Members of the Australian Senate, 1951–1953
This is a list of members of the Australian Senate from 1951 to 1953. The 28 April 1951 election was a double dissolution called by Prime Minister of Australia Robert Menzies in an attempt to gain control of the Senate and to pass a bill to ban the Communist Party of Australia, if necessary at a joint sitting of both houses. All 121 seats in the House of Representatives, and all 60 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent Liberal Party of Australia led by Menzies with coalition partner the Country Party led by Arthur Fadden defeated the Australian Labor Party led by Ben Chifley and gained control of the Senate with 32 seats to Labor's 28.
In accordance with section 13 of the Constitution, terms for Senators was taken to commence on 1 July 1950. The first five Senators elected in each State were allocated the full six-year terms ending on 30 June 1956 while the other half were allocated three-year terms ending on 30 June 1953.
|Senator||Party||State||End term||Years in Office|
|Stan Amour||Labor||New South Wales||1953||1938–1965|
|Hon John Armstrong||Labor||New South Wales||1956||1938–1962|
|James Arnold||Labor||New South Wales||1953||1941–1965|
|Hon. Bill Ashley||Labor||New South Wales||1956||1938–1962|
|Hon. Gordon Brown [a]||Labor||Queensland||1953||1932–1965|
|Condon Byrne||Labor||Queensland||1953||1951–1959, 1968–1974|
|Hon. Don Cameron||Labor||Victoria||1956||1938–1962|
|Jack Chamberlain [b]||Liberal||Tasmania||1956||1951–1953|
|Joe Cooke [c]||Labor||Western Australia||1953||1947–1951, 1952–1965|
|Hon. Walter Cooper||Country||Queensland||1956||1928–1932, 1935–1968|
|Magnus Cormack||Liberal||Victoria||1953||1951–1953, 1962–1978|
|Hon. Ben Courtice||Labor||Queensland||1956||1937–1962|
|Jack Critchley||Labor||South Australia||1953||1947–1959|
|Alex Finlay||Labor||South Australia||1953||1944–1953|
|Hon. James Fraser||Labor||Western Australia||1953||1938–1959|
|Donald Grant||Labor||New South Wales||1953||1944–1959|
|Clive Hannaford||Liberal||South Australia||1956||1950–1967|
|Keith Laught||Liberal||South Australia||1953||1951–1969|
|John Marriott [b]||Liberal||Tasmania||1953,[d] 1959||1953, 1953–1975|
|Hon. Ted Mattner||Liberal||South Australia||1956||1944–1946, 1950–1968|
|John McCallum||Liberal||New South Wales||1956||1950–1962|
|Hon. Nick McKenna||Labor||Tasmania||1956||1944–1968|
|Hon. George McLeay||Liberal||South Australia||1956||1935–1947, 1950–1955|
|Hon. Alister McMullin||Liberal||New South Wales||1953||1951–1971|
|Richard Nash [c]||Labor||Western Australia||1953||1943–1951|
|Theo Nicholls||Labor||South Australia||1956||1944–1968|
|Sid O'Flaherty||Labor||South Australia||1956||1944–1962|
|Hon. Neil O'Sullivan||Liberal||Queensland||1956||1947–1962|
|Hon Shane Paltridge||Liberal||Western Australia||1953||1951–1966|
|Rex Pearson||Liberal||South Australia||1953||1951–1961|
|Edmund Piesse [e]||Country||Western Australia||1956||1950–1952|
|Dame Annabelle Rankin||Liberal||Queensland||1956||1947–1971|
|Albert Reid||Country||New South Wales||1956||1950–1962|
|Agnes Robertson||Liberal||Western Australia||1956||1950–1962|
|Bill Robinson [e]||Country||Western Australia||1953 [d]||1952–1953|
|John Ryan||Labor||South Australia||1953||1950–1959|
|Charles Sandford||Labor||Victoria||1956||1947–1956, 1957–1966|
|Malcolm Scott||Liberal||Western Australia||1953||1950–1971|
|Harrie Seward||Country||Western Australia||1953||1951–1958|
|Jim Sheehan||Labor||Victoria||1956||1938–1940, 1944–1962|
|Hon. John Spicer||Liberal||Victoria||1956||1940–1944, 1950–1956|
|Hon. Bill Spooner||Liberal||New South Wales||1956||1950–1965|
|Dame Dorothy Tangney||Labor||Western Australia||1956||1943–1968|
|John Tate||Liberal||New South Wales||1953||1950–1953|
|Seddon Vincent||Liberal||Western Australia||1956||1950–1964|
|Robert Wardlaw [b]||Liberal||Tasmania||1956||1953–1962|
|Dame Ivy Wedgwood||Liberal||Victoria||1953||1950–1971|
|Don Willesee||Labor||Western Australia||1956||1950–1975|
- Father of the Senate
- Liberal Senator Jack Chamberlain died on 16 January 1953; Liberal member John Marriott was appointed to fill the ensuing vacancy on 3 March, expiring at the May 1953 Senate election, when he was elected to a six year term expiring on 30 June 1959. Robert Wardlaw was elected to the vacancy expiring on 30 June 1956.
- Labor Senator Richard Nash died on 12 December 1951; former Labor Senator Joe Cooke was appointed to fill the ensuing vacancy on 7 February 1952.
- Appointed to a casual vacancy and only held office until the earlier of the next election for the House of Representatives or the Senate.
- Country Party Senator Edmund Piesse died on 25 August 1952; Country Party member Bill Robinson was appointed to fill the ensuing vacancy on 30 September, but was fourth on the Coalition ticket at the 9 May 1953 election and was defeated for the seat by Liberal Senator Shane Paltridge.
- "The Biographical Dictionary of the Australian Senate 1951". Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 20 March 2017.
- Constitution (Cth) s 13 Rotation of senators.
- "Rotation of Senators" (PDF). Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). Commonwealth of Australia: Senate. 13 June 1951. p. 35.
- Evans, H. "Filling Casual Vacancies before 1977" (PDF). The Biographical Dictionary of the Australian Senate, Volume 3. Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 24 February 2017.