Memorial Arch of Tilton
Memorial Arch of Tilton
|Location||Elm St., Northfield, New Hampshire|
|Area||2 acres (0.81 ha)|
|Architect||Dow, Wheeler & Bodwell|
|Architectural style||Classical Revival|
|NRHP reference #||80000296|
|Added to NRHP||May 19, 1980|
The Memorial Arch of Tilton, sometimes referred to as Tilton's Folly, is a historic arch on Elm Street in Northfield, New Hampshire, United States, on a hill overlooking the town of Tilton. The 55-foot-tall arch (17 m) was built by Charles Tilton in 1882; it was modeled after the Arch of Titus in Rome, its surfaces, however, modeled in the rustication that was currently a fashionable feature of Romanesque revival building. The Memorial Arch of Tilton was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1980.
Charles Tilton was inspired to create a triumphal arch in 1881, when he visited Rome. While there he saw the Arch of Titus and decided to create a similar structure in his town to "symbolize the victories of peace rather than those of war." Ironically he chose to build this monument to peace on top of an old Indian fort at the apex of a local hill.
Construction was completed on the Memorial Arch in 1882 at a price of 50,000 dollars.
By the early 1980s the monument had been added to the National Register of Historic Places, but showed signs of neglect. In 1984 it was repaired and cleaned. Plants growing out of cracks in the top of the arch were removed and the monument itself was sandblasted and repointed. A park around the monument was also created at this time including the addition of picnic tables and grills.
The Memorial Arch of Tilton is 55 feet (17 m) tall, 40 feet (12 m) wide, and is constructed of Concord granite. It sits atop a hill 150 feet (46 m) above the Winnipesaukee River, and its foundation goes into the earth 16 feet (4.9 m). At its base is a 50-ton sarcophagus and red granite "Numidian lion." Tilton intended to be buried in this monument, but was not. He was instead buried roughly a mile west, in Park Cemetery in Tilton.
When the Memorial Arch was built, gas lamps were placed at each corner of the monument to illuminate it. Because there were no electric street lights in Tilton at this time, the arch was the only illuminated object for miles.
The keystone of the arch is 5 feet (1.5 m) tall and 12 feet (3.7 m) deep. It is inscribed "Memorial Arch of Tilton" and "1882" on each end. Inside the keystone is a time capsule of sorts; it is a lead box with then-current newspapers from the erection period of the arch, a copy of Successful Men of New Hampshire, a history of Sanbornton, New Hampshire, and gold and silver coins.
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Jones 2006, p. 156
- Jones 2006, p.155
- Tilton's Triumphal Arch. New York Times. November 18, 1883. Accessed December 11, 2009.
- Stearns 1908, p.1969
- Hopper, Kathi, Mr. Tilton's amazing arch. Laconia Citizen. November 22, 2009. Accessed December 11, 2009.
- Cross 1905, 198
- Doubtless, John Badger Clarke, ed., Sketches of Successful New Hampshire Men (J.B. Clarke, Manchester) 1882, is intended.
- Cross, Lucy Rogers Hill (1905). History of Northfield, New Hampshire 1780-1905. Rumford printing co. ISBN 0-7627-4054-X.
- Jones, Erick (2006). New Hampshire Curiosities: Quirky Characters, Roadside Oddities & Other Offbeat Stuff. Globe Pequot. ISBN 0-7627-3979-7.
- Stearns, Ezra S. (1908). Genealogical and family history of the state of New Hampshire Vol. 4. The Lewis publishing company.