Melton, Victoria

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Melton
MelbourneVictoria
Aerial - Melton from north.jpg
Aerial view of Melton urban area
Melton is located in Melbourne
Melton
Melton
Coordinates37°41′0″S 144°35′0″E / 37.68333°S 144.58333°E / -37.68333; 144.58333Coordinates: 37°41′0″S 144°35′0″E / 37.68333°S 144.58333°E / -37.68333; 144.58333
Population72,177 (2019)[1]
 • Density271.44/km2 (703.04/sq mi)
Established1862
Postcode(s)3337–3338
Area265.9 km2 (102.7 sq mi)[2] (2011 urban)
Location35 km (22 mi) from Melbourne
LGA(s)City of Melton
State electorate(s)Melton
Federal division(s)Hawke

Melton is a satellite city located 35 kilometres (22 mi) west from Melbourne CBD. It is the administrative centre of the City of Melton local government area and its most populous centre. At June 2019 Melton had an urban population of 72,177,[1] and has grown steadily with an average annual rate of 5.01% year-on-year for the five years to 2019.[1] It is considered part of the Greater Melbourne metropolitan area and is included in the capital's population statistical division.[3]

On 20 October 1862, Melton was declared a Road District at a meeting held at the Melton Hotel when residents elected by ballot ten members to form the Melton Road Board.[4] City of Melton local government area celebrated its 150th anniversary in 2021.[5] Melton began as a small town before being declared a satellite city in 1974, separated from Melbourne's urban area by a green wedge. Since the 1990s it has experienced rapid suburban growth into surrounding greenfield land and has become a commuter town in the Melbourne-Ballarat growth corridor. Changes to Melbourne's urban growth boundary passed by the state government in 2010 effectively relinquish its satellite city status as it is planned to become part of Melbourne's future conurbation.[6]

It is named after Melton Mowbray in the United Kingdom.[7]

History[edit]

Pre-settlement history[edit]

The land to the east of the Werribee River was the traditional home of the Wurundjeri and Boon Wurrung people, and to the west, the traditional home of the Wadawurrung. Mount Cottrell is jointly managed by Wurundjeri and Boon Wurrung.[8]

19th Century[edit]

Melton was first settled by squatters establishing sheep runs in the area in the 1830s and a small settlement benefited from traffic passing through it on the way to the Ballarat gold fields during the Victorian Gold Rush. The post office opened on 1 March 1856.[9]

The area was declared a satellite city in 1974 and a green belt existed between it and the urban area of Melbourne until the late 1990s.

Geography[edit]

Melton is located on mostly flat, largely featureless, former volcanic plains.

To the south-east of Melton Township is Mount Cottrell, a blast-shield volcano, and to the north-east of the township is Mount Kororoit. Mount Cottrell produced some of the largest lava flows in the western Victoria.[10] These two volcanoes are some of the easternmost volcanoes on the Victorian Volcanic Plain which extends to the South Australian border.

City and suburbs[edit]

The population of Melton remained stable at around 1000-1500 until the mid 1950s, rising to 1800 in 1962 and doubling to 3600 in 1968.[11] The first of the larger residential estates was Delphic Realty's Melton Views Estate in 1964. It contains the area known as The Birdcage.

Melton consists of seven suburban areas forming a single urban area with the locality of Melton at its centre. In the south of Melton are the suburbs of Melton South and Brookfield. In the north are Kurunjang and Toolern Vale while in the west is the suburb of Melton West. On 9 February 2017, a new division called Harkness was gazetted in the north west.

High Street is the main activity centre, but the urban area lacks a true central business district, with retail, business and civic facilities largely decentralised across the urban area. When the town was first established the east end of High Street was the centre of town containing the police station, post office, court house, grocery stores, blacksmith and pubs.[12]

Additional shopping centres can be found in Melton South at the railway station, and in Melton West (Woodgrove Shopping Centre). Woodgrove Shopping Centre expanded in 2013 and now is the area's largest shopping venue, consisting of a Coles, Woolworths, Big W, Kmart, Reading Cinemas and approximately 160 specialty stores.[13]

The Melton Botanic Garden is located in the suburb of Melton.[14]

Arts and culture[edit]

Community Hall
Djerriwarrh Festival parade

Many live performances are held at the Melton Civic Centre, on High Street, and also at the Tabcorp Park racing complex, on Ferris Road, Melton South.

Each year the Djerriwarrh Festival is held in the city in November. The festival includes a street parade down High Street, two-day market stalls, and the Lions Club Carnival, held in the Police Paddock on High Street.

Contemporary public art includes Growth, Clocktower and Unearthed.

Melton Library and Learning Hub was It is the first library in Australia to be awarded a 5 Star Green Star rating from the Green Building Council of Australia. It has a theatre, recording studio, wall space for exhibitions and runs free public programs.

