Mendham Township, New Jersey

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Mendham Township, New Jersey
Township of Mendham
Ralston Historic District
Ralston Historic District
Location in Morris County and the state of New Jersey.
Location in Morris County and the state of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Mendham Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Mendham Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°45′41″N 74°33′55″W / 40.761504°N 74.565167°W / 40.761504; -74.565167Coordinates: 40°45′41″N 74°33′55″W / 40.761504°N 74.565167°W / 40.761504; -74.565167[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Morris
FormedMarch 29, 1749
IncorporatedFebruary 21, 1798
Government
 • TypeTownship
 • BodyTownship Committee
 • MayorNick Monaghan (R, term ends December 31, 2022)[3][4]
 • AdministratorJason Gabloff[5]
 • Municipal clerkMaria Coppinger[6]
Area
 • Total18.01 sq mi (46.65 km2)
 • Land17.78 sq mi (46.06 km2)
 • Water0.23 sq mi (0.59 km2)  1.27%
 • Rank158th of 565 in state
12th of 39 in county[1]
Elevation492 ft (150 m)
Population
 • Total5,869
 • Estimate 
(2019)[12]
5,662
 • Rank351st of 566 in state
28th of 39 in county[13]
 • Density328.4/sq mi (126.8/km2)
  • Rank472nd of 566 in state
37th of 39 in county[13]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
07945 – Mendham[14][15]
07926 – Brookside
07931 – Far Hills
07960 – Morristown
Area code(s)908, 973[16]
FIPS code3402745360[1][17][18]
GNIS feature ID0882200[19]
Websitewww.mendhamtownship.org

Mendham Township is a township in Morris County, in the central portion of northern New Jersey, United States, located more than 30 miles (48 km) due west of New York City. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 5,869,[9][10][11] reflecting an increase of 469 (+8.7%) from the 5,400 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 863 (+19.0%) from the 4,537 counted in the 1990 Census.[20]

It is part of the New York metropolitan area, as well as the larger New YorkNewarkBridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA Combined Statistical Area. The township may be named for Mendham, Suffolk, England,[21][22] or it may derive from the Native American word mendom (meaning "raspberry") or for an Earl of Mendham.[23][24]

The long-established hamlets of Brookside and Ralston are located within the township and both are listed among the National Register of Historic Places.

Along with Mendham Borough, the Mendhams have been described by The New York Times as "both affluent".[25] The township has been one of the highest-income small municipalities in the United States. Based on data from the 2012-2016 American Community Survey, NJ.com ranked the township as having the third-highest income in the state, with a median household income of $176,875.[26] Based on data from the ACS for 2014–2018, Mendham Township ranked fifth in the state with a median household income of $185,882.[27]

In 2010, Forbes.com listed Mendham as 224th in its listing of "America's Most Expensive ZIP Codes", with a median home price of $1,006,491.[28]

History[edit]

Mendham Township Farmers Market

The township was originally formed on March 29, 1749, from portions of Hanover Township, Morris Township and Roxbury Township.[29] After the Revolutionary War, on February 21, 1798, the township was incorporated by the Township Act of 1798 of the New Jersey Legislature as one of the state's initial group of 104 townships. Portions of the township were taken to create Randolph Township on January 1, 1806. Mendham Borough became an independent municipality when it was formed on May 15, 1906.[30]

The first settlers were attracted to Mendham Township by the abundance of natural resources. Here they found water to power factories, trees for fuel, and rich deposits of ore. By 1748 the area housed iron forges, sawmills, and a gristmill along the North Branch of the Raritan River. This early settlement became known as Ralston, after the enterprising Ralston family. Northeast of Ralston is India Brook. On the eastern side of Mendham Township, brooks that formed the upper reaches of the Whippany River attracted settlers to the valley called Water Street or Waterville, later known as Brookside.

Following the Civil War, a trend of wealthy industrialists and financiers established country homes in the Morristown area and Bernardsville's "Mountain Colony", including in the Mendhams.[31] The community retains its early character through its carefully preserved homes, farm buildings, and villages. These are living remnants of the township's past. Here people worked where they lived in a natural setting, away from the "dark satanic mills" of the big city, "pursuing economic independence – a portrait of Americana", according to the town's website.[32]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 18.01 square miles (46.65 km2), including 17.78 square miles (46.06 km2) of land and 0.23 square miles (0.59 km2) of water (1.27%).[1][2]

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Brookside, Colemans Hollow, Days Mills, Pleasant Valley, Ralston and Washington Corner.[33]

