Memphis Open (tennis)

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Memphis Open
MemphisOpen.png
Defunct tennis tournament
Founded1975
Abolished2017
Editions43
LocationMemphis, Tennessee
VenueRacquet Club of Memphis
Category250 series
SurfaceHard / Indoor
Websitememphisopen.com

The Memphis Open was a professional tennis tournament that ran from 1975 to 2017. From 1977 onwards, the event was held at the Racquet Club of Memphis in Memphis, Tennessee. The Memphis Open was the only ATP event in the United States which was played on indoor hard courts; it usually took place in February. For part of its history it was a combined men's and women's tournament, but for its final four years it was solely a men's tournament.

The event was previously known under various sponsored names including the Regions Morgan Keegan Championships, the Kroger St. Jude Championship, the Volvo Championships, the Cellular South Cup, and the Federal Express International and was for a period time part of the now defunct U.S. National Indoor Tennis Championships.

The last singles champion of the Memphis Open was Ryan Harrison and the last doubles champions are Brian Baker and Nikola Mektić. The 2017 Memphis Open titles were the first career titles for all three men. As of 2018, the tournament has moved to New York as the new New York Open.

History[edit]

Center Court at the 2016 Memphis Open

In 1974, Memphis cotton merchant William B. "Billy" Dunavant Jr. purchased the Memphis Athletic Club and began a $7 M expansion to transform the facility into what is now the Racquet Club of Memphis. What is now known as the Memphis Open was first played in 1975 on indoor carpet as part of the WCT. In 1977, the U.S. National Indoor Tennis Championships moved to Memphis from Salisbury, Maryland and increased the event's prize money to $220,000.[1] The Memphis Open had the distinction (until 2014) of being the only private indoor racquet club in the world to host a men's and women's professional tennis event.[2] The tournament was played on indoor carpet into the 1980s, but the club eventually changed its surface to hard courts.

In November 2001, the Racquet Club of Memphis purchased the rights to the WTA event in Oklahoma City and moved it to Memphis, where the tournament hosted both men's and women's events for 12 years. In 2008, the event was elevated to ATP 500 Series status. In 2014, the men's and women's events moved to Rio de Janeiro.[3] Memphis then purchased the ATP 250 event in San Jose to keep professional tennis in the city.[4] In late 2014, Tennis Rendezvous LLC, owned by the USTA and Golden Set Holdings LLC, purchased the U.S. National Indoor Tennis Championships and renamed it the Memphis Open. In 2015, the Memphis Open was sold again, purchased by New York-based financial management company GF Capital.

Over the years, the Memphis Open has counted nine ATP year-end No. 1 players among its winners: Bjorn Borg, Jimmy Connors, John McEnroe, Stefan Edberg, Andre Agassi, Ivan Lendl, Jim Courier, Pete Sampras, and Andy Roddick. In 2016, Kei Nishikori won the event for a fourth consecutive time, tying Connors' record for the most overall Memphis titles.

In April 2017 the ATP announced that the tournament will relocate to the Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum in Long Island, New York in 2018 after the event failed to find a title sponsor in Memphis.[5]

Finals[edit]

Singles[edit]

