Members of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors
From 1977 to 1979, and starting again in 2000, supervisors were elected from eleven single-member districts. Prior to 1977 and from 1980 to 1998, members were elected at-large, all running on one ballot, with the top vote-getters winning office. In 1980, elections shifted from odd-numbered years to even-numbered years, and because of the shift from district to at-large elections, all seats were up for election, with some members winning four-year terms and some winning two-year terms. Similar cases of supervisors elected to truncated terms happened in 1977 and 2000, when elections shifted to district elections.
Several members were initially appointed by the mayor. San Francisco's city charter gives the mayor the power to fill any vacancies and to suspend members in limited circumstances; the latter case has happened only once, when Mayor Gavin Newsom suspended Ed Jew due to allegations of lying about his residency and extortion. A few members were elected to the board, but appointed to their seat by the mayor during the weeks between the election and the beginning of their term. This has generally been done when supervisors were elected to the state legislature, since the terms of state legislators begin earlier than those of supervisors. The most recent example occurred in 2008, when David Campos was elected to the District 9 seat held by Tom Ammiano. In the same election, Ammiano was elected to the California State Assembly and resigned his seat a month early to take his new office. Mayor Gavin Newsom appointed Campos to the seat on December 4, 2008, a month before he would otherwise have taken office.
- 1 Board presidents
- 2 Board members
- 2.1 Common Council
- 2.2 Four-member board (July–November 1856)
- 2.3 12-member district (19th century)
- 2.4 18-member at-large (1900– )
- 2.5 15-member at-large (1932–1934)
- 2.6 11-member at-large (1934–1977)
- 2.7 11-seat district (1978–1980)
- 2.8 11-seat at-large (1981–2000)
- 2.9 11-seat district (2001–present)
- 3 Board members and transitions since 1980
- 4 Nonpartisanship
- 5 References
- 6 Sources
- 7 External links
The president of the Board of Supervisors presides over all board meetings and appoints members to board committees, among other duties. Board presidents are elected by their colleagues at the beginning of every odd-numbered year, or when a vacancy arises in the office. From 1982 to 2000, the city charter specified that the president would be the highest vote-getter in the previous election, taking the power of electing the board president away from the supervisors themselves, except in the case of a vacancy in the post.
No official list of supervisors in office prior to 1906 exists as the 1906 San Francisco earthquake destroyed all Board of Supervisors records. However, the names of San Francisco supervisors are recorded in many documents and newspapers from the time.
The San Francisco Common Council was the predecessor of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors. The Common Council was made up of the Board of Aldermen and the Board of Assistant Aldermen, each composed of one member elected from each of the city's eight wards. The first elections to these posts took place on May 1, 1850 (the same day as the vote on the city charter), and the Common Council took office on May 6, 1850. The Common Council had authority only within the city limits, which stretched west to Divisadero and Castro streets and south to 20th Street.
The seventh and last Common Council served until July 1856, when under the Consolidation Act that unified city and county government in San Francisco, the Common Council was replaced by the first Board of Supervisors.
Four-member board (July–November 1856)
The first Board of Supervisors served only from July 8 to November 15, 1856, and consisted of one justice of the peace for each of the city's four districts. These four men chose George J. Whelan as the city's mayor and president of the board.
|July–November 1856||George J. Whelan||Lawrence Ryan||E.W. Smith||C.M. Chamberlain||David B. Castree|
12-member district (19th century)
- A Charles W. Bond resigned April 7, 1858.
- B Thomas Tennett took his seat May 21, 1858.
- C A.G. Randall resigned February 13, 1860.
- D John C. Ayres took his seat May 7, 1860.
- E John Lynch resigned October 7, 1861.
- F James W. Cudworth took his seat November 4, 1861.
- G James Otis resigned November 25, 1861, "as he is under the necessity of absenting himself from the State for the next few months".
- H J.H. Redington took his seat December 30, 1861.
18-member at-large (1900– )
Article II, Chapter I, Section 2 of the revised charter, ratified by voters on May 26, 1898, specified that "[t]he Board of Supervisors shall consist of eighteen members all of whom shall hold office for two years and be elected from the City and County at large." Former mayors of the city were allowed non-voting seats on the board. Supervisors' terms were later extended to four years, from January 8, 1912, with the nine supervisors with the highest vote counts at the 1911 election serving for four years, and the other nine up for re-election in 1913.
