Traditional village house in Melur
|• Type||Second Grade Municipality|
|• Body||Melur Municipality|
|• Total||664.9 km2 (256.7 sq mi)|
|Elevation||149 m (489 ft)|
|• Density||60/km2 (160/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Melur is a town and a municipality in the Madurai East in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The name Melur name comes from "Mela Nadu". Melur is called Thaikramam ('Mother of Villages'). It is the biggest taluk within the Madurai District. As of 2011, the town had a population of 40,017.
Melur is a manufacturer and exporter of ploughs. Granite production is an important industry; granite from Melur is exported around the world. Situated within a largely agricultural area, most of the people living around Melur are employed in agriculture, chiefly in the cultivation of rice.
Melur has an average elevation of 149 metres (489 ft).
According to the 2011 census, Melur had a population of 40,017 with a sex-ratio of 961 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929. A total of 4,488 were under the age of six, constituting 2,353 males and 2,135 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 12.33% and .39% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the town was 79.47%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. The town had a total of 9872 households. There were a total of 14,126 workers, comprising 355 cultivators, 1,493 main agricultural labourers, 295 in household industries, 10,470 other workers, 1,513 marginal workers, 33 marginal cultivators, 230 marginal agricultural labourers, 88 marginal workers in household industries and 1,162 other marginal workers.
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The local religion involves as follows: the Lord Shiva temple and the goddess Draupathi, who was wife of the Pandavas. Two important events are Biman–Keesakan fight and the Pookkuli Festival. In the first event, one person will be acting as Bima and another as Keesakan. Keesakan tries to run away from Bima, and the latter will chase him and kill him. The Pookkuli (walking on ignited coals) festival is celebrated every year by the Draupathi Amman Temple. On the Pookkuli day, devotees who have offered prayers to the goddess will perform fire walking. Pathinettankudi manjuu verattu is celebrated on every mattupongal day. specially in melur population is majority of muslium and the have big majaid at trichy main road which is head of other majid in melur.
The Naagammal Temple Festival is celebrated every year. Poochorithal is the main event of the festival. Santhana Koodu Festival is celebrated in the mosques every year. The Ealai Katha Amman Temple festival, Kottakudi Eruthu Kattu, and the Ayyanar Temple Puravi Eduppu Festival are also celebrated around Melur. The Kathapillai street Kaliamman festival is celebrated every year in June.
The majority of Melur township people follow Hinduism and they are devotees of local village god and goddess Amman.There is a church located near Sandhaipettai and regular prayers have been organised and conducted in this church which belongs to the Church of South India.
Melur has a bus stand, which is used by TNSTC and private operators. This is situated inside the town on Madurai- Trichy NH45B. Melur has bus transportation to Madurai, M.Othapatty (vellalore nadu entrance), Chennai, Trichy, Sivaganga, Dindigul, Coimbatore, Karaikudi, Pudukottai, Ramanathapuram, Thirunelveli, Virudhunagar, Tanjore, Rajapalayam, Pattukkottai and all around the neighbouring districts. Madurai Junction is the nearest railway station.
Melur assembly constituency is part of Madurai (Lok Sabha constituency). The major political parties in Melur are ADMK, DMK(திராவிட முன்னேற்ற கழகம்), Indian National Congress, and Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam. Kakkan (late), State Minister during Kamarajar period was born in Melur. A statue is laid in Chekkadi.
Periya pullan who have been contested and elected as MLA of Melur town.
Periya pullan works for AIADMK party.
Melur is one of the largest constituencies of Madurai district.The chief occupation of this area people is Agriculture.Few people have been working as daily wages working as masons and assistants in home construction.
- "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Melur(05835)". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "Population By Religious Community - Tamil Nadu" (XLS). Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
- "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-11.