Estádio Urbano Caldeira

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Estádio Urbano Caldeira
Vila Belmiro
Vila Belmiro
Estádio Urbano Caldeira
Location Rua Princesa Isabel,[1]
Vila Belmiro neighborhood,
Santos, Brazil
Coordinates 23°57′4″S 46°20′20″W / 23.95111°S 46.33889°W / -23.95111; -46.33889Coordinates: 23°57′4″S 46°20′20″W / 23.95111°S 46.33889°W / -23.95111; -46.33889
Owner Santos FC
Operator Santos FC
Capacity 16,068[2]
Record attendance 31,662 (Santos vs Palmeiras, 15 February 1976)[3]
Field size 105 × 80 m (114.8 × 87.5 yd)
Surface Grass
Scoreboard Yes
Construction
Broke ground 1916
Opened October 12, 1916[4]
Renovated March 27, 1997
Expanded March 27, 1997
Tenants
Santos (Série A) (1916–present)

Estádio Urbano Caldeira, also known as Estádio Vila Belmiro, is an association football stadium located in the Vila Belmiro neighborhood of Santos, Brazil, and the home of Campeonato Brasileiro Série A club Santos Futebol Clube.[5]

The ground was inaugurated on October 12, 1916 when Santos beat Clube Atlético Ypiranga 2–1, with Adolfo Millon Jr. scoring the first goal of the stadium.[6] It was named in honor of Urbano Caldeira, former player, manager and chairman of Santos, in 1933.[7] The ground, given the nickname Vila Belmiro due to its location within the Vila Belmiro neighborhood, has been Santos' permanent residence since 1916.[8] However, the club sometimes uses the Pacaembu Stadium[9] located in the city of São Paulo for important matches due to the low capacity of Vila Belmiro.

The ground underwent several expansions and renovations in the 1990s and 2000s (decade), most notably the renewal of the irrigation and drainage systems, flood-lighting and the replacement of the field. The stadium's current highest attendance was recorded in 1964, when 32,989 spectators watched the Campeonato Paulista match between Santos and Corinthians.[10]

Location[edit]

The Estádio Urbano Caldeira is located on the Princesa Isabel street, in the neighborhood of Vila Belmiro, occupying the block bounded by the streets of Tiradentes, Don Pedro I, and José de Alencar.[11] The venue is 600 feet (182.88 meters) in between the avenues of Senator Pinheiro Machado and Dr. Bermadino de Campos.[12]

History[edit]

...Santos currently can afford to proudly say that it maintains a sports center that rivals any one in the state (of São Paulo)...

—Mário Bezerra da Silva, a club member, during Santos' 1981st game in 1981.[13]

Soon after its foundation, Santos held their training in a field located in the neighborhood of Macuco.[14] As the field did not meet the minimum size standards to host official matches, Santos played on the "Igreja Coração de Maria" pitch in Ana Costa Avenue.[13] The field, however, was also used by other clubs in town. In 1915, the situation reached its breaking point, when Santos had constant conflicts with other city clubs on when the field could be used, forcing the club to reject several requests for international friendlies.[15] To solve the problem, the leaders began searching for land in the city, with a commission formed by Luiz Suplicy Júnior, Harold Cross, Sebastião Arantes Nogueira and Francisco Viriato Corrêa da Costa. On May 31, 1916, a general assembly approved the purchase of an area of 16,500 square meters, in the neighborhood of Vila Belmiro, approved by club president Agnello Cícero de Oliveira and vice-president Dr. Álvaro Ribeiro.[13] The land acquired belonged to Companhia de Habitações Econômicas, and the field was bought from them at a price of Rs$66,660,000.[13] The board members obtained a 10-year loan which was liquified in 1923 after paying Rs$35,000,000 in interest fees.[13]

Estádio Urbano Caldeira during its inauguration

The club, however, did not obtain a nearby area belonging to Beneficência Portuguesa, since the club's finances did not favor this.[13] It would not be acquired until 1989.[13] The original date for the inauguration of the field was August 20;[13] it was postponed until further notice due to the death of Dr. Álvaro Ribeiro.[13] On October 12 of that year, the inauguration of the Vila Belmiro sports park was celebrated with several ceremonies among the members, including a march by musical corporation Humanitária, to see off playing on Macuco field.[13] The first game was held 10 days later at 13:30 (UTC-3),[16] against Ypiranga for the 1916 Campeonato Paulista, the competition's 491st match, which Santos won 2–1.[13] Ticket prices were set at Rs$2 for bleacher and Rs$1 for the general public.[16] Adolfo Millon Jr. scored the first ever goal on that stadium with Jarbas scoring the second, while Bororó scored for the visiting team. Santos was formed by: Odorico; Américo and Arantes; Pereira, Oscar and Junqueira; Millon, Marba, Tedesco, Jarbas and Arnaldo.[13] Ypiranga was represented by Dionísio; Dario and Ferreira; Loschiavo, Jacintho and Peres II; Ary, Hugo, Bororó, Peres I and Formiga. Demosthenes de Silos was the referee for the match.[13]

