Melrose, Gauteng

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Melrose
Melrose is located in Gauteng
Melrose
Melrose
Melrose is located in South Africa
Melrose
Melrose
Melrose is located in Africa
Melrose
Melrose
 Melrose shown within Gauteng
Coordinates: 26°08′28″S 28°02′49″E / 26.141°S 28.047°E / -26.141; 28.047Coordinates: 26°08′28″S 28°02′49″E / 26.141°S 28.047°E / -26.141; 28.047
Country South Africa
Province Gauteng
Municipality City of Johannesburg
Main Place Johannesburg
Area[1]
 • Total 0.74 km2 (0.29 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 1,103
 • Density 1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 36.1%
 • Coloured 0.3%
 • Indian/Asian 3.3%
 • White 58.2%
 • Other 2.1%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • English 62.9%
 • Zulu 8.2%
 • Afrikaans 7.7%
 • Tswana 4.4%
 • Other 16.9%

Melrose includes several suburbs of Johannesburg, South Africa. It is located in Region E. Melrose is a developing up-market suburb.

History[edit]

The suburb has it origins when Henry Brown Marshall purchased land in the north of Johannesburg in 1893.[2]:72 Prior to the discovery of gold on the Witwatersrand in 1886, the suburb lay on land on one of the original farms that make up Johannesburg, called Syferfontein.[3] It was called the Melrose Estate of 713 acres and at the time was 9.7km north of the central business district.[2]:72 He built his home there and planted trees on the land.[2]:72 The suburb was laid out in 1902.[3]

Melrose Arch[edit]

The Melrose Arch mixed-use development is located in Melrose. The development, which cost ZAR 800 million to build, began construction in 2007, with Phase One completed in November 2009. It contains 170,000 m2 of office and retail space, in addition to residential space and 2 hotels.[4] The area is characterised by cobbled alleys, red brick buildings, and open-air cafés, and gives preference to pedestrians.[5]

The retail area includes major retailers Truworths, Edgars, Woolworths, as well as the large Virgin Active Classic gym.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Sub Place Melrose". Census 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c Shorten, John R. (1970). The Johannesburg Saga. Johannesburg: John R. Shorten Pty Ltd. p. 1159. 
  3. ^ a b Raper, Peter E.; Moller, Lucie A.; du Plessis, Theodorus L. (2014). Dictionary of Southern African Place Names. Jonathan Ball Publishers. p. 1412. ISBN 9781868425501. 
  4. ^ Project Portfolio, Melrose Arch, Murray & Roberts, architects
  5. ^ "South Africa's New Urban Landscape", Conde Nast Traveler, February 2013
  6. ^ Melrose Arch site, retail map