Member states of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie

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This is a list of the member states of the International Organization of the Francophonie. These countries belong to an international organization representing countries and regions where French is the first ("mother") or customary language, where a significant proportion of the population are francophones (French speakers) or where there is a notable affiliation with French culture.[1][2][3]

List of member states[edit]

  Participation suspended

Country Joined Language Notes
 Albania 1999 Albanian approximately 30% of young Albanians choose French as their first foreign language[4] Albania is home to 300,000 French speakers, notably second language.
 Andorra 2004 Catalan, French
 Armenia 2012 Armenian See Armenia-France relations
 Belgium 1970 officially trilingual, French included French is the native language of about 40% of the population[5] 48% are non-native speakers of French.[6] Belgium's French community is also a member separately. See also: Languages of Belgium and Belgian French
* Wallonia French Community of Belgium 1980 French official language a community of Belgium with its two components Wallonia (excepting the German-speaking community) and Brussels-Capital Region (its French-speaking majority)
 Benin 1970 French former French colony
 Bulgaria 1993 Bulgarian French is spoken as a foreign language by 9% of the Bulgarian people, and taught as a main foreign language in about 25% of primary schools.[7]
 Burkina Faso 1970 French former French colony
 Burundi 1970 French former Belgian UN-protectorate
 Cambodia 1993 Khmer former French protectorate (as a part of former French Indochina)
 Cameroon 1991 officially bilingual, French included over 90% of country was a French protectorate (1945–1959)
 Canada 1970 Officially bilingual, French included the provinces of Quebec and New Brunswick are participating governments; much of eastern Canada was part of the first French colonial empire. As of 2004, a government representative from Ontario also attends as part of the Canadian delegation, although Ontario is not yet a participating government in its own right.
*  New Brunswick 1977 officially bilingual, French included considered a "participating government," this province of Canada is officially bilingual English-French and home to the largest community of Acadians.
*  Quebec 1971 French considered a "participating government," this province of Canada has French as its official language and is home to 85% of Canada's native francophones.
 Cape Verde 1996 Portuguese
 Central African Republic 1973 officially bilingual, French included former French colony. The Central African Republic was suspended for instances of la Francophonie at the 88th session of the CPF in March 2012.[8]
 Chad 1970 French former French colony
 Comoros 1977 officially trilingual, French included former French colony
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 1977 French former Belgian colony. See also: Languages of the DRC
 Republic of the Congo 1981 French former French colony
 Côte d'Ivoire 1970 French former French colony. See also: Languages of Côte d'Ivoire
 Djibouti 1977 officially bilingual, French included former French colony
 Dominica 1979 English French and then British colony; Antillean Creole, a French-based creole language, is spoken by 90% of the population.
 Egypt 1983 Arabic (Foreign language and former French colony 1798)
 Equatorial Guinea 1989 (officially trilingual, French included)
 France 1970 French
 Gabon 1970 French former French colony
 Greece 2004 Greek
 Guinea 1981 French former French colony.
 Guinea-Bissau 1979 Portuguese country surrounded by French-speaking countries. Former Portuguese colony. Guinea-Bissau was suspended on April 18, 2012 following a coup d'état.[9]
 Haiti 1970 officially bilingual, French included former French colony
 Laos 1991 Lao former French colony (as a part of former French Indochina)
 Lebanon 1973 Arabic; French is an administrative language Under a French mandate from 1920–1943
 Luxembourg 1970 Officially trilingual, French included
 Macedonia 2001 Macedonian
 Madagascar 1970–1977,
1989
officially bilingual, French included former French colony
 Mali 1970 French former French colony. Mali's membership was suspended in March 2012 due to a coup.[10]
 Mauritania 1980 Arabic former French colony, French is an administrative language. Mauritania's membership was suspended on August 26, 2008, pending democratic elections, after a military coup d'état,[11] then again in April 2009.[12]
 Mauritius 1970 Creole is the mother tongue. French and English are also widely used Dutch, French, and then British colony; French is widely used in commerce and by the media.[citation needed] French is also a language of instruction in schools.[citation needed]
 Moldova 1996 Romanian
 Monaco 1970 French independent country enclaved in France
 Morocco 1981 Arabic and Berber former French protectorate
 Niger 1970 French former French colony
 Romania 1993 Romanian French is understood and spoken by 26% of the population.[13]
 Rwanda 1970 officially trilingual with French included former Belgian UN-protectorate. In 2009, became a member of the Commonwealth, but remains a member within Francophonie.
 Saint Lucia 1981 English Former French and British colony. Antillean Creole, a French-based creole language, is spoken by 90% of the population.
 São Tomé and Príncipe 1999 Portuguese
 Senegal 1970 French former French colony
 Seychelles 1976 officially trilingual, French included former French colony (first empire), later British colony, French is commonly used
  Switzerland 1996 Officially quadrilingual, French included French is the native language of about 20% of all Swiss.
 Togo 1970 French former French colony
 Tunisia 1970 Arabic former French protectorate
 Vanuatu 1979 officially trilingual former French and British condominium of New Hebrides
 Vietnam 1970 Vietnamese former French protectorate

Associate states[edit]

Country Joined Language Notes
 Cyprus 2006 Greek, Turkish Cyprus was ruled by the French-origin Lusignan dynasty from 1192 until 1489. About 12% of the Cyprus population speaks and understands French.
 Ghana 2006 English
 New Caledonia 2016 French, New Caledonian languages Special collectivity of France; former French colony (1853–1946) and overseas territory (1946–1999)
 Qatar 2012 Arabic

Observers[edit]

Country Joined Language Notes
 Argentina 2016 Spanish, others Argentina has the largest French community in Latin America. Today more than 6 million Argentines have some degree of French ancestry (up to 17% of the total population).[14]
 Austria 2004 German
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 2010 Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian
 Costa Rica 2014 Spanish
 Croatia 2004 Croatian Under French rule during the early 19th century at the heart Napoleon's expansion in the Illyrian Provinces.

