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Melodrama (Lorde album)

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Melodrama
Lorde - Melodrama.png
Studio album by Lorde
Released 16 June 2017 (2017-06-16)
Studio
Genre
Length 40:58
Label
Producer
Lorde chronology
Pure Heroine
(2013)
Melodrama
(2017)
Singles from Melodrama
  1. "Green Light"
    Released: 2 March 2017
  2. "Perfect Places"
    Released: 1 June 2017
  3. "Homemade Dynamite"
    Released: 16 September 2017

Melodrama is the second studio album by New Zealand singer Lorde, released through Universal, Lava and Republic Records on 16 June 2017. A departure from the minimalist style of Lorde's debut album Pure Heroine (2013), it is a pop and electropop album incorporating piano instrumentation and maximalist electronic beats. It was produced by Lorde, Jack Antonoff and several high-profile producers including Frank Dukes, Flume, Malay, S1 and Joel Little.

The album, which was recorded after Lorde's relationship with her long-time boyfriend James Lowe broke down in 2015, has been described as a loose concept album that explores the theme of solitude. It follows the framework of a single house party, and the events and moods that ensue. During her writing sessions, Lorde flew between the United States and New Zealand several times, examining the world around her, and continued working through "false starts, fruitless detours and stretches of inactivity" as she retreated from the public spotlight.[1]

To promote Melodrama, "Green Light" was released as its lead single to commercial success, followed by "Perfect Places" and a remix of "Homemade Dynamite". The album debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200 chart, selling 109,000 album-equivalent units, and topped the charts in three other markets. It was eventually certified silver in the United Kingdom, as well as gold in Australia, Canada and the United States, and platinum in New Zealand. Melodrama received widespread acclaim from critics, many of whom commended its songwriting, production and Lorde's vocal delivery. It was named the best album of the year by several publications and received a Grammy Award nomination for Album of the Year at the 60th Annual Grammy Awards.

Background and recording[edit]

A young Caucasian man holding a red electric guitar stands against a dark background lit with a blue spotlight.
Jack Antonoff (pictured) co-wrote and co-produced the majority of the album with Lorde.

In December 2013, Lorde announced that she had begun writing material for an upcoming second studio album.[2] The following year, she said it was in its early stages and that it was "totally different" from her debut album released earlier that year; she also said the shift in sound was due to the change in circumstances and settings of her life.[3] Later in 2014, Lionsgate Entertainment announced that Lorde would curate the soundtrack for the third installment of The Hunger Games franchise, which would be followed by the release of the film's lead single "Yellow Flicker Beat" to critical acclaim.[4][5] In an interview with Australia's Triple J radio network in February 2015, Joel Little, who produced Pure Heroine, said he was scheduled to join Lorde for a writing session in a recording studio the following month,[6] although a definite plan was not yet established. More than a year later, he reported that despite he wrote a few songs for the album, he would not serve as an executive producer, attributing this to Lorde "trying to do something different".[7] Lorde was eventually featured on Disclosure's track "Magnets" which appears on the duo's 2015 album Caracal.[8]

In January 2016, The New Zealand Herald reported that Lorde and James Lowe, her boyfriend, had ended their three-year relationship.[9] The singer confirmed the break-up during interviews following the release of "Green Light" (2017),[10] leading to her indulging in "heavy drinking" and noticing there was an "element of escapism and exploration" in doing so.[11] Lorde eventually replied to a comment on her Instagram account in late August 2016 that she completed the writing process of Melodrama — still untitled at the time — and that she was in the production stages.[12] The singer went on to announce the album's title on 2 March 2017.[13] She also began posting pictures of herself at Electric Lady Studios in New York City with Jack Antonoff on social media taken in and after December 2015. Further recording sessions took place at Antonoff's home studio in Brooklyn Heights, dubbed Rough Customer Studio, and Jungle City in New York City, as well as Westlake and Conway in Los Angeles.[14] The duo recorded for 18 months.[15][16] Melodrama was released through Universal, Lava and Republic Records on 16 June 2017.[17][18][19][20]

Writing and production[edit]

