Menachem Z. Rosensaft
|Menachem Z. Rosensaft|
May 1, 1948 |
|Spouse(s)||Jean Bloch Rosensaft|
Menachem Z. Rosensaft (born 1948 in Bergen-Belsen, Germany) an attorney in New York and the Founding Chairman of the International Network of Children of Jewish Survivors, is a leader of the Second Generation movement of children of survivors, and has been described on the front page of the New York Times as one of the most prominent of the survivors' sons and daughters. He also served as National President of the Labor Zionist Alliance, and was active in the early stages of the Israeli-Palestinian peace process. As psychologist Eva Fogelman has written: "Menachem Rosensaft's moral voice has gone beyond the responsibility he felt as a child of survivors to remember and educate. He felt the need to promote peace and a tolerant State of Israel as well. He wanted to bring to justice Nazi war criminals, to fight racism and bigotry, and to work toward the continuity of the Jewish people".
In March 2009, Menachem Rosensaft was appointed as general counsel of the World Jewish Congress, the umbrella organization of Jewish communities around the world based in New York. Since 2008, Menachem Rosensaft has been Adjunct Professor of Law at Cornell University Law School, and he was also Distinguished Visiting Lecturer at Syracuse University College of Law. In 2011 he was appointed lecturer in law at Columbia University Law School where he teaches a course in the law of genocide. He is the editor of God, Faith & Identity from the Ashes: Reflections of Children and Grandchildren of Holocaust Survivors, published by Jewish Lights Publishing.
The son of two survivors of the Nazi concentration camps of Auschwitz and Bergen-Belsen, he was born on May 1, 1948 in the Displaced Persons camp of Bergen-Belsen in Germany. From 1945 until 1950, his father, the late Josef Rosensaft, was chairman of the Jewish Committee of the Bergen-Belsen DP camp and of the Central Jewish Committee in the British Zone of Germany. His mother, the late Dr. Hadassah Bimko Rosensaft, was a member of President Carter's Commission on the Holocaust, and a founding member of the United States Holocaust Memorial Council.
Academic and Professional Career
Menachem Rosensaft received his B.A. degree from Johns Hopkins University in 1971, together with an M.A. degree in creative writing from the university's Writing Seminars. From 1972 until 1975, he was an Adjunct Lecturer in the Department of Jewish Studies at the City College of the City University of New York and assisted Professor Elie Wiesel in his courses on Holocaust literature and Hasidism. He received a second M.A. degree in modern European history from Columbia University in 1975, and in 1979, he received his J.D. degree from the Columbia University School of Law, where he was a Harlan Fiske Stone Scholar and Book Review Editor of the Columbia Journal of Transnational Law.
After clerking for two years for Whitman Knapp, United States District Court Judge for the Southern District of New York, he spent fourteen years as an international and securities litigator at several major New York law firms and at an international bank. He is multilingual, has broad experience in European, Middle Eastern, and South American legal, commercial, and political issues, and has conducted sensitive negotiations with senior government officials at both national and municipal levels.
In 1995, he became Senior International Counsel for The Ronald S. Lauder Foundation, and from 1996 to 2000 was Executive Vice President of the Jewish Renaissance Foundation, Inc. As a foundation executive, he was responsible for the development, coordination and funding of educational and cultural projects in Eastern and Central Europe, including the acquisition and restoration of landmark buildings for use as a Jewish cultural center in Warsaw, Poland, and developing innovative educational programs for Russian-Jewish immigrants to Germany. In 1999, he was honored by the Mayor of Warsaw for "inspiring work in city planning and preservation of historical monuments".
From September 2000 until December 2003 Rosensaft was a partner in the New York office of a national law firm, representing, among other clients, the Audit Committee and independent Directors of a New York Stock Exchange listed company in connection with an internal investigation of accounting irregularities, a related proceeding brought by the Securities and Exchange Commission, and class action litigation. In January 2004 he joined a financial services firm in New York City as Special Counsel, becoming its General Counsel in May 2005. He played a key role in guiding the firm through a period of intense regulatory and governmental scrutiny and implementing good governance practices.
