Members of the Dewan Rakyat, 13th Malaysian Parliament

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13th Parliament of Malaysia
12th Parliament 14th Parliament
Overview
Jurisdiction Malaysia
Meeting place Malaysian Houses of Parliament
Term 24 June 2013[1] –
Election 2013 general election
Government Second Najib cabinet
Website www.parlimen.gov.my
Members 222
Speaker Pandikar Amin Mulia
Prime Minister Najib Razak
Leader of the Opposition Anwar Ibrahim (until 16 March 2015)
Wan Azizah Wan Ismail
Party control Barisan Nasional
Sessions
1st 24 June 2013 – 5 December 2013
2nd 10 March 2014 – 27 November 2014
3rd 9 March 2015 – 27 January 2016
4th 7 March 2016 – 24 November 2016
5th 6 March 2017 –
Coat of arms of Malaysia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Malaysia

This is a list of the members of the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives) of the 13th Parliament of Malaysia.[2] The opposition coalition Pakatan Rakyat that contested the general elections in 2013 was dissolved after series of disagreements between two main parties, Democratic Action Party(DAP) and Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS).[3] A new opposition coalition Pakatan Harapan was formed by the Democratic Action Party, People's Justice Party (PKR) and newly formed party National Trust Party (AMANAH), consisting of ex-PAS members.[4] Several former members of UMNO have formed their own party Malaysian United Indigenous Party(PPBM) and have signed an electoral pact with Pakatan Harapan to contest the future general election and ensure straight fights against Barisan Nasional.[5] On 20 March, 2017 PPBM officially became a member of Pakatan Harapan.[6]

Composition[edit]

Members of Dewan Rakyat as elected in 2013 by federal constituency
Equal-area representation of members of Dewan Rakyat as elected in 2013 by federal constituency

Beginning of the 13th Parliament of Malaysia[edit]

Current composition of the 13th Parliament of Malaysia[edit]

Diagram of the current members of Dewan Rakyat
Current composition of the 13th Parliament of Malaysia
as of 25 February 2017
State and
federal territories
# of
seats
BN
seats
DAP
seats
PKR
seats
PAS
seats
AMANAH
seats
PSM
seats
PPBM
seats
WARISAN
seats
Ind
seats
Perlis Perlis 3 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kedah Kedah 15 10 0 4 1 0 0 0 0 0
Kelantan Kelantan 14 5 0 1 7 1 0 0 0 0
Terengganu Terengganu 8 4 0 0 3 1 0 0 0 0
Penang Penang 13 3 7 3 0 0 0 0 0 0
Perak Perak 24 13 6 2 1 1 1 0 0 0
Pahang Pahang 14 10 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 0
Selangor Selangor 22 5 4 9 1 3 0 0 0 0
Kuala Lumpur Kuala Lumpur 11 2 5 3 0 0 0 0 0 1
Putrajaya Putrajaya 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Negeri Sembilan Negeri Sembilan 8 5 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malacca Malacca 6 4 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
Johor Johor 26 20 4 1 0 0 0 1 0 0
Labuan Labuan 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sabah Sabah 25 21 2 0 0 0 0 0 2 0
Sarawak Sarawak 31 25 5 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 222 132 36 28 14 6 1 1 2 2

Seating arrangement*[edit]

