List of members of the 13th Parliament of Singapore

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Singapore's current electoral map indicating party of MP representing each constituency.

In the Republic of Singapore, a Member of Parliament (MP) is a representative to the legislature of Singapore. The Parliament is unicameral – all Members of Parliament (MPs) make up a single chamber, and there is no senate or upper house. At present, the Constitution of Singapore states that the Parliament of Singapore shall consist of eighty-nine members who are elected by the people, up to nine Non-constituency Members of Parliament (NCMPs)[1] and up to nine Nominated Members of Parliament (NMPs),[2] following changes to the Constitution enacted on 26 April 2010.[3] After the 2015 general election, 89 MPs were elected[4] and three NCMPs were appointed (or, in the terms of the Parliamentary Elections Act,[5] declared elected) to Parliament.[6] However, Lee Li Lian had decided not to accept the NCMP post,[7] which Parliament would later resolve whether or not to fill the vacated seat.

Elected Members of Parliament[edit]

Key
Constituency Party Name Portrait Date of birth
(Age)
Ref
Aljunied
GRC
WP Chen Show Mao Chen Show Mao at a Workers' Party general election rally, Serangoon Stadium, Singapore - 20110429 (cropped).jpg (1961-02-06)6 February 1961
(58 years, 160 days)
[8]
Sylvia Lim Sylvia Lim at a Workers' Party general election rally, Bedok Stadium, Singapore - 20110430 (cropped).jpg (1965-03-28)28 March 1965
(54 years, 110 days)
[9]
Low Thia Khiang Low Thia Khiang 2011.JPG (1956-09-05)5 September 1956
(62 years, 314 days)
[10]
[11]
Muhamad Faisal bin Abdul Manap (1975-06-06)6 June 1975
(44 years, 40 days)
[12]
Pritam Singh Pritam Singh at the Workers' Party general election rally, Serangoon Stadium, Singapore - 20110505.jpg (1976-08-02)2 August 1976
(42 years, 348 days)
[13]
Ang Mo Kio
GRC
PAP Ang Hin Kee (1965-10-22)22 October 1965
(53 years, 267 days)
[14]
Darryl David 1971 (1971)
(47–48 years)
[15]
Gan Thiam Poh (1963-10-23)23 October 1963
(55 years, 266 days)
[16]
Intan Azura binte Mokhtar (1976-06-27)27 June 1976
(43 years, 19 days)
[17]
Koh Poh Koon[I] (1972-03-16)16 March 1972
(47 years, 122 days)
[18]
Lee Hsien Loong[II] Lee Hsien-Loong - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2012 cropped.jpg (1952-02-10)10 February 1952
(67 years, 156 days)
[19]
[20]
Bishan-Toa Payoh
GRC
PAP Chee Hong Tat[III] 1973 (1973)
(45–46 years)
[21]
Chong Kee Hiong 1966 (1966)
(52–53 years)
[22]
Ng Eng Hen[IV] Ng Eng Hen at the Pentagon - 20120404.jpg (1958-12-10)10 December 1958
(60 years, 218 days)
[23]
[24]
Saktiandi Supaat (1973-10-28)28 October 1973
(45 years, 261 days)
[25]
[26]
Josephine Teo Li Min[V] Josephine Teo September 2016 (29908295102).jpg (1968-07-08)8 July 1968
(51 years, 8 days)
[27]
Bukit Batok
SMC
PAP K. Muralidharan Pillai Murali Pillai during the Bukit Batok by-election, 2016 - 20160427 (cropped).jpg (1967-10-30)30 October 1967
(51 years, 259 days)
[28]
Bukit Panjang
SMC
PAP Teo Ho Pin[VI] (1960-01-19)19 January 1960
(59 years, 178 days)
[29]
Chua Chu Kang
GRC
PAP Gan Kim Yong[VII] Gan Kim Yong at a PCF graduation ceremony - 20081113 (cropped).jpg (1959-02-09)9 February 1959
(60 years, 157 days)
[30]
[31]
[32]
Low Yen Ling[VIII] (1974-08-17)17 August 1974
(44 years, 333 days)
[33]
Yee Chia Hsing 1971 (1971)
(47–48 years)
[34]
Zaqy Mohamad[IX] (1974-09-15)15 September 1974
(44 years, 304 days)
[35]
East Coast
GRC
PAP Lee Yi Shyan (1962-03-09)9 March 1962
(57 years, 129 days)
[36]
Lim Swee Say Lim Swee Say at the PAP Community Foundation 25th Anniversary Carnival - 20110402 (cropped).jpg (1954-07-13)13 July 1954
