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The Mengal tribal area is around 70,000 square miles (180,000 km2), stretching from the Helmand River in the North to Lasbela District in the south, and bordering on the province of Sindh to the east, Makran and Kharan in the west.
For many years the Mengal tribe has been seeking greater autonomy from the Pakistan government. The Pakistani government and the Mengals have been clashing for the past four decades, for various reasons. Large-scale military operations were carried out in the area of Khuzdar in the 1960s and 1970s. In 1973, the Pakistani government headed by the former Prime Minister Late Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, with support of the Shah of Iran, carried out one of the bloodiest military operations in the history of Balochistan against the Mengal and Marri tribes which lasted for 5 years, during which around 8,000 Baloch fighters and 6,000 army soldiers were killed.
- Sardar Ataullah Mengal is a former Chief Minister of Balochistan.
- Sardar Akhtar Mengal is a former Chief Minister of Balochistan.
- Mir Gul Khan Naseer was a renowned poet, historian and politician and the First Education Minister Of Balochistan.
- Mir Amir-ul-Mulk Mengal was Governor and Chief Justice of Balochistan.
- Justice Ghulam Mustafa Mengal is appointed as Chief Justice of Balochistan high court.
- Mir Muhammad Naseer Mengal served as acting Chief Minister of Balochistan and as Pakistan's acting Minister of State for Petroleum and Natural Resources.
- Mir Nooruddin Mengal was a prominent politician of Balochistan. He was assassinated on 13 October 2010.
- Mir Lawang Khan Mengal was a politician and tribal leader.
- [Sardar Saleh Mohammad Mengal] is a famous tribal leader.and head of mengal tribe sarawan.
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- Justice Ghulam Mustafa Mengal was appointed as Chief Justice of Balochistan high court. Press briefing by the UN offices for Pakistan and Afghanistan, UN News Center, retrieved 2009-03-25
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