Lorde said that during the early stages of writing content for Melodrama, she imagined writing the album from the perspective of aliens stepping outside a hermetically sealed environment for the first time, citing the science fiction short story "There Will Come Soft Rains" (1950) by Ray Bradbury as an inspiration. She scrapped the idea and chose instead to write about her own struggles with the early stages of adulthood.[21] She likened the plot of the aforementioned short story to her own reality, stating that she would usually hide at her house with friends, "drinking and making a concerted effort to block out the rest of the world, as if there’d been some sort of nuclear fallout".[21] Lorde also took notes from conversations with her friends and would fly multiple times between the United States and New Zealand to examine the world around her. She would continue working through "false starts, fruitless detours and stretches of inactivity" as she retreated from the public spotlight.[1][21]

Melodrama is about a "grapple with loneliness" in the aftermath of a break-up, according to The New York Times.[1] Interviewed by the publication, Lorde says Melodrama is not simply a "breakup album" but is rather a "record about being alone"; it features both the favourable and unfavourable aspects associated with "heartbreak and solitude".[1] She did, however, call "Green Light" a traditional break-up song.[22] In an interview with Vanity Fair, Lorde said the title of the album is a "nod to the types of emotions you experience when you're 19 or 20,"[22] further elaborating that recent past years were intense for her, and that she experienced a wide range of emotions. She cites her "love of theater" and drawing parallels to Greek tragedies as inspiration for the album's title. According to her, it was very "tongue-in-cheek" to name her record Melodrama.[22] The singer compared the album and Pure Heroine, saying this record felt more stylized as it is a "collection of moments, thoughts, and vignettes". According to Lorde, she had to deal with "very serious, vivid feelings" she needed to express after experiencing her first heartbreak and moving out of her parents' home, and she spent time isolated in her own house. Working with Antonoff helped her open up about her inner situation.[22]

While writing content for the album, Lorde took inspiration from a number of settings and tested new material by listening to demos through earphones at a diner near Columbus Circle, which she did for about four months to understand how the music would sound in everyday life. She took inspiration from strangers' conversations, often hearing certain phrases that she would think about for hours. These phrases also illustrated a "tableau" in her thoughts.[1] The diner usually played top 40 radio, which she said would occasionally distract her from writing, although she sometimes removed her headphones to let the songs "wash over" her. At a rental house she owned on remote Waiheke Island,[1] Lorde had a wall of notes for her songs, which she used to "skim" the whole album; it allowed her to find connections to each track and "fill in their blanks". Each song was colour coded because of her sound-to-colour synesthesia; Lorde arranged the colours according to its theme and emotion.[1]

Artwork[edit]

The cover artwork for Melodrama was painted by American abstract painter Sam McKinniss, with whom Lorde had communicated by email. The pair agreed to meet and started discussing a collaboration. Lorde later visited McKinniss' studio in Williamsburg, Brooklyn, where she took a liking to a full-figure portrait of the cover photograph of Prince's 1984 album Purple Rain and a painting of Lil' Kim. Lorde asked McKinniss to create a painting with a "kind of colorful teenage restlessness and excitement and energy and potential".[23]

McKinniss and Lorde met in late 2016 at his friend's studio, which consisted of coloured bulbs on a lighting rig and a space with several windows. For the album shoot, Lorde wore a vintage negligee and posed for two hours. According to McKinniss, the album art is the "converging of two like minds" and "simpatico spirits".[24] He said Lorde told him; "I want to be a teen-ager in my bedroom after a long night, at daybreak". The pair considered making the photography session "operatic" and pre-Raphaelite-inspired, but scrapped the idea because they were satisfied with Lorde's facial expressions on the resulting images. McKinniss made two paintings from his photographs; one featured a blue glow with a warm flush on Lorde's cheek and the other has different lighting, with "paler, sweeter" colours.[25] The unused painting was later revealed in an interview with McKinniss for Dazed.[26]

NME placed the cover on their list of the best album artworks of the 21st century so far.[27] Paste ranked it at number 11 in their year-end list for album covers,[28] and it also appeared on Billboard's unranked list. Tatiano Cirisano, writing for the latter publication, said McKinniss "perfectly communicates the intimacy and coming-of-age storyline" of the record with its "hazy twilight hues and bedside setting".[29] Fuse also ranked the cover in their year-end list.[30]

