The term Memon refers to a few Muslim ethnic groups from the western part of the Indian subcontinent, including Memons historically associated with Kathiawar (simply called Memons) and their descendants-speakers of the Memon language. It also can refer to Kutchi Memons and Sindhi Memons.
Sindhi, Gujarati origins
Memon lineage traces back to Lohanas of Multan, Sindh. The origin of the name comes from Maumin, which means “believer” and later evolved to present name Memon. According to Anthovan, those Lohanas of Thatta who converted to Islam became Memons and were invited by Jarejho Roa Khanghar, ruler of Bhuj (1548–1584) to settle in Bhuj. It is from there that Kutchi Memons migrated to Kathiawar and Gujarat. Surat in Gujarat was an important trading center from 1580 to 1680 and Memons made their bounty there. Later, the Memons reached Bombay.
Subgroups of Memons from Kathiawar
Today, Memons are scattered throughout India with few thousands living in the port city of Karachi in Pakistan apart from significant communities in the United Kingdom, Canada, USA, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, UAE, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Malawi, Kenya, Mauritius, Singapore, Australia and Burma. In Karachi today there is a community of Memon people from Bantva and their descendants known as Bantva Memons. Also another prominent category is Halari Memon who works under the banner of Halari Memon General Jama'at. Halari Memon is a group of several subcategories and are also the follower of Hanfi Muslim.
Memons were also one of three classes living in South Africa when Gandhiji went there in 1893, Memons were basically traders serving the Indian Indentured Labour class of South Africa. Memons are known for their involvement in business and philanthropy, with Memons having played a major part in the building of Pakistani industry, an increasing number of Memons are turning to professional occupations.
- Goolam, Vahed (2006). "'Unhappily Torn by Dissensions and Litigations': Durban's 'Memon' Mosque, 1880-1930". Journal of Religion in Africa 36: 23–49.
- Islamic Perspective, a Biannual Journal. A special issue on Bohras, Khojas and Memons. Ed. by Asghar Ali Engineer, Bombay, Institute of Islamic Studies. vol.1, Jan 1988, pp. 41-48 
- "City Nazim praises services of Memon community". Pakistan Press International (Asia Africa Intelligence Wire). October 13, 2003. Retrieved 20 January 2010.
- Levin, Sergey (1974). "The Upper Bourgeoisie from the Muslim Commercial Community of Memons in Pakistan, 1947 to 1971". Asian Survey 14 (3): 231. doi:10.1525/as.1974.14.3.01p04292. ISSN 0004-4687. JSTOR 2643012.
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