Memphis (mythology)

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In Greek mythology, Memphis (Ancient Greek: Μέμφις) was the female eponym of Memphis in Egypt. The name was attributed to several distinct characters, namely:

Memphis, daughter of Nilus[edit]

Memphis, daughter of Nilus, accordingly a Naiad Nymph. She was the wife to Epaphus and mother of Libya and Anippe or Lysianassa. She and her husband were the legendary founders of Memphis, which bears her name.[1]

Argive genealogy in Greek mythology[edit]

Argive genealogy in Greek mythology
Inachus Melia
Zeus Io Phoroneus
Epaphus Memphis
Libya Poseidon
Belus Achiroë Agenor Telephassa
Danaus Pieria Aegyptus Cadmus Cilix Europa Phoenix
Mantineus Hypermnestra Lynceus Harmonia Zeus
Sparta Lacedaemon Ocalea Abas Agave Sarpedon Rhadamanthus
Eurydice Acrisius Ino Minos
Zeus Danaë Semele Zeus
Perseus Dionysus
Colour key:


Memphis, consort of Danaus[edit]

Memphis, one of the many consorts of Danaus, mother of the Danaids Chrysippe, Sthenele and Cleite.[2]

Memphis, daughter of Uchoreus[edit]

Memphis, daughter of the Egyptian king Uchoreus, who was said to have founded the city and named it after her, and mother by Neilus of Aegyptus, the eponym of Egypt (apparently distinct from Aegyptus, brother of Danaus).[3]


  1. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, 2. 1. 4; Tzetzes on Lycophron 894
  2. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, 2. 1. 5
  3. ^ Diodorus Siculus, Library of History, 1. 51. 3