Member states of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie
This is a list of the member states of the International Organization of the Francophonie. These countries belong to an international organization representing countries and regions where French is the first ("mother") or customary language, where a significant proportion of the population are francophones (French speakers) or where there is a notable affiliation with French culture.
List of member states
|Albania||1999||Albanian||approximately 30% of young Albanians choose French as their first foreign language Albania is home to 300,000 French speakers, notably second language.|
|Armenia||2012||Armenian||See Armenia-France relations|
|Belgium||1970||officially trilingual, French included||French is the native language of about 40% of the population 48% are non-native speakers of French. Belgium's French community is also a member separately. See also: Languages of Belgium and Belgian French|
|* French Community of Belgium||1980||French official language||a community of Belgium with its two components Wallonia (excepting the German-speaking community) and Brussels-Capital Region (its French-speaking majority)|
|Benin||1970||French||former French colony|
|Bulgaria||1993||Bulgarian||French is spoken as a foreign language by 9% of the Bulgarian people, and taught as a main foreign language in about 25% of primary schools.|
|Burkina Faso||1970||French||former French colony|
|Burundi||1970||French||former Belgian UN-protectorate|
|Cambodia||1993||Khmer||former French protectorate (as a part of former French Indochina)|
|Cameroon||1991||officially bilingual, French included||over 90% of country was a French protectorate (1945–1959)|
|Canada||1970||Officially bilingual, French included||the provinces of Quebec and New Brunswick are participating governments; much of eastern Canada was part of the first French colonial empire. As of 2004, a government representative from Ontario also attends as part of the Canadian delegation, although Ontario is not yet a participating government in its own right.|
|* New Brunswick||1977||officially bilingual, French included||considered a "participating government," this province of Canada is officially bilingual English-French and home to the largest community of Acadians.|
|* Quebec||1971||French||considered a "participating government," this province of Canada has French as its official language and is home to 85% of Canada's native francophones.|
|Central African Republic||1973||officially bilingual, French included||former French colony. The Central African Republic was suspended for instances of la Francophonie at the 88th session of the CPF in March 2012.|
|Chad||1970||French||former French colony|
|Comoros||1977||officially trilingual, French included||former French colony|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo||1977||French||former Belgian colony. See also: Languages of the DRC|
|Republic of the Congo||1981||French||former French colony|
|Côte d'Ivoire||1970||French||former French colony. See also: Languages of Côte d'Ivoire|
|Djibouti||1977||officially bilingual, French included||former French colony|
|Dominica||1979||English||French and then British colony; Antillean Creole, a French-based creole language, is spoken by 90% of the population.|
|Egypt||1983||Arabic||(Foreign language and former French colony 1798)|
|Equatorial Guinea||1989||(officially trilingual, French included)|
|Gabon||1970||French||former French colony|
|Guinea||1981||French||former French colony.|
|Guinea-Bissau||1979||Portuguese||country surrounded by French-speaking countries. Former Portuguese colony. Guinea-Bissau was suspended on April 18, 2012 following a coup d'état.|
|Haiti||1970||officially bilingual, French included||former French colony|
|Laos||1991||Lao||former French colony (as a part of former French Indochina)|
|Lebanon||1973||Arabic; French is an administrative language||Under a French mandate from 1920–1943|
|Luxembourg||1970||Officially trilingual, French included|
|officially bilingual, French included||former French colony|
|Mali||1970||French||former French colony. Mali's membership was suspended in March 2012 due to a coup.|
|Mauritania||1980||Arabic||former French colony, French is an administrative language. Mauritania's membership was suspended on August 26, 2008, pending democratic elections, after a military coup d'état, then again in April 2009.|
|Mauritius||1970||Creole is the mother tongue. French and English are also widely used||Dutch, French, and then British colony; French is widely used in commerce and by the media. French is also a language of instruction in schools.|
|Monaco||1970||French||independent country enclaved in France|
|Morocco||1981||Arabic and Berber||former French protectorate|
|Niger||1970||French||former French colony|
|Romania||1993||Romanian||French is understood and spoken by 26% of the population.|
|Rwanda||1970||officially trilingual with French included||former Belgian UN-protectorate. In 2009, became a member of the Commonwealth, but remains a member within Francophonie.|
|Saint Lucia||1981||English||Former French and British colony. Antillean Creole, a French-based creole language, is spoken by 90% of the population.|
|São Tomé and Príncipe||1999||Portuguese|
|Senegal||1970||French||former French colony|
|Seychelles||1976||officially trilingual, French included||former French colony (first empire), later British colony, French is commonly used|
|Switzerland||1996||Officially quadrilingual, French included||French is the native language of about 20% of all Swiss.|
|Togo||1970||French||former French colony|
|Tunisia||1970||Arabic||former French protectorate|
|Vanuatu||1979||officially trilingual||former French and British condominium of New Hebrides|
|Vietnam||1970||Vietnamese||former French protectorate|
|Cyprus||2006||Greek, Turkish||Cyprus was ruled by the French-origin Lusignan dynasty from 1192 until 1489. About 12% of the Cyprus population speaks and understands French.|
|New Caledonia||2016||French, New Caledonian languages||Special collectivity of France; former French colony (1853–1946) and overseas territory (1946–1999)|
|Argentina||2016||Spanish, others||Argentina has the largest French community in Latin America. Today more than 6 million Argentines have some degree of French ancestry (up to 17% of the total population).|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||2010||Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian|
|Croatia||2004||Croatian||Under French rule during the early 19th century at the heart Napoleon's expansion in the Illyrian Provinces.