Early years[edit]

Santos' first match during the night took place on March 21, 1931

The first major renovation occurred in 1931.[17] On March 21, of that year, the stadium renovated its stands and an illumination system was installed.[17] Twenty hours later, the club's first late match was played against a combined team from the city of Santos, with the club losing to its city counterpart 0–1. Manoel Cruz, a midfielder from Portuguesa Santista, scored the only goal of the match.[17]

After Urbano Caldeira died on March 12, 1933, Ricardo Pinto de Oliveira, one of the club board members at that time, wanted to pay homage to Caldeira by naming the stadium after him. After a meeting which included all club members, the naming of the stadium was given a positive vote.[18] Twenty-two years later, the first concrete stand was built where the current electrical score–keeping screen is located at.[17] Called A Vila Mais Famosa do Mundo (The World's Most Famous Village), the Estádio Urbano Caldeira also came to be called after the era of Os Santásticos (1956–1973) the "Alçapão da Vila (The Village Trap) because opposing team often left the ground defeated.[17] Due to the proximity of the stands with the field where the matches unfolds, the pressure that the fans have on opposing teams was said to be incredible.[17] After the golden age, the Vila Belmiro became synonymous with Joga Bonito.[17][19]

The first concrete stand was built in 1955.

In that stadium of modest dimensions, stars of past and present such Pelé, Coutinho, Pepe, Giovanni, Pitta, Robinho, Diego, Neymar and Paulo Henrique Ganso became figures for the national team.[17] For many years Vila Belmiro was the place where Pelé demonstrated his skills.[17] On November 21, 1964, at Vila Belmiro, Pelé scored eight goals against Botafogo (SP), when Santos beat the opposing squad 11–0. On October 2, 1974, Pelé played his farewell game at the stadium.[17] In that match, Santos beat Ponte Preta 2–0.[17]

The stadium's attendance record currently stands at 32,989, set on September 20, 1964 when Santos and Corinthians drew 0–0.[20] However, the record was overshadowed by a tragic event, as part of the stadium bleachers collapsed, resulting in injury to 181 spectators.[17] The match was abandoned and rescheduled 10 days later, in the Pacaembu.[17]

Development[edit]

During the 1996 Campeonato Paulista, the stadium was closed because the field was in a poor condition. During this time Santos FC played in many stadiums, including the Estádio Bruno José Daniel in Santo André and the Pacaembu Stadium in São Paulo.[13] After that, the stadium was modified to adopt a system of drainage and irrigation systems controlled by computer. On July 20, 1997, Santos inaugurated the new stadium bleachers, located behind the goal net where, today, the visiting fans are located at.[21] On January 27, 1998, during a game between Santos FC and Delia Tavano, a new illumination system was used, with level of 1,200 lux, more than the FIFA minimum recommendation.[13]

Estádio Urbano Caldeira hosted a charity match in 2003.

On November 17, 2003, Santos FC opened the Memorial das Conquistas, a place inside the stadium as the club memorial, containing trophies, medals, documents, shirts, posters, movies and many other items that recount the club's history.[13] Visitors can also enter the team clock room, press room and the pitch, and, at the end of a tour, can buy club products in a club store inside the stadium.[13] In 2009, the new electronic scoreboard was purchased, twice the size of the previous panel, and provides the score of the game, shows materials, promotions and news of Santos.[13] In addition, the stadium has acquired new seats.[13] More than five thousand seats were installed to better serve members of the club. The seats have been approved by FIFA and were imported from Europe.[13]

The Vila Belmiro was one of the venues of the 1949 Copa América,[22] hosted the 1962 Copa Libertadores final and the 1998 Copa CONMEBOL final.[23][24] It has also hosted a Copa do Brasil final in 2010.[25] Due to its relative-low capacity, Santos has used other stadiums for high-profile matches such as the Estádio Palestra Itália,[26][27] Pacaembu and Morumbi,[28][29][30] all located in São Paulo, and the Maracanã in Rio de Janeiro.[31] Current Santos President Luís Álvaro Ribeiro and other club directors are agreeing on building a stadium in a city nearby Santos called Cubatão, a stadium for 40,000 people which would become Santos' home field for almost 70% of the games during the season which would increase the team's profit.