(65 years, 3 days)
[37]
Mohamad Maliki bin Osman[X] (1965-07-19)19 July 1965
(53 years, 362 days)
[38]
Jessica Tan Soon Neo (1966-05-28)28 May 1966
(53 years, 49 days)
[39]
Fengshan
SMC
PAP Cheryl Chan Wei Ling 1976 (1976)
(42–43 years)
[40]
Holland-Bukit Timah
GRC
PAP Christopher de Souza Chris de Souza.JPG (1976-01-21)21 January 1976
(43 years, 176 days)
[41]
Liang Eng Hwa (1964-03-20)20 March 1964
(55 years, 118 days)
[42]
Sim Ann[XI] (1975-03-12)12 March 1975
(44 years, 126 days)
[43]
Vivian Balakrishnan[XII] Vivian Balakrishnan - 2010 (cropped).jpg (1961-01-25)25 January 1961
(58 years, 172 days)
[44]
[45]
[46]
Hong Kah North
SMC
PAP Amy Khor Lean Suan[XIII] (1958-02-23)23 February 1958
(61 years, 143 days)
[47]
Hougang
SMC
WP Png Eng Huat Png Eng Huat at a Workers' Party general election rally, Bedok Stadium, Singapore - 20110430.jpg (1961-12-09)9 December 1961
(57 years, 219 days)
[48]
Jalan Besar
GRC
PAP Heng Chee How[XIV] (1961-07-14)14 July 1961
(58 years, 2 days)
[49]
[50]
Lily Neo (1953-08-12)12 August 1953
(65 years, 338 days)
[51]
Denise Phua Lay Peng[XV] (1959-12-09)9 December 1959
(59 years, 219 days)
[52]
Yaacob Ibrahim Yaacob Ibrahim, Singapore - 20060722.jpg (1955-10-03)3 October 1955
(63 years, 286 days)
[53]
[54]
Jurong
GRC
PAP Ang Wei Neng (1967-03-31)31 March 1967
(52 years, 107 days)
[55]
Desmond Lee[XVI] (1976-07-15)15 July 1976
(43 years, 1 day)
[56]
Rahayu Mahzam 1980 (1980)
(38–39 years)
[57]
Tan Wu Meng[XVII] 1975 (1975)
(43–44 years)
[58]
Tharman Shanmugaratnam[XVIII] Tharman Shanmugaratnam at the official opening of Yuan Ching Secondary School's new building, Singapore - 20100716 (cropped).jpg (1957-01-22)22 January 1957
(62 years, 175 days)
[59]
[60]
[61]
MacPherson
SMC
PAP Tin Pei Ling (1983-12-23)23 December 1983
(35 years, 205 days)
[62]
[63]
Marine Parade
GRC
PAP Fatimah Lateef (1966-03-16)16 March 1966
(53 years, 122 days)
[64]
Goh Chok Tong[XIX] GohChokTong-WashingtonDC-20010614.jpg (1941-05-20)20 May 1941
(78 years, 57 days)
[65]
Seah Kian Peng (1961-12-05)5 December 1961
(57 years, 223 days)
[66]
Tan Chuan-Jin (1969-01-10)10 January 1969
(50 years, 187 days)
[67]
[68]
[63]
Edwin Tong Chun Fai[XX] (1969-08-12)12 August 1969
(49 years, 338 days)
[69]
Marsiling-Yew Tee
GRC
PAP Seat Vacant [70]
Ong Teng Koon (1977-01-13)13 January 1977
(42 years, 184 days)
[71]
Lawrence Wong[XXI] Lawrence Wong at a Singapore International Energy Week conference - 20101102.jpg (1972-12-18)18 December 1972
(46 years, 210 days)
[72]
[73]
[74]
Alex Yam Ziming (1981-06-20)20 June 1981
(38 years, 26 days)
[75]
Mountbatten
SMC
PAP Lim Biow Chuan[XXII] (1963-05-22)22 May 1963
(56 years, 55 days)
[76]
Nee Soon
GRC
PAP Kwek Hian Chuan Henry (1976-04-20)20 April 1976
(43 years, 87 days)
[77]
Lee Bee Wah Lee Bee Wah Nomination Day GE 2011.jpg (1960-10-06)6 October 1960
(58 years, 283 days)
[78]
Muhammad Faishal Ibrahim[XXIII] (1968-06-16)16 June 1968
(51 years, 30 days)
[79]
Louis Ng Kok Kwang (1978-12-08)8 December 1978
(40 years, 220 days)
[80]
[81]
K. Shanmugam[XXIV] K Shanmugam (cropped).jpg (1959-03-26)26 March 1959
(60 years, 112 days)
[82]
[83]
[84]
Pasir Ris-Punggol
GRC
PAP Janil Puthucheary[XXV] (1972-11-06)6 November 1972
(46 years, 252 days)
[85]
Sun Xueling[XXVI] (1979-07-10)10 July 1979
(40 years, 6 days)
[86]
Teo Chee Hean[XXVII] TeoCheeHean-Singapore-20060603.jpg (1954-12-27)27 December 1954
(64 years, 201 days)
[87]
[88]
Ng Chee Meng[XXVIII] Maj Gen Ng Chee Meng at the Shangri-La Dialogue, Singapore - 20140530.jpg (1968-08-08)8 August 1968
(50 years, 342 days)
[89]
Teo Ser Luck Teo Ser Luck giving a speech at Park View Primary School, Singapore - 20080522.jpg (1968-06-08)8 June 1968
(51 years, 38 days)