- A A.B. Maguire resigned some time before June 27, 1900 and died shortly afterwards.
- B Samuel Braunhart was appointed June 27, 1900 to replace A.B Maguire.
- C John E.A. Helms died some time before July 26, 1900, while returning from a trip to investigate the possibility of using Lake Tahoe as a water supply for the city.
- D Colonel Victor Donglain Duboce, a veteran of the Spanish–American War died some time before August 15, 1900.
- E Henry J. Stafford was appointed November 1, 1900 to replace John E.A. Helms.
- F Horace Wilson was appointed November 1, 1900 to replace Victor D. Duboce.
- G L.J. Dwyer died some time before February 8, 1902.
- H Robert J. Loughery was appointed February 8, 1902 to replace L.J. Dwyer.
- I William J. Wynn resigned after his election as U.S. Representative for California's 5th congressional district for the term beginning March 4, 1903.
- J Edward I. Walsh was appointed March 4, 1903 to replace W.J. Wynn.
- K Thomas F. Finn resigned January 1, 1905.
- L James L. Gallagher was appointed February 11, 1905 to replace Thomas F. Finn. On June 17, 1907, Gallagher was appointed acting mayor by the board of supervisors, to serve in place of Eugene E. Schmitz, who had been arrested on felony charges of extortion. Schmitz protested his removal, but Gallagher continued to serve until the board elected Charles Boxton to fill Schmitz's unexpired term on July 9, 1907.
- M A.M. Wilson and G.F. Duffey resigned their positions prior to January 17, 1907; Wilson took up the position of state railroad commissioner; Duffey became director of the city's department of public works.
- N J.J. O'Neill and O.A. Tveitmoe were appointed by Mayor Eugene E. Schmitz on January 17, 1907 to succeed A.M. Wilson and G.F. Duffey, who had resigned.
- O On March 18, 1907, as part of the San Francisco graft trials, 16 of the 18 supervisors confessed before a grand jury to receiving money from corrupt political boss Abe Ruef. In exchange for their testimony, "they were promised complete immunity and would not be forced to resign their offices."
- P Following the conviction of Mayor Eugene E. Schmitz for extortion, the board declared the office of the mayor vacant on July 9, 1907. Charles Boxton resigned his position as supervisor the same day and was elected by the board to fill Schmitz's unexpired term. However, testimony in Schmitz's corruption trial soon revealed that Boxton had taken bribes, so he actually served only seven days as mayor, resigning on July 16, 1907 to be replaced by Edward R. Taylor, dean of Hastings College of the Law. On July 29, 1907, Taylor appointed James P. Booth, who had served as a supervisor from 1900 to 1905, to serve Boxton's unexpired term as supervisor.
- Q On July 29, 1907, two weeks after Edward R. Taylor's appointment as mayor, he conducted a wholesale purge of supervisors connected with the graft scandal. Taylor obtained the resignations of 14 supervisors and appointed replacements for all their seats plus the open seat created by the resignation of Charles Boxton. These 15 appointments were protested by supervisors O.A. Tveitmoe and J.J. O'Neill, who had not resigned, on the grounds that Taylor's claim to the mayor's office had not been legally established. On August 26, 1907, P.M. McGushin resigned and Taylor replaced him with former supervisor A. Comte, Jr.
- R Lippmann Sachs and W.G. Stafford were both elected in November 1907 to continue as supervisors. However, both resigned before May 28, 1908.
- S George A. Connolly and A.A. D'Ancona were appointed as supervisors on May 28, 1908 to replace W.G. Stafford and Lippmann Sachs, respectively.
- T William W. Sanderson was appointed June 1, 1909 to replace A.H. Giannini, who had resigned. Attilio Henry Giannini was the brother of A.P. Giannini, founder of the Bank of America. W.W. Sanderson was a grocery executive with Hooper & Jennings. He served as a supervisor during the period of Abe Ruef's corruption, and gave evidence about the graft schemes.
- U W.E. Balcom was appointed June 7, 1909 to replace L.P. Rixford, who had resigned.