Music and lyrics[edit]

A young Caucasian man with spiky hair wearing dark spectacles and holding an electric guitar on a television studio set.
A young man with spiky hair and white face make-up holding an electric guitar; he is seen from a low viewpoint.
Lorde cites Don Henley, Tom Petty, Phil Collins and Joni Mitchell, as well as the deaths of David Bowie (pictured left) and Prince (pictured right), as inspirations.[31][32]

Lorde's vocals on Melodrama have been noted for her emotional and multitrack delivery. She cites the emotional vocals of Kate Bush and Sinéad O'Connor, as well as Laurie Anderson's use of vocoder as inspiration for her vocal delivery on the album.[32] The Daily Telegraph writer Neil McCormick described Lorde's vocals as "audacious singing, which locates different levels of intimacy in different vocal timbres, multi-tracking her voice so that it often sounds like songs are being delivered by competing versions of herself".[33] Her vocals range from "witchy, unprocessed low-register warbles" to "digitized masks".[34] According to NME, different personae of Lorde, ranging from the "strong, composed young woman" to the hidden "psycho", are showcased through her vocal performances on the album.[35]

Melodrama is built around Antonoff's signature production, which incorporates drums, synths, layered vocals and straightforward hooks.[36] Lorde and Antonoff met in early 2014 at a Grammy after-party and later had several "exploratory" writing sessions before Lorde hired him as the main co-writer on the album. Lorde worked on Melodrama in Antonoff's Rough Customer Studios in New York City and at her home in New Zealand.[1] The song structures on the record are traditional in construction, with piano-based melodies in contrast with the hip-hop influences on Lorde's first album.[37] The singer took a classicist approach, usually composing a melody and then trying different vocal falsettos; Lorde said that because of this, the whole album can be played in acoustic form.[1] She also cited her desire to explore a "cathartic mode" for the album. Several publications noted its maximalist pop production, a departure from the singer's signature minimalist style.[38][39][40] Melodrama has been described by critics as a pop[41][42][43][44] and electropop album.[45]

The album's lyrics are about heartbreak, solitude and loneliness.[46] Though it has been denied by Lorde,[47][1] music critics have described Melodrama as a loose concept album.[1][48][49] Lorde has stated that Melodrama has only a loose narrative;[47] she believed in the "transcendent nature" that partying can bring, with the intense "intoxicated highs and slumping lows", hook-ups and break-ups helping to form a narrative thread that connected each song.

Lorde developed a disdain for the phrase "voice of a generation"; according to her, the album's shift in narrative focuses on "I" in contrast with Pure Heroine's inclusion of "we" and "us". The words "party", "rush" and "violence" recur throughout the record. Lorde wanted to showcase contrast, going from "big and grand" to "really tiny and intimate", as well as desired to reference personal events, headlines and themes associated with the World Wide Web. She drew inspiration from Paul Simon's 1986 album Graceland, calling it "somewhere we hope we're headed" and comparing it with Miley Cyrus' song "Malibu" (2017), saying "[h]ow lovely that first love is Malibu, and Graceland is enlightenment after love lost".[50] Lorde uses numerous metaphors on Melodrama, such as the teeth of great white sharks, continuing her incorporation of teeth in her lyrics.[51][52] The singer also cites Don Henley, Tom Petty, Phil Collins and Joni Mitchell as inspirations for Melodrama.[50]

Songs[edit]

Tracks 1–5[edit]

The album's opening track, "Green Light", features titular metaphors; reviewers interpreted the "green light" as a street signal that gives the singer permission to move into the future.[53] It was described by critics as an electropop,[54] dance-pop,[55] and post-disco song.[56] Lorde was inspired to write the track after attending a Florence and the Machine concert with Antonoff; the writing process took her 18 months to complete. She said the piano line in the song resembles the piano introduction on The National's 2008 song "Fake Empire".[57] "Sober", which was formed using a bongo drum, was written after Lorde went to Coachella. The track's instrumentation also includes a tenor and baritone saxophone, a trumpet,[58] as well as the sound of a tiger's roar, which was added when Antonoff was looking through samples two sessions before the song concluded.[59]

