Membrane-bound transcription factor site-1 protease

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Aliases MBTPS1, membrane-bound transcription factor peptidase, site 1, PCSK8, S1P, SKI-1, membrane bound transcription factor peptidase, site 1
External IDs MGI: 1927235 HomoloGene: 2808 GeneCards: 8720
Species Human Mouse
RefSeq (mRNA)



RefSeq (protein)



Location (UCSC) Chr 16: 84.05 – 84.12 Mb Chr 8: 119.51 – 119.56 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]
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Membrane-bound transcription factor site-1 protease, or site-1 protease (S1P) for short, also known as subtilisin/kexin-isozyme 1 (SKI-1), is an enzyme (EC that in humans is encoded by the MBTPS1 gene.[3] S1P cleaves the endoplasmic reticulum loop of sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP) transcription factors.[4][5]


This gene encodes a member of the subtilisin-like proprotein convertase family, which includes proteases that process protein and peptide precursors trafficking through regulated or constitutive branches of the secretory pathway. The encoded protein undergoes an initial autocatalytic processing event in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to generate a heterodimer which exits the ER and sorts to the cis/medial-Golgi where a second autocatalytic event takes place and the catalytic activity is acquired. It encodes a type 1 membrane bound protease which is ubiquitously expressed and regulates cholesterol or lipid homeostasis via cleavage of substrates at non-basic residues.[3]

Clinical significance[edit]

Mutations in this gene may be associated with lysosomal dysfunction.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:". 
  2. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:". 
  3. ^ a b c "Entrez Gene: Membrane-bound transcription factor peptidase, site 1". 
  4. ^ Brown MS, Goldstein JL (1999). "A proteolytic pathway that controls the cholesterol content of membranes, cells, and blood". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 96 (20): 11041–8. doi:10.1073/pnas.96.20.11041. PMC 34238free to read. PMID 10500120. 
  5. ^ Nakajima T, Iwaki K, Kodama T, Inazawa J, Emi M (2000). "Genomic structure and chromosomal mapping of the human site-1 protease (S1P) gene". J. Hum. Genet. 45 (4): 212–7. doi:10.1007/s100380070029. PMID 10944850. 

External links[edit]

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.