Alor Setar Kampar Bakri Miri Bandar Tun Razak Vacant Vacant Vacant Julau Tenom Kudat Vacant Vacant Kuala Kangsar Sungai Besar Kota Tinggi Baram Setiu Gerik
Batu Pahat Kuala Kedah Sibu Batu Kawan Vacant Vacant Vacant Rompin Kuala Pilah Kanowit Pendang Jelebu Lipis Tasek Gelugor Alor Gajah Kota Samarahan Labuan Pasir Gudang Kuala Selangor
Pengkalan Chepa Bachok Lumut Sarikei Vacant Vacant Kulim-Bandar Baharu Setiawangsa Tanah Merah Betong Paya Besar Cameron Highlands Sik Sekijang Jerantut Merbok Sabak Bernam Sepanggar Kangar Lubok Antu Parit
Dungun Bukit Gelugor Bukit Mertajam Stampin Vacant Baling Lenggong Parit Sulong Tampin Mukah Mersing Libaran Sipitang Igan Langkawi Vacant Padang Besar Batu Sapi Tebrau
Kubang Kerian Serdang Gopeng Segambut Penampang Saratok Simpang Renggam Putatan Bintulu Ranau Kinabatangan Kepala Batas Machang Sri Aman Mas Gading Vacant Jerlun Sibuti Tanjong Manis
Pasir Puteh Sandakan Tanjong Tumpat Tanjong Piai Kalabakan Tambun Jempol Johor Bahru Masjid Tanah Pulai (Senator) Lawas Bagan Serai Limbang
Pokok Sena Kota Melaka Rasah Kepong F Gua Musang Keningau Ketereh D (Senator) Silam Hulu Rajang Jasin
Petaling Jaya Selatan Sungai Siput Kuantan Rantau Panjang Semporna G E C Kimanis Rembau Vacant (Senator) Kubang Pasu
Padang Serai Kelana Jaya Bayan Baru Kuala Nerus Pasir Mas Sergeant-at-Arm Bera (Senator) Titiwangsa Sri Gading (Senator)
Wangsa Maju Kapar Nibong Tebal Temerloh Bukit Gantang Kemaman Arau Tanjong Karang Tenggara Tangga Batu
Indera Mahkota Kuala Langat Hulu Langat Kota Bharu Marang Kota Marudu Besut Tanjong Malim Balik Pulau Kapit
Ipoh Timor Batu Gajah Taiping Batu Lembah Pantai H the Mace B Jeli Putrajaya Pengerang Beaufort Maran
Lanang Kota Kinabalu Beruas Bukit Bintang Cheras Sembrong Serian (Senator) Labis Tawau
Jelutong Kulai Selayang Seputeh Pagoh Padang Rengas Petrajaya Padang Terap (Senator) Hulu Terengganu
Kuala Terengganu Kota Raja Telok Kemang Ipoh Barat Gombak Telok Intan Batang Lupar Santubong Mambong Hulu Selangor
Raub Sungai Petani Sepang Seremban Bagan I A Segamat Selangau Larut Pontian Ledang
Klang Pandan Shah Alam Bandar Kuching Parit Buntar Bentong (Senator) Ayer Hitam Muar Pasir Salak
Bukit Bendera Kluang Petaling Jaya Utara Bukit Katil Gelang Patah Bagan Datok Pensiangan Batang Sadong Papar Kuala Krau
Kuala Krai Puchong Subang Ampang Permatang Pauh Secretary Pekan Jerai Kota Belud Tapah Beluran
Speaker
  • The seating arrangement is viewable at the official website.[7]


Elected members by state[edit]

Unless noted otherwise, the MPs served the entire term of the parliament (from 24 June 2013 to present).

Perlis[edit]

No. Parliament Constituency Member Party (Coalition)
BN 3
P001 Padang Besar Zahidi Zainul Abidin BN (UMNO)
P002 Kangar Shaharuddin Ismail BN (UMNO)
P003 Arau Shahidan Kassim BN (UMNO)

Kedah[edit]

No. Parliament Constituency Member Party (Coalition)
BN 10 | PH 4 | PAS 1
P004 Langkawi Nawawi Ahmad BN (UMNO)
P005 Jerlun Othman Aziz BN (UMNO)
P006 Kubang Pasu Mohd Johari Baharum BN (UMNO)
P007 Padang Terap Mahdzir Khalid BN (UMNO)
P008 Pokok Sena Mahfuz Omar PAS
P009 Alor Setar Gooi Hsiao-Leung PH (PKR)
P010 Kuala Kedah Azman Ismail PH (PKR)
P011 Pendang Othman Abdul BN (UMNO)
P012 Jerai Jamil Khir Baharom BN (UMNO)
P013 Sik Mansor Abd Rahman BN (UMNO)
P014 Merbok Ismail Daut BN (UMNO)
P015 Sungai Petani Johari Abdul PH (PKR)
P016 Baling Abdul Azeez Abdul Rahim BN (UMNO)
P017 Padang Serai Surendran Nagarajan PH (PKR)
P018 Kulim-Bandar Baharu Abd. Aziz Sheikh Fadzir BN (UMNO)

Kelantan[edit]