Year Champions Runners-up Score
1975 United States Harold Solomon Czechoslovakia Jiri Hrebec 2–6, 6–1, 6–4
1976 India Vijay Amritraj United States Stan Smith 6–2, 0–6, 6–0
1977 Sweden Björn Borg United States Brian Gottfried 6–4, 6–3, 4–6, 7–5
1978 United States Jimmy Connors United States Tim Gullikson 7–6, 6–3
1979 United States Jimmy Connors United States Arthur Ashe 6–4, 5–7, 6–3
1980 United States John McEnroe United States Jimmy Connors 7–6, 7–6(8–6)
1981 United States Gene Mayer United States Roscoe Tanner 6–2, 6–4
1982 South Africa Johan Kriek United States John McEnroe 6–3, 3–6, 6–4
1983 United States Jimmy Connors United States Gene Mayer 7–5, 6–0
1984 United States Jimmy Connors France Henri Leconte 6–3, 4–6, 7–5
1985 Sweden Stefan Edberg France Yannick Noah 6–1, 6–0
1986 United States Brad Gilbert Sweden Stefan Edberg 7–5, 7–6
1987 Sweden Stefan Edberg United States Jimmy Connors 6–3, 2–1 (retired)
1988 United States Andre Agassi Sweden Mikael Pernfors 6–4, 6–4, 7–5
1989 United States Brad Gilbert United States Johan Kriek 6–2, 6–2 (retired)
1990 West Germany Michael Stich Australia Wally Masur 6–7, 6–4, 7–6
1991 Czechoslovakia Ivan Lendl Germany Michael Stich 7–5, 6–3
1992 United States MaliVai Washington South Africa Wayne Ferreira 6–3, 6–2
1993 United States Jim Courier United States Todd Martin 5–7, 7–6(7–4), 7–6(7–4)
1994 United States Todd Martin United States Brad Gilbert 6–4, 7–5
1995 United States Todd Martin Netherlands Paul Haarhuis 7–6(7–2), 6–4
1996 United States Pete Sampras United States Todd Martin 6–4, 7–6(7–2)
1997 United States Michael Chang Australia Todd Woodbridge 6–3, 6–4
1998 Australia Mark Philippoussis United States Michael Chang 6–3, 6–2
1999 Germany Tommy Haas United States Jim Courier 6–4, 6–1
2000 Sweden Magnus Larsson Zimbabwe Byron Black 6–2, 1–6, 6–3
2001 Australia Mark Philippoussis Italy Davide Sanguinetti 6–3, 6–7(5–7), 6–3
2002 United States Andy Roddick United States James Blake 6–4, 3–6, 7–5
2003 United States Taylor Dent United States Andy Roddick 6–1, 6–4
2004 Sweden Joachim Johansson Germany Nicolas Kiefer 7–6(7–5), 6–3
2005 Denmark Kenneth Carlsen Belarus Max Mirnyi 7–5, 7–5
2006 Germany Tommy Haas Sweden Robin Söderling 6–3, 6–2
2007 Germany Tommy Haas United States Andy Roddick 6–3, 6–2
2008 Belgium Steve Darcis Sweden Robin Söderling 6–3, 7–6(7–5)
2009 United States Andy Roddick Czech Republic Radek Štěpánek 7–5, 7–5
2010 United States Sam Querrey United States John Isner 6–7(3–7), 7–6(7–5), 6–3
2011 United States Andy Roddick Canada Milos Raonic 7–6(9–7), 6–7(11–13), 7–5
2012 Austria Jürgen Melzer Canada Milos Raonic 7–5, 7–6(7–4)
2013 Japan Kei Nishikori Spain Feliciano López 6–2, 6–3
2014 Japan Kei Nishikori Croatia Ivo Karlović 6–4, 7–6(7–0)
2015 Japan Kei Nishikori South Africa Kevin Anderson 6–4, 6–4
2016 Japan Kei Nishikori United States Taylor Fritz 6–4, 6–4
2017 United States Ryan Harrison Georgia (country) Nikoloz Basilashvili 6–1, 6–4

Doubles[edit]