[90]
Zainal bin Sapari (1965-11-30)30 November 1965
(53 years, 228 days)
[91]
Pioneer
SMC
PAP Cedric Foo Chee Keng (1960-07-16)16 July 1960
(59 years, 0 days)
[92]
Potong Pasir
SMC
PAP Sitoh Yih Pin (1963-12-02)2 December 1963
(55 years, 226 days)
[93]
Punggol East
SMC
PAP Charles Chong[XXIX] (1953-06-24)24 June 1953
(66 years, 22 days)
[94]
Radin Mas
SMC
PAP Sam Tan Chin Siong[XXX] Sam Tan Chin Siong March 2013 (8579510065).jpg (1958-10-13)13 October 1958
(60 years, 276 days)
[95]
Sembawang
GRC
PAP Amrin Amin[XXXI] 1978 (1978)
(40–41 years)
[96]
Khaw Boon Wan[XXXII] Minister Khaw Boon Wan.JPG (1952-12-08)8 December 1952
(66 years, 220 days)
[97]
[98]
Lim Wee Kiak (1968-12-27)27 December 1968
(50 years, 201 days)
[99]
Vikram Nair (1978-07-18)18 July 1978
(40 years, 363 days)
[100]
Ong Ye Kung[XXXIII] Ong Ye Kung at the PAP Party Convention - 20151206.jpg (1969-11-15)15 November 1969
(49 years, 243 days)
[101]
Sengkang West
SMC
PAP Lam Pin Min[XXXIV] (1958-10-13)13 October 1958
(60 years, 276 days)
[102]
Tampines
GRC
PAP Baey Yam Keng[XXXV] Baey Yam Keng at a cycling event in Singapore - 20120923.jpg (1970-08-31)31 August 1970
(48 years, 319 days)
[103]
Cheng Li Hui 1976 (1976)
(42–43 years)
[104]
Desmond Choo Pey Ching[XXXVI] 1978 (1978)
(40–41 years)
[105]
Heng Swee Keat[XXXVII] Heng Swee Keat at Nan Hua High School, Singapore - 20120707.jpg (1961-11-01)1 November 1961
(57 years, 257 days)
[106]
[107]
[108]
Masagos Zulkifli bin Masagos Mohamad[XXXVIII] Masagos Zulkifli at The Pentagon, USA - 20061017.jpg (1963-04-16)16 April 1963
(56 years, 91 days)
[109]
Tanjong Pagar
GRC
PAP Chan Chun Sing[XXXIX] (1969-10-09)9 October 1969
(49 years, 280 days)
[110]
[111]
Chia Shi-Lu (1971-10-13)13 October 1971
(47 years, 276 days)
[112]
Indranee Rajah[XL] (1963-04-12)12 April 1963
(56 years, 95 days)
[113]
Joan Pereira 1967 (1967)
(51–52 years)
[114]
Melvin Yong Yik Chye (1972-02-19)19 February 1972
(47 years, 147 days)
[115]
West Coast
GRC
PAP Foo Mee Har (1966-01-10)10 January 1966
(53 years, 187 days)
[116]
S. Iswaran[XLI] S Iswaran at the International Summit on the Teaching Profession, New York City, New York - 20110316 (cropped).jpg (1962-06-14)14 June 1962
(57 years, 32 days)
[117]
[118]
[108]
Lim Hng Kiang Minister Lim Hng Kiang.jpg (1954-04-09)9 April 1954
(65 years, 98 days)
[119]
[120]
Patrick Tay Teck Guan (1971-12-01)1 December 1971
(47 years, 227 days)
[121]
Yuhua
SMC
PAP Grace Fu Hai Yien[XLII] GraceFu-2010SummerYouthOlympics-20090426-02.jpg (1964-03-29)29 March 1964
(55 years, 109 days)
[122]
[123]
[124]
The names in bold (sorted according to alphabetical order) are the individuals' surnames, except for Indian and Malay persons, where personal names are indicated.
Designations and titles
I Koh Poh Koon is also Senior Minister of State in the Ministry of Trade and Industry.
II Lee Hsien Loong is also the Prime Minister.
III Chee Hong Tat is also Senior Minister of State in the Ministry of Trade and Industry and the Ministry of Education.
IV Ng Eng Hen is also the Minister for Defence.
V Josephine Teo is also the Minister for Manpower and the Second Minister for Home Affairs.
VI Teo Ho Pin is also Mayor of the North West District.
VII Gan Kim Yong is also the Minister for Health.
VIII Low Yen Ling is also Senior Parliamentary Secretary in the Ministry of Manpower and the Ministry of Education, as well as Mayor of the South West District.
IX Zaqy Mohamad is also Minister of State in the Ministry of National Development and the Ministry of Manpower.
X Maliki Osman is also Senior Minister of State in the Ministry of Defence and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, as well as Mayor of the South East District.
