Members of the Australian Senate, 1923–1926

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Senate composition at 1 July 1923
Government (25) - (7 seat majority)
     Nationalist (24)
     FSA/Country Party (1)

Opposition (11)
     Labor (11)[i][ii][iii]

Changes in composition

  1. ^ At the November 1925 election Labor senator Joseph Hannan was defeated for a casual vacancy by Country Party candidate David Andrew.
  2. ^ Labor senator William Gibbs did not stand for election at the November 1925 election and the casual vacancy was won by Nationalist Josiah Thomas.
  3. ^ Labor Senator James O'Loghlin died in December 1925 and was replaced by Nationalist Henry Barwell.

This is a list of members of the Australian Senate from 1923 to 1926.[1] Half of its members were elected at the 13 December 1919 election and had terms starting on 1 July 1920 and finishing on 30 June 1926; the other half were elected at the 16 December 1922 election and had terms starting on 1 July 1923 and finishing on 30 June 1929.

This period was marked by the number of casual vacancies and the filling of these vacancies was complex. While senators were elected for a six year term, people appointed to a casual vacancy only held office until the earlier of the next election for the House of Representatives or the Senate.[2] Because the 1925 election was a half senate election, each state would ordinarily elect 3 senators. NSW however had 2 additional vacancies as a result of the death of 2 senators with terms ending in 1929. The first three elected, Cox, Duncan and Massy-Greene won the full term from 1 July 1926 to 30 June 1932, while the next two elected Abbott and Thomas won the long vacancies finishing on 30 June 1929. Massy-Greene who had been appointed to fill one of the vacancies in 1923 ceased to be a senator between 14 November 1925 and the start of his new term on 1 July 1926.[3] Victoria had 1 additional vacancy, a short vacancy with the term ending in 1926. Plain was the third senator elected and thus won both the short vacancy ending on 30 June 1926 and the full term from 1 July 1926 to 30 June 1932.[4]

Senator Party State End term Years in Office
Abbott, PercyPercy Abbott [a]   Nationalist New South Wales 1929 1925–29
Andrew, DavidDavid Andrew [b]   Country Victoria 1929 1925–1928
Bakhap, ThomasThomas Bakhap [c]   Nationalist Tasmania 1929 1913–1923
Barker, StephenStephen Barker [b]   Labor Victoria 1929 1910–1920, 1923–1924
Barnes, JohnJohn Barnes   Labor Victoria 1929 1913–1920, 1923–1935
Barwell, HenryHenry Barwell [d]   Nationalist South Australia 1928 [e] 1925–1928
Benny, BenjaminBenjamin Benny [f]   Nationalist South Australia 1926 1920–1926
Cox, CharlesCharles Cox   Nationalist New South Wales 1926 1920–1938
Crawford, ThomasThomas Crawford   Nationalist Queensland 1929 1917–1947
Drake-Brockman, EdmundEdmund Drake-Brockman   Nationalist Western Australia 1926 1920–1926
Duncan, WalterWalter Duncan   Nationalist New South Wales 1926 1920–1931
Elliott, HaroldHarold Elliott   Nationalist Victoria 1926 1920–1931
Findley, EdwardEdward Findley   Labor Victoria 1929 1904–1917, 1923–1929
Foll, HarryHarry Foll   Nationalist Queensland 1929 1917–1947
Foster, GeorgeGeorge Foster [g]   Nationalist Tasmania 1926 1920–1925
Gardiner, AlbertAlbert Gardiner   Labor New South Wales 1926 1910–1926, 1928
Gibbs, WilliamWilliam Gibbs [h]   Labor New South Wales 1925 [e] 1925
Hon. Thomas Givens   Nationalist Queensland 1926 1904–1928
Glasgow, BillBill Glasgow   Nationalist Queensland 1926 1920–1932
Graham, CharlesCharles Graham   Labor Western Australia 1929 1923–1929
Grant, CharlesCharles Grant [g]   Nationalist Tasmania 1925 [e] 1925, 1932–1941
Grant, JohnJohn Grant   Labor New South Wales 1929 1914–1920, 1923–1928
Guthrie, JamesJames Guthrie   Nationalist Victoria 1926 1920–1938
Hannan, JosephJoseph Hannan [b]   Labor Victoria 1925 [e] 1924–1925
Hayes, JohnJohn Hayes   Nationalist Tasmania 1929 1923–1947
Hays, HerbertHerbert Hays [c]   Nationalist Tasmania 1925,[e] 1929 1923–1947
Hoare, BertBert Hoare   Labor South Australia 1929 1922–1935
Kingsmill, WalterWalter Kingsmill   Nationalist Western Australia 1929 1923–1935
Lynch, PatrickPatrick Lynch   Nationalist Western Australia 1926 1907–1938
Allan McDougall [h]   Labor New South Wales 1929 1910–1920, 1922–1924
Charles McHugh   Labor South Australia 1929 1923–1927
Alexander McLachlan [f]   Nationalist South Australia 1926 [e] 1926–1944
Hon. Walter Massy-Greene [a]   Nationalist New South Wales 1925,[e] 1932 1923–1925, 1926–1938
Hon. Edward Millen [a]   Nationalist New South Wales 1929 1901–1923
Millen, JohnJohn Millen   Nationalist Tasmania 1926 1920–1938
Needham, TedTed Needham   Labor Western Australia 1929 1907–1920, 1923–1929
Newlands, JohnJohn Newlands   Nationalist South Australia 1926 1913–1932
Ogden, JamesJames Ogden   Nationalist Tasmania 1929 1923–1932
Ologhlin, JamesJames O'Loghlin [d]   Labor South Australia 1929 1907, 1913–1920, 1923–1925
Payne, HerbertHerbert Payne   Nationalist Tasmania 1926 1920–1938
Hon. George Pearce [i]   Nationalist Western Australia 1926 1901–1938
Plain, WilliamWilliam Plain [j]   Nationalist Victoria 1925,[e] 1932 1917–1923, 1925–1938
Power, JackJack Power [h]   Labor New South Wales 1925 [e] 1924–1925
Reid, MatthewMatthew Reid   Nationalist Queensland 1929 1917–1935
Russell, EdwardEdward Russell [j]   Nationalist Victoria 1926 1907–1925
Sampson, BurfordBurford Sampson [g]   Nationalist Tasmania 1926 1925–1938, 1941–1947
Hon. Josiah Thomas [h]   Nationalist New South Wales 1929 1917–1923, 1925–1929
Thompson, WilliamWilliam Thompson   Nationalist Queensland 1926 1922–1932
Wilson, VictorVictor Wilson   FSA/Country South Australia 1926 1920–1926