No. Parliament Constituency Member Party (Coalition)
PAS 7 | BN 5 | PH 2
P019 Tumpat Kamarudin Jaffar[N 1][8] PH (PKR)
P020 Pengkalan Chepa Izani Husin PAS
P021 Kota Bharu Takiyuddin Hassan PAS
P022 Pasir Mas Nik Mohamad Abduh Nik Abdul Aziz PAS
P023 Rantau Panjang Siti Zailah Mohd Yusoff PAS
P024 Kubang Kerian Ahmad Baihaki Atiqullah PAS
P025 Bachok Ahmad Marzuk Shaary PAS
P026 Ketereh Annuar Musa BN (UMNO)
P027 Tanah Merah Ikmal Hisham Abdul Aziz BN (UMNO)
P028 Pasir Puteh Nik Mazian Nik Mohamad PAS
P029 Machang Ahmad Jazlan Yaakub BN (UMNO)
P030 Jeli Mustapa Mohamed BN (UMNO)
P031 Kuala Krai Mohd Hatta Ramli[N 2][9] PH (AMANAH)
P032 Gua Musang Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah BN (UMNO)

Terengganu[edit]

No. Parliament Constituency Member Party (Coalition)
BN 4 | PAS 3 | PH 1
P033 Besut Idris Jusoh BN (UMNO)
P034 Setiu Che Mohamad Zulkifly Jusoh BN (UMNO)
P035 Kuala Nerus Mohd Khairuddin Aman Razali PAS
P036 Kuala Terengganu Raja Kamarul Bahrin Shah Raja Ahmad[N 3][9] PH (AMANAH)
P037 Marang Abdul Hadi Awang PAS
P038 Hulu Terengganu Jailani Johari BN (UMNO)
P039 Dungun Wan Hassan Mohd Ramli PAS
P040 Kemaman Ahmad Shabery Cheek BN (UMNO)

Penang[edit]

No. Parliament Constituency Member Party (Coalition)
PH 10 | BN 3
P041 Kepala Batas Reezal Merican Naina Merican BN (UMNO)
P042 Tasek Gelugor Shabudin Yahaya BN (UMNO)
P043 Bagan Lim Guan Eng PH (DAP)
P044 Permatang Pauh Wan Azizah Wan Ismail [N 4][10] PH (PKR)
P045 Bukit Mertajam Steven Sim Chee Keong PH (DAP)
P046 Batu Kawan Kasthuriraani Patto PH (DAP)
P047 Nibong Tebal Mansor Othman PH (PKR)
P048 Bukit Bendera Zairil Khir Johari PH (DAP)
P049 Tanjong Ng Wei Aik PH (DAP)
P050 Jelutong Jeff Ooi Chuan Aun PH (DAP)
P051 Bukit Gelugor Ramkarpal Singh [N 5][11] PH (DAP)
P052 Bayan Baru Sim Tze Tzin PH (PKR)
P053 Balik Pulau Hilmi Yahaya BN (UMNO)

Perak[edit]

No. Parliament Constituency Member Party (Coalition)
BN 13 | PH 9 | PAS 1 | PSM 1
P054 Gerik Hasbullah Osman BN (UMNO)
P055 Lenggong Shamsul Anuar Nasarah BN (UMNO)
P056 Larut Hamzah Zainudin BN (UMNO)
P057 Parit Buntar Mujahid Yusof Rawa[N 6][9] PH (AMANAH)
P058 Bagan Serai Noor Azmi Ghazali BN (UMNO)
P059 Bukit Gantang Idris Ahmad PAS
P060 Taiping Nga Kor Ming PH (DAP)
P061 Padang Rengas Mohamed Nazri Abdul Aziz BN (UMNO)
P062 Sungai Siput Michael Jeyakumar Devaraj[N 7][12] PSM
P063 Tambun Ahmad Husni Hanadzlah BN (UMNO)
P064 Ipoh Timor Su Keong Siong PH (DAP)
P065 Ipoh Barat M. Kulasegaran PH (DAP)
P066 Batu Gajah V. Sivakumar PH (DAP)
P067 Kuala Kangsar Mastura Mohd Yazid (from 18 June 2016) [N 8][13] BN (UMNO)
P068 Beruas Ngeh Koo Ham PH (DAP)
P069 Parit Mohd Zaim Abu Hassan BN (UMNO)
P070 Kampar Ko Chung Sen PH (DAP)
P071 Gopeng Lee Boon Chye PH (PKR)
P072 Tapah Saravanan Murugan BN (MIC)
P073 Pasir Salak Tajuddin Abdul Rahman BN (UMNO)
P074 Lumut Mohamad Imran Abd Hamid PH (PKR)
P075 Bagan Datok Ahmad Zahid Hamidi BN (UMNO)
P076 Telok Intan Mah Siew Keong [N 9][14] BN (Gerakan)
P077 Tanjong Malim Ong Ka Chuan BN (MCA)