Memorial das Conquistas[edit]

Several trophies won by Santos FC at the Memorial das Conquistas

Santos built a space to receive visitors and tourists interested in knowing the history and achievements of the club in 2003. Named the Memorial das Conquistas,[32] it is one of the main attractions of the Estádio Urbano Caldeira, inaugurated by Pelé, Cabralzinho and Marcelo Texeira.[32][33] The museum's collection is distributed over an area of 380 square meters. In addition to trophies, there are life-size photos, banners, documents, uniforms, balls, and other multimedia objects.[32] Visitors are greeted by bilingual guides, available to answer queries regarding the club's history and exhibits at the museum.[32]

The material is divided into thematic areas.[32] Beyond Espaço Pelé (personal collection with pieces from O Rei),[34] there is the location of state and national titles, information about the city, Santos and the World, among others.[32] The museum also innovates by presenting various multimedia equipment such as TV sets, which allow viewing of historical plays.[32] The CineGol is a site, which reproduces a piece of football field in a projection room that lets you view movies and special clips about the club.[32] Since its inauguration, it has received over 300,000 visitors.[35]

1949 South American Championship[edit]

One match of the 1949 South American Championship was played at the Estádio Urbano Caldeira:

April 27, 1949
Peru  3–0  Bolivia
R. Drago Goal 31'74'
Heredia Goal 77' (pen.)
Vila Belmiro, Santos
Attendance: 12,000
Referee: Alberto Da Gama Malcher (BRA)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.worldofstadiums.com/south-america/brazil/estadio-urbano-caldeira/
  2. ^ "CNEF - Cadastro Nacional de Estádios de Futebol" (PDF) (in Portuguese). January 18, 2016. Retrieved June 3, 2016. 
  3. ^ "Vila Belmiro" (in Portuguese). SantosFC.com.br. 27 July 2016. 
  4. ^ http://www.worldofstadiums.com/south-america/brazil/estadio-urbano-caldeira/
  5. ^ "Estádio Urbano Caldeira" (in Portuguese). Santos Futebol Clube. Retrieved August 10, 2011. 
  6. ^ "A inauguração do nosso estádio" (in Portuguese). Porto Gente. Retrieved August 10, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Estádio Urbano Caldeira" (in Portuguese). Tio Sam. Retrieved August 10, 2011. 
  8. ^ "Estádio Urbano Caldeira (Vila Belmiro)" (in Portuguese). World Stadiums. Retrieved August 10, 2011. 
  9. ^ "Pacaembu" (in Portuguese). Pacaembu. Retrieved August 10, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Vila Belmiro" (in Portuguese). Clássico é Clássico. Retrieved August 10, 2011. 
  11. ^ "Google Maps: Vila Belmiro". Google Maps. Retrieved August 10, 2011. 
  12. ^ "Yahoo! Maps: Vila Belmiro". Yahoo! Maps. Retrieved August 10, 2011. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t "Vila Belmiro- 92 anos de fundação" (in Portuguese). Santos Futebol Clube. Retrieved August 10, 2011. 
  14. ^ "A Trajetória" (in Portuguese). Santos Futebol Clube. Retrieved August 10, 2011. [dead link]
  15. ^ "Estádio Urbano Caldeira completa 89 anos nesta quarta-feira" (in Portuguese). Santos Futebol Clube. Retrieved August 10, 2011. 
  16. ^ a b "O primeiro jogo do nosso estádio" (in Portuguese). Santos Futebol Clube. Retrieved August 10, 2011. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "História dos Estádios Brasileiros – Vila Belmiro" (in Portuguese). Tiago Buckowsky Xavier. Retrieved August 10, 2011. 
  18. ^ "Há 77 anos, Vila ganhava o nome de Estádio Urbano Caldeira" (in Portuguese). Santos Futebol Clube. Retrieved August 10, 2011. 
  19. ^ Cunha, Odir (2003). Time dos Sonhos [Dream Teams] (in Portuguese). ISBN 85-7594-020-1. 
  20. ^ "Urbano Caldeira" (in Portuguese). Meu Timão. Retrieved August 10, 2011. 
  21. ^ "Há 13 anos, Vila Belmiro ganhava novas arquibancadas" (in Portuguese). Santos Futebol Clube. Retrieved August 10, 2011. 
  22. ^ "Southamerican Championship 1949". RSSSF. Archived from the original on March 27, 2009. Retrieved August 10, 2011. 
  23. ^ "Copa Libertadores de América 1962". RSSSF. Retrieved August 10, 2011. 
  24. ^ "Copa Conmebol 1998". RSSSF. Archived from the original on January 12, 2016. Retrieved August 10, 2011. 
