|• Total||10 km2 (4 sq mi)|
|Elevation||260 m (850 ft)|
|• Density||390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Area code||+380 3541|
Melnytsia-Podilska (Ukrainian: Мельниця-Подільська) (until 1940, Melnytsia-nad-Dnistrom, Ukrainian: Мельниця-над-Днiстром) is an urban-type settlement in the Borshchiv Raion (district) of Ternopil Oblast (province) in western Ukraine. Its population is 3,866 as of the 2001 Ukrainian Census.
The settlement is located in the southernmost part of the province, on the left bank of the Dnister River. To the north is the Khudykovtsi village, and 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) to the south is the settlement of Vilkhovets. On the opposite bank of the Dnister lies the village of Perebykivtsi in Khotyn Raion. The Ukrainian automobile road T-2002 runs through the town.
The town of Melnytsia was first mentioned in the 11th century, which was soon destroyed during the Mongol invasion of Rus'. From 1362, the settlement was in the possession of the Koriatovych family. From the end of the 16th century, Lanckoroński magnates ruled the territory. Ever since the 17th century, the settlement was known as Melnytsia-nad-Dnistrom (or Melnytsia-upon-the-Dnister). In 1747, the town was granted Magdeburg rights. Later in that century, the territory changed hands, to be controlled by the Dunin-Borkowski grafs.
Since ancient times, windmills were spaced throughout the settlement, a prime location situated on the slopes of the Dnister River, hence the name "Melnytsia," or windmill in Ukrainian. In order to distinguish from other settlements named "Melnytsia," the ending -Podilska was added in 1940. In 1960, Melnytsia-Podilska was upgraded to that of an urban-type settlement.
- Saint Michael's Church, a modest stone church built in 1772 and restored in 1989.
- Remains of the Neo-Gothic Dunin-Borkowski Palace, built in the 19th century (now destroyed).
People from Melnytsia-Podilska
- Alexander Marmorek (1865), physician, bacteriologist at the Pasteur Institute and zionist since the First Zionist Congress.
- Petro Kasinchuk (1929), Ukrainian statesman, Ukrainian Insurgent Army member.
- Vladyslav Kaskiv (1973), Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense lawmaker (since 2007), leader of the PORA civic youth organization.
- Skala-Podilska, the other urban-type settlement in Borshchiv Raion of Ternopil Oblast
- "Melnytsia-Podilska". Castles and Churches of Ukraine (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 31 January 2012.
- "Melnytsia-Podilska (Ternopil Oblast, Kozova Raion)". weather.in.ua (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 31 January 2012.
- "Melnytsia-Podilska, Ternopil Oblast, Kozova Raion". Regions of Ukraine and their Structure (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
- "Kasinchuk Petro Yuriykovych". Central Election Commission of Ukraine (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 31 January 2012.
- "Kaskiv Vladyslav Volodymyrovych". Civic Party - PORA (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 31 January 2012.