Lorde co-wrote "Homemade Dynamite" with Tove Lo and is the only song on which Antonoff is not credited as a songwriter or producer. Lorde was inspired to write "The Louvre" after listening to Frank Ocean's 2016 album Blonde. She stated in a podcast interview with The Spinoff that she could have made a "big, easy single" but refrained from doing so because she felt it would not mean much to "simplify the journey" or "force a big chorus".[60] She said that the production process was "exciting", stating, "I can use guitars and I can get a big gnarly Flume beat and throw it under water."[61] According to Newsweek, the singer's cadence in some lines almost turns into rapping, which was compared with cross-genre music.[32] "Liability" is the first piano ballad on the album; in a profile with The Spinoff, Lorde said the song's chords felt "classic" and similar to the works of Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young and Don Henley. She was inspired by the track "Higher" from Rihanna's 2016 album Anti, which she listened to when she took a taxi from a party.[57]

Tracks 6–11[edit]

An early-middle-aged Caucasian man with short, dark hair and dressed in a coat and dress shirt looks towards the camera.
A young Caucasian man with short, dark hair wearing a creased, light-coloured tee shirt
Lorde often listened to Paul Simon's (pictured left) 1986 album Graceland on taxis she took on her way home from parties.[32] Critics also noted Phil Collins' (pictured right) signature instrumentation on the album.[32]

The first part of the medley song "Hard Feelings/Loveless" uses a distorted synthesizer and elements of industrial,[34] noise[44] and electronica genres.[62] Antonoff said one of his proudest moments while producing the album was the placing of a "synth at the end [of the song] that sounds like metal bending".[63] The first two lines of "Loveless"—"What is this tape? / This is my favorite tape"—were sampled from a documentary about Paul Simon's album Graceland Lorde watched. The drum solo used as the transition instrument linking "Hard Feelings" to "Loveless" was sampled from Phil Collins' 1981 song "In the Air Tonight".[57] Lorde stated this was one of the earliest tracks on the record. She often listened to the soft rock music of Leonard Cohen, Joni Mitchell, Fleetwood Mac and Paul Simon while riding the subways in New York City and taking cab rides home from parties in Auckland.[32] Lorde and Antonoff both compared the song to Don Henley's "The Heart of the Matter" (1989), with the latter also likening its message to Henley's song as both tracks "grapple with news that a past lover has met someone new, then laments other bygone relationships".[1]

The following track, "Sober II (Melodrama)", a continuation of "Sober", details the emotions and sense of loneliness after a party is over.[64] The song was originally titled "Sober (Interlude)" before its release.[65] Comparing Lorde with Kate Bush, Claire Schafer of Newsweek said "[t]he heartwrenching chorus of 'Writer in the Dark' [...] is uncannily similar to Bush’s high register and otherworldly excess of feeling", and that Melodrama "marks a new dimension to Lorde’s voice, where every little breath and enunciation carries enormous meaning".[32] Lorde woke up in the middle of the night and wrote down the main theme of the song, feeling naughty and empowered while doing so. To her, it was a "cool, painful moment" on the record.[50] Lorde said "Supercut" is the only song on the album in which she speaks to someone, describing the thought process as the Eleventh Hour. Most of the song was constructed using drums, whereas "blanks" were later "filled" with piano sequences.[57] She considered turning "Liability (Reprise)" into an a cappella track before deciding to "be sensible" and adding a backing beat.[57] "Perfect Places" was inspired after the deaths of David Bowie and Prince occurred, two musicians Lorde states were the most influential while recording Melodrama.[32]

Release and promotion[edit]

A young Caucasian woman with shoulder-length, curly, dark hair wearing two choker chains, a necklace, a revealing black dress and a ring holds a stand-mounted microphone.
Lorde performing at the Osheaga Festival in 2017