Year Champions Runners-up Score
1975 United States Dick Stockton
United States Erik Van Dillen
United Kingdom Mark Cox
South Africa Cliff Drysdale
1–6, 7–5, 6–4
1976 India Vijay Amritraj
India Anand Amritraj
United States Marty Riessen
United States Roscoe Tanner
6–3, 6–4
1977 United States Sherwood Stewart
United States Fred McNair
United States Robert Lutz
United States Stan Smith
4–6, 7–6, 7–6
1978 United States Brian Gottfried
Mexico Raúl Ramírez
Australia Phil Dent
Australia John Newcombe
3–6, 7–6, 6–2
1979 Netherlands Tom Okker
Poland Wojciech Fibak
South Africa Frew McMillan
United States Dick Stockton
6–4, 6–4
1980 United States John McEnroe
United States Brian Gottfried
Australia Rod Frawley
Czechoslovakia Tomáš Šmíd
6–3, 6–7, 7–6
1981 United States Gene Mayer
United States Sandy Mayer
United States Mike Cahill
United States Tom Gullikson
7–6, 6–7, 7–6
1982 South Africa Kevin Curren
United States Steve Denton
United States John McEnroe
United States Peter Fleming
7–6, 4–6, 6–2
1983 Australia Peter McNamara
Australia Paul McNamee
United States Tim Gullikson
United States Tom Gullikson
6–3, 5–7, 6–4
1984 United States Fritz Buehning
United States Peter Fleming
Switzerland Heinz Günthardt
Czechoslovakia Tomáš Šmíd
6–3, 6–0
1985 Czechoslovakia Pavel Složil
Czechoslovakia Tomáš Šmíd
South Africa Kevin Curren
United States Steve Denton
1–6, 6–3, 6–4
1986 United States Ken Flach
United States Robert Seguso
France Guy Forget
Sweden Anders Järryd
6–4, 4–6, 7–6
1987 Sweden Anders Järryd
Sweden Jonas Svensson
Spain Sergio Casal
Spain Emilio Sánchez
6–4, 6–2
1988 United States Kevin Curren
United States David Pate
Sweden Peter Lundgren
Sweden Mikael Pernfors
6–2, 6–2
1989 United States Paul Annacone
South Africa Christo van Rensburg
United States Scott Davis
United States Tim Wilkison
7–6, 6–7, 6–1
1990 Australia Darren Cahill
Australia Mark Kratzmann
West Germany Udo Riglewski
West Germany Michael Stich
7–5, 6–2
1991 Germany Michael Stich
Germany Udo Riglewski
Australia John Fitzgerald
Australia Laurie Warder
7–5, 6–3
1992 Australia Todd Woodbridge
Australia Mark Woodforde
United States Kevin Curren
South Africa Gary Muller
7–6, 6–1
1993 Australia Todd Woodbridge
Australia Mark Woodforde
Netherlands Jacco Eltingh
Netherlands Paul Haarhuis
7–5, 4–6, 7–6
1994 Zimbabwe Byron Black
United States Jonathan Stark
United States Jim Grabb
United States Jared Palmer
7–6, 6–4
1995 United States Jared Palmer
United States Richey Reneberg
United States Tommy Ho
New Zealand Brett Steven
4–6, 7–6, 6–1
1996 The Bahamas Mark Knowles
Canada Daniel Nestor
Australia Todd Woodbridge
Australia Mark Woodforde
6–4, 7–5
1997 South Africa Ellis Ferreira
United States Patrick Galbraith
United States Rick Leach
United States Jonathan Stark
6–3, 3–6, 6–1
1998 Australia Todd Woodbridge
Australia Mark Woodforde
South Africa Ellis Ferreira
Mexico David Roditi
6–3, 6–4
1999 Australia Todd Woodbridge
Australia Mark Woodforde
Canada Sébastien Lareau
United States Alex O'Brien
6–3, 6–4
2000 United States Justin Gimelstob
Canada Sébastien Lareau
United States Jim Grabb
United States Richey Reneberg
6–2, 6–4
2001 United States Bob Bryan
United States Mike Bryan
United States Alex O'Brien
United States Jonathan Stark
6–3, 7–6
2002 United States Brian MacPhie
Serbia and Montenegro Nenad Zimonjić
United States Bob Bryan
United States Mike Bryan
6–3, 3–6, [10–4]
2003 The Bahamas Mark Knowles
Canada Daniel Nestor
United States Bob Bryan
United States Mike Bryan
6–2, 7–6
2004 United States Bob Bryan
United States Mike Bryan
South Africa Jeff Coetzee
South Africa Chris Haggard
6–3, 6–4
2005 Sweden Simon Aspelin
Australia Todd Perry
United States Bob Bryan
United States Mike Bryan
6–4, 6–4
2006 Croatia Ivo Karlović
South Africa Chris Haggard
United States James Blake
United States Mardy Fish
0–6, 7–5, [10–5]
2007 United States Eric Butorac
United Kingdom Jamie Murray
Austria Julian Knowle
Austria Jürgen Melzer
7–5, 6–3
2008 India Mahesh Bhupathi
The Bahamas Mark Knowles
Thailand Sanchai Ratiwatana
Thailand Sonchat Ratiwatana
7–6(7–5), 6–2
2009 United States Mardy Fish
The Bahamas Mark Knowles
United States Travis Parrott
Slovakia Filip Polášek
7–6(9–7), 6–1
2010 United States John Isner
United States Sam Querrey
United Kingdom Ross Hutchins
Australia Jordan Kerr
6–4, 6–4
2011 Belarus Max Mirnyi
Canada Daniel Nestor
United States Eric Butorac
Curaçao Jean-Julien Rojer
6–2, 6–7(6–8), [10–3]
2012 Belarus Max Mirnyi
Canada Daniel Nestor
Croatia Ivan Dodig
Brazil Marcelo Melo
4–6, 7–5, [10–7]
2013 United States Bob Bryan
United States Mike Bryan
United States James Blake
United States Jack Sock
6-1, 6-2
2014 United States Eric Butorac
South Africa Raven Klaasen
United States Bob Bryan
United States Mike Bryan
6-4, 6-4
2015 Poland Mariusz Fyrstenberg
Mexico Santiago González
New Zealand Artem Sitak
United States Donald Young
5–7, 7–6(7–1), [10–8]
2016 Poland Mariusz Fyrstenberg
Mexico Santiago González
United States Steve Johnson
United States Sam Querrey
6–4, 6–4
2017 United States Brian Baker
Croatia Nikola Mektić
United States Ryan Harrison
United States Steve Johnson
6–3, 6–4

Records[edit]

Record Player(s) Count Years
Winner of most
Men's Singles titles
United States Jimmy Connors
Japan Kei Nishikori
4 1977, 1978, 1983, 1984
2013, 2014, 2015, 2016
Winner of most consecutive
Men's Singles titles
Japan Kei Nishikori 4 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016
Most Men's Singles finals United States Jimmy Connors 6 1978, 1979, 1980, 1983, 1984, 1987
Winner of most Men's Doubles
titles (individual & team)
Australia Todd Woodbridge & Mark Woodforde 4 1992, 1993, 1998, 1999
Winner of most consecutive Men's Doubles titles
(individual & team)
Australia Todd Woodbridge & Australia Mark Woodforde
Poland Mariusz Fyrstenberg & Mexico Santiago Gonzalez
2 1992, 1993 & 1998, 1999
2015, 2016
Most Men's Doubles finals
(individual & team)
United States Bob Bryan & United States Mike Bryan
7 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2013, 2014

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.memphisopen.com/tournament_info/tournament_info/?intloc=headernavsub
  2. ^ http://www.atpworldtour.com/en/tournaments/memphis/402/overview
  3. ^ Big Changes For Tennis in Memphis
  4. ^ Tennis - ATP World Tour - ATP Approves Event In Rio de Janeiro From 2014
  5. ^ "Memphis To Relocate To Long Island For 2018". www.atpworldtour.com. Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP). April 10, 2017.

External links[edit]

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
None
ATP World Series Tournament of the Year
1990
Succeeded by
Switzerland Gstaad