Members of the Australian Senate, 1975–1978

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Government (35) - (2 seat majority)
     Liberal (26)
     Country Party (8)
     CLP (1)

Opposition (27)
     Labor (27)

Crossbench (2)
     Liberal Movement (1) [a]
     Independent (Harradine) (1)
 
Changes in composition

  1. ^ Steele Hall joined the Liberal party in 1976 on the break-up of the Liberal Movement. Hall resigned from the Senate in 1977 and Janine Haines, who had joined the Democrats on the break-up of the Liberal Movement, was appointed to fill the vacancy on 14 December.

This is a list of members of the Australian Senate from 1975 to 1978.[1] The 13 December 1975 election was a double dissolution of both houses, with all 127 seats in the House of Representatives, and all 64 seats in the Senate up for election. Malcolm Fraser had been commissioned as prime minister following the dismissal of Gough Whitlam’s Labor government by Governor-General Sir John Kerr, on 11 November 1975. The same day, Fraser advised the calling of the election, in accordance with Kerr’s stipulated conditions. Thus the Liberal Party of Australia, led by Fraser, with Coalition partner the National Country Party, led by Doug Anthony, went to the election as a caretaker government. The election resulted in the Coalition securing government with a 30-seat swing away from Labor in the House of Representatives.

In accordance with section 13 of the Constitution, following a double dissolution of Parliament, the terms for state senators commence on 1 July preceding the election, i.e., on 1 July 1975. The first five senators elected in each State were allocated full six-year terms ending on 30 June 1981 while the other half were allocated three-year terms ending on 30 June 1978.[2]

There were two significant changes that affected the composition of the Senate.

  • The Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory were to be represented in the Senate for the first time.[3] The terms of senators representing the territories commenced on the date of the election and ended at the dissolution of the House of Representatives, in this case the December 1977 election.
  • A person appointed to a casual vacancy must be from the same political party as the original senator and is appointed until the end of the original term.

Austin Lewis had been appointed under the former system, however his term was extended to the end of the original term of 30 June 1981 as a result of the 1977 referendum.[4][5] The first vacancy occurring under the new process was caused by the resignation of Steele Hall, who had been a member of the Liberal Movement but had joined the Liberal party in 1976 on the break-up of the Liberal Movement. Janine Haines was appointed to replace Hall, having been third on the Liberal Movement ticket in 1975,[6] however she was no longer a member of the Liberal Movement, having joined the Democrats.[7]