He was appointed to the United States Holocaust Memorial Council by President Bill Clinton in 1994, and reappointed to a second five-year term in 1999, chairing its Content Committee from 1994 to 2000, its Collections and Acquisitions Committee from 1996 to 2000, and its Committee on Governance from 2000 to 2002. He was a member of the Council’s Executive Committee from 1996 until 2003. He is the editor of Life Reborn, Jewish Displaced Persons 1945-1951, published by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2001. In September 2010, President Obama appointed Rosensaft to a third term on the US Holocaust Memorial Council.
He has been a Trustee of the Park Avenue Synagogue since 1994, and he was elected President of the Synagogue in 2003. He is Chairman of the Editorial Board of the Holocaust Survivors’ Memoirs Project, a joint publishing endeavor with Yad Vashem, the Holocaust Martyrs’ and Heroes’ Remembrance Authority in Israel, Vice President of the American Gathering of Jewish Holocaust Survivors and Their Descendants, and a member of the Editorial Advisory Board of Moment Magazine. He is also a former Chairman of the Executive Committee of the American Section of the World Jewish Congress. He was one of 45 prominent American Jews who discussed the significance of fatherhood within the context of their Jewish identity in the 2004 book, Jewish Fathers: A Legacy of Love. He received the 2003 Elie Wiesel Holocaust Remembrance Award of Israel Bonds, and was awarded the 2006 Simon Rockower Award for Excellence in Feature Writing of the American Jewish Press Association for his Foreword to “Great Love Stories of the Holocaust,” published in the June 2005 issue of Moment. In November 2011, he received the Distinguished Humanitarian Award from the Jewish Faculty & Staff Association of New York City College of Technology. He has published articles in The New York Times, The Washington Post, Newsweek, the Los Angeles Times, the International Herald Tribune, the New York Post, the New York Daily News, Moment, The New York Law Journal, the National Law Journal, the New York Jewish Week, the Forward, the Jerusalem Post, Ha’aretz, the JTA News Bulletin, and other newspapers and professional journals. He is married to Jean Bloch Rosensaft, also the daughter of Holocaust survivors, who is Senior National Director for Public Affairs and Institutional Planning at Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion and director of its New York museum. He is the co-author, with their daughter, Joana D. Rosensaft, of “The Early History of German-Jewish Reparations,” published in the Fordham International Law Journal.
In September 1981, he was one of the founders of the International Network of Children of Jewish Holocaust Survivors and was elected the organization’s first Chairman. Since June 1984, he has had the title of Founding Chairman. Under his leadership, the International Network organized major conferences of children of survivors in New York in 1984 and Los Angeles in 1987, and in 1982, it held the first city-wide rally in New York City on behalf of Ethiopian Jewry. Rosensaft also participated in the planning of and programming for the World Gathering of Jewish Holocaust Survivors in Jerusalem in June 1981, and the mass gatherings of thousands of Holocaust survivors in Washington, D.C. (1983), Philadelphia (1985), and New York (1986).
Philosophy of Holocaust Remembrance
Rosensaft’s philosophy of Holocaust remembrance is greatly influenced by what he has described as Elie Wiesel’s “commitment to human rights, his readiness to apply the lessons of the Holocaust to contemporary issues while at all times emphasizing its Jewish particularity.” Thus, his focus has consistently been on social and political action rather than psychological introspection. In his opening address at the first international conference of children of Holocaust survivors in New York in May 1984, he noted that human rights abuses alongside the persistence of anti-Semitism “serve to remind us that Jews are never the only victims of the world’s evil and venality.” Pointing out that “we are even confronted by the terrifying phenomenon of Jewish would-be terrorists on the West Bank who strive to implement the racist philosophy expounded by fanatics such as Meir Kahane,” the American-born member of the Israeli parliament who promoted a virulently anti-Arab policies, he concluded that “it is not enough for us only to commemorate the past. Rather we must be sensitive to all forms of human suffering, and we must take our place at the forefront of the struggle against racial hatred and oppression of any kind.”