The long-established hamlets of Brookside and Ralston are located within the township and both are listed among the National Register of Historic Places.[34]

The township surrounds Mendham Borough on three sides and borders Morris Township to the east, Harding Township to the southeast, Randolph to the north and Chester Township to the west all of which are located in Morris County; Bernardsville lies to the south and Peapack-Gladstone lies to the southwest, both located in the Somerset Hills of Somerset County.[35][36][37]

Located near Jockey Hollow along Kennaday Road lies the Mendham Golf and Tennis Club.[38]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18101,277
18201,3263.8%
18301,315−0.8%
18401,3784.8%
18501,72325.0%
18601,660−3.7%
18701,573−5.2%
18801,526−3.0%
18901,266−17.0%
19001,60026.4%
1910792*−50.5%
1920699−11.7%
19301,00343.5%
19401,0797.6%
19501,38027.9%
19602,25663.5%
19703,69763.9%
19804,48821.4%
19904,5371.1%
20005,40019.0%
20105,8698.7%
2019 (est.)5,662[12][39][40]−3.5%
Population sources:
1810–1920[41] 1840[42] 1850–1870[43]
1850[44] 1870[45] 1880–1890[46]
1890–1910[47] 1910–1930[48]
1930–1990[49] 2000[50][51] 2010[9][10][11]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[30]

Census 2010[edit]

The 2010 United States census counted 5,869 people, 1,952 households, and 1,659 families in the township. The population density was 328.4 per square mile (126.8/km2). There were 2,062 housing units at an average density of 115.4 per square mile (44.6/km2). The racial makeup was 93.32% (5,477) White, 1.29% (76) Black or African American, 0.05% (3) Native American, 3.41% (200) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.56% (33) from other races, and 1.36% (80) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.60% (211) of the population.[9]

Of the 1,952 households, 44.6% had children under the age of 18; 78.0% were married couples living together; 5.1% had a female householder with no husband present and 15.0% were non-families. Of all households, 12.7% were made up of individuals and 6.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.99 and the average family size was 3.28.[9]

30.2% of the population were under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 15.4% from 25 to 44, 36.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.6 years. For every 100 females, the population had 97.5 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 94.7 males.[9]

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $162,125 (with a margin of error of +/− $44,498) and the median family income was $194,028 (+/− $20,875). Males had a median income of $163,594 (+/− $46,204) versus $76,136 (+/− $53,301) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $93,011 (+/− $10,203). About 0.6% of families and 1.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.2% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.[52]

Mendham Township is one of the highest-income small municipalities in the United States and was ranked 7th in New Jersey in per capita income as of the 2010 Census.[53] Based on data from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey, the township had a per capita income of $93,011 (ranked 7th in the state), compared to per capita income in Morris County of $47,342 and statewide of $34,858.[53]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[17] there were 5,400 people, 1,788 households, and 1,539 families residing in the township. The population density was 302.4 people per square mile (116.7/km2). There were 1,849 housing units at an average density of 103.5 per square mile (40.0/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 95.91% White, 0.93% African American, 0.09% Native American, 2.02% Asian, 0.35% from other races, and 0.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.52% of the population.[50][51]

There were 1,788 households, out of which 47.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 80.2% were married couples living together, 4.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.9% were non-families. 11.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.01 and the average family size was 3.27.[50][51]

In the township the population was spread out, with 32.0% under the age of 18, 3.6% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 29.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.1 males.[50][51]

The median income for a household in the township was $136,174, and the median income for a family was $146,254. Males had a median income of $100,000 versus $57,946 for females. The per capita income for the township was $61,460. About 1.4% of families and 1.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.3% of those under age 18 and 0.9% of those age 65 or over.[50][51]

Mendham Township was ranked in 2000 as the 17th highest-income community in the state of New Jersey based on per capita income, after having been ranked tenth a decade earlier. In 2000, the township's median household income ranked forth in the state and second highest in Morris County behind Mountain Lakes. Per capita income increased by 30.4% from the previous census, with income growth ranked 493rd among the state's 566 municipalities.[54]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Mendham Township operates under the township form of New Jersey municipal government, one of 141 municipalities (of the 564) statewide that use this form, the second most commonly used form of government in the state.[55] The Township Committee is comprised of five members, who are elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle.[7][56] At an annual reorganization meeting held on the first Monday after January 1, the newly reconstituted township committee selects one of its members to serve as mayor, and another to serve as deputy mayor.