Senator Party State End term Years in Office
Archer, BrianBrian Archer   Liberal Tasmania 1978 1975–1994
Baume, PeterPeter Baume   Liberal New South Wales 1978 1974–1991
Hon. Reg Bishop   Labor South Australia 1981 1961–1981
Bonner, NevilleNeville Bonner   Liberal Queensland 1981 1971–1983
Brown, BillBill Brown   Labor Victoria 1978 1969–1970, 1971–1978
Button, JohnJohn Button   Labor Victoria 1978 1974–1993
Cameron, DonDon Cameron   Labor South Australia 1978 1969–1978
Hon. John Carrick   Liberal New South Wales 1981 1970–1987
Hon. Jim Cavanagh   Labor South Australia 1981 1961–1981
Chaney, FredFred Chaney   Liberal Western Australia 1978 1974–1990
Coleman, RuthRuth Coleman   Labor Western Australia 1978 1974–1987
Collard, StanStan Collard   NCP Queensland 1978 1975–1987
Colston, MalMal Colston   Labor Queensland 1978 1975–1999
Hon. Sir Magnus Cormack   Liberal Victoria 1978 1951–1953, 1962–1978
Hon. Bob Cotton   Liberal New South Wales 1981 1965–1978
Davidson , GordonGordon Davidson   Liberal South Australia 1981 1961, 1962, 1965–1981
Devitt, DonDon Devitt   Labor Tasmania 1978 1965–1978
Hon. Tom Drake-Brockman   NCP Western Australia 1978 1958, 1959–1978
Hon. Peter Durack   Liberal Western Australia 1981 1970–1993
Georges, GeorgeGeorge Georges   Labor Queensland 1978 1967–1987
Gietzelt, ArthurArthur Gietzelt   Labor New South Wales 1978 1970–1989
Hon. Ivor Greenwood [a]   Liberal Victoria 1981 1968–1976
Grimes, DonDon Grimes   Labor Tasmania 1978 1974–1987
Hon. Margaret Guilfoyle   Liberal Victoria 1981 1970–1987
Haines, JanineJanine Haines [b]   Democrat South Australia 1978 1977–1978, 1980–1990
Hall, SteeleSteele Hall [b]   Liberal Movement/Liberal South Australia 1978 1974–1977
Harradine, BrianBrian Harradine   Independent Tasmania 1981 1975–2005
Jessop, DonDon Jessop   Liberal South Australia 1981 1970–1991
Keeffe, JimJim Keeffe   Labor Queensland 1981 1964–1983
Kilgariff, BernieBernie Kilgariff   CLP Northern Territory 1977, 1980 [c] 1975–1987
Knight, JohnJohn Knight   Liberal Australian Capital Territory 1977, 1980 [c] 1975–1981
Lajovic, MishaMisha Lajovic   Liberal New South Wales 1978 1975–1985
Sir Condor Laucke   Liberal South Australia 1981 1967–1981
Lewis, AustinAustin Lewis [a]   Liberal Victoria 1977, 1981 1976–1993
Martin, KathyKathy Martin   Liberal Queensland 1978 1974–1984
Maunsell, RonRon Maunsell   NCP Queensland 1981 1967–1981
McAuliffe, RonRon McAuliffe   Labor Queensland 1981 1970–1981
Hon. Doug McClelland   Labor New South Wales 1981 1961–1987
Hon. Jim McClelland   Labor New South Wales 1981 1970–1978
Gordon McIntosh   Labor Western Australia 1981 1974–1987
Geoff McLaren   Labor South Australia 1978 1970–1983
Melzer, JeanJean Melzer   Labor Victoria 1981 1974–1981
Messner, TonyTony Messner   Liberal South Australia 1978 1975–1990
Missen, AlanAlan Missen   Liberal Victoria 1978 1974–1986
Mulvihill, TonyTony Mulvihill   Labor New South Wales 1978 1964–1983
Hon. Justin O'Byrne [d]   Labor Tasmania 1981 1947–1981
Primmer, CyrilCyril Primmer   Labor Victoria 1981 1971–1985
Rae, PeterPeter Rae   Liberal Tasmania 1981 1967–1986
Robertson, TedTed Robertson   Labor Northern Territory 1977, 1980 [c] 1975–1987
Ryan, SusanSusan Ryan   Labor Australian Capital Territory 1977, 1980 [c] 1975–1988
Scott, DouglasDouglas Scott   NCP New South Wales 1981 1970, 1974–1985
Sheil, GlenGlen Sheil   NCP Queensland 1981 1974–1981
Sibraa, KerryKerry Sibraa   Labor New South Wales 1978 1975–1978, 1978–1994
Sim, PeterPeter Sim   Liberal Western Australia 1981 1964–1981
Tehan, TomTom Tehan   NCP Victoria 1978 1975–1978
Thomas, AndrewAndrew Thomas   Liberal Western Australia 1978 1975–1983
Townley, MichaelMichael Townley   Liberal Tasmania 1981 1970–1987
Walsh, PeterPeter Walsh   Labor Western Australia 1978 1974–1993
Walters, ShirleyShirley Walters   Liberal Tasmania 1978 1975–1993
Hon. James Webster   NCP Victoria 1981 1964–1981
Hon. John Wheeldon   Labor Western Australia 1981 1964–1981
Rt Hon. Reg Withers   Liberal Western Australia 1981 1966, 1967–1987
Wood, IanIan Wood   Liberal Queensland 1978 1950–1978
Hon. Ken Wriedt   Labor Tasmania 1981 1964–1980
Hon. Reg Wright   Liberal Tasmania 1978 1950–1978
Young, HaroldHarold Young   Liberal South Australia 1978 1968–1981


See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Liberal Ivor Greenwood died on 13 October 1976; Liberal Austin Lewis was appointed to fill the ensuing vacancy on 17 December. Lewis's term would have ended in December 1977, being the earlier of the next election for the House of Representatives or the Senate,[8] however his term was extended to the end of Greenwood's original term on 30 June 1981 as a result of the 1977 referendum.[4][5]
  2. ^ a b Senator Steele Hall had been elected as a member of the Liberal Movement, however the party broke up and he joined the Liberal party in June 1976. Hall resigned from the Senate on 16 November 1977 to contest the House of Representatives seat of Hawker. Democrat Janine Haines was appointed to fill the ensuing vacancy on 14 December.
  3. ^ a b c d The term of a territory senator ends at the dissolution of the House of Representatives which was December 1977.
  4. ^ Father of the Senate

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Biographical Dictionary of the Australian Senate 1975". Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 21 March 2017. 
  2. ^ Reg Withers (18 February 1976). "Rotation of Senators". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). Commonwealth of Australia: Senate. 
  3. ^ Senate (Representation of Territories) Act 1973 (Cth).
  4. ^ a b Constitution Alteration (Senate Casual Vacancies) Act 1977 (Cth).
  5. ^ a b Gerard Newman (14 May 2002). "Senate Casual Vacancies" (PDF). Research Note no.35 2001-2001. Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 24 March 2017. 
  6. ^ "1975 Senate election: South Australia". Psephos: Adam Carr's Election Archive. 
  7. ^ "Haines, Janine (1945–2004)". The Biographical Dictionary of the Australian Senate. Parliament of Australia. 
  8. ^ Evans, H. "Filling Casual Vacancies before 1977" (PDF). The Biographical Dictionary of the Australian Senate, Volume 3. Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 24 February 2017. 

 

Members of the Australian Parliament
House of Representatives

1974–1975  · 1975–1977  · 1977–1980

Senate

1974–1975  · 1975–1978  · 1978–1981