Mental Health Systems Act of 1980
|Long title||A bill to improve the provision of mental health services and otherwise promote mental health throughout the United States; and for other purposes.|
|Enacted by||the 96th United States Congress|
|Public law||Pub.L. 96-398|
|Acts amended||Community Mental Health Centers Act, Public Health Service Act, Social Security Act|
|U.S.C. sections created||42 U.S.C. §§ 9401–9523|
|U.S.C. sections amended||42 U.S.C. § 210, § 225a, § 242a, § 300m, § 1396b, § 2689|
The Mental Health Systems Act of 1980 (MHSA) was United States legislation signed by President Jimmy Carter which provided grants to community mental health centers. In 1981 President Ronald Reagan and the U.S. Congress repealed most of the law. The MHSA was considered landmark legislation in mental health care policy.
Coinciding with a movement during the 1970s for rehabilitation of people with severe mental illnesses, the Mental Health Systems Act supported and financed community mental health support systems, which coordinated general health care, mental health care, and social support services. The law followed the 1978 Report of the President's Commission on Mental Health, which made recommendations for improving mental health care in the United States. While some concerns existed about the methodology followed by the President's Committee, the report served as the foundation for the MHSA, which in turn was seen as landmark legislation in U.S. mental health policy.
The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981, signed by President Ronald Reagan on August 13, 1981, repealed most of the MHSA. The Patients' Bill of Rights, section 501, was not repealed; per Congressional record, the Congress felt that state provisions were sufficient and section 501 served as a recommendation to states to review and refine existing policies.
- Ford, Matt (June 8, 2015). "Cook County Jail, America's Largest Mental Hospital is a Jail". The Atlantic. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
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- Grob, Gerald N. (September 2005). "Public Policy and Mental Illnesses: Jimmy Carter's Presidential Commission on Mental Health". Milbank Quarterly. 83 (3): 425–456. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0009.2005.00408.x. PMC 2690151. PMID 16201999.
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