Twenty-one years later, on April 17, 2005, he reiterated these views in a speech at Bergen-Belsen on the 60th anniversary of its liberation. The children and grandchildren of the survivors, he declared:
|“||were given life and placed on earth with a solemn obligation. Our parents and grandparents survived to bear witnesses. We in turn must ensure that their memories, which we have absorbed into ours, will remain as a permanent warning to humanity. Sixty years after the liberation of Belsen, anti-Semitism remains a threat, not just to the Jewish people but to civilization as a whole, and Holocaust deniers are still allowed to spread their poison. . . . Sixty years after the crematoria of Auschwitz-Birkenau stopped burning our families, innocent men, women and children are murdered in a horrific genocide in Darfur. Sixty years after the surviving remnant of European Jewry emerged from the inferno of the twentieth century, government-sponsored terrorists continue to seek the destruction of the State of Israel which arose out of the ashes of the Shoah. Thus, we do not have the right to focus only on the agony and suffering of the past. While the Germans were able to torture, to murder, to destroy, they did not succeed in dehumanizing their victims. The ultimate victory of European Jews over the Nazis and their multinational accomplices was firmly rooted in their human, ethical values. The critical lesson we have learned from our parents’ and grandparents’ tragic experiences is that indifference to the suffering of others is in itself a crime. Our place must be at the forefront of the struggle against every form of racial, religious or ethnic hatred. Together with others of the post-Holocaust generations, we must raise our collective voices on behalf of all, Jews and non-Jews alike, who are subjected to discrimination and persecution, or who are threatened by annihilation, anywhere in the world. We may not be passive, or allow others to be passive, in the face of oppression, for we know only too well that the ultimate consequence of apathy and silence was embodied forever in the flames of Auschwitz and the mass-graves of Bergen-Belsen.||”|
Rosensaft has also struggled with the theological implications of the Holocaust. “Where was God when the fires of Auschwitz failed to ignite the universe,” he asked at a 1995 commemoration at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum. As reported in the New York Times, he “posed the question of how God could be praised if he did not stop the killing. Then he suggested an answer: ‘What if God was not with the killers, with the forces that inflicted Auschwitz on humanity?’” He explained that, “To me, the incredible element of the Holocaust is not the behavior of the murderers, because that is pure evil. It is the behavior of the victims and how they remained human and in many ways behaved in a superhuman manner. . . . So the God I choose to pray to was at Auschwitz, but it was not in the manner of the victims’ deaths, it was in the way in which they lived.” Following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack on New York City, Rosensaft elaborated on his belief that evil is perpetrated by human beings, not by God:
|“||I believe God was at the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, just as God was present at Auschwitz and Bergen-Belsen, But God was not in the killers. God was within every Jewish parent who comforted a child on the way to the gas chambers. God’s spirit was within my mother as she kept 149 Jewish children alive in Bergen-Belsen throughout the winter and early spring of 1945. The divine spark that characterizes true religious faith was within every Jew who helped a fellow inmate in the death camps, just as it was within every non-Jew who defied the Germans by risking death to save a Jew. Similarly, God was in all the New York City firefighters, police officers and rescue workers who risked or gave their own lives to save others. God was in the heroic passengers of United Flight 93 who overpowered the terrorists and sacrificed themselves rather than allow the hijackers to reach their target. God was in the man who remained in the World Trade Center with a friend confined to a wheelchair. God was in every victim who made one last telephone call to say ‘I love you,’ or whose final thoughts were of a husband, a wife, children, a parent or a friend.||”|
Rosensaft elaborated on this theme in a guest sermon at Park Avenue Synagogue in New York City on September 7, 2013, the Saturday between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, in which he concluded that as he remembered his parents on the anniversary of their death, "perhaps God did not hide His face from them after all during the years of the Shoah. Perhaps it was a divine spirit within them that enabled them to survive with their humanity intact. And perhaps it is to that God that we should be addressing our prayers during these Days of Awe and throughout the year."
