Mentha citrata (Ehrh.) (syn. Mentha × piperita L. var. citrata (Ehrh.) Briq.; syn. Mentha aquatica var. citrata (Ehrh.) Benth.; syn. Mentha odorata Sole, Mentha adspersa Moench) is a herb. It is also known as bergamot mint, eau-de-cologne mint, horsemint, lemon mint, lime mint, orange mint, pineapple mint, su nanesi, water mint, wild water mint, and in Central America yerba buena. Even though it is listed here as a species it is probably better to regard it as a cultivar or cultivar group of Mentha aquatica.
Mentha citrata Ehrh has a strong lavender odor due to the two chemical constituents, linalyl acetate (45%) and linalool (45-50%), which makes up around 90% of the oil. Kiran, a high-yielding variety, produces 150 kg of oil/ha while keeping 45% of linalool. Grown mainly in subtropical, fertile land such as northern India. Bergamot mint oil or lemon mint oil is mainly used in the perfumery industry.
- for stomach aches, nausea, parasites and other digestive disorders,
- for nerves and sick stomach, and
- for fevers and headaches.
The leaves and flowering plant have analgesic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, cholagogic, diaphoretic, and vasodilator properties. Like other members of the genus Mentha, it is best not used by pregnant women because large doses can cause miscarriage.
- Umberto Quattrocchi (1947–). CRC World dictionary of plant names: Common names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, Sonyonyms, and Etymology. III M–Q. CRC Press. p. 1659. Check date values in:
- "Plants for a Future - Mentha x piperita citrata - (Ehrh.) Briq". Retrieved March 27, 2006.
- Murray, M. J., & Lincoln, D. E. (1970). The Genetic Basis of Acyclic Oil Constituents in MENTHA CITRATA Ehrh. Genetics, 65(3), 457–471.
- Niir, B. (2004). Cultivation of tropical, subtropical vegetables, spices, medicinal, and aromatic plants. Nat Inst of Indust Res, New Delhi, 209-215.
- Brook Caughlin. "Selected Plants of Medicinal Value in Costa Rica". University of New Hampshire, IROP Program. Archived from the original on August 2, 2008. Retrieved March 27, 2006.