Members of the Australian Senate, 1901–1903
This is a list of the members of the Australian Senate in the First Australian Parliament, which was elected on 29 March 1901. There were 36 senators in this initial parliament. Terms were deemed to start on 1 January 1901. In accordance with section 13 of the Constitution, the Senate resolved that in each State the three senators who received the most votes would sit for a six-year term, finishing on 31 December 1906 while the other half would sit for a three-year term, finishing on 31 December 1903. The process for filing of casual vacancies was complex, with an initial appointment followed by an election.[a] The status of political parties varied, being national,[b] State based,[c] and informal.[d][i]
|Senator||Party||State||Term ending||Years in Office|
|Sir Richard Baker||Free Trade||South Australia||1906||1901–1906|
|Hon. Robert Best||Protectionist||Victoria||1903||1901–1910|
|Cyril Cameron||Protectionist||Tasmania||1903||1901–1903, 1907–1913|
|Hon. David Charleston||Free Trade||South Australia||1903||1901–1903|
|John Clemons||Free Trade||Tasmania||1906||1901–1914|
|Hon. Anderson Dawson||Labour||Queensland||1906||1901–1906|
|Hugh de Largie||Labour||Western Australia||1903||1901–1923|
|Hon. Henry Dobson||Free Trade||Tasmania||1903||1901–1910|
|Sir John Downer||Protectionist||South Australia||1903||1901–1903|
|Hon. James Drake||Protectionist||Queensland||1906||1901–1906|
|Norman Ewing [g]||Free Trade||Western Australia||1903||1901–1903|
|John Ferguson||Free Trade||Queensland||1903||1901–1903|
|Hon. Simon Fraser||Protectionist||Victoria||1906||1901–1913|
|Hon. Albert Gould||Free Trade||New South Wales||1906||1901–1917|
|Edward Harney||Free Trade||Western Australia||1903||1901–1903|
|James Macfarlane||Free Trade||Tasmania||1903||1901–1910|
|Dr Charles Mackellar [h]||Protectionist||New South Wales||1903 [a]||1903|
|Sir Alexander Matheson||Free Trade||Western Australia||1906||1901–1906|
|Gregor McGregor||Protectionist/Labour [e]||South Australia||1903||1901–1914|
|Edward Millen||Free Trade||New South Wales||1906||1901–1923|
|John Neild||Free Trade||New South Wales||1903||1901–1910|
|Hon. Richard O'Connor [h]||Protectionist||New South Wales||1903||1901–1903|
|David O'Keefe||Protectionist/Labour [e]||Tasmania||1906||1901–1906, 1910–1920|
|George Pearce||Labour||Western Australia||1906||1901–1938|
|Hon. Thomas Playford||Protectionist||South Australia||1906||1901–1906|
|Edward Pulsford||Free Trade||New South Wales||1903||1901–1910|
|Robert Reid [f]||Free Trade||Victoria||1903 [a]||1903|
|Hon. Sir Frederick Sargood [f]||Free Trade||Victoria||1903||1901–1903|
|Henry Saunders [g]||Free Trade||Western Australia||1903 [a]||1903|
|Staniforth Smith||Free Trade||Western Australia||1906||1901–1906|
|Hon. Sir Josiah Symon||Free Trade||South Australia||1906||1901–1913|
|James Walker||Free Trade||New South Wales||1906||1901–1913|
|Hon. Sir William Zeal||Protectionist||Victoria||1906||1901–1906|
- Appointments to a casual vacancy only held office until the earlier of the next election for the House of Representatives or the Senate.
- The Free Trade Party, then known as the Australian Free Trade and Liberal Association, was the only national political party at the 1901 election.
- There was no national Labour Party organisation at the time of the 1901 election. Members categorised as "Labour" were endorsed by their various state Labour parties.
- There was no national Protectionist party organisation at the time of the 1901 election. Members categorised as "Protectionist" were those who accepted the leadership of Edmund Barton.
- Joined the Labour Caucus immediately after the election.
- Victorian Free Trade Senator Frederick Sargood died on 2 January 1903. Robert Reid was appointed as his replacement on 21 January.
- Western Australian Free Trade Senator Norman Ewing resigned on 17 April 1903. Henry Saunders was appointed as his replacement on 20 May.
- New South Wales Protectionist Senator Richard O'Connor resigned on 27 September 1903, to take up a position as a Justice of the new High Court of Australia. Dr Charles Mackellar was appointed as his replacement on 8 October.
- Changes to the Senate in chronological order were McGregor & O'Keefe joined the Labour caucus,[e] Sargood died,[f] Ewing resigned,[g] and O'Connor resigned.[h]
- "The Biographical Dictionary of the Australian Senate 1901". Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
- Psephos Adam Carr's Election Archive, Senate 1903 National summary NSW, Vic, Qld, WA, SA, Tas and appointments. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
- Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900 (Imp) Part II the Senate.
- "Rotation of Senators" (PDF). Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). Commonwealth of Australia: Senate. 4 July 1901. pp. 2012–2017.
- Evans, H. "Filling Casual Vacancies before 1977" (PDF). Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 24 February 2017.