Melodic pattern

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Simple melodic pattern. About this sound Play 
Melodic sequence on the lines "Send her victorious," and "Happy and glorious," from "God Save the Queen" About this sound Play 

In music and jazz improvisation, a melodic pattern (or sequence) is a repetitive pattern or figure that can be used with any scale. It is used primarily for use in solos because, when practiced enough, it can be extremely useful when improvising. "Sequence" refers to the repetition of a part at a higher or lower pitch,[1][2][3][4] and melodic sequence is differentiated from harmonic sequence. One example of melodic sequence are the pitches of the first line, "Send her victorious," repeated, a step lower, in the second line, "Happy and glorious," from "God Save the Queen".

Melodic pattern in C major.[5]

"A melodic pattern is just what the name implies: a melody with some sort of fixed pattern to it."[6] "The strong theme or motive is stated. It is repeated more or less exactly, but at a different pitch level."[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Berg, Shelly (2005). Alfred's Essentials of Jazz Theory, p.83. Alfred Music. ISBN 9780739030899. "Melodic sequence is the repetition of an idea transposed by some interval."
  2. ^ Briggs (2011). The Language and Materials of Music, p.202. Third Edition. Highland Heritage. ISBN 9781257996148. "Melodic sequences are patterns that repeat at different pitches."
  3. ^ Randel, Don Michael; ed. (2003). The Harvard Dictionary of Music, p.768. Harvard. ISBN 9780674011632. "Sequence: The repetition of a phrase of melody (melodic sequence) different pitch levels, the succession of pitch levels rising or falling by the same or similar succession of intervals."
  4. ^ Giffe, William Thomas (1906). A Practical Course in Harmony and Musical Composition, p.107. T. Presser. [ISBN unspecified] "A melodic sequence may consist of a melodic design, or phrase, repeated in a symmetrical manner."
  5. ^ Berle, Arnie (1997). Mel Bay Encyclopedia of Scales, Modes and Melodic Patterns, p.9. ISBN 0-7866-1791-8.
  6. ^ Greene, Ted (1985). Ted Greene -- Jazz Guitar Single Note Soloing, p.42. Alfred Music. ISBN 9780739053843.
  7. ^ Haerle, Dan (1993). Jazz Improvisation for Keyyboard Players, p.2-7. Alfred. ISBN 9781457493874.

Further reading[edit]