XI Sim Ann is also Senior Minister of State in the Ministry of Communications and Information and the Ministry of Culture, Community and Youth, as well as the Deputy Government Whip.
XII Vivian Balakrishnan is also the Minister for Foreign Affairs and the Minister-in-charge of Smart Nation.
XIII Amy Khor is also Senior Minister of State in the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of the Environment and Water Resources.
XIV Heng Chee How is also Senior Minister of State in the Ministry of Defence.
XV Denise Phua is also Mayor of the Central Singapore District.
XVI Desmond Lee is also the Minister for Social and Family Development and the Second Minister for National Development, as well as the Deputy Leader of the House.
XVII Tan Wu Meng is also Senior Parliamentary Secretary in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Trade and Industry.
XVIII Tharman Shanmugaratnam is also the Deputy Prime Minister and the Coordinating Minister for Economic and Social Policies.
XIX Goh Chok Tong is conferred the title of Emeritus Senior Minister.
XX Edwin Tong is also Senior Minister of State in the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of the Environment and Water Resources.
XXI Lawrence Wong is also the Minister for National Development and the Second Minister for Finance.
XXII Lim Biow Chuan is also the Deputy Speaker of Parliament.
XXIII Faishal Ibrahim is also Senior Parliamentary Secretary in the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Social and Family Development.
XXIV K Shanmugam is also the Minister for Home Affairs and the Minister for Law.
XXV Janil Puthucheary is also Senior Minister of State in the Ministry of Communications and Information and the Ministry of Transport.
XXVI Sun Xueling is also Senior Parliamentary Secretary in the Ministry of Home Affairs and the Ministry of National Development.
XXVII Teo Chee Hean is also the Deputy Prime Minister and the Coordinating Minister for National Security.
XXVIII Ng Chee Meng is also Minister in the Prime Minister's Office.
XXIX Charles Chong is also the Deputy Speaker of Parliament.
XXX Sam Tan is also Minister of State in the Ministry of Social and Family Development and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, as well as the Deputy Government Whip.
XXXI Amrin Amin is also Senior Parliamentary Secretary in the Ministry of Home Affairs and the Ministry of Health.
XXXII Khaw Boon Wan is also the Coordinating Minister for Infrastructure and the Minister for Transport.
XXXIII Ong Ye Kung is also the Minister for Education.
XXXIV Lam Pin Min is also Senior Minister of State in the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Transport.
XXXV Baey Yam Keng is also Senior Parliamentary Secretary in the Ministry of Transport and the Ministry of Culture, Community and Youth.
XXXVI Desmond Choo is also Mayor of the North East District.
XXXVII Heng Swee Keat is also the Minister for Finance.
XXXVIII Masagos Zulkifli is also the Minister for the Environment and Water Resources and the Minister-in-charge of Muslim Affairs.
XXXIX Chan Chun Sing is also the Minister for Trade and Industry and the Minister-in-charge of the Public Service Division, as well as the Government Whip.
XL Indranee Rajah is also Minister in the Prime Minister's Office, the Second Minister for Finance and the Second Minister for Education.
XLI S Iswaran is also the Minister for Communications and Information and the Minister-in-charge of Trade Relations in the Ministry of Trade and Industry.
XLII Grace Fu is also the Minister for Culture, Community and Youth and the Minister-in-charge of the Municipal Services Office, as well as the Leader of the House.