In response to this sermon, Pope France wrote to Rosensaft in a personal email message that:
|“||When you, with humility, are telling us where God was in that moment, I felt within me that you had transcended all possible explanations and that, after a long pilgrimage — sometimes sad, tedious or dull – you came to discover a certain logic and it is from there that you were speaking to us; the logic of First Kings 19:12, the logic of that “gentle breeze” (I know that it is a very poor translation of the rich Hebrew expression) that constitutes the only possible hermeneutic interpretation. Thank you from my heart. And, please, do not forget to pray for me. May the Lord bless you.||”|
Holocaust Remembrance Related Activities
In the spring of 1985, Rosensaft was an outspoken critic of President Ronald Reagan’s decision to pay homage to fallen German World War II soldiers, including members of Hitler’s Waffen SS, at the military cemetery at Bitburg during a state visit to Germany. Addressing some 5,000 Holocaust survivors and their families in Philadelphia on April 21, 1985, Rosensaft said, “For heaven’s sake, let him find another cemetery. There must be at least one in all of Germany that does not contain SS men.” On May 5, 1985, Rosensaft organized and led a demonstration of survivors and children of survivors at Bergen-Belsen in protest against the visits that day by President Reagan and West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl to the mass-graves of Bergen-Belsen and Bitburg. Nobel Peace Prize laureate Elie Wiesel wrote in his memoirs that Rosensaft was “one of the very few to strongly oppose President Reagan in the Bitburg affair.”
In April 1987, Rosensaft played a key role in convincing the government of Panama not to give sanctuary to Nazi war criminal Karl Linnas, and in ensuring Linnas’ deportation from the United States to the Soviet Union. He also “publicly criticized the German government for failing to provide Holocaust survivors with adequate medical coverage while paying generous pensions to veterans of the Waffen SS,” and he has challenged the multi-million dollar fee application submitted by the court-appointed lead settlement counsel in a Holocaust-based class action brought against Swiss banks in the name of survivors.
In the winter of 2002, Rosensaft sharply attacked the Jewish Museum in New York for trivializing the Holocaust in its exhibition, “Mirroring Evil: Nazi Imagery/Recent Art,” by including a display of six lifelike busts of the notorious Auschwitz SS doctor Josef Mengele and such works as “Prada Deathcamp” and the “Giftgas Giftset” of poison gas canisters packaged with Chanel, Hermes and Tiffany& Co. logos. “For a Holocaust survivor to hear that a bust of Mengele is on display at the Jewish Museum will at the least cause nightmares,” Rosensaft told Alan Cooperman of the Washington Post. “It’s the functional equivalent of painting pornography on Torah scrolls and exhibiting it as art. It may well be art. But it is also offensive to many, many people. . . . The intellectual reasons of displaying deliberately provocative art have to give way to the far more real pain that this is going to cause for thousands of Holocaust survivors who are still alive.”
In 2009, he called on Pope Benedict XVI to publicly condemn controversial bishop Richard Williamson, a member of the Society of Saint Pius X and a noted Holocaust denier. He has also written that Mitt Romney's faith should not be an issue in the 2012 presidential campaign.
In March 2010, Rosensaft sparked a formal investigation by the Maryland authorities into the activities of Menachem Youlus, a rabbi and scribe based in a Washington, DC, suburb who had falsely claimed to have “rescued” Torah scrolls that had survived the Holocaust, which he sold to synagogues and Jewish centers through his “Save a Torah” charitable organization. "Any exploitation of the Holocaust for crass commercial purposes is appalling," Rosensaft wrote in the New York Post on March 7, 2010. "Creating false Holocaust histories for Torah schools is despicable."
“In late March,” reported James Barron of The New York Times on July 26, 2010, Rosensaft wrote to the Maryland attorney general, Douglas F. Gansler, alleging “possible fraud and/or misrepresentation” by Save a Torah. He asked for an investigation into whether Save a Torah had been ‘soliciting funds under false pretenses.’ Mr. Rosensaft, who is also an adjunct professor at Cornell Law School and teaches a course on World War II war crimes trials, took issue with Rabbi Youlus’s description of [a Torah scroll that had allegedly been saved by a priest at Auschwitz who in turn supposedly had given it to Youlus]. ‘There is no record of anyone even remotely fitting the description of the priest’ Rabbi Youlus said had saved it, Mr. Rosensaft said in the letter. He also took issue with a Torah that Rabbi Youlus said had been at Bergen-Belsen, the concentration camp where Anne Frank died in 1945. Mr. Rosensaft’s parents met at Bergen-Belsen. Mr. Rosensaft said that Rabbi Youlus’s description of finding a Torah beneath a wooden floor in a barracks was not possible. The original buildings at Bergen-Belsen, he said, were burned to stop a typhus epidemic and the survivors were moved to a former German military installation nearby in May 1945. Mr. Rosensaft said that he was born in that installation in 1948 and returned many times to visit.
