House of Mengüjek

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Divriği Great Mosque (Ulu Cami) portal

The House of Mengüjek (Modern Turkish: Mengüçoğulları or Mengücek Beyliği or Mengüçlü Beyliği ) was an Anatolian beylik of the first period, founded after the Battle of Manzikert. The Mengujekids ruled the regions of Erzincan, Kemah, Şebinkarahisar and Divriği in Eastern Anatolia in the 12th and 13th centuries.

Mengüjek Gazi[edit]

Little is known about the founder Mengüjek Ghazi. He was probably one of the commanders sent by the Great Seljuk Sultan Alp Arslan to occupy parts of Anatolia after the victory at Manzikert over the Byzantine Empire, and his principality seems to have been founded in the years following the battle. This beylig was split branches of Erzincan and Divriği after death of Emir İshak in 1142. Erzincan branch was subjugated by Sultanate of Rum in 1228 and Divriği one was ended in 1277 by Ilkhanate.

Divriği Great Mosque[edit]

The Mengüjek dynasty is remembered primarily for its monuments in Divriği. The Divriği Great Mosque was built in 1228 by Ahmed Shah. The adjoining medical center, or Darüşşifa, was built in the same year by Turan Melek Sultan, daughter of the Mengüjek ruler of Erzincan, Fahreddin Behram Shah. Both buildings are on UNESCO's World Heritage List.

Rulers[edit]

  • Mengüjek Gazi (1072-1118)
  • İshak (1118-1142)

Branch of Erzincan

  • Davudşah (1142-1162)
  • Süleymanşah (1151-1162)
  • Fahrettin Behramşah (1162-1225)
  • Alaeddin Davudşah II (1225-1228)

Branch of Divriği

  • Süleyman (1142-1162)
  • Şahinşah (1162-1198)
  • Süleyman II (1198-1227)
  • Ahmetşah (1227-1251)
  • Melik Salih (1251-1277)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

  • "Great Mosque and Hospital of Divriği". Archnet. Archived from (fact sheet) the original Check |url= value (help) on 2006-02-26.
  • İbrahim Shaikh. (full text and photos) "The Miracle of Divriği" Check |url= value (help). The International Society for the History of Islamic Medicine. External link in |publisher= (help)
  • Mustafa Güler, İlknur Aktuğ Kolay. "12. yüzyıl Anadolu Türk Camileri (12th century Turkish mosques in Anatolia" (PDF) (in Turkish). Istanbul Technical University Magazine (İtüdergi). Archived from (full text) the original Check |url= value (help) on 2007-07-04.

Sources[edit]

  • (Book cover) Oktay Aslanapa (1991). Anadolu'da ilk Türk mimarisi: Başlangıcı ve gelişmesi (Early Turkish architecture in Anatolia: Beginnings and development) ISBN 975-16-0264-5 (in Turkish). AKM Publications, Ankara. templatestyles stripmarker in |title= at position 126 (help)