Sport[edit]

Melton is the home of the harness racing complex Tabcorp Park, and is the base for Harness Racing Victoria. The 2009 Australasian Breeders Crown was the first major race meeting held at the venue in August 2009.

Melton is also home to the Victorian Blokart Association at McPherson Park, about 7 km north of the CBD.

The Melton Basketball Association[15] is the city's largest sporting club, with over 1,000 members. Along with local junior and senior competitions, The 'Thoroughbreds' also have representative teams competing statewide.

The City of Melton boasts two Hockey Victoria Hockey Clubs. Formed in 2016 Caroline Springs Hockey Club[16] are a new community sporting club catering for the growth areas of the City of Melton's Eastern corridor, currently training at The Bridge Road Sports Precinct. Achieving its first on field success in the HV Sixers competition, both the CSHC men's and women's teams won the inaugural tournaments. These successes are in addition to the award of the Hockey Victoria Coach of the Year 2016 nomination for women's coach Ron Shadbolt. Caroline Springs Hockey Club enter teams into the Juniors and Seniors pennant and Metro competitions.

The Melton Mustangs Hockey Club[17] currently enters Seniors, Masters and Juniors in the Victorian state leagues. The Masters team have achieved most recent success in 2013/14 when gaining back to back Pennants, whilst the Women's section have just finished in their highest league position in their 40-year history. The club is based at The Bridge Road Sports Precinct. The Club celebrated its 40th anniversary in 2016.

Melton Broncos play rugby league in NRL Victoria.

In 2015, Melton became home to the area's first American Gridiron Club, one of 12 clubs competing in the Gridiron Victoria League.[18] Melton Wolves Gridiron Club[19] was initially formed as Victoria's first ever stand-alone Women's Gridiron club, but quickly expanded and now also boasts a Senior Men's Team.

Melton Shire Council also operates the Melton Waves Leisure Centre, the only Leisure Centre in Melbourne's west with extensive aquatic facilities with a total of seven pools, including a hot tub, wave pool and pools suitable for toddlers and pools dedicated for lap swimming and hydrotherapy, in addition to a gym and fitness classes for all.[20]

Governance[edit]

City of Melton offices

Melton is the administrative centre for the City of Melton. The City of Melton's Coburn Ward covers the central Melton area.

Its state government electorate is the electoral district of Melton and the current Federal government electorate is the Electorate of Gorton, currently held by Brendan O'Connor. Both are considered safe Labor seats. The area will become part of the new Division of Hawke, to be contested at the next Federal Election.

Media[edit]

All areas of Melton receive the same analogue and digital television stations as Melbourne. It is also within the broadcast range of all commercial radio stations from Melbourne, and is an end point for digital radio broadcasts in metropolitan Melbourne. Digital radio is available in most of the city but signal diminishes towards the west.

Melton has one local newspaper, Starweekly Melton.

The city is also home to a radio station, 979fm.

Transport[edit]

Melton Station

Road transport and in particular the motor vehicle are the main form of transport. Melton has been identified by the Department of Transport as one of the most car-dependent communities in Greater Melbourne.[21] As such its residents rely heavily on its substantial network of busy roads. The Western Freeway connects Melton with Melbourne's west runs through the urban area to the south, but bypasses the city centre which is located along High Street, a very wide dual carriageway with service lanes. There are two major freeway interchanges at the centre of the urban area. Both are diamond interchanges, one at Coburns Road which is the main north-south arterial and another for Ferris Road/Melton Highway (C754) on the eastern fringe. These interchanges generate heavy traffic congestion and are major accident blackspots.[22][23] A road reservation exists for a third diamond interchange at Bulmans Road on the western fringe. The C754 is a popular alternative route to the northern suburbs of Melbourne and branches north to the Melton-Gisborne Road (C705) at Kurrunjang connecting Melton to Gisborne. The roads play an important role in public transport with Transit Systems Victoria routes serving the suburbs between 5:30am-9pm on weekdays and 8am-9pm on weekends connect the suburbs to the railway station and also Melbourne's outer suburbs including the 456 to Sunshine via Caroline Springs; 457 from Melton West to the railway station; 458 Kurunjang to the railway station; and 459 Arnolds Creek to the railway station via Westlake. Coach services run from a terminal at the railway station and include Bacchus Marsh Coaches operates school bus services in Melton with connections to Rockbank, Toolern Vale, Bacchus Marsh and Sunbury.[24] A shuttle bus provides direct services from Melton to Melbourne Airport.[25]

Rail transport includes both passenger rail and freight rail. The township's only station is Melton railway station (located in Melton South) which is on the Serviceton railway line. Despite being within Melbourne's metropolitan area and within Metropolitan Zone 2, rail travelers rely on diesel locomotive passenger train services operated by V/Line. Some VLocity Ballarat services, Ararat services, as well as most Bacchus Marsh services stop at Melton en route to and from Southern Cross station. A high frequency is available due to the different services, but the journey time to Southern Cross as a result can range from 27–48 minutes during peak travel times. An electrification for the Melton Line was mentioned in the Western Rail Upgrade, along with other upgrades and extensions to the Suburban Rail Network[26] The railway station is a very popular park and ride locality; however, it has been criticised due to poor parking infrastructure.[27]

Melton Airfield, located to the north in Toolern Vale provides general aviation.