Lorde first promoted the album by posting a link to a website called imwaitingforit.com to her Twitter account. The website featured a short clip of Lorde sitting in a car eating and drinking while a piano-backed track played in the background; this was followed with the dates "3.2.17 NYC" and "3.3.17 NZ" appearing onscreen. The video was titled "M" followed by seven asterisks and ending with "A", which would later be revealed as the album's name.[66][67] According to Fact magazine, the clip was also broadcast on New Zealand's major television channels.[68]

On 2 March 2017, Lorde released "Green Light" as the lead single from the album.[69] The single was universally praised by critics, with many publications placing it in their year-end lists,[70] and was recognized as NME's Single of the Year.[71] It was commercially successful, earning platinum in the United States and a triple platinum certification in Australia.[72][73] The following week, Lorde released "Liability" as Melodrama's first promotional single. She performed it alongside "Green Light" for the first time on the 12 March 2017 episode of Saturday Night Live. This was her first performance in over two years,[74] and gained positive reviews from critics.[19][20] She debuted two new songs, "Sober" and "Sober II (Melodrama)", at a "tiny pre-Coachella gig" held at Pappy & Harriet's on 15 April 2017. "Sober" was announced as the album's second promotional single on 9 June 2017. She debuted "Homemade Dynamite" during her set at Coachella the next day.[75] Critics called her set one of the highlights of the festival.[76][77][78] Lorde also performed "Green Light" at the 2017 Billboard Music Awards on a set that included "a cheap karaoke lounge, with red lighting, a dingy couch, impassive friends and an old TV that spat out song lyrics in blocky lettering".[79]

Lorde released "Perfect Places" as the album's second single on 1 June 2017. She first performed the song live with Antonoff as part of her set at the Governors Ball Music Festival. On 30 July 2017, Lorde also made an appearance to sing at the Fuji Rock Festival in Niigata, Japan.[80] At the 2017 MTV Video Music Awards, Lorde performed an interpretive dance to "Homemade Dynamite", which was met with mixed reviews from critics, some of whom called it "bizarre".[81][82] Her decision not to sing came after she was diagnosed with influenza. Following her performance, Lorde released a remix of "Homemade Dynamite" that featured guest vocals by Khalid, Post Malone and SZA as the third single from the album on 16 September 2017.[83] To further promote the album, Lorde embarked on a world tour with several opening acts; she announced the tour in June 2017. The tour began at the O2 Apollo Manchester in England on 26 September 2017 and ended on 19 October 2017 in Trondheim, Norway.[84] The Oceania leg consisted of 13 dates. Lorde played an additional 30 shows in North America, which commenced in Milwaukee on 1 March 2018 and concluded in Nashville on 15 April 2018.[85]

Reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Aggregate scores
SourceRating
AnyDecentMusic?8.7/10[86]
Metacritic91/100[87]
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic4/5 stars[88]
The A.V. ClubA[89]
The Daily Telegraph5/5 stars[33]
Entertainment WeeklyA[90]
The Guardian4/5 stars[91]
The Independent4/5 stars[92]
NME5/5 stars[35]
Pitchfork8.8/10[44]
Rolling Stone4/5 stars[34]
ViceB+[93]

Following the album's release, it debuted at number one in Canada,[94] New Zealand,[95] Australia[96] and the United States, becoming Lorde's first US number-one album[97] where it entered the Billboard 200 chart with 109,000 album-equivalent units, including 82,000 album sales.[97] The album dropped to number 13 in the following week.[98] It was also her first number-one in Canada,[94] entering the Canadian Albums Chart and selling 12,000 album-equivalent units.[94] Melodrama further debuted at number one in Australia with first-week sales of 12,001,[99] and entered the UK Albums Chart at number five, selling 17,026 copies in its first week.[100] Several certifications were eventually awarded to the album, including silver in the United Kingdom,[101] as well as gold in Australia, Canada and the United States,[102][103][104] and platinum in New Zealand.[105]

