Mendefera

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Mendefera
መንደፈራ
Town
Mendefera መንደፈራ is located in Eritrea
Mendefera መንደፈራ
Mendefera
መንደፈራ
Location in Eritrea
Coordinates: 14°53′14″N 38°48′55″E / 14.88722°N 38.81528°E / 14.88722; 38.81528
CountryFlag of Eritrea.svg Eritrea
RegionDebub
DistrictMendefera
Elevation1,972 m (6,470 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Town25,332
 • Metro64,000
ClimateBSh

Mendefera (Tigrinya: መንደፈራ), formerly Adi Ugri, is the capital city of the Debub Region of Eritrea. The town's name derives from the high hill in the center of the city, and is a source of pride to Eritreans. It means 'no one dared' and is a reminder of the local anti-colonial movement.

History[edit]

Mendefera was established as early as the fifth century BCE. It evolved into an important city in the Aksumite civilisation. Numerous buildings have been excavated since 1959, with both crosses and local and Roman coins found. Many areas, including tombs, have yet to be explored.

The town is now a bustling market town in a fertile region of Eritrea. It is a place where small and large scale factories produce different products.

Location[edit]

Some villages in the vicinity of Mendefera include Guhtse'a(ጉሕጭዓ), Ksad Da'aro (ክሳድ ዳዓሮ), and Adi Bana (አዲ ባና).

Climate[edit]

Mendefera has a borderline hot semi-arid climate (Köppen BSh) that borders both on a cool semi-arid climate (BSk) and a subtropical highland climate (Cwb). Except during the humid wet season of July and August when heavy cloud cover depresses temperatures by around 5 °C or 9.0 °F, daytime temperatures are very warm to hot; however, the thin, dry air means that mornings are pleasantly cool throughout the year.

Climate data for Mendefera
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27.8
(82)
28.5
(83.3)
30.0
(86)
30.0
(86)
29.5
(85.1)
28.2
(82.8)
23.3
(73.9)
22.6
(72.7)
27.5
(81.5)
27.5
(81.5)
26.6
(79.9)
26.6
(79.9)
27.3
(81.2)
Average low °C (°F) 8.0
(46.4)
9.2
(48.6)
11.1
(52)
12.0
(53.6)
12.7
(54.9)
12.6
(54.7)
11.7
(53.1)
12.3
(54.1)
12.2
(54)
9.7
(49.5)
8.6
(47.5)
8.1
(46.6)
10.7
(51.3)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0
(0)
4
(0.16)
12
(0.47)
28
(1.1)
41
(1.61)
57
(2.24)
190
(7.48)
189
(7.44)
50
(1.97)
11
(0.43)
16
(0.63)
4
(0.16)
602
(23.69)
Source: Climate-Data[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Climate-Data : Eritrea". Retrieved 11 July 2013.

Coordinates: 14°53′N 38°49′E / 14.883°N 38.817°E / 14.883; 38.817