In July 2010, Save a Torah entered into an agreement with the Maryland authorities under which it would cease to provide Holocaust provenances for Torah scrolls unless “there is documentation or an independent verifiable witness to such history.” The following year, Youlus was arrested in Manhattan and charged with fraud by the US Attorney for the Southern District of New York. Five months later, when Youlus pleaded guilty to mail fraud and wire fraud in a US federal court, Rosensaft told The New York Times that, “I am gratified that this charlatan will now be fully exposed, as a matter of law, as a petty crook.”
In December 2012, after Youlus had been sentenced to 51 months in jail, Rosensaft wrote told the Jewish Telegraphic Agency (JTA) that, “This is extremely important because it sends a message that Holocaust deniers and Holocaust memory exploiters are not part of accepted society. There is very little if any difference between a Holocaust denier and someone like Youlus who exploits Holocaust memories in order to enrich himself.” Rosensaft then wrote in the New York Jewish Week that,
|“||The inviolability of Holocaust memory is another of Youlus’s victims. He is not the first to distort and falsify it. Others have fictionalized their past to aggrandize themselves or denied the Holocaust altogether to further an anti-Semitic ideology. Youlus’s motivation was pure greed. He cynically exploited the memory of the dead to enrich himself illicitly to the tune of more than $990,000, which he has now been ordered to give back to his victims.
The millions murdered by the Third Reich deserve a rigorously factual and scrupulously honest remembrance. So do the hundreds of thousands of Torah scrolls, prayer books and other sacred Jewish writings and religious artifacts that were decimated in the Holocaust together with thousands upon thousands of Jewish communities, Jewish homes, synagogues and chasidic prayer rooms across Nazi occupied Europe.
In a June 4, 2012, Huffington Post article in which he defended President Obama’s reference to “a Polish death camp” at a Presidential Medal of Freedom presentation as “an innocent phraseological error,” Rosensaft, citing a publication of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, wrote that “thousands of Polish political, religious and intellectual leaders were also killed by the Germans during World War II” alongside millions of Jews, and that “Between 70,000 and 75,000 non-Jewish Poles are estimated to have perished at Auschwitz alone.” In the same Huffington Post article, Rosensaft pointed out that Polish government officials “have a valid historiographical point” in insisting that German annihilation and concentration camps such as Auschwitz and Treblinka not be referred to as “Polish death camps,” and he noted that in 2006, he had “publicly supported the Polish Government's request that the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization formally change the name of the site of the most notorious of the World War II camps on UNESCO's World Heritage List from ‘Auschwitz Death Camp’ to ‘former Nazi German Auschwitz-Birkenau Death Camp.’”
Israel / Palestinian Peace Process
Rosensaft, who was known to be a supporter of the Israeli peace movement, was elected National President of the Labor Zionist Alliance in early 1988. Shortly thereafter, he confronted Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir at a meeting of the Conference of Presidents of Major Jewish Organizations. Shamir had called on the American Jewish leadership to support his government’s hard-line policies and criticized those who publicly espoused more dovish positions. Rosensaft responded by noting that since Israelis themselves were divided, “Why should we be accused of disloyalty?” “We support Israel fully and identify with her totally,” he explained, referring to the more liberal Jewish groups that belonged to the Presidents Conference. “But that does not mean we have to agree with every single decision or policy set by the government or a particular minister. Voicing our concerns does not indicate disloyalty.”
In December 1988, he was one of five American Jews who met in Stockholm, Sweden, with Yasir Arafat and other senior leaders of the Palestine Liberation Organization, resulting in the PLO’s first public recognition of Israel. Writing in Newsweek, he explained that despite an initial reluctance to participate in such a meeting, he concluded that since he had urged others to negotiate with the PLO, “I really had no choice. Since I wanted others to talk to the enemy, I had to be willing to do so as well – not going would be a betrayal of my principles both as a Jew and as a Zionist.” For Rosensaft, the very beginning of dialogue was a major accomplishment. “There are miles to go,” he said. “But for God’s sake, let’s start talking. When you talk, you de-demonize the enemy.”