- V John I. Nolan was appointed March 6, 1911 to replace John P. McLaughlin, who had resigned.
- W A.H. Giannini was appointed January 8, 1912 to replace J.B. Bocarde who was elected in November 1911 but died before his term started.
- X John C. Kortick was appointed March 9, 1914 to replace George E. Gallagher who resigned January 8, 1914.
15-member at-large (1932–1934)
11-member at-large (1934–1977)
11-seat district (1978–1980)
|1978||Gordon Lau||Dianne Feinstein||John L. Molinari||Ella Hill Hutch||Harvey Milk||Carol Ruth Silver||Robert E. Gonzales||Dan White||Lee S. Dolson||Quentin L. Kopp||Ron Pelosi|
|1979||Louise Renne||Harry Britt||Donald T. Horanzy|
|1980||Ed Lawson||Doris M. Ward||Nancy G. Walker||John Bardis|
11-seat at-large (1981–2000)
|1981||Carol Ruth Silver||Richard Hongisto||John L. Molinari||Louise Renne||Harry Britt||Ella Hill Hutch||Doris M. Ward||Wendy Nelder||Lee S. Dolson||Quentin L. Kopp||Nancy G. Walker|
|1982||Willie B. Kennedy|
|1983||Bill J. Maher|
|1986||Tom Hsieh||Jim Gonzalez|
|1989||Terence Hallinan||Angela Alioto|
|1991||Kevin Shelley||Roberta Achtenberg||Carole Migden|
|1993||Sue Bierman||Barbara Kaufman|
|1995||Mabel Teng||Tom Ammiano|
|1997||Michael Yaki||Gavin Newsom||José Medina||Leland Yee||Amos C. Brown|
11-seat district (2001–present)
|2001||Jake McGoldrick||Gavin Newsom||Aaron Peskin||Leland Yee||Matt Gonzalez||Chris Daly||Tony Hall||Mark Leno||Tom Ammiano||Sophie Maxwell||Gerardo Sandoval|
|2003||Fiona Ma||Bevan Dufty|
|2005||Ross Mirkarimi||Sean Elsbernd|
|2009||Eric Mar||David Chiu||David Campos||John Avalos|
|2011||Mark Farrell||Jane Kim||Scott Wiener||Malia Cohen|
|2013||Katy Tang||London Breed||Norman Yee|
|2017||Sandra Lee Fewer||Jeff Sheehy||Hillary Ronen||Ahsha Safaí|
Board members and transitions since 1980
|Terry A. Francois||1964–1978||Appointed 1964 by Mayor John F. Shelley to succeed Supervisor John J. Ferdon. Elected 1967, 1971, and 1975. Resigned 1978.|
|Robert H. Mendelsohn||1968–1977||Elected 1967, 1971, and 1975. Resigned 1977 to accept appointment by President Jimmy Carter as Assistant Secretary of the Interior.|
|Ronald Pelosi||1968–1980||Elected 1967, 1971, 1975, and 1977. Defeated for re-election 1979.|
|Robert E. Gonzales||1969–1980||Appointed 1969 by Mayor Joseph Alioto to succeed Supervisor Leo T. McCarthy. Elected 1971, 1975, and 1977.|
|Dianne Feinstein*||1970–1978||Elected 1969, 1973, and 1977. Served as acting mayor upon the assassination of Mayor George Moscone in 1978. Elected mayor by the Board of Supervisors one week later.|
|Quentin L. Kopp*||1972–1986||Elected 1971, 1975, 1977, 1980, and 1984. Resigned 1986 after election to the California State Senate.|
|John L. Molinari*||1972–1989||Elected 1971, 1975, 1977, 1979, 1980, and 1984. Did not seek re-election in 1988.|
|Gordon J. Lau||1977–1980||Appointed 1977 by Mayor George Moscone to succeed Supervisor Robert H. Mendelsohn. Elected 1977.|
|Jane McKaskle Murphy||1977–1978||Appointed 1977 by Mayor George Moscone to succeed Supervisor Dorothy von Beroldingen.|
|Lee S. Dolson||1978–1980, 1981–1983||Elected 1977. Defeated for re-election 1979. Elected 1980. Defeated for re-election 1982.|
|Ella Hill Hutch||1978–1981||Elected 1977 and 1980. Died in office in 1981.|
|Harvey Milk||1978-1978||Elected 1977. Assassinated 1978.|
|Carol Ruth Silver||1978–1988||Elected 1977, 1980, and 1984. Defeated for re-election 1988.|
|Dan White||1978-1978||Elected 1977. Resigned 1978. Assassinated Mayor George Moscone and Supervisor Harvey Milk.|