Pahang[edit]

No. Parliament Constituency Member Party (Coalition)
BN 10 | PH 3 | PAS 1
P078 Cameron Highlands Palanivel Govindasamy[N 10][15] BN
P079 Lipis Abdul Rahman Mohamad BN (UMNO)
P080 Raub Mohd Ariff Sabri Abdul Aziz PH (DAP)
P081 Jerantut Ahmad Nazlan Idris BN (UMNO)
P082 Indera Mahkota Fauzi Abdul Rahman PH (PKR)
P083 Kuantan Fuziah Salleh PH (PKR)
P084 Paya Besar Abdul Manan Ismail BN (UMNO)
P085 Pekan Najib Razak BN (UMNO)
P086 Maran Ismail Muttalib BN (UMNO)
P087 Kuala Krau Ismail Mohamed Said (Deputy Speaker) BN (UMNO)
P088 Temerloh Nasrudin Hassan PAS
P089 Bentong Liow Tiong Lai BN (MCA)
P090 Bera Ismail Sabri Yaakob BN (UMNO)
P091 Rompin Hasan Arifin [N 11][16] BN (UMNO)

Selangor[edit]

No. Parliament Constituency Member Party (Coalition)
PH 16 | BN 5 | PAS 1
P092 Sabak Bernam Mohd Fasiah Mohd Fakeh BN (UMNO)
P093 Sungai Besar Budiman Mohd Zohdi[N 12][17] BN (UMNO)
P094 Hulu Selangor Kamalanathan Panchanathan BN (MIC)
P095 Tanjong Karang Noh Omar BN (UMNO)
P096 Kuala Selangor Irmohizam Ibrahim BN (UMNO)
P097 Selayang William Leong Jee Keen PH (PKR)
P098 Gombak Mohamed Azmin Ali PH (PKR)
P099 Ampang Zuraida Kamarudin PH (PKR)
P100 Pandan Rafizi Ramli PH (PKR)
P101 Hulu Langat Che Rosli Che Mat PAS
P102 Serdang Ong Kian Ming PH (DAP)
P103 Puchong Gobind Singh Deo PH (DAP)
P104 Kelana Jaya Wong Chen PH (PKR)
P105 Petaling Jaya Selatan Hee Loy Sian PH (PKR)
P106 Petaling Jaya Utara Tony Pua Kiam Wee PH (DAP)
P107 Subang Sivarasa K. Rasiah PH (PKR)
P108 Shah Alam Khalid Samad[N 13][9] PH (AMANAH)
P109 Kapar G. Manivanan PH (PKR)
P110 Klang Charles Anthony R. Santiago PH (DAP)
P111 Kota Raja Siti Mariah Mahmud[N 14][9] PH (AMANAH)
P112 Kuala Langat Abdullah Sani Abdul Hamid PH (PKR)
P113 Sepang Mohamed Hanipa Maidin[N 15][9] PH (AMANAH)

Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur[edit]

No. Parliament Constituency Member Party (Coalition)
PH 8 | BN 2 | IND 1
P114 Kepong Tan Seng Giaw PH (DAP)
P115 Batu Chua Tian Chang PH (PKR)
P116 Wangsa Maju Tan Kee Kwong PH (PKR)
P117 Segambut Lim Lip Eng PH (DAP)
P118 Setiawangsa Ahmad Fauzi Zahari BN (UMNO)
P119 Titiwangsa Johari Abdul Ghani BN (UMNO)
P120 Bukit Bintang Fong Kui Lun PH (DAP)
P121 Lembah Pantai Nurul Izzah Anwar PH (PKR)
P122 Seputeh Teresa Kok Suh Sim PH (DAP)
P123 Cheras Tan Kok Wai PH (DAP)
P124 Bandar Tun Razak Abdul Khalid Ibrahim[N 16][18] IND

Federal Territory of Putrajaya[edit]

No. Parliament Constituency Member Party (Coalition)
BN 1
P125 Putrajaya Tengku Adnan Tengku Mansor BN (UMNO)

Negeri Sembilan[edit]