(See further: Croatia-France relations.)
|Dominican Republic||2010||Spanish||French colony from 1795 to 1808.|
|Kosovo||2014||Albanian, Serbian||Traditional diplomatic and commercial ties with France; French is taught as a third language in most secondary schools. (See further: France-Kosovo relations.)|
|Mexico||2014||Spanish||A large number of French immigrants.; Second Mexican Empire, a puppet state of the Second French Empire under Napoleon III.|
|Ontario||2016||English||Province of Canada with a francophone minority, the Franco-Ontarians. Ontario is not officially bilingual in English and French, however the provincial government does provide services in the French language and the francophone minority has its own publicly funded school systems.|
|Poland||1996||Polish||Long-standing cultural and historic ties; Henry III of France was King of Poland from 1573–1574, and the Duchy of Warsaw was a client state allied with the First French Empire from 1807–1815; France was home to notable Polish émigrés, e.g. Adam Mickiewicz, Frédéric Chopin, and Marie Skłodowska-Curie.|
|Republic of Korea||2016||Korean|
|Thailand||2008||Thai||Suspended on 27 June 2014 following the 2013–14 political crisis.|
|United Arab Emirates||2010||Arabic|
- Welcome to the International Organisation of La Francophonie's website
- Radio France International, 16 February 2006
- "La France à l'heure de la francophonie culturelle " Saisir du français pour l'imprégner de sa singularité ! "". RFI. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
- "Visit to Albania – Statements by Michel Barnier, Minister of Foreign Affairs". Embassy of France in the US. 7 September 2004. Archived from the original on 2004-10-12.
- Ginsburgh, Victor, Université Catholique de Louvain; Weber, Shlomo, Professor Economy and Director of the Center for Economic Studies of the Southern Methodist University, Dallas, USA, and having a seat in the expert panel of the International Monetary Fund  (June 2006). "La dynamique des langues en Belgique" (PDF). Regards économiques, Publication préparée par les économistes de l'Université Catholique de Louvain (in French). 19 (Numéro 42): 282–9. doi:10.1159/000013462. PMID 10213829. Archived from the original on 2006-08-23. Retrieved 2007-05-07.
Les enquêtes montrent que la Flandre est bien plus multilingue, ce qui est sans doute un fait bien connu, mais la différence est considérable : alors que 59 % et 53 % des Flamands connaissent le français ou l'anglais respectivement, seulement 19 % et 17 % des Wallons connaissent le néerlandais ou l'anglais. ... 95 pour cent des Bruxellois déclarent parler le français, alors que ce pourcentage tombe à 59 pour cent pour le néerlandais. Quant à l’anglais, il est connu par une proportion importante de la population à Bruxelles (41 pour cent). ... Le syndrome d’H (...) frappe la Wallonie, où à peine 19 et 17 pour cent de la population parlent respectivement le néerlandais et l’anglais.
- "Europenas and their Languages" (PDF). Ec.europa.eu. Retrieved 2015-06-20.
- "България | Кой и колко учи чужд език в Европа". Dnevnik.bg. 2005-05-17. Retrieved 2015-06-20.
- "Centrafrique – Organisation internationale de la Francophonie". Francophonie.org. Retrieved 2015-06-20.
- "Guinée-Bissau – Organisation internationale de la Francophonie". Francophonie.org. Retrieved 2015-06-20.
- "Mali – Organisation internationale de la Francophonie". Francophonie.org. Retrieved 2015-06-20.
- "L’OIF suspend la Mauritanie", Radio France Internationale, August 27, 2008
- "Madagascar – Organisation internationale de la Francophonie". Francophonie.org. Retrieved 2015-06-20.
- "Europeans and their Languages" (PDF). Ec.europa.eu. Retrieved 2015-06-20.
- "Canal Académie: Les merveilleux francophiles argentins–1".
Il faut savoir qu’en 2006, 17% d’Argentins ont un ancêtre venu de France. Près de 6 millions d’Argentins ont donc des origines françaises.
- "Le moment mexicain dans l'histoire française de l'aventure" (PDF).
La conséquence de cette émigration fut que, en 1849, les Français représentaient la deuxième nationalité étrangère au Mexique, derrière les Espagnols.
- Jones, Howard (2002). Crucible of Power:A History of American Foreign Relations to 1913. Lanham, Maryland: SR Books. p. 212. ISBN 0-8420-2916-8.
- "L'Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF) suspend la Thaïlande et réintègre la Guinée-Bissau dans ses instances" (PDF). Organisation internationale de la Francophonie. 27 June 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2015.
- "THAÏLANDE". International Organization of the Francophonie. Retrieved 2014-12-01.