|Donald T. Horanzy||1978–1981||Appointed 1978 by Mayor Dianne Feinstein to succeed Supervisor Dan White.|
|Louise Renne||1978–1986||Appointed 1978 by Mayor Dianne Feinstein to succeed Feinstein on the Board of Supervisors. Elected 1980 and 1984. Resigned 1986 to accept appointment by Feinstein as city attorney.|
|Harry Britt*||1979–1993||Appointed 1979 by Mayor Dianne Feinstein to succeed Supervisor Harvey Milk. Elected 1980, 1984, and 1988. Did not seek re-election in 1992.|
|John Bardis||1980–1981||Elected 1979. Defeated for re-election 1980.|
|Ed Lawson||1980–1981||Elected 1979.|
|Nancy G. Walker*||1980–1991||Elected 1979, 1980, 1982, and 1986. Did not seek re-election in 1990.|
|Doris M. Ward*||1980–1992||Elected 1979, 1980, 1982, 1986, and 1990. Resigned 1992 to accept appointment by Mayor Frank Jordan as assessor.|
|Richard D. Hongisto||1981–1991||Elected 1980, 1982, and 1986. Did not seek re-election in 1990, running successfully for assessor.|
|Wendy Nelder*||1981–1991||Elected 1980, 1982, and 1986. Did not seek re-election in 1990, running unsuccessfully for assessor.|
|Willie B. Kennedy||1981–1996||Appointed 1981 by Mayor Dianne Feinstein to succeed Supervisor Ella Hill Hutch. Elected 1984, 1988, and 1992. Resigned 1996 to become administrative officer of the Public Transition Development Corporation.|
|Bill Maher||1983–1995||Elected 1982, 1986, and 1990. Ineligible to seek re-election in 1994.|
|Tom Hsieh||1986–1997||Appointed 1986 by Mayor Dianne Feinstein to succeed Supervisor Louise Renne. Elected 1988 and 1992. Ineligible to seek re-election in 1996.|
|Jim Gonzalez||1986–1993||Appointed 1986 by Mayor Dianne Feinstein to succeed Supervisor Quentin L. Kopp. Elected 1988. Defeated for re-election 1992.|
|Angela Alioto*||1989–1997||Elected 1988 and 1992. Ineligible to seek re-election in 1996.|
|Terence Hallinan||1989–1996||Elected 1988 and 1992. Resigned 1996 after election as district attorney.|
|Carole Migden||1991–1996||Elected 1990 and 1994. Resigned 1996 after election to the California State Assembly.|
|Roberta Achtenberg||1991–1993||Elected 1990. Resigned 1993 to accept appointment by President Bill Clinton as Assistant Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.|
|Kevin Shelley*||1991–1996||Elected 1990 and 1994. Resigned 1996 after election to the California State Assembly.|
|Annemarie Conroy||1992–1995||Appointed 1992 by Mayor Frank Jordan to succeed Supervisor Doris M. Ward. Defeated for first election in 1994.|
|Sue Bierman||1993–2001||Elected 1992 and 1996. Ineligible to seek re-election in 2000.|
|Barbara Kaufman*||1993–2001||Elected 1992 and 1996. Ineligible to seek re-election in 2000.|
|Susan Leal||1993–1998||Appointed 1993 by Mayor Frank Jordan to succeed Supervisor Roberta Achtenberg. Elected 1994. Resigned 1998 after election as city treasurer.|
|Tom Ammiano*||1995–2008||Elected 1994, 1998, 2000, and 2004. Resigned 2008 after election to the California State Assembly.|
|Mabel Teng||1995–2001||Elected 1994 and 1998. Defeated for re-election 2000.|
|Michael Yaki||1996–2001||Appointed 1996 by Mayor Willie Brown to succeed Supervisor Terence Hallinan. Elected 1996. Defeated for re-election 2000.|
|Amos C. Brown||1996–2001||Appointed 1996 by Mayor Willie Brown to succeed Supervisor Carole Migden. Elected 1998. Defeated for re-election 2000.|
|Leslie R. Katz||1996–2001||Appointed 1996 by Mayor Willie Brown to succeed Supervisor Willie B. Kennedy. Elected 1996. Did not seek re-election in 2000.|
|Leland Yee||1997–2002||Elected 1996 and 2000. Resigned 2002 after election to the California State Assembly.|
