Mendiola Street

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Coordinates: 14°35′55″N 120°59′30″E / 14.59861°N 120.99167°E / 14.59861; 120.99167

Mendiola Street
Mendiola.jpg
A street sign at the north side of Mendiola corner Concepcion Aguila Streets.
Length 0.5 km (0.3 mi)
From Intersection of Legarda Street and Recto Avenue in San Miguel, Manila
To Jose Laurel Street in San Miguel, Manila

Mendiola Street is a short thoroughfare in the district of San Miguel in the City of Manila, Metro Manila, the Philippines. It is named after Enrique Mendiola, an educator, textbook author and member of the first Board of Regents of the University of the Philippines. As a street close to Malacañang Palace, the President of the Philippines' official residence, it has been the site of numerous and sometimes bloody demonstrations.

The street crosses the Mendiola Bridge, officially known as Chino Roces Bridge in honor of Chino Roces, a well-known figure during the Philippines' Martial Law years. (An illuminated street sign above the intersection of Recto and Mendiola erroneously refers to the latter street as Chino Roces Avenue).

Mendiola Street starts at the intersection of Legarda Street and Claro M. Recto Avenue and ends at José P. Laurel Street, just outside Malacañang Palace. Some colleges and universities that form Manila City's University Belt are also located along Mendiola Street.

To protect Malacañang Palace, the part of Mendiola Street that starts at the sentinel gate in front of the College of the Holy Spirit and La Consolacion College Manila is closed to vehicles. Vehicles are diverted to Concepcion Aguila Street, a narrow side street that passes through residential areas of San Miguel district.

Protests[edit]

Mendiola Street has frequently been the site of often violent confrontations between protesters and government troops protecting Malacañang Palace:

1970[edit]

During the administration of Ferdinand Marcos, Mendiola Street was the site of the "Battle of Malacañang" or "The Battle of Mendiola Bridge", a confrontation between student demonstrators and police forces that occurred on January 30, 1970. The confrontation resulted in the deaths of four student demonstrators.

1987[edit]

On January 22, 1987, crowd control troops opened fire on a protest rally of about 10,000 peasant farmers demanding "genuine" land reform from then-President Corazon Aquino. Thirteen of the protesters were killed and hundreds were injured in the incident now known as the Mendiola massacre.

2001[edit]

On May 1, 2001, supporters of President Joseph Estrada, angered by his arrest following his ouster from power earlier that year, marched to Mendiola Street after staging demonstrations outside the EDSA Shrine. They demanded the release of Estrada. A violent confrontation ensued between Estrada's supporters and members of the Philippine National Police and the Armed Forces of the Philippines, who were then tasked by the new President, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, to secure Malacañang Palace and the areas surrounding it. Mendiola Street and the vicinity around Malacañang Palace became a front line after the protesters tried to storm the Palace. Casualties were high on both the Estrada supporters' and government troops' end. As a result of the looting of stores and shops and the burning of several government and private vehicles by the protesters, damage to and loss of property along Mendiola Street and areas within the vicinity of Malacañang Palace was estimated to in millions of pesos. President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo declared a state of national emergency to stifle the rioting; it was lifted after two days.

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