(See further: Croatia-France relations.)

 Czech Republic 1999 Czech
 Dominican Republic 2010 Spanish French colony from 1795 to 1808.
 Estonia 2010 Estonian
 Georgia 2004 Georgian
 Hungary 2004 Hungarian
 Kosovo 2014 Albanian, Serbian Traditional diplomatic and commercial ties with France; French is taught as a third language in most secondary schools. (See further: France-Kosovo relations.)
 Latvia 2008 Latvian
 Lithuania 1999 Lithuanian
 Mexico 2014 Spanish A large number of French immigrants.;[15] Second Mexican Empire, a puppet state of the Second French Empire under Napoleon III.[16]
 Montenegro 2010 Montenegrin
 Mozambique 2006 Portuguese
 Ontario 2016 English Province of Canada with a francophone minority, the Franco-Ontarians. Ontario is not officially bilingual in English and French, however the provincial government does provide services in the French language and the francophone minority has its own publicly funded school systems.
 Poland 1996 Polish Long-standing cultural and historic ties; Henry III of France was King of Poland from 1573–1574, and the Duchy of Warsaw was a client state allied with the First French Empire from 1807–1815; France was home to notable Polish émigrés, e.g. Adam Mickiewicz, Frédéric Chopin, and Marie Skłodowska-Curie.
 Republic of Korea 2016 Korean
 Serbia 2006 Serbian
 Slovakia 2002 Slovak
 Slovenia 1999 Slovene
 Thailand 2008 Thai Suspended on 27 June 2014 following the 2013–14 political crisis.[17]

[18]

 Ukraine 2006 Ukrainian
 United Arab Emirates 2010 Arabic
 Uruguay 2012 Spanish

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Welcome to the International Organisation of La Francophonie's website
  2. ^ Radio France International, 16 February 2006
  3. ^ "La France à l'heure de la francophonie culturelle " Saisir du français pour l'imprégner de sa singularité ! "". RFI. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 
  4. ^ "Visit to Albania – Statements by Michel Barnier, Minister of Foreign Affairs". Embassy of France in the US. 7 September 2004. Archived from the original on 2004-10-12. 
  5. ^ Ginsburgh, Victor, Université Catholique de Louvain; Weber, Shlomo, Professor Economy and Director of the Center for Economic Studies of the Southern Methodist University, Dallas, USA, and having a seat in the expert panel of the International Monetary Fund [1] (June 2006). "La dynamique des langues en Belgique" (PDF). Regards économiques, Publication préparée par les économistes de l'Université Catholique de Louvain (in French). 19 (Numéro 42): 282–9. doi:10.1159/000013462. PMID 10213829. Archived from the original on 2006-08-23. Retrieved 2007-05-07. Les enquêtes montrent que la Flandre est bien plus multilingue, ce qui est sans doute un fait bien connu, mais la différence est considérable : alors que 59 % et 53 % des Flamands connaissent le français ou l'anglais respectivement, seulement 19 % et 17 % des Wallons connaissent le néerlandais ou l'anglais. ... 95 pour cent des Bruxellois déclarent parler le français, alors que ce pourcentage tombe à 59 pour cent pour le néerlandais. Quant à l’anglais, il est connu par une proportion importante de la population à Bruxelles (41 pour cent). ... Le syndrome d’H (...) frappe la Wallonie, où à peine 19 et 17 pour cent de la population parlent respectivement le néerlandais et l’anglais. 
  6. ^ "Europenas and their Languages" (PDF). Ec.europa.eu. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  7. ^ "България | Кой и колко учи чужд език в Европа". Dnevnik.bg. 2005-05-17. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  8. ^ "Centrafrique – Organisation internationale de la Francophonie". Francophonie.org. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  9. ^ "Guinée-Bissau – Organisation internationale de la Francophonie". Francophonie.org. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  10. ^ "Mali – Organisation internationale de la Francophonie". Francophonie.org. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  11. ^ "L’OIF suspend la Mauritanie", Radio France Internationale, August 27, 2008
  12. ^ "Madagascar – Organisation internationale de la Francophonie". Francophonie.org. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  13. ^ "Europeans and their Languages" (PDF). Ec.europa.eu. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  14. ^ "Canal Académie: Les merveilleux francophiles argentins–1". Il faut savoir qu’en 2006, 17% d’Argentins ont un ancêtre venu de France. Près de 6 millions d’Argentins ont donc des origines françaises. 
  15. ^ "Le moment mexicain dans l'histoire française de l'aventure" (PDF). La conséquence de cette émigration fut que, en 1849, les Français représentaient la deuxième nationalité étrangère au Mexique, derrière les Espagnols. 
  16. ^ Jones, Howard (2002). Crucible of Power:A History of American Foreign Relations to 1913. Lanham, Maryland: SR Books. p. 212. ISBN 0-8420-2916-8. 
  17. ^ "L'Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF) suspend la Thaïlande et réintègre la Guinée-Bissau dans ses instances" (PDF). Organisation internationale de la Francophonie. 27 June 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  18. ^ "THAÏLANDE". International Organization of the Francophonie. Retrieved 2014-12-01.