, and a Swedish computer scientist. David L. Smith was accused of causing $80 million worth of damages by disrupting personal computers and computer networks in business and government.
The code for Melissa was based on the first 'Outlook mail enabled' macro virus, ColdApe.A. 
"Nick Fitzgerald, a consulting editor for Virus Bulletin Magazine, once made the mistake of publicly scorning a virus writer for his "pathetic" programming abilities and later found himself on the receiving end of a creation called Cold Ape. A.k.a The Love Monkey Virus. Users infected by ColdApe unwittingly sent e-mails to Fitzgerald's address at Virus Bulletin, informing him that they wanted to make "hot monkey love" to him. Fitzgerald says that ColdApe cost him and Virus Bulletin "hundreds of hours" of work." 
- Code Red (computer worm)
- Comparison of computer viruses
- Morris worm
- SQL Slammer
- Timeline of computer viruses and worms
- "W97M.Melissa.A". Symantec. Retrieved 9 February 2013.
- Poulson. "Justice mysteriously delayed for 'Melissa' author".
- "Creator of Melissa Computer Virus Sentenced to 20 Months in Federal Prison" (Press release). U.S. Department of Justice. 2002-05-01. Retrieved 2006-08-30.
- Tracking Melissa's alter egos, ZDNet, 1999-04-02
- Throwback Thursday: The Number of the Beasts, virusbulletin.com, 2000-08-02
- Notes from the virus Underground..., Rolling Stone Magazine, 1999-09-16