As of 2022, members of the Mendham Township Committee are Mayor Nick Monaghan (R, term on committee ends December 31, 2024; term as mayor ends 2022), Deputy Mayor Thomas Baio (R, term on committee and as deputy mayor ends 2022), Amalia Duarte (D, 2023), Sarah Neibart (R, 2024) and Jordan Orlins (R, 2022).[3][57][58][59][60][61][62]

In February 2018, Deputy Mayor Rick Blood resigned from office in the wake of an outcry ensuing from a Facebook post by Blood which likened President Donald Trump and his efforts regarding undocumented immigrants to an exterminator getting rid of "hundreds of rabid, messy, mean raccoons" that had overrun a basement in a home. Blood had run for office in November 2017 as the Republican candidate for Township Committee and lost to Amalia Duarte, the first Democratic candidate to have won a seat in Township history, as it has been a long-time Republican stronghold.[63][64] After the loss in the November election, Blood had then been appointed in December 2017 to fill the seat expiring in December 2018 that had been vacated by Chris Baumann due to business obligations[65] and was elected as Deputy Mayor at the January 2018 reorganization meeting.[64]

Former township committeeman Brian Phelan was inducted into the New Jersey State Elected Officials Hall of Fame in 2011.[66]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Mendham Township is located in the 11th Congressional District[67] and is part of New Jersey's 25th state legislative district.[10][68][69]

For the 117th United States Congress, New Jersey's Eleventh Congressional District is represented by Mikie Sherrill (D, Montclair).[70] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2027)[71] and Bob Menendez (Harrison, term ends 2025).[72][73]

For the 2022–2023 session, the 25th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Anthony M. Bucco (R, Boonton Township) and in the General Assembly by Brian Bergen (R, Denville Township) and Aura K. Dunn (R, Mendham Borough).[74]

Morris County is governed by a Board of County Commissioners comprised of seven members who are elected at-large in partisan elections to three-year terms on a staggered basis, with either one or three seats up for election each year as part of the November general election.[75] Actual day-to-day operation of departments is supervised by County Administrator, John Bonanni.[76]: 8  As of 2022, Morris County's Commissioners are Commissioner Director Tayfun Selen (R, Chatham Township, term as commissioner ends December 31, 2023; term as director ends 2022),[77] Commissioner Deputy Director John Krickus (R, Washington Township, term as commissioner ends 2024; term as deputy director ends 2022),[78] Douglas Cabana (R, Boonton Township, 2022),[79] Kathryn A. DeFillippo (R, Roxbury, 2022),[80] Thomas J. Mastrangelo (R, Montville, 2022),[81] Stephen H. Shaw (R, Mountain Lakes, 2024)[82] and Deborah Smith (R, Denville, 2024).[83][76]: 2 [84] The county's constitutional officers are the County Clerk and County Surrogate (both elected for five-year terms of office) and the County Sheriff (elected for a three-year term).[85] As of 2022, they are County Clerk Ann F. Grossi (R, Parsippany–Troy Hills, 2023),[86][87] Sheriff James M. Gannon (R, Boonton Township, 2022)[88][89] and Surrogate Heather Darling (R, Roxbury, 2024).[90][91]

Politics[edit]

As of June 4, 2019, there were a total of 5,051 registered voters in Mendham Township, of which 1,114 (22.0%) were registered as Democrats, 2,119 (41.9%) were registered as Republicans and 1,788 (35.4%) were registered as Unaffiliated.[92]

In the 2016 presidential election, Republican Donald Trump received 49.5% of the vote (1,776 cast), ahead of Democrat Hillary Clinton with 44.7% (1,603 votes), and other candidates with 5.8% (208 votes), among the 3,640 ballots cast by the township's 5,002 registered voters, for a turnout of 72.8%.[93] In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 64.5% of the vote (2,108 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 34.6% (1,130 votes), and other candidates with 0.9% (28 votes), among the 3,279 ballots cast by the township's 4,691 registered voters (13 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 69.9%.[94][95] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 58.1% of the vote (2,080 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 40.8% (1,461 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (21 votes), among the 3,581 ballots cast by the township's 4,608 registered voters, for a turnout of 77.7%.[96] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 62.4% of the vote (2,203 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 36.7% (1,296 votes) and other candidates with 0.4% (20 votes), among the 3,532 ballots cast by the township's 4,529 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 78.0.[97]