Non-constituency Members of Parliament[edit]

Name Portrait Date of birth
(Age)
Party Ref
Daniel Goh Pei Siong A 1973 (1973)
(45–46 years)
Workers' Party [125]
Leon Perera 1970 (1970)
(48–49 years)
Workers' Party [126]
Dennis Tan Lip Fong 1970 (1970)
(48–49 years)
Workers' Party [127]
The names in bold (sorted according to alphabetical order) are the individuals' surnames.
^A Daniel Goh was separately elected as an NCMP on 4 February 2016.[128]

Nominated Members of Parliament[edit]

The first table reflected consists of nine nominated members listed below were presented the instruments of appointment on 22 March 2016 and subsequently sworn in on 24 March 2016.[129]

Name Date of birth
(Age)
Ref
Azmoon Ahmad 1962 (1962)
(56–57 years)
[130]
Chia Yong Yong 10 October 1962
(56 years, 279 days)
[131]
Thomas Chua Kee Seng 1 November 1954
(64 years, 257 days)
[132]
Ganesh Rajaram 1967 (1967)
(51–52 years)
[133]
Kok Heng Leun 1966 (1966)
(52–53 years)
[134]
Kuik Shiao-Yin 6 October 1977
(41 years, 283 days)
[135]
Mahdev Mohan 1979 (1979)
(39–40 years)
[136]
Randolph Tan 16 August 1964
(54 years, 334 days)
[137]
K. Thanaletchimi 1966 (1966)
(52–53 years)
[138]
The names in bold (sorted according to alphabetical order) are the individuals' surnames, except for Indian and Malay persons, where personal names are indicated.

The nominated members listed below were the second batch of members who presented the instruments of appointment on 26 September 2018 and subsequently sworn in on 1 October 2018.[139][140]

