Men-yoroi

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A Japanese Edo period wood block print of various types of men-yoroi or men-gu (facial armour).

Mengu (面具), also called menpō (面頬) or men-yoroi (面鎧),[1][2][3] is the term for various types of facial armour worn by the samurai class and their retainers in feudal Japan. Types of Japanese facial armour include the somen, menpō, hanbo or hanpo, and happuri.

Description[edit]

Men-yoroi were facial armour which covered all or part of the face and provided a way to secure the top-heavy kabuto (helmet). The Shinobi-no-o (chin cord) of the kabuto would be tied under the chin of the men-yoroi.[4] There were small hooks called ori-kugi or posts called odome located on various places to help secure the kabuto's chin cord. Men-yoroi may be constructed from iron or leather, or a combination of both. They may have a lacquered or rusted type of finish and can include a variety of facial details, such as moustaches, fierce teeth and a detachable nose.[5][6] Most men-yoroi with the exception of the happuri had a small hole underneath the chin for sweat drainage.

Men-yoroi are similar to masks worn by armored cavalry and infantry in ancient Chinese armies from the Han Dynasty to the Song Dynasty.

Types of men-yoroi[edit]

Sōmen[edit]

Sōmen covered the entire face.

Menpō[edit]

Menpō covered the face from the nose down to the chin.

Hanbō (hanpō)[edit]

Hanbo covered the lower face from under the nose to the chin.

Happuri[edit]

Happuri covered the forehead and cheeks.

Parts of the men-yoroi[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arms and armor of the samurai: the history of weaponry in ancient Japan, Authors Ian Bottomley, Anthony Hopson, Contributor Anthony Hopson, reprint, Publisher Crescent Books, 1993, Original from the University of Virginia, Digitized Aug 26, 2008, ISBN 978-0-517-10318-0 P.77,178, 186
  2. ^ The Watanabe Art Museum Samurai Armour Collection (Kabuto & Mengu, Volume I Trevor Absolon (Author), Brian Snoody (Illustrator), Barry Till (Preface), Anthony J. Bryant (Editor), Trevor Absolon & Dave thatcher (Photographer), Ian Bottomley (Introduction), Ian Bottomley & Anthony J. Bryant (Foreword) Publisher(Toraba), 2011 P.234
  3. ^ Samurai: The Weapons and Spirit of the Japanese Warrior, Author Clive Sinclaire, ,Publisher Globe Pequot, 2004, ISBN 978-1-59228-720-8 P.30,138
  4. ^ Samurai 1550-1600, Anthony J. Bryant, Angus McBride, Osprey Publishing, 1994 p.28
  5. ^ Samurai: The Weapons and Spirit of the Japanese Warrior, Author Clive Sinclaire, Publisher Globe Pequot, 2004, ISBN 978-1-59228-720-8 P.30,138
  6. ^ he Watanabe Art Museum Samurai Armour Collection (Kabuto & Mengu, Volume I) Trevor Absolon (Author), Brian Snoody (Illustrator), Barry Till (Preface), Anthony J. Bryant (Editor), Trevor Absolon & Dave thatcher (Photographer), Ian Bottomley (Introduction), Ian Bottomley & Anthony J. Bryant (Foreword) Publisher(Toraba), 2011 P.234]

External links[edit]