A year later, in an open letter to Arafat also published in Newsweek, he voiced his dismay at the fact that the Palestinian leader had done nothing to move the peace process forward since the Stockholm meeting. “I knew, of course,” he wrote, “that you had not overnight turned into Mother Teresa or Albert Schweitzer. Still, you have regrettably failed to take any substantive steps to persuade the Israeli public that their destruction has ceased to be the PLO’s ultimate objective. . . . If you truly want peace, and I hope you do, you and your colleagues must do far more than you have done to date to demonstrate the sincerity of your intentions. You must renounce terrorism in fact, not merely in rhetoric.”
In October 2000, Rosensaft expressed his utter disillusionment with Arafat. “We believed him,” Rosensaft wrote in the Washington Post, "when he said that he and the PLO were committed to a political solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. We believed him when he proclaimed an end to terrorism. We were wrong. . . . Of course the Palestinians were entitled to self-determination – even independence—but only on terms of mutual respect. The Palestinians’ claims of nationhood could not stand separate and apart from their acknowledgment that Israelis are entitled to precisely the same rights. Arafat and his colleagues gave lip service to these lofty sentiments. We believed them. We were wrong. . . . Perhaps, in time, the Palestinians will realize that a different leader will better serve them and their cause. Perhaps they will realize that stabbing and stomping Israeli soldiers to death and then parading their mutilated bodies in an obscene triumph is not acceptable behavior in the 21st century. Perhaps. But then, we also believe in the eventual arrival of the Messiah. In the meantime, those of us who wanted so desperately to see Arafat as a positive, constructive presence of any kind must reiterate over and over again: We were wrong.”
Rosensaft publicly confronted Serbia-linked lobbyist Ephraim Zuroff for denying Srebrenica genocide arguing that:
|“||It is unconscionable and reprehensible for anyone to tell Adisada that the horrors to which her fellow Bosnian Muslims - including quite possibly members of her own family - were subjected at Srebrenica did not constitute a genocide, just as it is unconscionable and reprehensible for anyone to deny the genocide in which my brother, my grandparents, and millions of other European Jews were annihilated.
I cannot in good conscience condemn the perpetrators of the genocide in which my brother and my grandparents perished unless I also condemn the perpetrators of all other acts of genocide, including the genocide that took place at Srebrenica.
I cannot in good conscience mourn my brother as a victim of genocide unless I similarly mourn all other victims of genocide, including the victims at Srebrenica.
- Joseph Berger, "Displaced Persons", in Encyclopedia Judaica, 2nd ed. (2007), Vol. 5, p. 685.
- William K. Stevens, "Reagan Cemetery Visit Criticized at Holocaust Survivors Ceremony", The New York Times, April 22, 1985, page A1.
- Eva Fogelman, "Adult Offspring as Moral Voices", in Second Generations Voices, Reflections by Children of Holocaust Survivors and Perpetrators, Alan L. Berger & Naomi Berger [edd], Syracuse University Press, 2001, p. 214.
- Menachem Z. Rosensaft, General Counsel - World Jewish Congress website
- Cornell University Law School, Faculty Bios
- Cornell University Law School, Spotlight
- Syracuse University College of Law, Faculty Members
- Richard Perez-Pena, "The Lessons of Genocide, Taught by the Son of Parents Who Survived It," The New York Times, November 5, 2011, page A16
- God, Faith & Identity from the Ashes: Reflections of Children and Grandchildren of Holocaust Survivors (2014)
- Menachem Z. Rosensaft, "My Father: A Model for Empowerment", in Life Reborn, Jewish Displaced Persons 1945-1951, U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington, D.C., 2001, pp 77–81; Menachem Z. Rosensaft, "Yizkor For My Father", New York Jewish Week, September 9, 2005.
- Hadassah Rosensaft, Yesterday: My Story, Yad Vashem, New York and Jerusalem, 2005; Menachem Rosensaft, "Encounter With My Mother, Eight Years after Her Death", Moment, August 2006, pp 34–36.
- "At a chance meeting between Menachem Rosensaft and Ronald Lauder, Lauder told Rosensaft that if he ever wanted to do something meaningful with his life, he should stop practicing international corporate litigation and come and see him. Shortly thereafter, Rosensaft took a break from practicing law and spent five years directing Lauder's Jewish Renaissance Foundation which seeks to rebuild Jewish life in eastern and central Europe." Eva Fogelman, supra note 3, p. 215.