Melodrama received widespread acclaim from music critics, many of whom commended its production, Lorde's writing and vocal delivery, and the album's themes. At review aggregate site Metacritic, Melodrama has an average score of 91 out of 100, based on 33 reviews, indicating "universal acclaim".[87] Sal Cinquemani of Slant Magazine gave the album a rating of 4.5 stars out of 5, saying "[Melodrama] simmers and builds from track to track, loaded with unlikely hooks" and "whether it's a party record disguised as a breakup album or a breakup album disguised as a party record, it's cathartic, dramatic, and everything else you could want an album titled Melodrama to be".[106] Will Hermes of Rolling Stone rated the album 4 stars out of 5, stating, "Lorde's writing and fantastically intimate vocals, ranging from her witchy, unprocessed low-register warbles to all sorts of digitized masks, make it matter".[34]

Nolan Feeney of Entertainment Weekly gave the album a rating of 'A' and wrote, "Lorde makes partying sound holy" and that "the shape-shifting compositions give Melodrama a richer, more dynamic palette than the muted, minimalist beats of Pure Heroine". Feeney also said, "The tracks are in constant dialogue with themselves: Motifs of riding in cars and the 'ribbons' that bind her to a lover repeat throughout the album, adding layers to the story".[90] According to Pitchfork writer Stacey Anderson, "Lorde captures emotions like none other. Her second album is a masterful study of being a young woman, a sleek and humid pop record full of grief and hedonism, crafted with the utmost care and wisdom."[44]

Writing for Drowned in Sound, Joe Goggins stated; "[Lorde] is intensely self-aware and, accordingly, is able to take all the inelegancies of youth—the stumbles out of nightclub doors, the clothes strewn across the bedroom floor, how apocalyptic that first heartbreak feels—and turn them into something exquisite".[107] Kitty Empire of the Guardian said the album balances the pull between commercial pressures and Lorde's artistry, "yielding glossy ear-crack that will burn its way through Spotify playlists, while retaining [Lorde's] signatures: her smeary husk of a voice, her gimlet eye, her outsider’s viewpoint". Empire also said Lorde has evolved from the minimalist aesthetic featured on her debut album and that the themes of fame, heartbreak, partying and self-analysis were well-handled on Melodrama.[40] NME named the album its 2017 Album of the Year.[108]

Accolades[edit]

Melodrama appeared on numerous year-end albums lists. Many media sources, including Consequence of Sound,[109] Cosmopolitan,[110] Entertainment Weekly,[111] The Mercury News,[112] No Ripcord,[113] NME,[114] Pretty Much Amazing,[115] Stereogum[116] and Uproxx, named it the best album of 2017.[117] It was also voted as fourth best album in The Village Voice's Pazz & Jop critics' poll for 2017, with a score of 724 points.[70] The single "Green Light" was voted in the top ten of the Pazz & Jop's singles list.[70] In Rolling Stone's annual readers' poll, Melodrama was voted the second most popular album of the year, behind Harry Styles' eponymous debut studio album.[118] Metacritic named Melodrama the third best-reviewed album of 2017, behind Mount Eerie's A Crow Looked at Me (2017) and Kendrick Lamar's Damn (2017). It was one of three albums to score above a 90 on the site. Metacritic also placed it as the second most prominently ranked record of 2017, at 122.5 points; it is currently the site's 28th highest-rated album of all time.[119][120]

Several publications, including The Independent,[121] Interview,[122] The New Zealand Herald,[123] PopMatters,[124] The Ringer[125] and Rolling Stone, included Melodrama as the runner-up in their respective year-end lists.[126] A number of other publications, including BBC News,[127] Billboard,[128] Highsnobiety,[129] New York Daily News,[130] Newsday,[131] People,[132] Pigeons and Planes,[133] The Skinny,[134] ABC News,[135] Dazed,[136] Exclaim!,[137] The Guardian,[138] Q,[139] Spin,[140] The Daily Beast,[141] Mashable,[142] NPR,[143] Pitchfork,[144] Time,[145] Vinyl Me, Please[146] and Yahoo!, ranked the record within the top five.[147] Other publications who included Melodrama in their year-end lists include Fuse,[148] Genius,[149] Loud and Quiet,[150] Slant,[151] Sputnikmusic,[152] State,[153] Time Out,[154] Tiny Mix Tapes,[155] Uncut,[156] Vice[157] and Vulture.[158] The New York Times editors Jon Caramanica and Jon Pareles ranked the album at numbers seven and ten in their respective lists.[159] Publications that included the album outside of the top ten of their year-end lists include The A.V. Club,[160] Complex,[161] Drowned in Sound,[162] The Line of Best Fit,[163] Spectrum Culture,[164] and Under the Radar,[165] while AllMusic,[166] The Alternative,[167] The Boston Globe,[168] The Irish Times,[169] The Nation,[170] Newsweek,[171] Kitty Empire from The Observer,[172] Carl Wilson from Slate,[173] The Stranger,[174] The Sydney Morning Herald,[175] USA Today[176] V[177] and Variety[178] placed the album in their unranked lists. Rolling Stone and PopMatters included Melodrama in their pop category year-end lists, ranking it seventh and first, respectively.[179][180]