|José Medina||1997–1999||Elected 1996. Resigned 1999 to accept appointment by Governor Gray Davis as Director of the California Department of Transportation.|
|Gavin Newsom||1997–2004||Appointed 1997 by Mayor Willie Brown to succeed Supervisor Kevin Shelley. Elected 1998, 2000, and 2002. Resigned 2004 after election as mayor.|
|Mark Leno||1998–2002||Appointed 1998 by Mayor Willie Brown to succeed Supervisor Susan Leal. Elected 1998 and 2000. Resigned 2002 after election to the California State Assembly.|
|Alicia Becerril||1999–2001||Appointed 1999 by Mayor Willie Brown to succeed Supervisor José Medina. Defeated for first election in 2000.|
|Matt Gonzalez*||2001–2005||Elected 2000. Did not seek re-election in 2004.|
|Tony Hall||2001–2004||Elected 2000. Resigned 2004 to accept appointment as executive director of the Treasure Island Development Authority.|
|Sophie Maxwell||2001–2011||Elected 2000, 2002, and 2006. Ineligible to seek re-election in 2010.|
|Jake McGoldrick||2001–2009||Elected 2000 and 2004. Ineligible to seek re-election in 2008.|
|Aaron Peskin*||2001–2009, 2015–present||Elected 2000 and 2004. Ineligible to seek re-election in 2008. Elected 2015 and 2016.|
|Chris Daly||2001–2011||Elected 2000, 2002, and 2006. Ineligible to seek re-election in 2010.|
|Gerardo Sandoval||2001–2009||Elected 2000 and 2004. Ineligible to seek re-election in 2008.|
|Bevan Dufty||2002–2011||Elected 2002 and 2006. Appointed post-election 2002 by Mayor Willie Brown to succeed Supervisor Mark Leno. Ineligible to seek re-election in 2010.|
|Fiona Ma||2002–2006||Elected 2002. Appointed post-election 2002 by Mayor Willie Brown to succeed Supervisor Leland Yee. Resigned 2006 after election to the California State Assembly.|
|Michela Alioto-Pier||2004–2011||Appointed 2004 by Mayor Gavin Newsom to succeed Newsom on the Board of Supervisors. Elected 2004 and 2006. Ruled ineligible by the San Francisco Department of Elections, citing an opinion by City Attorney Dennis Herrera, to seek re-election in 2010. Alioto-Pier filed lawsuit in San Francisco Superior Court asserting that, under the term limits law, she was eligible to seek re-election in 2010, and if re-elected, would be termed out as of the 2014 election instead. A Superior Court judge ruled in her favor, but the California Court of Appeal overturned that ruling, thereby removing her from the 2010 ballot for District 2 supervisor. Alioto-Pier appealed that ruling to the Supreme Court of California which declined to hear the case.|
|Sean Elsbernd||2004–2013||Appointed 2004 by Mayor Gavin Newsom to succeed Supervisor Tony Hall. Elected 2004 and 2008. Ineligible to seek re-election in 2012.|
|Ross Mirkarimi||2005–2012||Elected 2004 and 2008. Resigned 2012 after election as sheriff.|
|Ed Jew||2006–2007||Elected 2006. Appointed post-election 2006 by Mayor Gavin Newsom to succeed Supervisor Fiona Ma. Suspended by Mayor Newsom on September 25, 2007, pending the outcome of a formal process to remove him from the board. A separate civil suit was initiated by the city to remove him as well. Resigned on January 11, 2008, prior to the completion of the removal process and the civil lawsuit, and agreed not to seek public office for five years.|