  25. ^ "Brazil 2010 Cup" (in Portuguese). RSSSF. Retrieved August 10, 2011. 
  26. ^ "Recopa Sudamericana 1968". RSSSF. Retrieved August 10, 2011. 
  27. ^ "Recopa Sudamericana 1969". RSSSF. Retrieved August 10, 2011. 
  28. ^ "O Santos FC e o Pacaembu" (in Portuguese). Santos Futebol Clube. Retrieved August 10, 2011. 
  29. ^ "Copa Libertadores de América 2011". RSSSF. Retrieved August 10, 2011. 
  30. ^ "Copa Libertadores de América 2003". RSSSF. Retrieved August 10, 2011. 
  31. ^ "Copa Libertadores de América 1963". RSSSF. Retrieved August 10, 2011. 
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h "Memorial das Conquistas" (in Portuguese). Santos Futebol Clube. Retrieved August 10, 2011. 
  33. ^ "Pelé inaugura espaço espaço no Memorial das Conquistas dedicado ao octa no Brasileiro" (in Portuguese). Santos Futebol Clube. Retrieved August 10, 2011. 
  34. ^ Various from many of his biographies, See for example [1] 3rd section, last line: " 'The King' was given to Pelé by the French press in 1961 after he played a few matches with SFC in Europe" Or the already quote [2] Or the book "Pele, King of Soccer/Pele, El rey del futbol – Monica Brown (Author) & Rudy Gutierrez (Illustrator) Rayo Publishing December 2008 ISBN 978-0-06-122779-0 "
  35. ^ "Conheça o Memorial das Conquistas do Santos FC" (in Portuguese). Santos Futebol Clube. Retrieved August 10, 2011. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Calazans, Fernando (1998). O Nosso Futebol [Our Football] (in Portuguese). Mauad Editora Ltda. ISBN 85-85756-66-7. 
  • Carravetta, Elio (2006). Modernização da Gestão no Futebol Brasileiro [Modernization in Brazilian Football Management] (in Portuguese). ISBN 85-7497-287-8. 
  • Cruz, Antonio (2003). Futebol Brasileiro [Brazilian Football] (in Portuguese). ISBN 85-87293-31-1. 
  • Cunha, Odir; Unzelte, Celso (2009). O Grande Jogo – Corinthians X Santos – O maior duelo alvinegro do futebol contado por dois historiadores fanáticos (in Portuguese). ISBN 978-85-7679-222-2. 
  • Cunha, Odir (2003). Pedrinho Escolheu um Time (in Portuguese). ISBN 978-85-87306-19-7. 
  • Cunha, Odir (2003). Time dos Sonhos [Dream Teams] (in Portuguese). ISBN 85-7594-020-1. 
  • Guarche, Guilherme Gomez (2003). Santos FC – O Melhor do Século nas Américas (in Portuguese). ISBN 85-901925-1-2. 
  • Helal, Ronaldo; Jorge, Antônio; Soares, Gonçalves; Lovisolo, Hugo (2001). Invenção do país futebol [The invention of a football nation] (in Portuguese). Mauad Editora Ltda. ISBN 85-7478-046-4. 
  • Enciclopédia do Futebol Brasileiro. Lance!. 2001. 
  • Lemos, Vladir (2007). O Dia Em Que Me Tornei Santista (in Portuguese). ISBN 85-87537-84-9. 
  • Luxemburgo, Vanderlei; Ostrovsky, Ingo (2003). Profissão Campeão – Como o Santos ganhou o Campeonato Brasileiro de 2004 (in Portuguese). 
  • Macia (Pepe), José (2006). Bombas de Alegria. Realejo Edições. ISBN 85-99905-01-5. 
  • Moreira da Silva, Norberto (2007). Santos FC 95 anos – Passado de Glórias [Santos FC 95 years – Glorious past] (in Portuguese). Santos FC. 
  • Napoleão, Antonio Carlos (1999). O Brasil na Taça Libertadores da América [Brazil in the Copa Libertadores] (in Portuguese). ISBN 85-7478-001-4. 
  • Revan, Editora (1994). Futebol brasileiro: o gigante a despertar [Brazilian Football: a giant awakens] (in Portuguese). ISBN 85-7106-059-2. 
  • Spampinato, Angelo. Stadi del Mondo [World Stadiums] (in Italian). 
  • Torero, José Roberto. Santos: Dicionário Santista [Santos: Santista Dictionary] (in Portuguese). ISBN 85-00-01601-9. 
  • Torero, José Roberto; Pimenta, Marcus Aurelius (1998). Santos: um time dos céus [Santos, a team from heaven] (in Portuguese). ISBN 85-06-02745-4. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Estadio Centenario, Montevideo
Pacaembu, São Paulo
Copa Libertadores
Second leg Final Venue

1962
Estadio Centenario, Montevideo (First leg)
El Monumental, Buenos Aires (Third leg)
Succeeded by
Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro
La Bombonera, Buenos Aires
Preceded by
Estadio Ciudad de Lanús, Lanús
Mineirão, Belo Horizonte
Copa CONMEBOL
First leg Final Venue

1998
Estadio Gigante de Arroyito, Rosario (Second leg)
Succeeded by
Estádio Rei Pelé, Maceió
Estadio Chateau Carreras, Córdoba