Members of the Australian Senate, 1990–1993
This is a list of members of the Australian Senate from 1990 to 1993. Half of the state senators had been allocated a long term following the double dissolution election in 1987 and had terms due to finish on 30 June 1993; the other half of the state senators were elected at the March 1990 election and had terms due to finish on 30 June 1996. The territory senators were elected at the March 1990 election and their terms ended at the dissolution of the House of Representatives, which was March 1993.
The composition of the Senate was affected by the decision in 1987 as to which Senators received a long term, with Labor and the Democrats voting to reject the alternate "recount" method that had been unanimously recommended by the Joint Select Committee on Electoral Reform in 1983, and facilitated by the Commonwealth Electoral Act. Thus the Labor government, with only 32 seats, needed 7 additional votes to achieve the majority necessary to pass legislation. Because the Democrats had got 2 additional long vacancies in 1987, in South Australia and New South Wales, the Democrats had a total of 8 seats from 1990 and thus continued to hold the balance of power, even after Janet Powell resigned from the Democrats in 1992.
|Senator||Party||State||End term||Years in Office|
|Alston, RichardRichard Alston||Liberal||Victoria||1996||1986–2004|
|Archer, BrianBrian Archer||Liberal||Tasmania||1993||1975–1994|
|Aulich, TerryTerry Aulich||Labor||Tasmania||1993||1984–1993|
|Baume, MichaelMichael Baume||Liberal||New South Wales||1993||1984–1996|
|Hon. Peter Baume [a]||Liberal||New South Wales||1993||1974–1991|
|Beahan, MichaelMichael Beahan||Labor||Western Australia||1996||1987–1996|
|Bell, RobertRobert Bell||Democrat||Tasmania||1996||1990–1996|
|Bishop, BronwynBronwyn Bishop||Liberal||New South Wales||1996||1987–1994|
|Bjelke-Petersen, FloFlo Bjelke-Petersen||National||Queensland||1993||1980–1993|
|Hon. Nick Bolkus||Labor||South Australia||1993||1981–2005|
|Boswell, RonRon Boswell||National||Queensland||1996||1983–2014|
|Bourne, VickiVicki Bourne||Democrat||New South Wales||1996||1990–2002|
|Brownhill, DavidDavid Brownhill||National||New South Wales||1996||1984–2000|
|Burns, BryantBryant Burns||Labor||Queensland||1996||1987–1996|
|Hon. John Button [b]||Labor||Victoria||1993||1974–1993|
|Calvert, PaulPaul Calvert||Liberal||Tasmania||1996||1987–2007|
|Campbell, IanIan Campbell||Liberal||Western Australia||1993||1990–2007|
|Carr, KimKim Carr [b]||Labor||Victoria||1993||1993–present|
|Chamarette, ChristabelChristabel Chamarette [c]||WA Greens||Western Australia||1996||1992–1996|
|Chapman, GrantGrant Chapman||Liberal||South Australia||1996||1987–2008|
|Childs, BruceBruce Childs||Labor||New South Wales||1996||1980–1997|
|Coates, JohnJohn Coates||Labor||Tasmania||1993||1980–1996|
|Hon. Bob Collins||Labor||Northern Territory||1993, 1996 [d]||1987–1998|
|Colston, MalMal Colston||Labor||Queensland||1993||1975–1999|
|Hon. Peter Cook||Labor||Western Australia||1993||1983–2005|
|Cooney, BarneyBarney Cooney||Labor||Victoria||1996||1984–2002|
|Coulter, JohnJohn Coulter||Democrat||South Australia||1996||1987–1995|
|Crane, WinstonWinston Crane||Liberal||Western Australia||1996||1990–2002|
|Crichton-Browne, NoelNoel Crichton-Browne||Liberal||Western Australia||1996||1980–1996|
|Crowley, RosemaryRosemary Crowley||Labor||South Australia||1996||1983–2002|
|Devereux, JohnJohn Devereux||Labor||Tasmania||1996||1987–1996|
|Hon. Peter Durack [e]||Liberal||Western Australia||1993||1970–1993|
|Hon. Gareth Evans||Labor||Victoria||1993||1977–1996|
|Faulkner, JohnJohn Faulkner||Labor||New South Wales||1993||1989–2015|
|Ferguson, AlanAlan Ferguson [f]||Liberal||South Australia||1993||1992–2011|
|Foreman, DominicDominic Foreman||Labor||South Australia||1993||1980–1997|
|Giles, PatriciaPatricia Giles||Labor||Western Australia||1993||1980–1993|
|Harradine, BrianBrian Harradine||Independent||Tasmania||1993||1975–2005|
|Herron, JohnJohn Herron||Liberal||Queensland||1996||1990–2002|
|Hill, RobertRobert Hill||Liberal||South Australia||1996||1981–2006|
|Jones, GerryGerry Jones||Labor||Queensland||1996||1980–1996|
|Kemp, RodRod Kemp||Liberal||Victoria||1996||1990–2008|
|Kernot, CherylCheryl Kernot||Democrat||Queensland||1996||1990–1997|
|Knowles, SusanSusan Knowles||Liberal||Western Australia||1993||1984–2005|