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Nationalist senator Edward Millen died on 14 September 1923; Nationalist Walter Massy-Greene was appointed on 18 December to replace him until the 14 November 1925 election. Massy-Greene won the third vacancy for the term from 1 July 1926 to 30 June 1932 while Percy Abbott was elected to fill the fifth vacancy, being the remainder of Millen's term finishing in 1929.
  2. ^ a b c Labor senator Stephen Barker died on 21 June 1924; on 18 December Labor Joseph Hannan was appointed to replace him until the 14 November 1925 election, when he was defeated by Country Party candidate David Andrew for the remainder of the term finishing on 30 June 1929.
  3. ^ a b Nationalist senator Thomas Bakhap died on 18 August 1923; on 18 December Nationalist Herbert Hays was appointed to replace him until the 14 November 1925 election, when he was re-elected to a term finishing on 30 June 1929.
  4. ^ a b Labor Senator James O'Loghlin died on 4 December 1925; Nationalist Henry Barwell was appointed to replace him on 18 December. Barwell resigned on 22 March 1928 to become South Australian Agent General to London; Nationalist Albert Robinson was appointed on 18 April to replace him until the November 1928 election. Robinson did not stand for re-election in 1928 and the vacancy was won by Labor candidate Mick O'Halloran.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i Appointed to a casual vacancy and only held office until the earlier of the next election for the House of Representatives or the Senate.[2]
  6. ^ a b Nationalist Senator Benjamin Benny resigned on 26 January 1926; Nationalist Alexander McLachlan was appointed to replace him on 24 February.
  7. ^ a b c Nationalist senator George Foster resigned on 30 June 1925; Nationalist Charles Grant was appointed on 29 July to replace him until the 14 November 1925 election, when he lost the seat to fellow Nationalist Burford Sampson.
  8. ^ a b c d Labor senator Allan McDougall died on 14 October 1924; Labor Jack Power was appointed on 20 November to replace him, but he died on 13 January 1925. William Gibbs was appointed on 1 April 1925 to replace him until the 14 November 1925 election, when he retired from politics. Josiah Thomas was elected to fill the fourth vacancy, being the remainder of McDougall's term finishing in 1929.
  9. ^ Father of the Senate
  10. ^ a b Nationalist senator Edward Russell died on 18 July 1925; Nationalist William Plain was appointed on 25 August to replace him until the 14 November 1925 election, when he was re-elected for a term finishing on 30 June 1932.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Biographical Dictionary of the Australian Senate 1923". Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 26 February 2017. 
  2. ^ a b Evans, H. "Filling Casual Vacancies before 1977" (PDF). The Biographical Dictionary of the Australian Senate, Volume 3. Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 24 February 2017. 
  3. ^ Psephos Adam Carr's Election Archive, Senate 1925 NSW. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  4. ^ Psephos Adam Carr's Election Archive, Senate 1925 Vic. Retrieved 17 March 2017.


Members of the Australian Parliament
House of Representatives

1919–1922  · 1922–1925  · 1925–1928

Senate

1920–1923  · 1923–1926  · 1926–1929