Education[edit]

Melton and its surrounding suburbs have several primary and secondary schools.

Primary schools[edit]

  • Melton Primary School – Unitt Street
  • St. Dominic's Catholic Primary School – Church Street
  • Wedge Park Primary School – Cambrian Way, Melton West
  • St. Catherine of Siena Primary School – Bulmans Road, Melton West
  • St. Anthony of Padua Primary School – Wilson Road, Melton South
  • Melton South Primary School – Station Road, Melton South
  • Melton West Primary School – West Melton Drive, Melton West
  • Coburn Primary School – Richards Road, Melton South
  • Exford Primary School
  • Kurunjang Primary school
  • Toolern Vale and District Primary School – Creamery Road, Toolern Vale
  • Arnold's Creek Primary

Secondary schools[edit]

Specialist school[edit]

Community groups[edit]

There are many non-religious, not-for-profit, non-sport community groups in Melton. These include 979FM (3RIM) Community Radio Station, Melton Girl Guides, Scouts, Rotary clubs, Lions clubs, Friends of the Melton Botanical Gardens, Friends of Toolern Creek, Artists’ Collective of Melton Inc., Australian Plants Society, Autism Angels Inc, Autism Spectrum Australia, Melton and District 4WD Club, Melton and District Adult Riding Club Inc., Melton and District Pony Club, Melton and District Riding for the Disabled, Melton Bridge Club, Melton Bushwalking Inc., Melton Cancer Support Group, Melton Dog Obedience Club, Melton Lifestylers Walking Group, Melton Melody Makers, Melton South Community Centre Inc. and Melton Toastmasters.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Regional Population: Population estimates by Significant Urban Area, 2009 to 2019". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 3 November 2020. Estimated resident population, 30 June 2019.
  2. ^ "2011 Census Community Profiles: Melton". ABS Census. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 15 September 2016.
  3. ^ [1] Archived 12 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine Melbourne Statistical Division
  4. ^ Pollitt, J.H. (1962). "An Historical Record of Melton". City of Melton Libraries catalogue. Retrieved 20 August 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ City of Melton (2022). "150th Anniversary Exhibition". City of Melton 150th Anniversary Online Exhibition. Retrieved 20 August 2022.
  6. ^ "Melton Shire Council - Melbourne @ 5 Million - Review of the Urban Growth Boundary". Archived from the original on 21 February 2011. Retrieved 7 October 2010.
  7. ^ "Family and local history". www.melton.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
  8. ^ Dunstan, Joseph (26 June 2021). "Melbourne's birth destroyed Bunurong and Wurundjeri boundaries. 185 years on, they've been redrawn". ABC News.
  9. ^ Phoenix Auctions History. "Post Office List". Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  10. ^ Bracey, Lucy (2019). Growth, Progress and Community Spirit: a history of Melton and Districts. City of Melton Council. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-646-99204-4.
  11. ^ Bracey, Lucy (2018). Growth, Progress and Community Spirit: a history of Melton and Districts. p. 124.
  12. ^ Melton and Districts Historical Society. "Historic Melton Heritage Trail". City of Melton Libraries. Retrieved 20 August 2022.
  13. ^ "Woodgrove : About us". Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
  14. ^ City of Melton. "Melton Botanic Garden". Melton Botanic Garden. Retrieved 20 August 2022.
  15. ^ "Home". Melton Basketball.
  16. ^ "Caroline Springs Hockey - A new and growing community club, for a new and growing community". Caroline Springs Hockey.
  17. ^ "Melton Hockey Club – Winner of Melton Council's 2017 Sports Club of the Year".
  18. ^ "Contact Gridiron Victoria - Gridiron Victoria". 16 July 2011.
  19. ^ "Melton Wolves". Gridiron Victoria. 27 July 2015.
  20. ^ "Home". www.meltonwaves.com.au.
  21. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 March 2011. Retrieved 21 July 2011.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  22. ^ "Rage over Melton's Ferris Rd".
  23. ^ "Road to danger in Melton shire".
  24. ^ "Bacchus Marsh Coaches :: School Services". Archived from the original on 16 July 2012. Retrieved 28 June 2012.
  25. ^ "Home". Airport Shuttlebus.
  26. ^ Build, Victoria's Big (18 November 2019). "Western Rail Plan". bigbuild.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  27. ^ Macleer, Liam Melton Railway Station suffers: MP Melton Leader 20 October 2010

External links[edit]