|Carmen Chu||2007–2008, 2008–2013||Appointed 2007 by Mayor Gavin Newsom to succeed Supervisor Ed Jew, after his suspension, pending final action by the Board of Supervisors on the question of whether to remove Jew from office. Jew resigned from office 2008, prior to the completion of the removal process, ending Chu's interim term. Under the charter, the seat became vacant upon Jew's resignation and remained vacant for about five and a half hours until a new appointment was made. Appointed 2008 by Mayor Newsom to succeed Supervisor Ed Jew, after his resignation. Elected 2008 to serve out the remainder of Jew's term, which expired January 2011. Elected 2010. Resigned 2013 to accept appointment as assessor-recorder.|
|David Campos||2008–2017||Elected 2008 and 2012. Appointed post-election 2008 by Mayor Gavin Newsom to succeed Supervisor Tom Ammiano. Ineligible to seek re-election in 2016.|
|Eric Mar||2009–2017||Elected 2008 and 2012. Ineligible to seek re-election in 2016.|
|John Avalos||2009–2017||Elected 2008 and 2012. Ineligible to seek re-election in 2016.|
|David Chiu*||2009–2014||Elected 2008 and 2012. Resigned 2014 after election to the California State Assembly.|
|Mark Farrell||2011–present||Elected 2010 and 2014. Ineligible to seek re-election in 2018.|
|Malia Cohen||2011–present||Elected 2010 and 2014. Ineligible to seek re-election in 2018.|
|Scott Wiener||2011–2016||Elected 2010 and 2014. Resigned 2016 after election to the California State Senate|
|Jane Kim||2011–present||Elected 2010 and 2014. Ineligible to seek re-election in 2018.|
|Christina Olague||2012–2013||Appointed 2012 by Mayor Ed Lee to succeed Supervisor Ross Mirkarimi. Defeated for first election in 2012.|
|Norman Yee||2013–present||Elected 2012 and 2016. Ineligible to seek re-election in 2020.|
|London Breed*||2013–present||Elected 2012 and 2016. Ineligible to seek re-election in 2020.|
|Katy Tang*||2013–present||Appointed 2013 by Mayor Ed Lee to succeed Supervisor Carmen Chu. Elected 2013 and 2014.|
|Julie Christensen||2015–2015||Appointed 2015 by Mayor Ed Lee to succeed Supervisor David Chiu. Defeated for first election in 2015.|
|Hillary Ronen||2017–present||Elected 2016.|
|Jeff Sheehy||2017–present||Appointed 2017 by Mayor Ed Lee to succeed Supervisor Scott Wiener.|
|Sandra Lee Fewer||2017–present||Elected 2016.|
|Ahsha Safaí||2017–present||Elected 2016.|
Current members shaded in yellow. Members who served as president of the Board of Supervisors during part of their tenure on the board are denoted with an asterisk (*).
Supervisors are elected on non-partisan ballots, but all current members of the Board of Supervisors are registered Democrats. Supervisor Jane Kim was previously a member of the Green Party, but switched her registration to Democratic before running for supervisor.
- SF Charter 1996 §3.100.
- SF Charter 1996 §15.105.
- Vega, Cecilia M. (September 26, 2007). "Mayor suspends Ed Jew from board, opening doors to political fight". San Francisco Chronicle. San Francisco: Hearst Communications, Inc. p. A-1. Retrieved July 29, 2009.
- Lagos, Marisa (December 5, 2008). "Crowd cheers swearing in of Supervisor Campos". San Francisco Chronicle. San Francisco: Hearst Communications, Inc. p. B-1. Retrieved July 28, 2009.
- "Section 2.116. President of the Board of Supervisors.". 1996 Charter of the City and County of San Francisco. Municipal Code Corporation. Retrieved July 29, 2009.
- "Proposition L" (PDF). San Francisco Voter Information Pamphlet: Primary Election, June 8, 1982. San Francisco: San Francisco Registrar of Voters Office. pp. 50–52. Retrieved July 30, 2009.
- "Proposition G" (PDF). San Francisco Voter Information Pamphlet: Consolidated Presidential General Election, November 5, 1996. San Francisco: San Francisco Department of Elections. pp. 153–164. Retrieved July 30, 2009.
