Melvin Mayfield

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Melvin Mayfield
Born (1919-03-24)March 24, 1919
Salem, West Virginia
Died June 19, 1990(1990-06-19) (aged 71)
Place of burial Frazeysburg Cemetery, Frazeysburg, Ohio
Allegiance Flag of the United States.svgUnited States of America
Service/branch Emblem of the United States Department of the Army.svgUnited States Army
Rank Army-USA-OR-04a.svgCorporal
Unit 6th Infantry Division.svg20th Infantry Regiment, 6th Infantry Division
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Medal of Honor ribbon.svgMedal of Honor

Melvin Mayfield (March 24, 1919 – June 19, 1990) was a United States Army soldier and a recipient of the United States military's highest decoration—the Medal of Honor—for his actions in World War II.

Mayfield's actions, on July 29, 1945, were the last to earn a Medal of Honor prior to the August 15, 1945, end of hostilities in World War II – though some honorees may have been cited for their Medal after Mayfield's recognition on May 31, 1946.

Biography[edit]

Mayfield joined the Army from Nashport, Ohio in February 1941,[1] and by July 29, 1945 was serving as a Corporal in Company D, 20th Infantry Regiment, 6th Infantry Division. On that day, in the Cordillera Mountains, Luzon, the Philippines, he single-handedly attacked four enemy positions. For this action, he was awarded the Medal of Honor ten months later, on May 31, 1946.

Mayfield left the Army while still a corporal. He died at age 71 and was buried in Frazeysburg Cemetery, Frazeysburg, Ohio.

Medal of Honor citation[edit]

Corporal Mayfield's official Medal of Honor citation reads:

He displayed conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty while fighting in the Cordillera Mountains of Luzon, Philippine Islands. When 2 Filipino companies were pinned down under a torrent of enemy fire that converged on them from a circular ridge commanding their position, Cpl. Mayfield, in a gallant single-handed effort to aid them, rushed from shell hole to shell hole until he reached 4 enemy caves atop the barren fire-swept hill. With grenades and his carbine, he assaulted each of the caves while enemy fire pounded about him. However, before he annihilated the last hostile redoubt, a machinegun bullet destroyed his weapon and slashed his left hand. Disregarding his wound, he secured more grenades and dauntlessly charged again into the face of pointblank fire to help destroy a hostile observation post. By his gallant determination and heroic leadership, Cpl. Mayfield inspired the men to eliminate all remaining pockets of resistance in the area and to press the advance against the enemy.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • "Melvin Mayfield". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. Retrieved 2008-01-08.
  • "Medal of Honor recipients - World War II (M-S)". Medal of Honor citations. United States Army Center of Military History. June 8, 2009. Retrieved 2008-01-08.