Melodrama was nominated as the only woman for Album of the Year at the 60th Annual Grammy Awards but lost to Bruno Mars' 24K Magic (2016).[181][182] A day before the event, it was reported that the singer declined to perform at the ceremony after being asked to sing with other acts. Her decision to protest came after the other nominees, who were all male, were given the opportunity to perform by themselves. An article published by Variety reported that The Recording Academy approached Lorde about performing with other artists in a tribute to Tom Petty involving his song "American Girl" (1976).[183]

Track listing[edit]

Melodrama – Standard version[17][184][14]
No.TitleLyricsMusicProducersLength
1."Green Light"
3:54
2."Sober"Yelich-O'Connor
  • Yelich-O'Connor
  • Antonoff
3:17
3."Homemade Dynamite"
  • Yelich-O'Connor
  • Lo
  • Jakob Jerlström
  • Ludvig Söderberg
  • Dukes
  • Lorde
  • Harrell[b]
3:09
4."The Louvre"Yelich-O'Connor
  • Yelich-O'Connor
  • Antonoff
4:31
5."Liability"
  • Yelich-O'Connor
  • Antonoff
  • Yelich-O'Connor
  • Antonoff
  • Lorde
  • Antonoff
2:52
6."Hard Feelings/Loveless"Yelich-O'Connor
  • Yelich-O'Connor
  • Antonoff
  • Lorde
  • Antonoff
  • Dukes[a] ("Loveless")
6:07
7."Sober II (Melodrama)"Yelich-O'Connor
  • Yelich-O'Connor
  • Antonoff
2:58
8."Writer in the Dark"Yelich-O'Connor
  • Yelich-O'Connor
  • Antonoff
  • Lorde
  • Antonoff
3:36
9."Supercut"Yelich-O'Connor
  • Yelich-O'Connor
  • Antonoff
4:37
10."Liability (Reprise)"Yelich-O'Connor
  • Yelich-O'Connor
  • Antonoff
  • Lorde
  • Antonoff
2:16
11."Perfect Places"Yelich-O'Connor
  • Yelich-O'Connor
  • Antonoff
3:41
Total length:40:58

Notes

  • ^[a] signifies an additional producer
  • ^[b] signifies a vocal producer
  • ^[c] signifies an additional vocal producer
  • ^[d] added to the album after the single's release

Sample credits[14]

  • "Loveless" contains a sample of "In the Air Tonight", written and performed by Phil Collins and an audio recording from Paul Simon that appears on the 2012 documentary film, Under African Skies: Paul Simon's Graceland Journey.

Personnel[edit]

Credits adapted from the liner notes of Melodrama.[187]

Charts[edit]

Certifications and sales[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/Sales
Australia (ARIA)[102] Gold 35,000^
Canada (Music Canada)[103] Gold 40,000^
New Zealand (RMNZ)[105] Platinum 15,000^
South Korea (Gaon) None 514[216]
United Kingdom (BPI)[101] Silver 60,000^
United States (RIAA)[104] Gold 500,000double-dagger

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

Release history[edit]

Region Date Format Label Catalogue no. Ref.
Worldwide 16 June 2017 N/A [217]
CD B0026615-02 [218]
6 April 2018 Vinyl LP N/A [219]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Weiner, Jonah (12 April 2017). "The Return of Lorde". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 21 June 2017. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
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