- "List of Public Officers of the City and County of San Francisco", San Francisco Municipal Reports for the Fiscal Year 1898-99, Ending June 30, 1899, San Francisco: The Hinton Printing Co., 1899, p. Ap1-640–Ap1-717
- Scott, Mel (1985), The San Francisco Bay Area: A Metropolis in Perspective (2 ed.), Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 43–45
- Transactions of the California State Agricultural Society During the Year 1892, Sacramento, 1893, p. 142–143
- San Francisco Municipal Reports for the Fiscal Year 1886-7, Ending June 30, 1887, San Francisco: William M. Hinton & Co., 1887, p. 436–437
- San Francisco Municipal Reports for the Fiscal Year 1898-99, Ending June 30, 1899, San Francisco: The Hinton Printing Co., 1899, p. 75–76
- Charter of the city and county of San Francisco... ratified... 1898. ...in full force and effect, January 8, 1900. With amendments adopted... [to] November 5, 1918, in effect January 17, 1919, 1919, p. 4
- Charter of the city and county of San Francisco... ratified... 1898. ...in full force and effect, January 8, 1900. With amendments adopted... [to] November 5, 1918, in effect January 17, 1919, 1919, p. 225
- San Francisco Municipal Reports for the Fiscal Year 1899–1900, 1901
- Blake, Evarts I. (1902), San Francisco: A Brief Biographical Sketch of Some of the Most Prominent Men who Will Preside Over Her Destiny for at Least Two Years, Pacific Publishing Company
- San Francisco Municipal Reports for the Fiscal Year 1902–1903, 1903, p. 898
- San Francisco Municipal Reports for the Fiscal Year 1904–1905, 1905, p. 426
- San Francisco Municipal Reports for the Fiscal Year 1905–6... and the Fiscal Year 1906–7., 1908, p. 798
- San Francisco Municipal Reports for the Fiscal Year 1907–08., 1909, pp. 903–921
- San Francisco Municipal Reports for the Fiscal Year 1909–10., 1911, p. 1121
- San Francisco Municipal Reports for the Fiscal Year 1910–11., 1912, p. 1259
- San Francisco Municipal Reports for the Fiscal Year 1911–12., 1913, p. 1100
- San Francisco Municipal Reports for the Fiscal Year 1912–13., 1914, p. 861
- San Francisco Municipal Reports for the Fiscal Year 1913–14., 1915, p. 826
- San Francisco Municipal Reports for the Fiscal Year 1914–15., 1916
- Hichborn 1915, p. 154.
- Hartman, Chester W. and Carnochan, Sarah, "City for Sale: The Transformation of San Francisco" University of California Press (2002), p. 239, ISBN 0-520-08605-8
- Sabatini, Joshua. "Peskin begins term on Board of Supervisors". San Francisco Examiner. Retrieved December 8, 2015.
- Gordon, Rachel (July 28, 2010). "Herrera will appeal Alioto-Pier decision". The San Francisco Chronicle.
- Gordon, Rachel (August 25, 2010). "Appeals court rules against Alioto-Pier". The San Francisco Chronicle.
- Six months after he took office, the FBI raided his office and homes for allegedly extorting money from small business owners in his district. Shortly after the raid, the city attorney began investigating Jew for violating residency requirements necessary to hold his supervisor position. In late 2008, he pleaded guilty to both charges. He was sentenced to 64 months in federal prison for extortion, and a year in county jail for perjury.Ed Jew tenders resignation from S.F. Board of Supervisors, San Francisco Chronicle.
- Interim supervisor becomes permanent replacement for Ed Jew, San Francisco Chronicle.
- ARTICLE XIII: ELECTIONS
- S.F. mayor's finance office aide named interim replacement for Ed Jew, San Francisco Chronicle.
- "Section 3.100. Powers and Responsibilities.". 1996 Charter of the City and County of San Francisco. American Legal Publishing Corporation. Retrieved January 2, 2017.
- "Section 15.105. Suspension and Removal.". 1996 Charter of the City and County of San Francisco. American Legal Publishing Corporation. Retrieved January 2, 2017.
- Green, Emily (January 5, 2017). "AIDS activist Sheehy to succeed Wiener as SF supervisor". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved January 6, 2017.
- Hichborn, Franklin (1915), "The System" as Uncovered by the San Francisco Graft Prosecution, San Francisco: James H. Barry Company