|Lees, MegMeg Lees||Democrat||South Australia||1993||1990–2005|
|Lewis, AustinAustin Lewis||Liberal||Victoria||1993||1976–1993|
|Loosely, StephenStephen Loosely||Labor||New South Wales||1996||1990–1995|
|Macdonald, IanIan Macdonald||Liberal||Queensland||1996||1990–present|
|MacGibbon, DavidDavid MacGibbon||Liberal||Queensland||1993||1977–1999|
|Jim McKiernan||Labor||Western Australia||1996||1984–2002|
|Paul McLean [g]||Democrat||New South Wales||1993||1987–1991|
|Hon. Bob McMullan||Labor||Australian Capital Territory||1993, 1996 [d]||1988–1996|
|Maguire, GrahamGraham Maguire||Labor||South Australia||1993||1983–1993|
|Newman, JocelynJocelyn Newman||Liberal||Tasmania||1996||1986–2002|
|O'Chee, BillBill O'Chee||National||Queensland||1993||1990–1999|
|Olsen, JohnJohn Olsen [f]||Liberal||South Australia||1993||1990–1992|
|Panizza, JohnJohn Panizza||Liberal||Western Australia||1996||1987–1997|
|Parer, WarwickWarwick Parer||Liberal||Queensland||1993||1984–2000|
|Patterson, KayKay Patterson||Liberal||Victoria||1996||1987–2008|
|Powell, JanetJanet Powell||Democrat/Ind [h]||Victoria||1993||1986–1993|
|Hon. Robert Ray||Labor||Victoria||1996||1981–2008|
|Reid, MargaretMargaret Reid||Liberal||Australian Capital Territory||1993, 1996 [d]||1981–2003|
|Hon. Margaret Reynolds||Labor||Queensland||1993||1983–1999|
|Hon. Graham Richardson||Labor||New South Wales||1993||1983–1994|
|Schacht, ChrisChris Schacht||Labor||South Australia||1996||1987–2002|
|Sherry, NickNick Sherry||Labor||Tasmania||1996||1990–2012|
|Short, JimJim Short||Liberal||Victoria||1993||1984–1997|
|Hon. Kerry Sibraa||Labor||New South Wales||1993||1975–1978, 1978–1994|
|Sowada, KarinKarin Sowada [g]||Democrat||New South Wales||1993||1991–1993|
|Spindler, SidSid Spindler||Democrat||Victoria||1996||1990–1996|
|Tambling, GrantGrant Tambling||CLP||Northern Territory||1993, 1996 [d]||1987–2001|
|Hon. Michael Tate||Labor||Tasmania||1993||1977–1993|
|Teague, BadenBaden Teague||Liberal||South Australia||1996||1977–1996|
|Tierney, JohnJohn Tierney [a]||Liberal||New South Wales||1993||1991–2005|
|Vallentine, JoJo Vallentine [c]||WA Greens||Western Australia||1996||1984–1992|
|Vanstone, AmandaAmanda Vanstone||Liberal||South Australia||1993||1984–2007|
|Hon. Peter Walsh||Labor||Western Australia||1993||1974–1993|
|Walters, ShirleyShirley Walters||Liberal||Tasmania||1993||1975–1993|
|Watson, JohnJohn Watson||Liberal||Tasmania||1996||1978–2008|
|West, SuzanneSuzanne West||Labor||New South Wales||1996||1987, 1990–2002|
|Zakharov, OliveOlive Zakharov||Labor||Victoria||1993||1983–1995|
- New South Wales Liberal Senator Dr Peter Baume resigned on 28 January 1991. John Tierney was appointed as his replacement on the same day.
- Victorian Labor Senator John Button resigned on 31 March 1993. Kim Carr was appointed as his replacement on 28 April.
- Western Australian Green Senator Jo Vallentine resigned on 31 January 1992. Christabel Chamarette was appointed as her replacement on 12 March.
- The term of a territory senator ends at the dissolution of the House of Representatives, which was March 1993.
- Father of the Senate
- South Australian Liberal Senator John Olsen resigned on 4 May 1992. Alan Ferguson was appointed as his replacement on 26 May.
- New South Wales Democrat Senator Paul McLean resigned on 23 August 1991. Karin Sowada was appointed as his replacement on 29 August.
- Victorian Senator Janet Powell resigned from the Australian Democrats on 31 July 1992. She served out the remainder of her term as an independent.
- "The Biographical Dictionary of the Australian Senate 1990". Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 27 March 2017.
- Joint Select Committee on Electoral Reform (13 September 1983). "First report - electoral reform" (PDF). Parliament of Australia. pp. 66–7.
- Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918 (Cth) s 282 Re-count of Senate votes to determine order of election in other circumstances.
- The President of the Senate votes and if the votes are equal, the motion is defeated: Constitution (Cth) s 23 Voting in the Senate.
- "Rotation of Senators" (PDF). Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). Commonwealth of Australia: Senate. 17 September 1987. pp. 194–213.
- "Division of the Senate following simultaneous general elections". Odgers' Australian Senate Practice (14th ed.). Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 28 March 2017.