Menachem Avidom (Hebrew: מנחם אבידום) (January 6, 1908 – August 5, 1995) was an Israeli composer. His Hebrew surname is the combination of the names of his daughters Daniella and Miriam (Avi - the father of; D - for Daniella; O - and; M - for Miriam).
Avidom was born Mendel Mahler-Kalkstein in Stanislaviv, Austria-Hungary, in 1908. This put him in Poland after World War I. He emigrated to Mandate Palestine in 1925 and, soon after, went to study at the American University of Beirut (from 1926 to 1928). After further studies at the Paris Conservatory (from 1928 to 1931), he moved to Tel Aviv, where he taught music theory. From 1945, he served as general secretary of the Israeli Philharmonic; in 1955 he was named director of ACUM, the Israeli Performing Rights Society.
- In 1961, Avidom was awarded the Israel Prize for music, in recognition of his opera Alexandra ha'Hashmonait.
- In Every Generation, opera, 1955
- Alexandra ha'Hashmonait, opera, 1961
- The Farewell, opera, 1971
- The First Sin, opera, 1980
- Me'Arat Yodfat, opera
- 4 other operas
- Kantatat t'hilim, cantata, 1955
- 12 Hills, cantata, 1976
- Symphony No. 3: Yam tichonit, 1952
- 9 other symphonies
- Flute Concerto
- Concertino for violin and orchestra
- Chamber music
- Suite on B-A-C-H, chamber ensemble, 1964
- Brass Quintet, 1969
- Sonata for unaccompanied viola, 1984
- "Israel Prize recipients in 1961 (in Hebrew)". cms.education.gov.il (Israel Prize official website). Archived from the original on April 11, 2010.
- Don Randel. The Harvard Biographical Dictionary of Music. Harvard, 1996, p. 32.