No. Parliament Constituency Member Party (Coalition)
BN 5 | PH 3
P126 Jelebu Zainudin Ismail BN (UMNO)
P127 Jempol Mohd Isa Abdul Samad BN (UMNO)
P128 Seremban Loke Siew Fook PH (DAP)
P129 Kuala Pilah Hasan Malek BN (UMNO)
P130 Rasah Teo Kok Seong PH (DAP)
P131 Rembau Khairy Jamaluddin Abu Bakar BN (UMNO)
P132 Telok Kemang Kamarul Baharin Abbas PH (PKR)
P133 Tampin Shaziman Abu Mansor BN (UMNO)

Malacca[edit]

No. Parliament Constituency Member Party (Coalition)
BN 4 | PH 1 | IND 1
P134 Masjid Tanah Mas Ermieyati Samsudin BN (UMNO)
P135 Alor Gajah Koh Nai Kwong BN (MCA)
P136 Tangga Batu Abu Bakar Mohamad Diah BN (UMNO)
P137 Bukit Katil Shamsul Iskandar Md. Akin PH (PKR)
P138 Kota Melaka Sim Tong Him[N 17][19] IND
P139 Jasin Ahmad Hamzah BN (UMNO)

Johor[edit]

No. Parliament Constituency Member Party (Coalition)
BN 20 | PH 6
P140 Segamat Subramaniam Sathasivam BN (MIC)
P141 Sekijang Anuar Abd. Manap BN (UMNO)
P142 Labis Chua Tee Yong BN (MCA)
P143 Pagoh Muhyiddin Yassin[N 18][20][21] PH (PPBM)
P144 Ledang Hamim Samuri BN (UMNO)
P145 Bakri Er Teck Hwa PH (DAP)
P146 Muar Razali Ibrahim BN (UMNO)
P147 Parit Sulong Noraini Ahmad BN (UMNO)
P148 Ayer Hitam Wee Ka Siong BN (MCA)
P149 Sri Gading Aziz Kaprawi BN (UMNO)
P150 Batu Pahat Mohd Idris Jusi PH (PKR)
P151 Simpang Renggam Liang Teck Meng BN (Gerakan)
P152 Kluang Liew Chin Tong PH (DAP)
P153 Sembrong Hishammuddin Hussein BN (UMNO)
P154 Mersing Abdul Latiff Ahmad BN (UMNO)
P155 Tenggara Halimah Mohd Sadique BN (UMNO)
P156 Kota Tinggi Noor Ehsanuddin Mohd Harun Narrashid BN (UMNO)
P157 Pengerang Azalina Othman Said BN (UMNO)
P158 Tebrau Khoo Soo Seang BN (MCA)
P159 Pasir Gudang Normala Abdul Samad BN (UMNO)
P160 Johor Bahru Shahrir Abdul Samad BN (UMNO)
P161 Pulai Nur Jazlan Mohamed BN (UMNO)
P162 Gelang Patah Lim Kit Siang PH (DAP)
P163 Kulai Teo Nie Ching PH (DAP)
P164 Pontian Ahmad Maslan BN (UMNO)
P165 Tanjong Piai Wee Jeck Seng BN (MCA)

Federal Territory of Labuan[edit]

No. Parliament Constituency Member Party (Coalition)
BN 1
P166 Labuan Rozman Isli BN (UMNO)

Sabah[edit]

No. Parliament Constituency Member Party (Coalition)
BN 21 | PH 2 | WARISAN 2
P167 Kudat Abdul Rahim Bakri BN (UMNO)
P168 Kota Marudu Maximus Johnity Ongkili BN (PBS)
P169 Kota Belud Abdul Rahman Dahlan BN (UMNO)
P170 Tuaran Wilfred Madius Tangau BN (UPKO)
P171 Sepanggar Jumat Idris BN (UMNO)
P172 Kota Kinabalu Jimmy Wong Sze Phin PH (DAP)
P173 Putatan Marcus Mojigoh BN (UPKO)
P174 Penampang Ignatius Dorrel Leiking[N 19][22] [23] WARISAN
P175 Papar Rosnah Abdul Rashid Shirlin BN (UMNO)
P176 Kimanis Anifah Aman BN (UMNO)
P177 Beaufort Azizah Mohd Dun BN (UMNO)
P178 Sipitang Sapawi Ahmad BN (UMNO)
P179 Ranau Ewon Ebin BN (UPKO)
P180 Keningau Joseph Pairin Kitingan BN (PBS)
P181 Tenom Raime Unggi BN (UMNO)
P182 Pensiangan Joseph Kurup BN (PBRS)
P183 Beluran Ronald Kiandee (Deputy Speaker) BN (UMNO)
P184 Libaran Juslie Ajirol BN (UMNO)
P185 Batu Sapi Linda Tsen Thau Lin BN (PBS)
P186 Sandakan Wong Tien Fatt PH (DAP)
P187 Kinabatangan Bung Moktar Radin BN (UMNO)
P188 Silam Nasrun Mansur BN (UMNO)
P189 Semporna Mohd Shafie Apdal[N 20][24][23] WARISAN
P190 Tawau Mary Yap Kain Ching BN (PBS)
P191 Kalabakan Abdul Ghapur Salleh BN (UMNO)