Name Date of birth
(Age)
Ref
Mohamed Irshad Abbas Ali 1989 (1989)
(29–30 years)
[141]
Arasu Duraisamy 1968 (1968)
(50–51 years)
[142]
Douglas Foo Peow Yong 1969 (1969)
(49–50 years)
[143]
Terence Ho Wee San 1969 (1969)
(49–50 years)
[144]
Lim Sun Sun 1972 (1972)
(46–47 years)
[145]
Anthea Ong Lay Theng 1968 (1968)
(50–51 years)
[146]
Irene Quay Siew Ching 1975 (1975)
(43–44 years)
[147]
Walter Edgar Theseira 1978 (1978)
(40–41 years)
[148]
Yip Pin Xiu 10 January 1992
(27 years, 187 days)
[149]
The names in bold (sorted according to alphabetical order) are the individuals' surnames, except for Indian and Malay persons, where personal names are indicated.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Constitution of the Republic of Singapore (1999 Reprint), Art. 39(1)(b).
  2. ^ Constitution, Art. 39(1)(c).
  3. ^ Jeremy Au Yong (27 April 2010), "Constitutional amendments passed: NCMP quota goes from six to nine; NMP scheme now permanent", The Straits Times, p. 1; Leong Wee Keat (27 April 2010), "Constitution debate draws lively exchange: Changes to NCMP scheme to allow for more opposition voices, says DPM Wong", Today, pp. 1–2. See also Rachel Chang (27 April 2010), "Concerns over plan to increase opposition presence", The Straits Times, p. B4.
  4. ^ "GE2015: PAP vote share increases to 69.9%, party wins 83 of 89 seats including WP-held Punggol East". The Straits Times. 12 September 2015..
  5. ^ Parliamentary Elections Act (Cap. 218, 2007 Rev. Ed.) ("PEA"), s. 52.
  6. ^ "GE2015: WP's Lee Li Lian, Dennis Tan and Leon Perera elected as NCMPs, says ELD". Channel NewsAsia. 16 September 2015. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
  7. ^ Chai, Hung Yin (13 September 2015). "WP's Lee Li Lian won't accept NCMP position". The New Paper. SPH. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
  8. ^ "Chen Show Mao – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  9. ^ "Sylvia Lim – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  10. ^ "Low Thia Khiang – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  11. ^ Corfield, Justin (2010). Historical Dictionary of Singapore. Scarecrow Press. p. 160. ISBN 9780810873872.
  12. ^ "Muhamad Faisal Bin Abdul Manap – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  13. ^ "Pritam Singh – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  14. ^ "Ang Hin Kee – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  15. ^ "Darryl David – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  16. ^ "Gan Thiam Poh – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  17. ^ "Dr Intan Azura Binte Mokhtar – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  18. ^ "Koh Poh Koon – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  19. ^ "Lee Hsien Loong – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  20. ^ "The Singapore Cabinet Office: Mr LEE Hsien Loong". Cabinet of Singapore.
  21. ^ "Chee Hong Tat – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  22. ^ "Chong Kee Hiong – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  23. ^ "Ng Eng Hen – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  24. ^ "The Singapore Cabinet Office: Dr NG Eng Hen". Cabinet of Singapore.
  25. ^ "Saktiandi Supaat - Member's Profile". Parliament of Singapore.
  26. ^ "Parliament CV - Mr Saktiandi Supaat" (PDF). Parliament of Singapore.
  27. ^ "Josephine Teo – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  28. ^ "Murali Pillai – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  29. ^ "Teo Ho Pin – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  30. ^ "Gan Kim Yong – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  31. ^ "The Singapore Cabinet Office: Mr GAN Kim Yong". Cabinet of Singapore.
  32. ^ Corfield (2010), p. 92.
  33. ^ "Low Yen Ling – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  34. ^ "Yee Chia Hsing – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  35. ^ "Zaqy Mohamad – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  36. ^ "Lee Yi Shyan – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  37. ^ "Lim Swee Say – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  38. ^ "Mohamad Maliki Bin Osman – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  39. ^ "Jessica Tan Soon Neo – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  40. ^ "Cheryl Chan Wei Ling – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  41. ^ "Christopher De Souza – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  42. ^ "Liang Eng Hwa – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  43. ^ "Sim Ann – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  44. ^ "Vivian Balakrishnan – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  45. ^ "The Singapore Cabinet Office: Dr Vivian BALAKRISHNAN". Cabinet of Singapore.
  46. ^ Corfield (2010), p. 31
  47. ^ "Amy Khor Lean Suan – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  48. ^ "Png Eng Huat – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  49. ^ "Heng Chee How – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  50. ^ "The Singapore Cabinet Office: Mr LUI Tuck Yew". Cabinet of Singapore.
  51. ^ "Lily Neo – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  52. ^ "Denise Phua Lay Peng – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  53. ^ "Yaacob Ibrahim – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  54. ^ "The Singapore Cabinet Office: Dr YAACOB Ibrahim". Cabinet of Singapore.
  55. ^ "Ang Wei Neng – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  56. ^ "Desmond Lee – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  57. ^ "Rahayu Binte Mahzam – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  58. ^ "Tan Wu Meng – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  59. ^ "Tharman Shanmugaratnam – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  60. ^ "The Singapore Cabinet Office: Mr Tharman SHANMUGARATNAM". Cabinet of Singapore.
  61. ^ "Tharman Shanmugaratnam, Menkeu yang Ibarat Messi di Dunia Keuangan". Fiskal Indonesia. 22 July 2014.
  62. ^ "Tin Pei Ling – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  63. ^ a b "Singapore Election Candidates > T". Singapore Elections.
  64. ^ "Fatimah Lateef – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  65. ^ "Goh Chok Tong – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  66. ^ "Seah Kian Peng – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  67. ^ "Tan Chuan-Jin – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  68. ^ "The Singapore Cabinet Office: Mr TAN Chuan-Jin". Cabinet of Singapore.
  69. ^ "Edwin Tong Chun Fai – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  70. ^ Sim, Royston (7 August 2017). "Halimah Yacob steps down as Speaker and MP, resigns from PAP to run for President". The Straits Times. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
  71. ^ "Ong Teng Koon – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  72. ^ "Lawrence Wong – Member's CV". Parliament of Singapore.
  73. ^ "The Singapore Cabinet Office: Mr Lawrence WONG". Cabinet of Singapore.
  74. ^ "Singapore Election Candidates > U-W". Singapore Elections.
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External links[edit]