In the 2017 gubernatorial election, Republican Kim Guadagno received 57.5% (1,305 votes), ahead of Democrat Phil Murphy with 41.1% (932 votes), and other candidates with 1.4% (31 votes), among the 2,292 ballots cast by the township's 4,982 registered voters, for a turnout of 46.0%.[98] In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie, a resident of the township, received 80.9% of the vote (1,795 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 18.0% (400 votes), and other candidates with 1.1% (25 votes), among the 2,242 ballots cast by the township's 4,624 registered voters (22 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 48.5%.[99][100] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 67.4% of the vote (1,914 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 23.5% (666 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 8.0% (227 votes) and other candidates with 0.1% (3 votes), among the 2,838 ballots cast by the township's 4,547 registered voters, yielding a 62.4% turnout.[101]

Education[edit]

Public school students in pre-kindergarten through eighth grade attend the Mendham Township Public Schools.[102] As of the 2020–2021 school year, the district, comprised of two schools, had an enrollment of 745 students and 73.9 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.1:1.[103] Schools in the district (with 2020–2021 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[104]) are Mendham Township Elementary School[105] with 429 students in grades Pre-K–4 and Mendham Township Middle School[106] with 313 students in grades 5–8.[107][108][109]

Mendham Township Middle School was one of 11 in the state to be recognized in 2014 by the United States Department of Education's National Blue Ribbon Schools Program.[110][111] Mendham Township Elementary School was honored by the National Blue Ribbon Schools Program in 2019, one of nine schools in the state recognized as Exemplary High Performing Schools.[112]

Students in public school for ninth through twelfth grades attend West Morris Mendham High School, which is located in Mendham Borough and serves students from Chester Borough, Chester Township, Mendham Borough and Mendham Township.[113] The school is part of the West Morris Regional High School District, which also serves students from Washington Township at West Morris Central High School.[114] As of the 2020–2021 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 1,142 students and 91.9 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.4:1.[115] The district's board of education is comprised nine members who are elected directly by voters to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis.[116] The nine seats on the board of education are allocated based on the populations of the constituent municipalities, with one seat assigned to Mendham Township.[117]

Transportation[edit]

County Route 510 eastbound in Mendham Township

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 70.70 miles (113.78 km) of roadways, of which 63.51 miles (102.21 km) were maintained by the municipality and 7.19 miles (11.57 km) by Morris County.[118]

No Interstate, U.S. or state highways pass directly through Mendham Township. The most significant roadway directly serving the township is County Route 510. For those heading to points outside the township, Interstate 287, Interstate 80, and Interstate 78, are all accessible nearby.

Public transportation[edit]

NJ Transit offered service on the MCM4 and MCM5 routes until 2010, when subsidies to the local provider were eliminated as part of budget cuts.[119][120]

Commuters traveling via public transportation can drive to the Morristown station to access New Jersey Transit Midtown Direct express train line into Midtown Manhattan.

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Mendham Township include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e 2019 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2020.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b Township Committee, Mendham Township. Accessed May 4, 2022. "The Township Committee is made up of five residents who are elected at large to serve three-year terms. Each January, the Township Committee reorganizes and votes on a Mayor and Deputy Mayor to serve for a one-year term."
  4. ^ 2022 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed March 1, 2022.
  5. ^ Administrator, Mendham Township. Accessed May 4, 2022.
  6. ^ Township Clerk, Mendham Township. Accessed May 4, 2022.
  7. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 116.
  8. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Mendham, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 8, 2013.
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  11. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Mendham township Archived 2013-08-07 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 18, 2012.
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  14. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Mendham, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed December 18, 2012.
  15. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed September 24, 2013.
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  17. ^ a b U.S. Census website , United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
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  22. ^ Gannett, Henry. The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States, p. 205. United States Government Printing Office, 1905. Accessed September 5, 2015. Note error in the name of the county.
  23. ^ Kelley, Tina. "An Outpost of New England", The New York Times, February 2, 2014. Accessed September 5, 2015. "The origin of the town's name — preserved on the sign of the Black Horse as 'I'll Mend 'Em' — has been the subject of animated debate. Did it come from the Indian word 'mendom,' for raspberry or huckleberry? Was it chosen to honor the British Earl of Mendham?"
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  27. ^ Cervenka, Susanne. "Rich in New Jersey: Here are the 50 wealthiest towns in the state. Is yours one of them?", Asbury Park Press, July 1, 2019. Accessed May 10, 2020. "The USA TODAY NETWORK New Jersey took a look at U.S. Census data to find the 50th wealthiest towns in the state and ranked them by median household income.... 5. Mendham Township; County: Morris County; Median household income: $185,882; Percent making more than $200,000: 47.5%"
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  52. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Mendham township, Morris County, New Jersey Archived 2020-02-12 at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 18, 2012.
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