Sarawak[edit]

No. Parliament Constituency Member Party (Coalition)
BN 25 | PH 6
P192 Mas Gading Nogeh Gumbek BN (SPDP)
P193 Santubong Wan Junaidi Tuanku Jaafar BN (PBB)
P194 Petra Jaya Fadillah Yusof BN (PBB)
P195 Bandar Kuching Chong Chieng Jen PH (DAP)
P196 Stampin Julian Tan Kok Ping PH (DAP)
P197 Kota Samarahan Rubiah Wang BN (PBB)
P198 Mambong James Dawos Mamit BN (PBB)
P199 Serian Richard Riot Jaem BN (SUPP)
P200 Batang Sadong Nancy Shukri BN (PBB)
P201 Batang Lupar Rohani Abdul Karim BN (PBB)
P202 Sri Aman Masir Kujat BN (PRS)
P203 Lubok Antu William Nyallau Badak BN (PRS)
P204 Betong Douglas Uggah Embas BN (PBB)
P205 Saratok William Mawan Ikom[N 21][25] BN
P206 Tanjong Manis Norah Abdul Rahman BN (PBB)
P207 Igan Wahab Dolah BN (PBB)
P208 Sarikei Wong Ling Biu PH (DAP)
P209 Julau Joseph Salang Gandum BN (PRS)
P210 Kanowit Aaron Ago Dagang BN (PRS)
P211 Lanang Alice Lau Kiong Yieng PH (DAP)
P212 Sibu Oscar Ling Chai Yew PH (DAP)
P213 Mukah Leo Michael Toyad BN (PBB)
P214 Selangau Joseph Entulu Belaun BN (PRS)
P215 Kapit Alexander Nanta Linggi BN (PBB)
P216 Hulu Rajang Wilson Ugak Kumbong BN (PRS)
P217 Bintulu Tiong King Sing BN (SPDP)
P218 Sibuti Ahmad Lai Bujang BN (PBB)
P219 Miri Michael Teo Yu Keng PH (PKR)
P220 Baram Anyi Ngau BN (SPDP)
P221 Limbang Hasbi Habibollah BN (PBB)
P222 Lawas Henry Sum Agong BN (PBB)