- Christopher Bobinski, "A new ghetto rises from the rubble" Financial Times, September 27–September 28, 1997, Weekend, page xxiv; Nora FitzGerald, "In Warsaw, a Jewish Street Reborn" The Washington Post, July 13, 1999, page C1.
- “Rent-Way Details Bad Bookkeeping,” The Wall Street Journal, June 8, 2001, page C1.
- President Obama Announces More Key Administration Posts, September 22, 2010 
- Nadine Epstein, “The Memory Transfer Man,” Moment, February 2006, page 28; Menachem Z. Rosensaft, “The Holocaust’s Witnesses Must Be Heard,” The Washington Post, March 8, 2000, page A31.
- Jewish Fathers: A Legacy of Love, Photographs by Lloyd Wolf, Interviews by Paula Wolfson., Jewish Lights, Woodstock, Vt., 2004, pages 129-31.
- New York City College and Technology, News & Events, October 19, 2011
- Fordham International Law Journal, Vol. 25, Symposium, 2001, pages S-1–S45; adapted as “A Measure of Justice: The Early History of German-Jewish Reparations,” published as an Occasional Paper by the Leo Baeck Institute, New York & Berlin, 2003.
- Deborah E. Lipstadt/Eva Fogelman, “Children of Holocaust Survivors,” in Encyclopedia Judaica, 2nd Ed. (2007), Vol. 9, page 384.
- Menachem Z. Rosensaft, “I Was Born in Bergen-Belsen,” in Second Generations Voices, Reflections by Children of Holocaust Survivors and Perpetrators, Alan L. Berger & Naomi Berger, Eds., Syracuse University Press, 2001, page 198.
- Menachem Rosensaft, “Mission of Holocaust 2nd Generation: Fight on . . .” New York Jewish Week, June 22, 1984.
- Menachem Z. Rosensaft, “Sixty years after liberation, Jews must lead fight against ethnic hatred,” JTA News Bulletin, April 17, 2005.
- Gustav Niebuhr, Religion Journal, “Looking for God in the lives, not the deaths, of the Holocaust’s death camps,” The New York Times, February 11, 1995, page 11; Menachem Z. Rosensaft, “Saying Kaddish to the God Who Did Not Prevent Auschwitz,” Reform Judaism, Spring 1995, pages 80-81.
- Menachem Z. Rosensaft, “Ashes Adrift in a Gentle Wind,” Forward, September 28, 2001, page 1.
- Menachem Z. Rosensaft, “The Days of Awe and the years of horror,” http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/on-faith/wp/2013/09/11/the-days-of-awe-and-the-years-of-horror/
- Elizabeth Tenety, “Pope Francis sends e-mail on Holocaust to American Jewish leader,” http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/on-faith/wp/2013/10/18/pope-francis-sends-e-mail-on-holocaust-to-american-jewish-leader/
- Michael Berenbaum, “Bitburg Controversy,” in Encyclopedia Judaica, 2nd Ed.(2007), Vol. 3, page 727-28; Deborah E. Lipstadt, “The Bitburg Controversy,” in American Jewish Year Book, 1987; Menachem Z. Rosensaft, “Reagan Errs on the Holocaust,” The New York Times, March 30, 1985, page 23.
- William K. Stevens, “Reagan Cemetery Visit Criticized at Holocaust Survivors Ceremony,” The New York Times, April 22, 1985, page A1.
- John Tagliabue, “The Two Ceremonies at Bergen-Belsen,” The New York Times, May 6, 1985, page A10.
- Elie Wiesel, And the Sea Is Never Full, Schocken Books, New York, 2000, page 102.
- Elizabeth Holtzman, Who Said It Would Be Easy? One Woman’s Life in the Political Arena, Arcade Publishing, New York, 1996, pages 95-96; Menachem Z. Rosensaft, “Deport Karl Linnas to the Soviet Union,” The New York Times, March 31, 1987, page A35; Kenneth B. Noble, “U.S. Asks Panama to Take Nazi but Is Rejected,” The New York Times, April 16, 1987, page A1; Kenneth B. Noble, “U.S. Deports Man Condemned to Die in Soviet Union,” The New York Times, April 21, 1987, page A1.
