Menominee, Michigan

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Menominee, Michigan
City
The Historical Waterfront Downtown is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the First Street Historic District.
The Historical Waterfront Downtown is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the First Street Historic District.
Location in the state of Michigan
Location in the state of Michigan
Coordinates: 45°6′28″N 87°36′51″W / 45.10778°N 87.61417°W / 45.10778; -87.61417Coordinates: 45°6′28″N 87°36′51″W / 45.10778°N 87.61417°W / 45.10778; -87.61417
Country United States
State Michigan
County Menominee
Government
 • Mayor Jean Stegeman
Area[1]
 • Total 5.48 sq mi (14.19 km2)
 • Land 5.15 sq mi (13.34 km2)
 • Water 0.33 sq mi (0.85 km2)
Elevation 594 ft (179 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 8,599
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 8,502
 • Density 1,669.7/sq mi (644.7/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 49858
Area code(s) 906
FIPS code 26-53020[4]
GNIS feature ID 0632104[5]
Website http://www.cityofmenominee.org/

Menominee is a city in the Upper Peninsula of the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 8,599 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Menominee County.[6] Menominee is the fourth-largest city in the Upper Peninsula, behind Marquette, Sault Ste. Marie, and Escanaba. Menominee Township is located to the north of the city, but is politically autonomous.

Menominee is part of the Marinette, WI–MI Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Menominee was named after a regional Native American tribe known as the Menominee, whose name roughly translates into "wild rice," which they cultivated as a staple food.[7] In historic times, this area was the traditional territory of the Menominee Indian Tribe. They were removed to west of the Mississippi River and now have a reservation along the Wolf River in North Central Wisconsin.

Menominee gained prominence in the 19th century as a lumber town; in its heyday, it produced more lumber than any other city in the United States of America. During this time of prosperity, the Menominee Opera House was built. It is being restored.[8] In the 1910s a cycle car, the "Dudly Bug", was manufactured in Menominee. In the waning years of lumber production, local business interests, interested in diversifying Menominee's manufacturing base, attracted inventor Marshall Burns Lloyd and his Minneapolis company Lloyd Manufacturing, which made wicker baby buggies. In 1917 Lloyd invented an automated process for weaving wicker and manufactured it as the Lloyd Loom. This machine process is still in use today.[9] In the 21st century, the economy of Menominee is based on manufacturing (paper products, wicker lawn furniture, and auto supplies) and tourism.

In 1940, during the "Vote for Gracie" publicity stunt in which comedian Gracie Allen ran for President, she was nominated for mayor of Menominee, but was disqualified because she was not a resident of the city.[10]

The Menominee Maroons won the state high school championship in its division for basketball in 1967 and football in 1998, 2006 and 2007. In the 2006 season the Maroons finished unbeaten and only allowed 38 points scored against them but their offense scored 513 point in that entire season . They beat the former Wisconsin and Minnesota Division One state champions. Menominee shares a historic high school football rivalry with neighbor Marinette, Wisconsin. The two have conducted the third longest rivalry in the nation.[11]

Geography[edit]

Menominee County Courthouse, Menominee.
Spies Public Library is on the waterfront in downtown Menominee.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.48 square miles (14.19 km2), of which 5.15 square miles (13.34 km2) is land and 0.33 square miles (0.85 km2) is water.[1] It is the southernmost city and location in Michigan's Upper Peninsula.

Menominee has a cairn marking the halfway point between the North Pole and the Equator. This is slightly north of the 45th parallel north, due to the flattening of the earth at the poles. This is one of six Michigan sites and 29 places in the U.S.A. where such signs are known to exist.[12]

Menominee, Michigan, is also the site of the Menominee Crack, an unusual geological feature that formed spontaneously in 2010.

Climate[edit]

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Menominee has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.[13]

Twin city with Marinette, Wisconsin[edit]

Menominee and Marinette, Wisconsin are sometimes described as "twin cities". Menominee shares a hospital, community foundation, newspaper and chamber of commerce with Marinette. Numerous city groups work together to benefit the entire, two-city, two-county and two state community.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 1,597
1880 3,288 105.9%
1890 10,630 223.3%
1900 12,818 20.6%
1910 10,507 −18.0%
1920 8,907 −15.2%
1930 10,320 15.9%
1940 10,230 −0.9%
1950 11,151 9.0%
1960 11,289 1.2%
1970 10,748 −4.8%
1980 10,099 −6.0%
1990 9,398 −6.9%
2000 9,131 −2.8%
2010 8,599 −5.8%
Est. 2015 8,382 [14] −2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[15]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 8,599 people, 3,987 households, and 2,311 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,669.7 inhabitants per square mile (644.7/km2). There were 4,456 housing units at an average density of 865.2 per square mile (334.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.7% White, 0.4% African American, 0.9% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.

There were 3,987 households of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.0% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.0% were non-families. 37.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.74.

The median age in the city was 44 years. 21.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.7% were from 25 to 44; 30.3% were from 45 to 64; and 18.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 9,131 people, 4,063 households, and 2,441 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,763.2 per square mile (680.6/km²). There were 4,393 housing units at an average density of 848.3 per square mile (327.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.35% White, 0.14% African American, 0.82% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.27% from other races, and 1.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.12% of the population. 31.6% were of German, 9.3% French, 8.7% Swedish, 8.7% Polish, 7.2% Irish and 6.7% French Canadian ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 4,063 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.9% were non-families. 35.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 18.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,523, and the median income for a family was $38,867. Males had a median income of $32,850 versus $22,145 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,500. About 9.9% of families and 13.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.2% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.

Historic downtown and marina[edit]

Bandshell

Much of Menominee's L-shaped downtown runs along the shores of the bay of Green Bay and includes the Great Lakes Memorial Marina and park. Many of the downtown buildings, built at the end of the 19th century or the beginning of the 20th, have been restored. They now provide space for several upscale restaurants, gift shops, beauty salons and day spas, antiques shops, galleries and a variety of essential services. The Menominee Bandshell is a focal point for concerts, an art show, a car show and a four-day community festival.

Economy[edit]

The greater Menominee area is home to a variety of industries, including shipbuilding, auto parts, chemicals, helicopter design and construction, airplane components, health care, and paper making. In good financial times, some local companies have reported a shortage of skilled workers.

The types of jobs available locally include assemblers, assembly coordinators, building and grounds technicians, custodians, cutting machine operators, electricians, fabrication operators, fixture technicians, journeyman toolmakers, machinists, maintenance mechanics, material handlers, metal fabricators, forklift drivers, paint coordinators, powder coating specialists, research-and-development technicians, quality control technicians, sewing and weaving machine operators, shipping/loading/receiving attendants, spinning and rewind machine operators, cutters, stamping operators, welders, and welding coordinators.

Transportation[edit]

Recreation[edit]

Menominee's waterfront is the setting for public events in the summer, including a city-sponsored festival. The Marinette Menominee Area Chamber of Commerce coordinates a concert series held on Thursdays from late June to mid-August. The Cabela Master Walleye Circuit brought hundreds of fishermen and women to the area for tournaments in 2005, 2008 and 2009.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]