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Kamarudin Jaffar was elected as a Pakatan Rakyat MP in the general elections, resigned from PAS and joined PKR.
  2. ^ Mohd Hatta Ramli was elected as a PAS assemblymen in the general elections, quit his PAS membership and joined PAN.
  3. ^ Raja Kamarul Bahrin Shah was elected as a PAS assemblymen in the general elections, quit his PAS membership and joined PAN.
  4. ^ Wan Azizah Wan Ismail was elected as a Pakatan Rakyat assemblymen in a by-election following the disqualification of assemblyman Anwar Ibrahim due to his sodomy conviction.
  5. ^ Elected in a by-election
  6. ^ Mujahid Yusof Rawa was elected as a PAS assemblymen in the general elections, quit his PAS membership and joined PAN.
  7. ^ Jeyakumar is a member of the Socialist Party of Malaysia (PSM) but was elected to Parliament on the ticket of the People's Justice Party in the Pakatan Rakyat opposition coalition.
  8. ^ Elected in a by-election following the death of assemblyman Wan Mohammad Khair-il Anuar Wan Ahmad.
  9. ^ Mah Siew Keong was elected as a Barisan Nasional assemblymen on 31 May 2014 in a by-election following the death of assemblyman Seah Leong Peng.
  10. ^ Palanivel Govindasamy was elected as a Barisan Nasional MP in the general elections in 2013, had lost MIC membership on 25 June 2015 after being disqualified by the party.
  11. ^ Hasan Arifin was elected as a Barisan Nasional assemblymen on 5 May 2015 in a by-election following the death of assemblyman Jamaluddin Jarjis.
  12. ^ Budiman Mohd Zohdi was elected as a Barisan Nasional assemblymen on 18 June 2016 in a by-election following the death of assemblyman Noriah Kasnon.
  13. ^ Khalid Samad was elected as a PAS assemblymen in the general elections, quit his PAS membership and joined PAN.
  14. ^ Siti Mariah Mahmud was elected as a PAS assemblymen in the general elections, quit his PAS membership and joined PAN.
  15. ^ Mohamed Hanipa Maidin was elected as a PAS assemblymen in the general elections, quit his PAS membership and joined PAN.
  16. ^ Abdul Khalid Ibrahim was elected as a PR MP in the general elections in 2013, sacked from his PKR membership on 9 August 2014.
  17. ^ Sim Tong Him was elected as a PR assemblymen in the general elections in 2013, quit his DAP membership on 12 February 2017 and became an independent.
  18. ^ Muhyiddin Yassin was elected as a BN MP in the general elections in 2013 and sacked from his UMNO membership on 24 June 2016, later joining newly formed PPBM
  19. ^ Ignatius Dorrel Leiking was elected as a PR MP in the general elections in 2013, resigned from PKR membership on 22 September 2016 and became an independent, after which he joined a new Sabah-based party, Sabah Heritage Party.
  20. ^ Mohd Shafie Apdal was elected as a BN MP in the general elections in 2013, resigned from UMNO membership on 4 July 2016 and became an independent, after which he joined a new Sabah-based party, Sabah Heritage Party.
  21. ^ William Mawan Ikom who was elected as a BN MP in the general elections in 2013, resigned from his SPDP membership on 15 May 2014 and joined Teras, an independent party friendly to Barisan Nasional.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Proclamation by His Majesty the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, by the Grace of Allah, Supreme Head of the States and Territories of Malaysia
  2. ^ Star Online Election Results http://elections.thestar.com.my/results/results.aspx
  3. ^ "Dissolution of Pakatan Rakyat not the end but a new beginning, says Lim Kit Siang". The Rakyat Post. Retrieved 26 September 2015. 
  4. ^ "Malaysia's opposition band together under new Pakatan Harapan alliance". Channel News Asia. Retrieved 26 September 2015. 
  5. ^ "PPBM signs MoU with Pakatan Harapan to ensure straight a fight with BN". The Sun Daily. 14 February 2017. Retrieved 23 February 2017. 
  6. ^ "PPBM is now Pakatan Harapan’s 4th member". Free Malaysia Today. 20 March 2017. Retrieved 20 March 2017. 
  7. ^ "www.parlimen.gov.my". 
  8. ^ Arfa Yunus (11 September 2015). "Two major PAS figures defect to PKR". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 11 September 2015. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f Shane Fuentes (31 August 2015). "PAS rebels defect to M’sian Workers Party". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 26 September 2015. 
  10. ^ Malaysia Insider (7 May 2015). "Wan Azizah wins Permatang Pauh". The Malaysian Insider. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  11. ^ Malaysia Insider (2 May 2014). "It’s official… Ramkarpal wins Bukit Gelugor, challengers lose their deposit". The Malaysian Insider. Archived from the original on 25 May 2014. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  12. ^ Lisa J. Ariffin (17 April 2013). "‘PKR has fallen for BN propaganda’". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 11 September 2015. 
  13. ^ Malaysia Insider (18 June 2016). "BN’s Mastura wins Kuala Kangsar". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 18 June 2016. 
  14. ^ Malaysia Insider (31 May 2014). "Barisan, Mah regain Teluk Intan after six years with 238-vote majority". The Malaysian Insider. Archived from the original on 27 May 2014. Retrieved 1 June 2014. 
  15. ^ The Malaysian Insider (25 June 2015). "RoS confirms Palanivel no longer MIC member, says Subramaniam". The Malaysian Insider. Retrieved 25 June 2015. 
  16. ^ Malaysia Insider (7 May 2015). "BN should not take comfort in Rompin victory, says analyst". The Malaysian Insider. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  17. ^ Malaysia Insider (18 June 2016). "BN retains Sungai Besar with huge majority". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 18 June 2016. 
  18. ^ The Malaysian Insider (9 August 2014). "PKR expels Khalid for defying party on Selangor MB post". The Malaysian Insider. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
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