- Eva Fogelman, supra note 3, pages 211-12. See Menachem Z. Rosensaft, “Dignity for Holocaust Victims,” The New York Times, May 5, 1997, page A15; Brian Moss, “Seeking fund for survivors,” New York Daily News, May 18, 1997, page 38; A.M. Rosenthal, “Einsatzgruppe B, 1941,” The New York Times, June 13, 1997, page A25; Menachem Z. Rosensaft, “Solving the Holocaust Assets Crisis,” New York Jewish Week, August 27, 1999, page 7; Editorial, The Washington Post, September 11, 1999, page A20; Clyde Haberman, “For Survivor of Holocaust, Another Test,” The New York Times, October 15, 1999, page B1.
- Menachem Z. Rosensaft, “Just How Low A Lawyer Can Go,” New York Post, October 16, 2006, page 29; Menachem Z. Rosensaft, “Profiting from the Holocaust,” Los Angeles Times, November 19, 2006, page M3.
- Menachem Z. Rosensaft, “How Pseudo-Artists Desecrate the Holocaust,” Forward, January 18, 2002, page 18; Menachem Z. Rosensaft, “The ‘Art’ of Desecration,” New York Post, February 4, 2002, page 27; Barbara Stewart, “Jewish Museum to Add Warning Label on Its Show,” The New York Times, March 2, 2002, page B1; Menachem Z. Rosensaft, “The Case Against ‘Mirroring Evil,’” New York Jewish Week, March 8, 2002.
- Alan Cooperman, “Art or Insult: A Dialogue Shaped by the Holocaust,” Washington Post, February 24, 2002, page B2.
- Pope Must Denounce Holocaust Deniers
- Menachem Z. Rosensaft, "Judge Romney on Policies, Not Faith," The Jewish Week, October 28, 2011, page 28
- Rosensaft, Menachem Z. New York Post http://nypost.com/2010/03/06/a-profane-swindle. Missing or empty
- Barron, James (July 26, 2010). "Deal Over Claims to Rescued Torahs' Provenances". The New York Times.
- Barron, James (July 26, 2010). "Deal Over Claims to Rescued Torahs' Provenances". The New York Times.
- Barron, James (August 24, 2011). "Rabbi Menachem Youlus of Save a Torah Is Charged in Fraud". The New York Times.
- Moynihan, Colin (February 2, 2012). "Rabbi Menachem Youlus Says He Lied About Saving Torahs". The New York Times.
- Rosensaft, Menachem (March 12, 2012). "White Nationalism: A Scourge That Won't Go Away". Huffington Post.
- Rosensaft, Menachem (June 4, 2012). "The "Polish Death Camps" Uproar: Unwarranted Outrage When a Simple Correction Would Have Sufficed". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2012-06-06.
- "Poles" (PDF).
- "Auschwitz might get name change". The Jewish Journal. April 27, 2006.
- Bernard Gwertzman, “Group of U.S. Jews Dispute Begin’s Line,” The New York Times, June 15, 1980, page 7; Walter Goodman, “Israeli Clashes With American Jew About Persecution Past and Present,” The New York Times, September 9, 1984, page 46.
- Ari L. Goldman, “Shamir Assails His U.S. Jewish Critics,” The New York Times, March 21, 1988, page A12.
- A. Silow Carroll, “Labor Zionist Alliance role defined by new president,” New York Jewish Week, May 6, 1988, page 6.
- Menachem Z. Rosensaft, “Why I Met With the PLO,” Newsweek, January 9, 1989, page 6.
- Anthony Lewis, “‘Let’s Start Talking,’” The New York Times, December 11, 1988, page 25.
- Menachem Z. Rosensaft, “A Letter to Yasir Arafat,” Newsweek, December 11, 1989, page 14.
- Menachem Z. Rosensaft, “Wrong About Arafat,” The Washington Post, October 14, 2000, page A23.
- Rosensaft, Menachem (15 July 2015). "The Srebrenica Massacre Must Be Recognized as a Genocide". Huffington Post. Retrieved 15 July 2015.